BHUBANESWAR WEDNESDAY SEPTEMBER 26, 2018 `6.00 PAGES 16 LATE CITY EDITION MIDFIELD MAESTRO MODRIC ENDS MESSI-RONALDO DUOPOLY JUST REWARD FOR GOLDEN BALL WINNER Croatian World Cup runner-up first footballer other than the famed pair to win FIFA Men’s Player of the Year award since 2007. ■ 1 PORTUGUESE FINISHES SECOND The 33-year-old Croatian was a deserving winner following his exploits in Russia, where he was adjudged player of the World Cup. He also helped Real Madrid to a record third consecutive Champions League title. Interestingly, Modric was Messi’s first choice and Ronaldo’s second choice for the top prize. ■ ■ Ronaldo finished second. Egypt’s Mo Salah, who won the Goal of the Year award, finished third ahead of Kylian Mbappe. David de Gea, who made the World 11, lost out to Belgium’s Thibaut Courtois when it came to the goalkeeper of the year. Brazil’s Marta won the women’s crown for a sixth time. THIS IS THE FIRST TIME THAT A CROATIAN HAS WON THIS AWARD. CHENNAI ■ MADURAI ■ VIJAYAWADA ■ BENGALURU ■ KOCHI ■ HYDERABAD ■ VISAKHAPATNAM ■ COIMBATORE ■ KOZHIKODE ■ THIRUVANANTHAPURAM ■ BELAGAVI ■ BHUBANESWAR ■ SHIVAMOGGA ■ MANGALURU ■ TIRUPATI ■ TIRUCHY ■ TIRUNELVELI ■ SAMBALPUR ■ HUBBALLI ■ DHARMAPURI ■ KOTTAYAM ■ KANNUR ■ VILLUPURAM ■ KOLLAM ■ WARANGAL ■ TADEPALLIGUDEM ■ NAGAPATTINAM ■ THRISSUR ■ KALABURAGI ALL WORK, LITTLE PAY National Highway projects in State on slow track | P2 Election booths to be made disabled friendly in 2019 | P3 Post insurance scheme launch, govt faces flak for putting out confidential patient info | P7 45 IIT Roorkee students among 249 rescued in HP | P7 Bullet train project strikes fear among residents of tribal village in Maha | P9 Cong slams Centre for hiking defence FDI months before Rafale deal signed | P9 Can’t stop MP, MLAs from practising as lawyers: SC | P9 India closest ally, Maldives prez elect tells PM Modi | P9 AADHAAR SC VERDICT ON VALIDITY OF U.I.D. TODAY The Supreme Court is likely to pronounce its crucial verdict on a batch of pleas challenging the constitutional validity of the Centre’s flagship Aadhaar scheme on Wednesday | P9 India’s wage skew Jobs A study on the State of Working India by the Centre for Sustainable Employment at Azim Premji University offers insights into the slow structural transformation in the country. A look 5.6 4.6 2.6 3.9 2.1 6.8 2 Rate of unemployment among the youth and higher educated reached 16% as of 2015 8.7 7.4 3 6.8 In the 70s and 80s, when GDP growth was around 3-4%, employment growth was around 2% per annum 5.7 Employment 4.0 1.7 GDP GDP now results 1 A 10% increase in in employment in less than 1% increase 2.8 2.4 GDP 1.4 1.0 0.1 0.6 1972-1977 1977-1982 1982-1986 1986-1993 1993-1999 1999-2004 2004-2009 2009-2011 2011-2015 ‘ECONOMY GROWING, JOBS STILL ELUSIVE’ EXPRESS NEWS SERVCE to the report; and recent data from private sources show that the absolute decline continued past 2015. The report also criticised a recent study that claimed the economy generated 13 million new jobs in 2017, saying the the “optimistic conclusion depends on selective use of data and unjustified assumptions”. On average monthly income, it said 82 per cent of men and 92 per cent of women workers earn less than `10,000. The minimum salary recommended by the Seventh Central Pay Commission (CPC), meanwhile, was `18,000 per month. The report further noted that most sectors, excluding agriculture, saw an increase of at least 3-4 per cent in real wages annually since 2000. Another challenge in the sector is the gender disparity in terms of wages. Women earn 35-85 per cent of what men do, depending on their jobs and level of education, according to the study . @ New Delhi INDIA is the fastest growing economy but getting a job here , is now harder than ever, as the country has struggled to convert its high economic growth rate into good jobs, says report by Azim Premji University’s Centre for Sustainable Employment (CSE). A 10 per cent increase in GDP results in less than 1 per cent increase in employment, and the rate of unemployment among youth and those who have completed higher education has reached 16 per cent, according to the ‘State of Working India 2018’ report. The rate of “open unemployment” is now over 5 per cent. In comparison, the unemployment rate in the United States is 3.8 per cent, while it hovers around 4 per cent in China. Total employment in India shrank by seven million between 2013 and 2015, according PAY RISING Wage rates have grown in most sectors at 3% per annum or more But 82% male and 92% female workers earn less than `10,000 a month From 2010 to 2015, real wages grew at a CAGR of 2% for organised manufacturing, 4% for unorganised manufacturing, 5% for unorganised services and 7% for agriculture Onus on Parliament for law to bar criminals in politics Constitution bench makes it mandatory for poll candidates, parties to disclose criminal antecedents to help you make informed choice K A N U S A R D A @ New Delhi FILE IT, PUBLISH IT NO, people facing chargesheets in criminal cases will not barred from contesting elections, but you will have a better fix on their antecedents so as to make an informed choice. That was the crux of a Constitution bench’s verdict on Tuesday which left it to Parliament to , make a law to keep persons facing serious criminal cases out of the political stream. Saying criminalisation of politics strikes at the very root of democracy, the five-judge bench headed by Chief Justice Dipak Misra issued a slew of directions to cleanse the process. The guidelines make it mandatory for each candidate to declare his or her criminal antecedents in bold letters in the affidavit while filing the nomination papers, which would be hosted on On the EC form, each candidate must state in bold all criminal cases pending against him The party must host the candidate’s criminal cases info on its website Both the candidate and the party must publicise the antecedents at least thrice in local newspapers and TV after filing the nomination papers their party’s website and given widest possible publicity . The 100-page unanimous verdict written by Misra said going by the constitutional framework, it would be inappropriate for the Odisha Bhawan opens in Chennai In 2015, 67% households reported monthly earnings of `10,000 or less; 98% earned less than `50,000 a month @ New Delhi Overall, the level of wages in all sectors is still far below a ‘decent wage’ of at least `18,000 per month as group D salary recommended by the Central Pay Commission PRODUCTIVITY VS SALARY GENDER DISPARITY Labour productivity in organised manufacturing increased by six times over the past three decades but wages increased by only 1.5 times Women form 16% of all service sector workers, but 60% of domestic workers Overall women earn 65% of men’s earnings Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik inaugurating Odisha Bhawan at Velachery in Chennai on Tuesday | DEBADATTA MALLICK @ Chennai RARE PHENOMENON New natural mouth opens at Chilika lagoon EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE @ Bhubaneswar The new mouth at Chilika lagoon | EXPRESS whereas the new mouth is about 180 metre long with a depth of about three to four meter. “Chilika had three mouths way back in 1971 when a super cyclone struck the State. After that, multiple active mouths have not been noticed. In fact, even after the 1999 Super Cyclone, no new natural mouth was created,” said Chief Executive of Chilika Development Authority (CDA) Susanta Nanda. Last week, when the CDA noticed the new mouth, it installed flow-metres to analyse discharge of water into and out of the lagoon. Basing on the free flow of water, it was declared as an active mouth. The water drained by rivers into Chilika has been encouraging, felt a team of scientists which visited the site. “This will have a positive impact on ecology and biodiversity . More nutrients, more salinity influx along with fish juveniles migration from sea will be possible through the new mouth. This will enhance the fish production,” Nanda said. While a marginal increase in salinity is expected, hyacinth populating along the shoreline of the lagoon could be contained. Eventually the openings will merge but the active mouth will enhance the livelihood and tourism in the area. RBI norms stifling growth: PSU banks EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE OPENING of a new natural mouth at Chilika lagoon has pleasantly surprised the conservationsists in the State. Heavy rains triggered by cyclonic storm Daye is believed to have led to creation of the mouth which is located about 2.5 km f ro m the existing on e at Arakhakuda. It is almost rare to have two active mouths for the lake. Rainfall and cyclone apart, free discharge of rivers into the lagoon from north due to eviction of encroachments are major factors for the new mouth. The first mouth is located opposite Sanapatna. Its cross-section is measured at 1800 sq meter If the candidate is contesting on a political party’s ticket, he must share the information with his party as well court to take recourse to any other method as it cannot legislate but only recommend bringing in of a law. “We are sure the law making wing of the democracy of this country will take it upon itself to cure the malignancy .” The verdict came on a batch of petitions that sought to know whether lawmakers facing criminal trial can be disqualified from contesting elections at the stage of framing of charges against them itself. At present, a person stands disqualified if convicted for a crime and sentenced to two years or above. Reacting to the verdict, petitioner Ashwani Upadhyay said, “With today’s order, the voter will become more informed. The ruling also makes it mandatory for political parties to publicise the list of candidates having criminal records, which hasn’t happened till date.” THOSE from Odisha planning to visit Chennai will no longer have trouble finding comfortable accommodation at a reasonable rate. Odisha Bhawan, the official guest house of Odisha Government in Chennai, was inaugurated by Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Edappadi K Palaniswami and Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik on Tuesday Naveen will also attend . the roadshow of ‘Make In Odisha’ C o n c l ave i n C h e n n a i o n Wednesday . “With the completion of this facility we have created an institu, tion that will provide a platform for engagement between Odisha and Tamil Nadu,” said Naveen while speaking at the event adding that Chennai is one of the most important metropolises in the country that attracts large number of Odias for employment and business. “This facility will not only provide accommodation, but also showcase the art and culture of Odisha and facilitate public relation activities in the State,” he said. The guest house is a symbol signifying increased presence of Odia visitors, students and medical tourists in Tamil Nadu. The complex having 16 double-bed rooms and five suites has come up at a cost of `22 crore. There is an auditorium having seating capacity of over 300 people. The Bhawan is located on Velachery-Tambaram Main Road in Pallikaranai. This will be the fifth official guest house of the State Government outside Odisha. There are Odisha Bhavan and Odisha Nivas in New Delhi while Utkal Bhavan serves the needs of people going to Calcutta. The Odisha Bhavan in Mumbai has eight rooms for cancer patients, and 20 rooms and two dor mitories for the general public. The foundation stone for the Odisha Bhawan was laid in May 2012 by Naveen in the presence of then Tamil Nadu Chief Minister J Jayalalithaa. Naveen had pointed out that Odisha and Tamil Nadu share a rich and glorious tradition. The two States have dance forms which leave a distinct mark in the minds of people throughout the world, he said. THE Reserve Bank of India’s prompt cor rective action (PCA), which is supposed to save weak banks from going bust, is in fact stifling growth, according to state-owned banks. PSU banks feel the PCA guidelines are too stringent that they affect the banks’ lending ability, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley told reporters after the annual performance review meeting of state-owned banks here on Tuesday . Jaitley said the government was all for PSU banks’ capital requirement and that it would look into their demand to relax some of the PCA guidelines. Public-sector banks are estimated to hold 90 per cent of non-performing loans, and 11 of the 21 state-run lenders are operating under PCA plan, which restricts new lending, among others. The government has already requested RBI to review all three aspects of the PCA framework, namely net nonperforming assets, minimum capital requirement and profitability criteria. RBI can impose sanctions on banks for not meeting any of these three clauses in the PCA. Admitting that the past several years had been challenging for public sector banks as a large amount of lending was held up in NPAs, Jaitley said the quantum of bad loans in PSU banks was on the decline driven by improvement in recoveries.
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