BENGALURU FRIDAY APRIL 12, 2019 `6.00 PAGES 44 LATE CITY EDITION TRAFFIC POLLUTION CAUSED ASTHMA IN 3.5 LAKH KIDS IN ’15 ONE IN 10 CASES DUE TO TRAFFIC POLLUTION India has the second largest number of cases of traffic pollutionrelated asthma after China, according to a new Lancet study URBAN AREAS MORE VULNERABLE Traffic-related air pollutants cause damage to the airways, leading to inflammation that triggers asthma in genetically predisposed children. The Lancet study, unveiled Thursday, analysed 194 countries and 125 major cities worldwide. It says more than one in 10 childhood asthma cases could be linked to traffic-related air pollution every year ■ ■ Two-thirds of traffic pollution-related asthma cases occurred in urban centres globally, according to the study Nitrogen dioxide pollution is a substantial risk factor for childhood asthma in both developed and developing countries, said Susan Anenberg, co-author of the study 92% CASES IN AREAS WITH TRAFFIC POLLUTION BELOW W.H.O. LEVELS CHENNAI ■ MADURAI ■ VIJAYAWADA ■ BENGALURU ■ KOCHI ■ HYDERABAD ■ VISAKHAPATNAM ■ COIMBATORE ■ KOZHIKODE ■ THIRUVANANTHAPURAM ■ BELAGAVI ■ BHUBANESWAR ■ SHIVAMOGGA ■ MANGALURU ■ TIRUPATI ■ TIRUCHY ■ TIRUNELVELI ■ SAMBALPUR ■ HUBBALLI ■ DHARMAPURI ■ KOTTAYAM ■ KANNUR ■ VILLUPURAM ■ KOLLAM ■ WARANGAL ■ TADEPALLIGUDEM ■ NAGAPATTINAM ■ THRISSUR ■ KALABURAGI FIRST DAY, FIRST SHOW: A TELUGU ACTION MOVIE I-T dept is BJP’s alliance partner: Cong EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE @ Bengaluru/Mysuru KEEPING up the pressure, the Income Tax Department continued raids across the state on Thursday . In Bengaluru, friends and aides of Congress MLC and Bangalore Central Lok Sabha candidate Rizwan Arshad were raided. His campaign office too was searched. In Mysuru, searches were conducted at the residence of JD(S) leader and minister C S Puttaraju’s son Shivaraj. “I am the JD(S)-Congress candidate in Bangalore Central, but BJP’s alliance partner is the Income Tax Department,” said Rizwan. P8 ANNOUNCEMENT TNIE’s Voter Awareness Campaign starts today The New Indian Express is launching a six-day voterawareness campaign to encourage eligible citizens to vote in large numbers on April 18. The initiative will be flagged off from TNIE premises on Queen’s Road at 10.30 am on Friday by Chief Electoral Officer Sanjiv Kumar. As part of the initiative, a TNIE team along with a team from Red FM will travel across the city to interact with people to make them aware about the importance of voting. Red FM will be associated with The New Indian Express in this initiative. WITH THIS ISSUE CITY’S BEST WEEKEND GUIDE ELECTION EVOLUTION 3 killed in AP; EVMs malfunction; 64% turnout in 8 UP seats; 80% in 2 Bengal seats NAMO TV GAG ORDER EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE @ New Delhi VOTING in the first phase for 91 parliamentary constituencies across 20 states on Thursday was largely peaceful, though three persons were killed in stray violence in Andhra Pradesh, which witnessed simultaneous Assembly elections as well. There was some violence in West Bengal, too, but the polling percentage was a healthy 80. Reports of malfunctioning Electronic Voting Machines upset voters in Andhra. There were a few incidents of goons smashing EVMs in both Andhra and West Bengal. Chief Election Commissioner Sushil Chandra later said 0.63% EVMs, 0.61% control units and 1.7% malfunct i o n i n g V V PATs w e r e replaced. In AP, one YSRC and one TDP worker were killed in clashes at Veerapuram in Anantapur district, while another YSRC worker was beaten to death at T Sadum in Chittoor district. Clashes be- Women queue up to cast their vote at Loyapally in Hyderabad | VINAY MADAPU tween the two sides were also reported from several other places, such as Sattenapalli, Narasaraopeta, Allagadda and Chinakudama. However, people turned up in large numbers, particularly women and first-time voters, to exercise their franchise. The overall voting percentage in the state is expected to be around 80%, two per cent higher than in 2014. In Uttar Pradesh, polling in eight Lok Sabha seats recorded 63.69% turnout, with Saharanpur topping the list at 70.68%. Four constituencies of Bihar averaged 53.06% where police recovered two bombs and defused them, while Maharshtra (7 seats) witnessed 56% polling, Odisha (4) 68%, Assam (5) 68% and J&K (2) 55%. While Jammu recorded 72.16% polling, Baramulla polled 35.01%. With 77% turnout, polling in Maoist-af2019 fected Dantewada in C h h at t i s g a r h w a s peaceful. Maoists exploded bombs at Narayangarh in Chhattisgarh and at two places in Waghe zari of Gadchiroli. Stray cases of the indelible ink put on voters’ fingers coming off, were reported. LOK SABHA ELECTION P8, 9, 11 EC on Thursday directed Delhi’s chief electoral officer to remove all political publicity content that are being aired on NaMo TV without precertification. The CEO had approved the logo of NaMo TV, but not its content, which comprises old speeches of PM Modi SHAH ON ‘TERMITES’ Illegal migrants from Bangladesh are termites, says BJP chief Amit Shah at rally in West Bengal’s Raiganj, promises to throw them out of India after getting a fersh mandate EXPRESS EXCLUSIVE IISc researchers put war on drug resistance in Hepatitis C virus on the brink of victory 44 PAGES, INCLUDING 24 OF INDULGE (TABLOID) NIRAD MUDUR @Bengaluru RESEARCHERS at the Bengaluru-based Indian Institute of Science (IISc) are on the brink of winning a major victory against drug resistance in Hepatitis C virus. And, this crucial war is being won using mathematical models. What’s remarkable, the research breakthrough has been achieved through a mathematical model in which, how the virus mutates and the range of pathways it takes to develop drug-resistance, has been exposed. This exposure could help the pharmaceutical industry develop drugs and drug combinations that can overcome drug-resistance in — in this case — Hepatitis C virus. This also opens up the horizon for a lot more — the method can be replicated to fight and overcome drug resistance in viruses and bacteria causing a slew of other diseases which stubbornly resist the effects of various drug combinations. In the research article, published in the peer-reviewed open access US-based journal ‘PLOS Pathogens’ on April 1, the IISc researchers, led by Prof Narendra M Dixit, Prof, Department of Chemical Engineering, and associate faculty at Centre for Biosystems Science and Engineering, IISc, explain they achieved the feat of understanding the virus’ pathways to drug-resistance by constructing a multi-scale mathematical model. The model estimated the pre-treatment mutation frequencies of the entire spectrum of the Hepatitis C virus. Based on that, they were able to accurately describe intracellular evolution of the virus that develP7 op drug-resistance. WHAT THE RESEARCH DID The study presented a novel approach to estimating the entire spectrum of mutants present in infected individuals, explains several clinical observations associated with chronic Hepatitis C, and presents a framework to aid optimisation of treatment LUCK BY CHANCE Believe It R Not, Neta Says No. 9 Will Win Polls! R, no more Chikkodi’s favourite N A U S H A D B I J A P U R @ Belagavi IF letters in the alphabet win elect i o n s, t h e n ‘ R ’ d o e s s o i n Chikkodi! ‘R’amakrishna Hegde started it all inadvertently R you . wondering what this is all about? After an astrologer’s suggestion to the former Janata Dal leader in 1996 that a candidate whose name begins with the letter R will win the Chikkodi Lok Sabha seat, Hegde’s choice — ‘R’atnamala Savanur — won. And since then, Chikkodi has thrown up ‘R’ winners in five consecutive polls till 2009. Congress’ Prakash Hukkeri broke this chain in 2014. The sitting MP is contesting this time too. His opponent in BJP’s Annasaheb Jolle. The missing ‘R in their names obviously is no longer a factor. The BJP had almost finalised Ramesh Katti (first letter R) as its candidate this time but it decided to have Jolle under pressure from the RSS at the last moment. P7 1+8=victory, predicts Revanna E X P R E S S N E W S S E R V I C E @ Mysuru THE No. 9 will win the first phase elections in Karnataka! Thus predicted PWD minister H D Revanna on Thursday . The minister, known for his deep-rooted belief in astrology and vastu, turned into a numerologist and claimed that the date of Karnataka’s first phase of Lok Sabha elections as ‘lucky again’ for the ruling coalition partners Janata Dal (Secular) and Congress party . The first phase is scheduled to be held on April 18. And ‘1+8=9’, the number that is naturally believed to bring good luck and will see the return of Congress-led UPA to power at the Centre, he believes. Speaking to the media here, Revanna gave the 2018 assembly polls as an example. His brother H D Kumaraswamy became the Chief Minister. Thanks to the number ‘18’ again (the last two digits in 2018), which if added together will produce ‘9’. P7 Electioneering has come a long way from blaring mikes, festoons and buntings, the thrust now is more on getting city-dwellers, especially youngsters, to exercise their franchise. For this, innovative means are being employed. A painting by artist Badal Nanjundaswamy at Bengaluru’s Okalipuram flyover tries to drive home the point that a modern society must make informed choices | SHRIRAM BN Julian Assange arrested in London EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE JULIAN Assange’s sevenyear stay in Ecuador’s London embassy ended abruptly on Thursday with police entering the building and arresting him. Earlier, Ecuador had revoked the asylum given to the WikiLeaks founder saying he repeatedly violated the terms of the asylum. He was produced before a London cour t, which found him guilty of Video grab of Julian Assange being arrested in London | TWITTER breaching his bail conditions in 2012 and remanded him in custody pending sentencing. He faces a jail term of up to 12 months. He will face another court hearing on May 2 on a US request for his extradition for alleged computer hacking and publishing classified info. Assange had taken refuge in the embassy in 2012 to escape extradition to Sweden over a sexual assault case, which has since been dropped. He said he feared ultimate extradition to the US, where he faces a possible death sentence since the charges are grave. P15
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