MADURAI TUESDAY JULY 23, 2019 `6.00 PAGES 14 LATE CITY EDITION NORTH MOON Sea of Serenity Copernius crater Equator Tycho crater SOUTH LANDER MISSION SOUTH Chandrayaan-2 landing site near southern pole India’s lander Vikram will be soft-landing on south polar region of the moon, which has not been explored before Rover Ramp Landing skid NERVE CENTRE ROVER Vikram lander can communicate with IDSN at Bengaluru, as well as with the Orbiter and Pragyan rover Sola r pan el 48-DAY ITINERARY SOLAR POWERED 27kg Pragyan Rover will determine Navigation elemental camera Warm composition of electronics box moon’s surface Lift Off 05 INDIA OVER THE MOON 23 Trans Lunar Injection @ Sriharikota INDIA was ‘over the moon’ on Monday as GSLV-MkIII, in its very first operational flight, launched Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft into the designated earth orbit. The spacecraft, weighing 3,850 kilograms, has begun its 48-day ‘gruelling’ journey to the moon, which is prone to be riddled with challenges. The move, experts say has put , India on course for the next big phase in space exploration. Though India’s lander ‘Vikram’ will be soft-landing on moon 56 years after Soviet Union’s Luna 9, this is a mission like none before. For, it will shed light on a completely unexplored section of the moon, the South Polar region. Monitor, assess teachers in TN for quality: HC to government E X P R E S S N E W S S E R V I C E @ Madurai THE Madurai Bench of Madras High Court on Monday directed the State government to form special teams to monitor and assess teachers in schools across the State. Justice SM Subramaniam passed the order while rejecting a petition filed by a BT assistant (graduate teacher), Sowpackiavathy challenging a charge memo , issued to her for failing to teach students effectively . He further directed the elementary education department to ensure that children studying in elementary and primary schools are capable of reading and writing, and possess arithmetic skills. If children are found lacking, he said, action should be taken against teachers. “Teachers are decently paid from the tax payers money and that is why public expect them to impart quality education to students. No teacher can say that children, especially those in rural areas, are incapable of understanding the lessons. It is the duty of the teachers to understand the mind-set of the children and, accordingly, impart education for their future development and for nation building,” he said. Quoting from the Right to Education Act, the Judge held that the assessment of the teaching ability of teachers must be periodically done by competent authorities of the Educational Department, and directed officials concerned to do so in Tamil Nadu. As the entire world watched, the 43-metre tall ‘Bahubali’ rocket blasted off from the second launch pad in Sriharikota at 2.43 pm. Tension in the mission control room was palpable as the 640-tonne rocket took off, considering that the first attempt had to be called off due to a technical snag, about a week ago. Another delay would have resulted in the mission being suspended till September. Chairman K Sivan said the success was sweeter as it had come after a ‘fallout’ and serious technical glitch. “ISRO bounced back with flying colours,” he said announcing the successful launch. “It’s the beginning of a historic journey of India towards the moon.” He said the amount of work done in 24 hours following the technical snag was mind boggling. “The vehicle was brought back to normal... root cause of the technical snag was identified and corrected. Everything happened in 24 hours. In the next one-and-half days, required tests were conducted to ensure the corrections made were proper, in the right direction,” Sivan said. “The expert team constituted was on the job for the last seven days, to ensure every system functions properly. It’s my duty to salute all of them.” Minor Detour The distance to moon is 3.84 lakh kilometres. Ensuring trajectory accuracy while covering such a large distance poses many challenges as the flight path is influenced by factors, such as the non-uniform gravity of earth and moon, the gravitational pull of other astronomical bodies, solar radiation pressure and moon’s true orbital motion. The mission sequence has been reworked to ensure the lander gets to moon by September 6 or 7. This is to ensure that it breathes for full 14 Earth Days and performs in-situ measurements near the landing site. The path it takes, however, may differ. This is because the duration between launch and landing has been narrowed down to 48 days from 54 days as was originally planned. The delay has increased the travel distance by 6,000 kilometres. Lunar Bound Phase 43 Lander separates from Orbiter 44 Trans Lunar Injection The GSLV-MkIII being launched from launch pad-2 at Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, on Monday | PTI #Chandrayaan2 is unique because it will explore the south pole region of lunar terrain which is not explored by any past mission Prime Minister Narendra Modi K Sivan, ISRO chairman BIG FIGHT Amid protests, Lok Sabha passes bill to amend RTI law Speaker keeps reminding govt to honour its commitment to complete the confidence vote, but coalition lawmakers seek to buy more time ON the day Chandrayaan-2 took off, the Karnataka Assembly seemed to be suspended in a timeless space — waiting for a near-mythical trust vote. Would it happen or not? The Speaker’s word that it won’t get delayed beyond Monday did not seem to hold good as the Assembly sat till the late hours debating whether to vote or not. A fake letter of resignation, a closed canteen, the lack of vegetables, diabetic MLAs, everything became a reason to postpone, or not. For three days now, the Legislative Assembly has been discussing issues, both relevant and irrelevant to the confidence motion moved by the chief minister, but there is no sign of a trust vote. Despite assurances by the Congress legislature party chief Siddaramaiah and Chief minister H D Kumaraswamy of completing the proceedings by end of day on Monday, the session was marred by delays, protests and disruptions. It was a day of delays with the Assembly session itself starting an hour later than scheduled. Discussions extended beyond 10.30 pm with dinner and diabetes becoming the matters of concern for the House. While BJP insisted that they are willing to sit all night for the trust vote Congress-JD(S) MLAs insisted on an adjournment. Utter chaos was witnessed late on Monday We bounced back in flying colours after the earlier tech snag. Success is coming after a hollow. Entire globe was waiting for this success E X P R E S S N E W S S E R V I C E @ New Delhi Karnataka CM H D Kumaraswamy during the Assembly session on Monday | PTI Supreme Court to hear 2 MLAs’ plea today The Supreme Court will hear on Tuesday a fresh plea of two Independent Karnataka MLAs seeking holding of the floor test “forthwith” in the state Assembly on the trust motion moved by CM Kumaraswamy night with a few members of the treasury benches exiting the Assembly even as it was in session, unable to bear hunger pangs. The debate on the motion of confidence was started by Krishna Byregowda on Monday, two days after the CM moved the motion. While the coalition has listed more than 20 speakers to give their opinion on the confidence motion, barely seven completed their speeches. As the BJP sat patiently through allegations of horse-trading, luring MLAs and destabilising the government, the coalition asked what the hurry was for the trust vote. “Many of our members have to talk. What is the hurry if you have the numbers? How does today or tomorrow matter? Let the chief minister as well as Siddaramaiah debate on Tuesday and let us have the trust vote then,” said KPCC president Dinesh Gundu Rao even as the BJP insisted that they want the trust vote on Monday A confident BJP . was reduced to an agitated grumpy lot with the trust vote being delayed once again. Coalition MLAs took turns to accuse the BJP of engineering the conspiracy to destabilise the government. Chief Minister H D Kumaraswamy, who spoke later in the evening, said everybody includ, ing the media, was in a hurry to get him to resign. THE Lok Sabha on Monday passed the controversial RTI amendment Bill amid protests from the Opposition, which said the changes would make the law toothless. They were echoing the fears of RTI experts like former chief information commissioner (CIC) Sridhar Acharyulu, who recently wrote to MPs saying if the amendments are approved, information commissioners (ICs) would become appendages of senior babus. The bill seeks to end the fixed tenures of CICs and ICs besides allowing the governCurrent position ment to fix their salaries. At present, CICs and ICs have fixed CIC and ICs shall hold office for 5 years five-year tenures. The bill will now head to the Status of CIC will be Rajya Sabha, where the Opposiequivalent to CEC tion hopes to push the treasury to send it to a select committee Status of IC will be for further scrutiny as the NDA , same as that of EC is seven short of majority there. The BJP’s current strength in Proposed the Rajya Sabha is 78 and that of amendments the NDA is 116, while the major Pay and perks and ity mark is 123 in the 245-memother service ber House. conditions of CIC and On Monday, the Opposition ICs shall be such as question the government’s claim may be prescribed by that the amendments would not the Centre dilute the RTI. Shashi Tharoor CIC and ICs shall (Cong) demanded its withdrawhold office for such al. “Are you bringing this amendterm as may be ment because an information prescribed by Centre commissioner asked the PMO to reveal the PM’s educational details?” he asked. What was the hurry in bulldozing every bill without scrutiny he wondered. , Raghu Ramakrishna Raju (YSRCP) accused the government of infringing on the rights of the states by seeking to appoint state information commissioners. A Raja (DMK) questioned the argument that CIC cannot be equated with the CEC since the former is a statutory body while the latter is a constitutional body The gov. ernment, however, argued that there is no question of degrading the information commissioners. BLANKET BAN Soon, holding cryptocurrencies might land you in jail A N U R A D H A S H U K L A & J O N AT H A N A N A N D A @ New Delhi AN inter-ministerial panel has recommended that all privately circulated cryptocurrencies be banned. It has also suggested heavy fines as well as jail terms up to 10 years for those dealing in unauthorised digital currencies. “The committee notes with concern the mushrooming of cryptocurrencies almost invariably issued abroad and numerous people in India investing in these cryptocurrencies,” it said in a report submitted along with a draft bill to regulate them. The draft will be examined by the ministries and regulators concerned before a final set of recommendations will be placed before the Union Cabinet. The report suggests that the Department of Economic Affairs could set up a group along with RBI representatives and officials from other departments to look into an “appropriate model of digital currency in India”. According to the panel, headed by finance secretary S C Garg, an ‘official’ digital currency could be launched by the RBI. It suggests the government use distributed-ledger technology for loan-issuance tracking, collateral management, fraud detection and claims management in insurance, among others. Cryptrocurrency players are worried. “What will happen to those who hold these currencies?” asked Ashish Singhal, founder and CEO, CoinSwitch. He explained that DLT / blockchain tokens have many uses, other than for cryptocurrency. “If two users use such tokens to transact, will it be called a cryptocurrency?” he asked. EY India’s Prashant Garg, however, sees the move as positive. “Digital twin currency backed by government regulated and stable fiat money would promote large adoption and facilitate trusted digital money exchange.” THE RATIONALE ■ ■ ■ Private cryptocurrencies carry huge risks due to their volatile prices These are unregulated and hence, consumers have nobody to turn to in case they are short-changed An ‘official’ currency could address these issues to a large extent 2,116 CRYPTOCURRENCIES ARE IN CIRCULATION , HAVING A MARKET CAP OF $119.46 BILLION, SAYS THE REPORT 1-23 Earth bound phase 23-30 Lunar Transfer Trajectory 25 30 Karnataka talkathon on, nowhere close to voting @ Bengaluru 15 30-42 FULL COVERAGE: P6 EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE 10 20 The 48-day journey to moon’s southern polar region begins as GSLV-MkIII successfully launches Chandrayaan-2 in earth’s orbit; delay results in adoption of a longer route S V K R I S H N A C H A I TA N YA 01 35 40 30 Lunar Orbit Insertion 48 45 Beginning of powered descent 50 Landing SECRET OF SUCCESS 15% increase in the efficiency of rocket GSLV MkIII achieved by enchancing vehicle performance EXPRESS READ Trump offers to mediate on Kashmir Washington: US President Donald Trump on Monday offered to mediate between India and Pakistan on the Kashmir issue as he met Pak PM Imran Khan at the White House. “If I can help, I would love to be a mediator,” Trump said in his opening remarks. India maintains that the Kashmir issue is a bilateral one | P10 Pragya pulled up for her toilet remarks New Delhi: BJP working president J P Nadda Monday “pulled up” Bhopal MP Pragya Singh Thakur for her remarks that she was not elected to the Lok Sabha for cleaning up toilets, comments that were seen to be mocking Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s ‘Swachh Bharat’ campaign. Robot used to put out Mumbai fire Mumbai: A massive fire broke out Monday in MTNL building here, leaving 84 people stranded on the terrace of the nine-storey structure all of whom were rescued by fire brigade personnel, an official said. For the first-time, a robot was used to control the fire, the official added | P7 Investor wealth dips `4 lakh cr in 3 days New Delhi: Investor wealth plunged over `4 lakh crore in three days of market fall amid weak global trends and muted domestic sentiments. Stock markets extended their losses for a third straight day with cumulative losses of 3.05 per cent or 1,184.15 points since July 18
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