WHY ISRO CHOSE THE MOON’S SOUTH POLE TO LAND? Chandrayaan-2 will be going where no spacecraft has gone before, since the landing will be very close to the south pole of the moon, near 70 degree south latitude. All other moon missions have landed in the equatorial region. Surveyor 7, launched by NASA, went the farthest on January 10, 1968. It had landed near 40 degree south latitude VILLUPURAM SATURDAY SEPTEMBER 07, 2019 `4.00 PAGES 14 CITY EDITION Touchdown of the lander is scheduled between 1.30 and 2.30 am, followed by the rollout of rover between 5.30-6.30 am LUNAR LANDING IS A COMPLEX PROCESS AMIT BANDRE BY THE TIME YOU READ THIS, LANDER WOULD BE ON MOON The crucial landing of Vikram the lander will be carried out by eight onboard equipment in a coordinated manner. Lunar landing is a complex process involving taking real-time pictures and then autonomously implementing functions of Moon landing. While the descent cannot be captured, onboard cameras will click Moon’s surface while soft landing 1 lunar day EQUALS 14 EARTH DAYS TIME FOR INDIA’S MOON FOOTPRINT Will be the first country to do soft landing on the lunar south pole. Over 500 Isro scientists monitoring the risky manouvre; PM, students to watch touchdown P E A R L M A R I A D ’ S O U Z A @ Bengaluru EXCITEMENT mingled with jubilation and anxiety gripped the Mission Operations Complex of the ISRO Telemetry Tracking and Command Network, where scientists worked with bated breath towards the countdown of Vikram’s historic touchdown near the lunar south pole. Minutes before this paper went to press with at least four hours to go for the Chandrayaan-2 mission’s touchdown on moon, B S Chandrashekar, director, ISTRAC, ISRO, told TNIE as he dashed back to the Mission Operations Complex, “It’s a mood of jubilation and about 500 scientists are working towards the success of the mission.” Prime Minister Narendra Modi was scheduled to reach the centre at 1:15 am, following which he would view the landing before making an exit at 1:45 am, sources said. The PM is scheduled to make an appearance again at 4 am, well in time for the rover to roll out. Arrangements were made at the complex for PM Modi to have an interaction with the schoolchildren who won the Space Quiz to be awarded this privilege of getting to watch this historic event alongside the PM. Media was kept huddled at the Satellite Control Centre of ISTRAC, more than 1 km away from where the PM and the students interacted. The landing process was scheduled to begin with a powered decent scheduled at 1.40 am, while scientists have given the operation a bracket of an hour between 1 am and 2 am for the same. The lander will descend at the speed of 1.6 km per second till it reaches a point beyond which it will move even slower at two metres per second. Scientists have given sufficient buffer time and have scheduled between 1:30 am and 2:30 am for the touchdown of the lander. GUNTUR BABIES IVF bill call Experts shocked at the total lack of concern for the future of the 74-yr-mom’s twins S U M I S U K A N YA D U T TA @ New Delhi THE shocking case of a 74-year old delivering twins through in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) in Andhra Pradesh triggered demands for expediting a long pending Central law to regulate clinics offering assisted reproductive techniques (ART) in India. Erramatti Mangayamma from Guntur gave birth to two baby girls on Thursday at Ahalya ART clinic, achieving motherhood at probably the ripest age in the world. She had no child prior to the twins. Experts and public health activists called out the ART clinic for its deplorable decision to offer the service to a geriatric couple. It would have been illegal had the proposed ART bill been enacted. Three versions of the bill had been prepared in 2008, 2010 and 2014 based Indian Council of Medical Research’s (ICMR) guidelines, but it is yet to be sent to Parliament. “It’s immoral and unethical on the part of the clinic to have put the life of such an old woman at risk in order to allow her to have her own children,” said Jaideep Malhotra, president of the Indian Society of Assisted Reproduction. “A few such instances of women in their 60s and 70s becoming mothers through IVF have also been facilitated in the recent past but the government has not felt the need to regulate the sector,” she said, adding: “This is yet another example of how cheap human life is in this country .” ICMR officials confirmed that the proposed ART bill had a provision to fix an upper age for men and women attempting parenthood through IVF — 45 years for women and 50 years of men. “The Bill has remained stuck as consensus could not be built even though the government did go ahead with one part of it through a separate bill on surrogacy a senior health ,” ministry official said. Experts said pregnancies through IVF carry more risks for even younger mothers, let alone a woman in her 70s. “Then there are ethical questions about children born to such ‘grandparent parents’. What happens to the children 10 years from now? Who will bring them up? This case is a sad commentary on our society also which is fixated on having biological children,” said Jashodhara Dasgupta who has been working on women’s health and reproductive rights. Dasgupta also pointed out that clinics publicising such pregnancies and motherhood were providing a bad precedent, as it will raise hopes of other infertile elderly couples. “There is a market such clinics are trying to capture and there has to be IRRESPONSIBLE: P6 a stop to it.” An ART bill that is yet to reach Parliament has proposed 45 years for women and 50 years of men as the ceiling for the undergoing the procedure Three versions of the bill were prepared, first in 2008, then in 2010 and finally in 2014, and shared with stakeholders but there is no consensus yet. Blame it on the powerful ART lobby No medical institution should offer what the clinic in Guntur has done. It’s simply horrible. Some regulation of the sector is urgently required Nandita Palshetkar, Mumbai-based infertility expert Restricted supply of blood from mother to baby due to the size of the placenta may affect the physical and mental health of the child. That apart, who will take care of the child born to an elderly couple after them? Dr K Chandra Reddy, London IVF Clinic in Vizag This Mission manifests the best of Indian talent and spirit of tenacity. Its success will benefit crores of Indians - PM Narendra Modi SENIORMOST CJ CJ Vijaya Tahilramani is the seniormost HC judge in the all-India seniority. She was the acting CJ of the Bombay HC twice before she was elevated as the Madras HC CJ in 2018. She has one more year of service before she is superannuated in September 2020 The advocates said in their letter, “She has been presiding over two of the largest and oldest chartered High Courts. To now transfer her to one of the smallest High Courts is nothing short of punishment and humiliation.” E X P R E S S N E W S S E R V I C E @ Chennai FOLLOWING her transfer to Meghalaya High Court, chief justice of Madras High Court Vijaya K Tahilramani is reportedly contemplating resigning from her post in protest. She is understood to have hosted a dinner for her colleagues on Friday evening, where she “opened up” about her decision. The information, however, could not be confirmed and Tahilramani or her office could not be contacted for a comment. Tahilramani is the senior-most High Court judge as per the all-India seniority. Her transfer from a chartered High Court to the Meghalaya High Court, which has only three judges, has sparked a controversy. Her appeal to reconsider the transfer was also rejected by the Collegium. On Friday a section of advocates of , the Madras High Court and other subordinate courts wrote to judges of the Supreme Court, requesting for the decision to be reconsidered. A 38-year-old woman has been found murdered near her house in Kancheepuram district. Her body was found in a state of undress, suggesting she could have been raped, said the police. On Thursday morning, after her husband and children left for work Signed by over 100 advocates, the letter said arbitrary transfers would whittle away the independence of the judiciary and the confidence of the judges. “The transfer becomes a weapon in the hands of the all-powerful Collegium, which is not a creation of legislation but that of the judiciary itself. It is of concern that there are no checks and balances in matters of administration of the judiciary “ the letter said. , The letter cited an order of the Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court in SP Gupta versus Union of India case, which observed,”The power of transfer is a highly dangerous power involving great hardship and injury to the judge transferred, including a stigma on his reputation in cases where the transfer is not effected pursuant to any policy but the judge is picked out for transfer on a selective basis and it makes no difference whether the transfer is made by the government on its own initiative or is made at the instance of the Chief Justice of India.” The letter read: “Any transfer should meet with an element of fairness. But in the case of Chief Justice Tahilramani, she has been presiding over two of the largest and oldest chartered high courts. To now transfer her to one of the smallest high courts is nothing short of punishment and humiliation.” Sources in the judiciary said she had not yet given anything in writing, while TV reports, quoting sources claimed she might tender her resignation on Saturday . S H R E YA S H S @ Mangaluru DAKSHINA Kannada Deputy Commissioner Sasikanth Senthil on Friday resigned from the IAS, citing his inability to continue working in the system. The sudden move by Senthil, dubbed the ‘People’s DC’ and known to be an upright officer, left the people in shock and disbelief. Senthil told TNIE his resignation was not a sudden decision. “My resignation is in view of the prevailing climate in the country, which I do not approve of, and this is going to worsen,” he said. Asked whether he couldn’t have fought the system being an insider, he said: “We have certain conditions which we cannot break. If I speak about justice, this is not the place where I can work. I have to come out, Sasikanth Senthil and hence I came out.” In his letter, he stated that it is unethical for him to continue as a civil servant in the government, as democracy is in danger. “The fundamental building blocks of our diverse democracy are being compromised in an unprecedented manner,” CONTINUED ON: P6 he wrote. GOYAL GRILLED BY THE ENFORCEMENT DIRECTORATE Naresh Goyal, the founder of nowgrounded Jet Airways was Friday questioned by the ED in Mumbai in a case of alleged contravention of the foreign exchange law | P11 Woman found murdered in Kanchi forest, rape suspected and school, the deceased went with her in-laws to a nearby hillock to fetch some dry wood from the forest there. All of them returned home in the evening, but the woman went back to the forest saying she had left behind a bundle of wood. As she did not return, her family set out on a search. A few villagers and her family you learn about the lunar South pole where we will send astronauts on our #Artemis mission in a few years,” NASA had tweeted to ISRO on the launch of the mission on July 22. The `978 crore Chandrayaan-2 mission entered the most crucial phase of its mission life — the landing process — on September 2 at 1.15 pm successfully when the lander Vikram separated from the Orbiter to clear the way for two de-orbits on September 3 and 4 ahead of its powered descent to the Moon’s south pole. The health of the orbiter and lander is being monitored from the Mission Operations Complex. Karnataka IAS officer says democracy in danger, quits CRIME FILE E X P R E S S N E W S S E R V I C E @ Chennai turned on and systems stabilised. For ISRO, it’s a moment of nervousness filled with excitement as “It’s not just a historic moment for the organisation but the entire country Chandrashekar said. “The mis,” sion’s success will enable planning beyond Mars.” Nirbhay Upady, member of the Rambha payload (of lander Vikram) was excited by the prospects of learning from the in situ measurement of the lunar surface plasma. Excitement is not limited to India. “We’re proud to support your mission comms using our Deep Space Network and look forward to what Chief Justice Tahilramani to resign today? ‘NOT FAIR’ AGE CAP FOR COUPLES PROPOSED Two hours after landing on the lunar surface, estimated at 3:55 am IST, a ramp from the lander will touch the ground. An hour and 10 minutes later (estimated 5:05 am IST), the solar panel of the rover Pragyan (till now housed inside the lander Vikram) will be employed. A few minutes later, Pragyaan would roll out of Vikram and then (estimated at 5:55 am) it would touch the lunar surface. The small gap is for the power to be members went over to the hillock and searched there. They found her body there, lying on the ground, with injury marks on the throat. There was a bundle of dry wood near her body prob, ably the one she went to fetch. “The incident spot is just about 750 metres from her house. None of her gold jewellery is miss- ing,” said the police. Her body has been sent to the nearby GH for autopsy . Police suspect she could have been murdered by someone known to her, probably from the same village. “They could have followed her into the forest, knowing that she is alone, and attacked her,” said an official. GOING GREEN Chief Minister Edappadi K Palaniswami during his visit to electric car-maker Tesla’s office in the U.S. on Thursday | EXPRESS 61 boys rescued from bonded, child labour at city gold units S A H AYA N O V I N S T O N L O B O @ Chennai AT LEAST 61 youngsters, including 51 juveniles, were rescued from five gold manufacturing units in the heart of the city on Friday Prelimi, . nary investigation revealed that they were bonded and child labourers, working in ‘pitiful conditions’. The rescue operation was conducted based on a tip-off given by an NGO. “We raided more than 10 units located on Wall Tax Road and rescued 61 boys. The youngest of them was 10 years old. They have all been sent to a home, and the supervisors of the units have been taken to the police station. The units have been closed. All the boys are from West Bengal,” said Additional DC Megalina Iden. A member of the NGO involved in the rescue said the owners of these units had paid money in advance to parents of at least 30 of these boys, making them bonded labourers. “All of them have Aadhaar, but we are yet to confirm its veracity For instance, . some boys aged 10-12 have cards that say they are 15-16 years,” said Iden. They boys said they were made to work 10am to 12 midnight on most days. “A small place within the unit housed them, where they worked, slept, cooked and ate. They were made to do different tasks, such as melting, polishing, and shaping gold,” said the NGO worker. “The hands of a few of these boys are ruptured and damaged, because they use acid to clean and polish gold.” The boys have been taken to a home in Royapuram. Purasawalkam tahsildar D Raman visited them. Cases can be made official only after the RDO finishes his inquiry and issues rescue certificate, said sources. The tahsildar and RDO were not available for comment.
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