WHY ISRO CHOSE THE MOON’S SOUTH POLE TO LAND? Chandrayaan-2 will be going where no spacecraft has gone before, since the landing will be very close to the south pole of the moon, near 70 degree south latitude. All other moon missions have landed in the equatorial region. Surveyor 7, launched by NASA, went the farthest on January 10, 1968. It had landed near 40 degree south latitude MADURAI SATURDAY SEPTEMBER 07, 2019 `6.00 PAGES 14 LATE CITY EDITION Vikram descent was normal till the altitude of 2.1-km, after which communication with Vikram lander was lost LUNAR LANDING IS A COMPLEX PROCESS AMIT BANDRE NO WORD ON VIKRAM’S FINAL STATUS; ANALYSIS ON The crucial landing of Vikram the lander will be carried out by eight onboard equipment in a coordinated manner. Lunar landing is a complex process involving taking real-time pictures and then autonomously implementing functions of Moon landing. While the descent cannot be captured, onboard cameras will click Moon’s surface while soft landing 1 lunar day EQUALS 14 EARTH DAYS LOST AT VERY LAST MOMENT ON MOON? Had Vikram landed safely, India would have become the first country in the world to do soft landing on the lunar south pole. PM joins scientists watching live feed P E A R L M A R I A D ’ S O U Z A @ Bengaluru THERE was a heart-stopping moment shortly before Chandrayaan-2 lander touched down as it lost connectivity with the mothership, disappointing scientists who toiled for months to make it a historic moment. “Ground station lost signal from lander Vikram when it was 2.1 km from landing. The available data is being analysed,” informed a grim ISRO chief K Sivan. As of now there is no clarity on the health of the lander. Led by PM Narendra Modi, the na- tion watched the live telecast of the landing close to 2 am. It was after a 48-day journey through three orbital , manoeuvring components (earth orbit, trans lunar orbit, and lunar orbit) the Chandrayaan-2 mission reached the Moon to land at a location between two craters of Manzinus C and Simpelius N near south pole. Modi watched the action live at the Mission Operations Complex (MOX) at ISRO Telemetry, Tracking & Command Network (ISTRAC) in Peenya, Bengaluru, with about 70 students from various parts of the country who won this visit by winning a A downcast ISRO chief K Sivan announcing the loss of connectivity with Vikram space quiz competition organised by ISRO when this paper went to press. Action began in the lander’s automated mode from about 100 km GUNTUR BABIES IVF bill call Experts shocked at the total lack of concern for the future of the 74-yr-mom’s twins S U M I S U K A N YA D U T TA @ New Delhi THE shocking case of a 74-year old delivering twins through in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) in Andhra Pradesh triggered demands for expediting a long pending Central law to regulate clinics offering assisted reproductive techniques (ART) in India. Erramatti Mangayamma from Guntur gave birth to two baby girls on Thursday at Ahalya ART clinic, achieving motherhood at probably the ripest age in the world. She had no child prior to the twins. Experts and public health activists called out the ART clinic for its deplorable decision to offer the service to a geriatric couple. It would have been illegal had the proposed ART bill been enacted. Three versions of the bill had been prepared in 2008, 2010 and 2014 based Indian Council of Medical Research’s (ICMR) guidelines, but it is yet to be sent to Parliament. “It’s immoral and unethical on the part of the clinic to have put the life of such an old woman at risk in order to allow her to have her own children,” said Jaideep Malhotra, president of the Indian Society of Assisted Reproduction. “A few such instances of women in their 60s and 70s becoming mothers through IVF have also been facilitated in the recent past but the government has not felt the need to regulate the sector,” she said, adding: “This is yet another example of how cheap human life is in this country .” ICMR officials confirmed that the proposed ART bill had a provision to fix an upper age for men and women attempting parenthood through IVF — 45 years for women and 50 years of men. “The Bill has remained stuck as consensus could not be built even though the government did go ahead with one part of it through a separate bill on surrogacy a senior health ,” ministry official said. Experts said pregnancies through IVF carry more risks for even younger mothers, let alone a woman in her 70s. “Then there are ethical questions about children born to such ‘grandparent parents’. What happens to the children 10 years from now? Who will bring them up? This case is a sad commentary on our society also which is fixated on having biological children,” said Jashodhara Dasgupta who has been working on women’s health and reproductive rights. Dasgupta also pointed out that clinics publicising such pregnancies and motherhood were providing a bad precedent, as it will raise hopes of other infertile elderly couples. “There is a market such clinics are trying to capture and there has to be IRRESPONSIBLE: P6 a stop to it.” An ART bill that is yet to reach Parliament has proposed 45 years for women and 50 years of men as the ceiling for the undergoing the procedure Three versions of the bill were prepared, first in 2008, then in 2010 and finally in 2014, and shared with stakeholders but there is no consensus yet. Blame it on the powerful ART lobby No medical institution should offer what the clinic in Guntur has done. It’s simply horrible. Some regulation of the sector is urgently required Nandita Palshetkar, Mumbai-based infertility expert Restricted supply of blood from mother to baby due to the size of the placenta may affect the physical and mental health of the child. That apart, who will take care of the child born to an elderly couple after them? Dr K Chandra Reddy, London IVF Clinic in Vizag CHAOS Justice Tahilramani’s decision is a pointer to the chaos created by SC collegium’s decisions on promotions. At least two judges of SC have already expressed displeasure over the proposal to promote four chief justices of HCs, ignoring the seniority of others It is to be noted that in May 2017, Tahilramani upheld the conviction and life imprisonment of 11 people in the Bilkis Bano gang-rape case, which was transferred from Gujarat to Maharashtra E X P R E S S N E W S S E R V I C E @ Chennai DAYS after the Supreme Court collegium rejected the request to reconsider her transfer to Meghalaya, Chief Justice of Madras High Court, Vijaya K Tahilramani on Friday decided to resign from her post. She is understood to have hosted a dinner for her brother judges on Friday evening, where she conveyed her decision. While no formal resignation has been sent so far, media reports claimed she is likely to do so on Saturday . Her transfer, from one of the oldest and largest High Courts in the country with a sanctioned strength of 75 , judges, to one of the newest High Courts with a strength of just three, was seen as a step down. On August 28, the collegium headed by Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi recommended her transfer to the Meghalaya High Court. The move evoked widespread criticism as Tahilramani is one of the senior-most A 38-year-old woman has been found murdered near her house in Kancheepuram district. Her body was found in a state of undress, suggesting she could have been raped, said the police. On Thursday morning, after her husband and children left for work High Court judges, who has served as the Chief Justice of two chartered High Courts — Madras and Bombay — in the country Tahilramani wrote . to the collegium to reconsider its decision, but it was shot down. On Friday over 100 advocates from Madras , High Court and other subordinate courts wrote to the collegium, asking it to reconsider its decision. “The transfer becomes a weapon in the hands of the all-powerful collegium, which is not a creation of legislation but of the judiciary It is of . concern that there are no checks and balances in matters of administration of the judiciary the letter said. ,” It quoted an order passed by the Constitution Bench of the apex court, which read: “The power of transfer is a dangerous power involving great hardship to the judge transferred, including a stigma on his reputation in cases where the transfer is not effected pursuant to any policy but the judge is picked out for transfer on a selective basis and it makes no difference whether the transfer is made by the government on its own initiative or is made at the instance of the Chief Justice of India.” The advocates said that the move cannot be justified on the principle of administrative interests, which is an expression which can be used in every case. “It is ironical that a person of her seniority is being assigned to the smallest high court and a judge who is junior to her in the Madras High court, is being elevated and transferred as Chief Justice of the Kerala High Court,” they added. S H R E YA S H S @ Mangaluru DAKSHINA Kannada Deputy Commissioner Sasikanth Senthil on Friday resigned from the IAS, citing his inability to continue working in the system. The sudden move by Senthil, dubbed the ‘People’s DC’ and known to be an upright officer, left the people in shock and disbelief. Senthil told TNIE his resignation was not a sudden decision. “My resignation is in view of the prevailing climate in the country, which I do not approve of, and this is going to worsen,” he said. Asked whether he couldn’t have fought the system being an insider, he said: “We have certain conditions which we cannot break. If I speak about justice, this is not the place where I can work. I have to come out, Sasikanth Senthil and hence I came out.” In his letter, he stated that it is unethical for him to continue as a civil servant in the government, as democracy is in danger. “The fundamental building blocks of our diverse democracy are being compromised in an unprecedented manner,” CONTINUED ON: P6 he wrote. GOYAL GRILLED BY THE ENFORCEMENT DIRECTORATE Naresh Goyal, the founder of nowgrounded Jet Airways was Friday questioned by the ED in Mumbai in a case of alleged contravention of the foreign exchange law | P11 Woman found murdered in Kanchi forest, rape suspected and school, the deceased went with her in-laws to a nearby hillock to fetch some dry wood from the forest there. All of them returned home in the evening, but the woman went back to the forest saying she had left behind a bundle of wood. As she did not return, her family set out on a search. A few villagers and her family Earth, lander Vikram had the ability to directly communicate with the Indian Deep Space Network at Bylalu near Bengaluru. Chandrayaan-2’s science payloads were to expand lunar scientific knowledge through detailed study of topography, seismography, mineral identification and distribution, surface chemical composition, thermophysical characteristics of top soil and composition of the lunar atmosphere, leading to a new understanding of Moon’s evolution. The payloads on the orbiter, would conduct remote-sensing observations from a 100 km orbit. Karnataka IAS officer says democracy in danger, quits CRIME FILE E X P R E S S N E W S S E R V I C E @ Chennai lunar surface after it rolled out of lander Vikram, scheduled to take place between 5.30 am and 6.30 am on Saturday . The progress of the `978 crore Chadrayaan-2 mission is tracked from the Mission Operations Complex (MOX) at ISRO Telemetry, Tracking & Command Network in Peenya, Bengaluru. The 1,471-kg lander, named after the father of Indian Space programme, Dr Vikram Sarabhai, was designed to conduct experiments on the lunar surface for 1 lunar day, or 14 earth days. From 3.8 lakh km away from the EMBITTERED, MADRAS CJ SET TO QUIT BILKIS CASE AGE CAP FOR COUPLES PROPOSED above lunar surface when the lander Vikram proceeded towards the set location with its burners horizontal to the surface. As it descended to 30 km altitude, the thrusters on the lander broke the speed to 1.6 km per second. Vikram was designed to tilt 90 degrees to point the burners towards the ground. Upon completion of the tilt, the on board cameras and the detectors surveyed the surface before the lander entered the hovering and landing phase using the central thrust to buffer its landing. If all goes well, the six-wheeled rover Pragyaan will leave imprints of ISRO and Ashoka Chakra on the members went over to the hillock and searched there. They found her body there, lying on the ground, with injury marks on the throat. There was a bundle of dry wood near her body prob, ably the one she went to fetch. “The incident spot is just about 750 metres from her house. None of her gold jewellery is miss- ing,” said the police. Her body has been sent to the nearby GH for autopsy . Police suspect she could have been murdered by someone known to her, probably from the same village. “They could have followed her into the forest, knowing that she is alone, and attacked her,” said an official. GOING GREEN Chief Minister Edappadi K Palaniswami during his visit to electric car-maker Tesla’s office in the U.S. on Thursday | EXPRESS 61 boys rescued from bonded, child labour at city gold units S A H AYA N O V I N S T O N L O B O @ Chennai AT LEAST 61 youngsters, including 51 juveniles, were rescued from five gold manufacturing units in the heart of the city on Friday Prelimi, . nary investigation revealed that they were bonded and child labourers, working in ‘pitiful conditions’. The rescue operation was conducted based on a tip-off given by an NGO. “We raided more than 10 units located on Wall Tax Road and rescued 61 boys. The youngest of them was 10 years old. They have all been sent to a home, and the supervisors of the units have been taken to the police station. The units have been closed. All the boys are from West Bengal,” said Additional DC Megalina Iden. A member of the NGO involved in the rescue said the owners of these units had paid money in advance to parents of at least 30 of these boys, making them bonded labourers. “All of them have Aadhaar, but we are yet to confirm its veracity For instance, . some boys aged 10-12 have cards that say they are 15-16 years,” said Iden. They boys said they were made to work 10am to 12 midnight on most days. “A small place within the unit housed them, where they worked, slept, cooked and ate. They were made to do different tasks, such as melting, polishing, and shaping gold,” said the NGO worker. “The hands of a few of these boys are ruptured and damaged, because they use acid to clean and polish gold.” The boys have been taken to a home in Royapuram. Purasawalkam tahsildar D Raman visited them. Cases can be made official only after the RDO finishes his inquiry and issues rescue certificate, said sources. The tahsildar and RDO were not available for comment.
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