MADURAI WEDNESDAY OCTOBER 09, 2019 `6.00 PAGES 14 LATE CITY EDITION THREE GET PHYSICS NOBEL FOR COSMIC DISCOVERIES Two Swiss scientists and a Canadian-US cosmologist won the prize on Tuesday for their work on our place in the universe JAMES PEEBLES DIDIER QUELOZ MICHEL MAYOR DARK MATTER THEORETICAL REVOLUTION A PLANET OUTSIDE SOLAR SYSTEM Canada-born James Peebles (84), one of the most influential cosmologists of our time, will get one half of the 9-million kronor cash award for his theoretical discoveries. The Princeton emeritus professor’s work showed that matter known to us—stars, planets and ourselves—only make up 5%, while the other 95% are made up of unknown dark matter and dark energy ■ ■ The other half of the award will be shared by Michel Mayor (77) and Didier Queloz (53) from the University of Geneva for discovering the first planet outside the solar system in Oct 1995 When they found a Jupiter-sized gaseous ball 50 light years away from our sun, scientists were not even sure if exoplanets existed P14 4,056 EXOPLANETS DISCOVERED AFTER THE WORK OF THE SWISS SCIENTISTS CHENNAI ■ MADURAI ■ VIJAYAWADA ■ BENGALURU ■ KOCHI ■ HYDERABAD ■ VISAKHAPATNAM ■ COIMBATORE ■ KOZHIKODE ■ THIRUVANANTHAPURAM ■ BELAGAVI ■ BHUBANESWAR ■ SHIVAMOGGA ■ MANGALURU ■ TIRUPATI ■ TIRUCHY ■ TIRUNELVELI ■ SAMBALPUR ■ HUBBALLI ■ DHARMAPURI ■ KOTTAYAM ■ KANNUR ■ VILLUPURAM ■ KOLLAM ■ WARANGAL ■ TADEPALLIGUDEM ■ NAGAPATTINAM ■ THRISSUR ■ KALABURAGI Rajnath onboard, first Rafale shows off skills Performs puja on new aircraft; first batch of 4 to reach India in May M AYA N K S I N G H @ New Delhi THE Rafale fighter jet formally joined the inventory of the Indian Air Force on Tuesday, with Defence Minister Rajnath Singh receiving the first aircraft at the Merignac airport in Bordeaux, France. Calling the state-of-the art jet a “gust of wind”, Rajnath said the “Rafale will boost India’s air dominance exponentially to ensure peace and security in the region.” French Minister of Armed Forces Florence Parly was present at the ceremony that included a shastra puja performed by Rajnath himself. “I am told Rafale is a French word meaning gust of wind. I am sure the aircraft will live up to its name,” he said, minutes before going off on a sortie with Dassault Aviation’s chief test pilot Phillipe Duchateau on the newly acquired aircraft. While the formal handover ceremony has taken place, the first batch of four Rafale jets is expected to reach India only by May 2020. The Rafale jet is seen as a game changer in the region as it is considered a 4.5 genera- ‘Lynching is a Western plot to defame India’ A B H I J I T M U LY E @ Mumbai RASHTRIYA Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) chief Mohan Bhagwat on Tuesday deplored rising instances of mob violence in the country but took strong objection to the word “lynching”, terming it a Western plot to defame India. “Lynching is not the word from Indian ethos. Its origin is from a story in a separate religious text. Indians trust in brotherhood. Do not impose such terms on Indians,” the EXPRESS READ China softens a tad, says K-issue bilateral Defence Minister Rajnath Singh places a coconut on India’s first Rafale as part of shastra puja during a handover event at Dassault’s plant in France on Tuesday | AP tion fighter aircraft. It is armed with unmatched weapon systems and sensors with multirole capability . Besides jamming enemy radars, the Rafale has the capability to strike enemy targets from an unchallenged standof f range of more than 300 km. The Rafale jets will come with India-specific modifications, including Israeli helmet-mount- ed displays, radar warning receivers, low band jammers, 10-hour flight data recording, infra-red search and tracking systems, among others. Earlier, Rajnath met French President Emmanuel Macron and held discussions on strengthening India-France defence and strategic ties. He was then flown to Merignac on a P9 French military aircraft. Though Pak PM Imran Khan arrived in Beijing for talks, China dropped its recent references to UN resolutions and said Kashmir should be resolved bilaterally, to create the right atmospherics for the Xi-Modi summit India-born South Asia al-Qaeda chief killed Asim Umar, the Uttar Pradeshborn terrorist who led al-Qaeda in Indian Subcontinent (AQIS) from its inception in 2014, was killed on Sept 23 during a raid in Helmand, Afghan officials confirmed on Tuesday | P10 RSS leader said. Delivering his customary annual address on Vijayadashmi in Nagpur on Tuesday, the RSS Sarsanghachalak said the Sangh has never supported, or will ever support, such heinous crimes. “Such cases need to be handed over to the law enforcement agencies and the government should deal with them sternly he said while de,” nying allegations of Islamophobia within RSS ranks. Bhagwat also urged citizens to create harmony and live ‘Too much discussion on slowdown does no good’ Hyping up the slowdown could be counter-productive as it may spook investors and affect business sentiments, leading to further drop in economic activity, Mohan Bhagwat (pic) said within the confines of law. “Alertness is a constant necessity There is an overt or covert . effort to create disaffection towards civil discipline. This has to be countered at all levels,” he added. His comments come in the wake of a sedition FIR filed in Bihar against 49 eminent personalities, who wrote an open letter to the PM against hate crimes including mob lynching. On Tuesday 180 celebrities , joined issue with the Centre P7 over the sedition case. TN plans corpus fund to treat accident victims in first 48 hours C S H I V A K U M A R @ Chennai IN a bid to treat accident victims during the first 48 hours, the State is planning to start a corpus of `50 crore as revolving fund after holding talks with insurance companies. Officials said the decision was taken during a recent meeting of the Road Safety Council, after talks with General Insurance Council, and representatives of all licensed insurance companies with motor insurance portfolio. The Madras High Court had ordered creation of such a fund to meet costs of treating accident victims in first 48 hours. It is learnt that the road safety council observed that if New universal helpline? Lest language problems delay response to helpline calls, the chief secretary has asked health and police departments to come up with a new universal helpline number (currently 112 is used) or an alternate solution. someone was hurt, the fund could be used to save a life instead of a company paying compensation. The council has also asked the State health department to map trauma care centres with private emergency care. TN Accident emergency care initiatives have been mapped through National Health Mission. Private trauma care centre details will be obtained through Tamil Nadu Health System Project and mapped onto an app.
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