AMIT BANDRE KOCHI l SUNDAY l JULY 21, 2019 l `8.00 l PAGES 28 l LATE CITY EDITION SHEILA DEPARTS, CONG LOSES ITS SUAVE, URBAN DELHI FACE The veteran Congress leader, 81, passed away in Delhi on Saturday afternoon after she suffered a heart attack SHEILA DIKSHIT 31.03.1938 - 20.07.2019 RAJIV BROUGHT HER TO POLITICS CAPITAL’S LONGEST SERVING CM Born in Kapurthala in Punjab in 1938, Dikshit did her schooling from Convent of Jesus and Mary School, Delhi, and graduated from Miranda House, University of Delhi. A warm and affable politician, she was a loyalist of the Gandhi family. Her political journey started after she was handpicked by Rajiv Gandhi to be part of his council of ministers | P9 ■ ■ Dikshit had the distinction of being Delhi’s longest serving chief minister and giving the national capital its modern look including the flagship Delhi Metro and green reforms in public transport She was appointed Delhi Pradesh Congress Committee president in January to prepare the party for next year’s Assembly polls 15 years SHEILA DIKSHIT SERVED AS DELHI CHIEF MINISTER FROM 1998 TO 2013 CHENNAI ■ MADURAI ■ VIJAYAWADA ■ BENGALURU ■ KOCHI ■ HYDERABAD ■ VISAKHAPATNAM ■ COIMBATORE ■ KOZHIKODE ■ THIRUVANANTHAPURAM ■ BELAGAVI ■ BHUBANESWAR ■ SHIVAMOGGA ■ MANGALURU ■ TIRUPATI ■ TIRUCHY ■ TIRUNELVELI ■ SAMBALPUR ■ HUBBALLI ■ DHARMAPURI ■ KOTTAYAM ■ KANNUR ■ VILLUPURAM ■ KOLLAM ■ WARANGAL ■ TADEPALLIGUDEM ■ NAGAPATTINAM ■ THRISSUR ■ KALABURAGI Modi’s $5tn goal gets a China headache Trade war-bruised Beijing is eyeing Delhi’s traditional export markets to make up for loss; competition to get fiercer J AYA N TA R O Y C H O W D H U R Y @ New Delhi THE policy directive by the Narendra Modi government to focus on export-led growth to grow GDP to $5 trillion might turn out to be hard to achieve. Here’s why: India’s sales abroad are already showing signs of stress. And it is likely to get worse from here owing to a combination of factors — global slowdown, trade wars, and stiff competition from rivals such as China. China, which is locked in a protracted trade war with the US, has started eating into India’s traditional export markets such as Africa and Latin America. “The competition will only intensify as China is trying to make up for its losses from the US,” says Prof Biswajit Dhar of the JNU. The China factor was hard to miss in India’s trade figures for June, when exports shrank for the first time in nine months. “Global slowdown combined with protectionist measures in key markets and competition from China, which is looking to offset its losses from its trade war with the US, pulled us down,” says Prof N R Bhanumurthy, National Institute of Public Finance & Policy . With both the commerce and finance ministries seeking to push exports, a drastic re-work of India’s trade strategy may be in the offing. Officials say duty walls being erected to protect domestic industry may have to be pulled down to gain DWINDLING EXPORTS (Figures in $ billion) 27.70 25.01 -9.71% DECLINE 2018-19 2019-20 Source: Ministry of Commerce and Industry NEGATIVE TERRITORY Products Coffee Rice Other cereals Tobacco Cashew Oil meals Oil seeds Meat, dairy, poultry products Mica, coal & other ores Leather & leather products Gems & jewellery Cotton yarn Handicrafts Petroleum products Man-made yarn/ Fabs UP buys peace, brings families of tribals shot dead to meet Priyanka N A M I TA B A J PA I @ Lucknow 18 INDIANS ABOARD SEIZED SHIP New Delhi is in touch with Tehran to secure release of Indians aboard the oil tanker, Stena Impero, which was seized by the Iranian Revolutionary Guard on Friday in the Strait of Hormuz PAGE 9 Church row: Priest ends ‘prayer fast’ Mounting tensions in the Ernakulam-Angamaly Archdiocese seemingly evaporated on Saturday after Fr Joseph Parekkattil, one of the priests of the archdiocese, ended the ‘prayer fast’ he had launched at Bishop’s House in Ernakulam. The decision to end the fast came after senior bishops and priests of the archdiocese reached an agreement on Friday night after talks that lasted over five hours. P4 ALMANAC TODAY Sunday: 21-07-2019 Year: Hemalambin Malayalam Era: 1194 Month: Karkidakam 5 Ashadha: 19 Nakshathra (Star): Pooruruttathi Rahu Kalam: 4.30 pm to 6.00 pm Yamakantakam: Noon to 1.30 pm Gulikakalam: 3.00 pm to 4.30 pm 02 KOTTAYAM The violent incidents at University College, T’Puram, have brought to the fore the harm that uncontrolled political activity can cause to the state’s prestigious institutions of higher education. ‘Express’ takes a look at the trail of destruction left behind by the violent brand of politics on campuses and possible solutions to end the scourge l A K Antony, Congress Working Committee member and former KSU leader MAX FORECAST Showery, mostly cloudy Sunrise Sunset 06.12 18.50 Moonrise 22.10 Moonset 09.35 l S O V I V I D YA D H A R A N @T’Puram W ith violent incidents in University College, Thiruvananthapuram, posing a big question mark on the smooth academic activity on similar politically-sensitive campuses in future, the government has finally decided to get its act together. A piece of legislation that proposes limits to political activity in higher educational institutions is on the anvil, said Higher Education Minister K T Jaleel. The minister told ‘Express’ the legislation is not the outcome of the recent incidents but part of a well-thought-out plan to rid campuses of certain ‘unhealthy trends.’ “It is improper to portray the entire higher education sector as a mess due to an unfortunate incident at a college. Yes, there are certain unhealthy trends that have crept in and the Bill aims to address these aspects by drawing certain boundaries for political activity on campuses,” he said. Jaleel said the Bill is in the final stages and would be introduced in the assembly at the earliest. He played down concerns that government colleges, seen as hotbeds of political violence, would see an erosion of best minds due to the recurring unrest. “Such concerns are unfounded. Government colleges still attract brilliant students compared to aided or self-financing institutions. Portraying government colleges in bad light should be seen as an attempt by private groups to wean students to their fold,” he said. ‘NEED TO ACT TOUGH’ If undesirable elements creep into a student organisation, it exposes the sheer lack of vigil on its part. The concept of one organisation on one campus is fraught with dangers. All student organisations should be allowed space and freedom to function. Also needed is a proper code of conduct for political activity on campuses MIN 260C 290C WEATHER WATCH 21 07 2019 WARZONE CAMPUSES SUNDAY According to Kerala State Higher Education Council vicechairman Rajan Gurukkal, along with restraint from students, college authorities should be aware of their prime duty of maintaining order on the campus. Earlier, student leaders were more independent and were not mere pawns at the hands of political parties as is seen today noted , the senior academic. Criminal elements now masquerade as leaders and use student organisations as a cover for their anti-social activities, while college authorities turn a blind eye. “The plight of principals who play second fiddle to student union leaders is the outcome of a middle-class mindset. Faced with threats of being transferred or slapped with other disciplinary action, college authorities dance to the tunes of criminal elements on the campus. The mere thought of being unseated from a cosy post prompts them to do so. Most of the issues on campuses can be resolved if principals decide not to bend rules,” Gurukkal said. Gurukkal, also a former Vice-Chancellor, said the current turn of events at the University College has provided the trigger to put things in order, not only in that institution but across campuses in the state that are in the grip of violent political activity. “It’s now time to cleanse the system as criminal elements on campuses have ceased getting any more patronage from political parties to which they are affiliated. Also, there is a huge social outrage against such violent incidents. But what is needed is political will and resolve by college authorities to set things in order,” he said. It’s fact that the state government is not showing any interest to follow the High Court directive. We will pursue the case till the state is made answerable. We have submitted another detailed petition before the court seeking its intervention ADV SAJEEV KUMAR K GOPAL, counsel for Ajoy Govt to come up with rules to regulate campus politics A J AY K A N T H @Kochi N early a year after Kerala High Court came down on the state government for not following its directive to regulate politics on college campuses in the state, the Kerala Government has finally decided to come up with a set of rules to regulate the functioning of student outfits. State Higher Education Minister K T Jaleel said the government would soon publicise the regulations to be implemented by colleges to curb the activities of student outfits on campuses. “We are in the final stage of framing rules and guidelines. Once the rules are finalised, an ordinance will be passed,” said Jaleel. There are allegations that the state government has been dillydallying with the decision to frame the regulations based on the High Court directive because college campuses are soft targets for political parties to attract youths to their fold. “All political par- ties need youths to carry out their political works that include organising rallies, road blockades and dharnas. During elections, youth and students’ wings of political parties are extensively used for campaign works,” said a senior political leader. It was on July 17, 2018, that the Kerala High Court slammed the state government for going slow on its earlier directive. The court also directed the government to inform it about the steps taken to implement the directive while considering a plea filed by L S Ajoy who submitted that the , state even failed to implement a 2004 High Court order directing that rules be framed to control student politics in educational institutions in the state. “It’s fact that the state government is not showing any interest to follow the High Court directive. We will pursue the case till the state is made answerable. We have submitted another detailed petition before the court seeking its intervention,” said Advocate Sajeev Kumar K Gopal, counsel for Ajoy . THE LIVING MARTYRS REGHU IS YET TO RECOVER FROM THE 2002-SHOCKER T he tragedy of O R Reghu, a tribal youth who was persecuted for his support to KSU, reveals the darker side of violent student politics. According to him, it is SFI, which masquerades free speech, that turns campuses into battlefields and spoils the career of students. Reghu was an LLB third-year student at Government Law College, Kozhikode, when SFI workers pierced his right eye with a sharp weapon on December 16, 2002. The attack dashed the dreams of Reghu, who belongs to the Kuruma community in Wayanad. But, 17 years after the heinous attack, Reghu is yet to recover from the shock. Though Reghu received an appointment order after he was shortlisted in the police constable rank list, he lost the job due to physical disability caused by the attack. SANOOP HAS A BALL IN PLACE OF HIS LEFT EYE A TAPAS RANJAN It was on July 17, 2018, that the Kerala High Court slammed the state government for going slow on its earlier directive BVP state secretary K S Sanoop is a living martyr of campus violence. Sanoop was the first non-SFI candidate to be elected as the chairman of Guruvayur Sree Krishna College. Till then no student organisation dared to challenge the authoritarianism of SFI. On February 28, 2008, Sanoop, who was a final year BSc Physics student, was writing the chemistry exam when a gang of SFI workers barged into the exam hall and hacked him. They smashed his head with an iron rod and chopped both his legs. Sanoop’s left eye was mutilated and the doctors placed a ball in place of the eye. It took years for him to recover and he still has difficulty to walk. “All the government gave as compensation was a paltry `1,000,” said Sanoop. ‘Express’ takes a look at the trail of destruction left4 behind 10 44 by the violent brand of politics on campuses and possible 30 solutions to end the scourge, in ‘Lack of social obligation churning out apolitical gangs, not statesmen’ the backdrop of the University U College incident. P2 STATUTORY BODY NEEDED The issue that we see now is the result of certain undesirable elements creeping into SFI without knowing its ideology or the ideals it represent. Student organisations should bring to its leadership those who excel in academic, sports or cultural activities. We need to promote democratic, creative and intellectual discussions on campuses M A Baby, CPM politburo member, former SFI leader Cyriac Thomas, former Vice-Chancellor of Mahatma Gandhi University said college authorities could be empow, ered or provided the atmosphere to discharge their duties properly only if they are backed by a strong statutory mechanism. A committee, comprising experts from the judiciary and academic realms, can help restore normalcy on strife-torn campuses. “At present, we have a fee regulatory and admission supervisory committee. Many unhealthy trends followed by self-financing colleges have been corrected by the committee. A similar body with statutory powers can ensure discipline on campuses,” he said. The body should be empowered to summon students, college authorities or even the police in case they remain mute spectators, he said. The rulings of the committee should be made binding on all parties. With the establishment of the committee with statutory powers, principals who acquiesce to the demands of student leaders can be pulled up and their actions questioned. This will also make criminal elements on campuses wary of action against them, overriding the patronage given to them by their political masters,” he said. ABVP activists KSU activists ARJUN LIVING WITH HAUNTING MEMORIES A look at the number of youths who lost their lives in campus violence from 1970 to 2017 SFI activists A rjun, a final year degree student of Maharaja’s College, has not recovered completely after the incident in which a student was killed by a group of Campus Front of India inside the campus. He was a victim of campus violence which shook the conscience of society recently. Arjun was stabbed by Campus Front activists along with slain SFI leader M Abhimanyu on July 2, 2018. However, even after months of treatment, he still suffers from body pain while walking long distance or standing for a while. He is still under treatment though the deep wound inflicted on his body has been healed. INPUTS: MANOJ VISWANATHAN AND ARUN M EXPERTSPEAK ANU KURUVILLA @Kochi nlike in the past, campus politics is gaining notoriety or in the words of a stalwart ‘apolitical gangs’ are ruling the roost. Student outfits are no longer churning out statesmen. Express talks to socio-political leaders to understand what and why this has happened. “Blame it on the deterioration of social standards and ethics. People, in general, have lost the capability of being selfless. In the past, people didn’t have any inhibitions when it came to helping others. An advocate would rush to solve cases for the entire village! How- ever, the scenario has changed today,” says M K Sanu, retired professor and social activist. According to him, in the past, campus politics used to be very much strong. “Unlike today we had some very impor, tant issues to fight for. The fight was not individualised or cornered by a single organisation. It used to be a joint effort,” he said. Of course, there used to be differences in opinions, he says. “But the differences were not settled through violence. Those in SFI, ABVP or KSU could sit together and discuss the issues over a cup of tea. But that doesn’t happen now,” he says. “In the past, teachers used to play a major role in developing It would be wrong to say campus politics has given birth to statesmen. Of course. Some of them might have been a part of these organisations, but all these leaders did have that inherent quality that made them stalwarts such an attitude among students. They had quality and this rubbed off on their students too.” Also, only those who were very good students and excelled in academics became leaders of students’ organisations, he says. However, such a thing doesn’t happen now. “You can’t expect a statesman to come out from a campus where studies take a back seat.” Teachers need to stand against campus violence instead of standing aside nonchalantly. “Only, a behavioural shift will generate good leaders from campuses,” he says. They should also shake free from their base political parties. According to Rajan Gurukkal, vice-chairman, Kerala State Higher Education Council, in the past student organisations were relatively independent of base parties. “Youngsters had their idealism and were ready to struggle genuinely There used to be . competition but they didn’t have a gang mentality.” “On campuses, organisations that are functioning under the guise of student outfits are gangs. Their only agenda is to take control of the campus and become the law,” he says. “How do you expect a good leader to come out of such organisations?” “Leaders don’t come from student outfits,” says M P Joseph, former advisor to the government (labour reforms and industrial relations). “Campuses are places where politics don’t have a place. If you want to play politics, you should set up a university for politics and play out all your agenda there,” he says. “All these student organisations, be it the SFI or KSU, all have an ideology of their own. And it would be wrong to say campus politics has given birth to statesmen. Of course. Some of them might have been a part of these organisations, but all these leaders did have that inherent quality that made them stalwarts,” he says. According to him, these leaders would have been even greater statesmen if they hadn’t come from these student groups. Highway to Hell PLUS 12 PAGES WITH THIS ISSUE ‘We are with you’ FOR a party close to ennui ever since the resignation of its president Rahul Gandhi, the political aggression shown by Congress general secretary Priyanka Gandhi Vadra in Uttar Pradesh in the past couple of days came like a whiff of fresh air. Arrested on Friday while she was on her way to meet the families of 10 tribals killed in Sonbhadra, she was given free access to them a day later. Ten Gond tribals were shot dead on Wednesday when a village head and his henchmen allegedly opened fire in a bid to take possession of a piece of land in Ubbha village in Sonbhadra’s Some of the family members broke down while meeting Priyanka. She promised all possible help for them. “We are with you. We will be your voice and will fight for your rights,” Priyanka said consoling the family members of tribals killed in Sonbhadra. Priyanka consoles a family member of the Sonbhadra firing victim | PTI Ghorawal area. When Priyanka refused to go back without meeting the families, she was shifted to a guest house in Mirzapur district, where she stayed overnight. On Saturday the administra, tion bought peace by bringing the families of at least seven victims from Ubbha to meet her at the guest house. P7 % decline (June 2018 vs June 2019) -16.94 -28.05 -44.42 -17.19 -16.78 -41.83 -26.26 -10.15 -14.61 -9.37 -10.67 -19.73 -12.56 -32.85 -9.98 market access abroad. On a year-on-year basis, exports fell 9.71% last month to $25.01 billion, with key sectors like petroleum, gems & jewellery rice, ready-made garments , and engineering goods registering steep falls. The biggest drop was in petroleum products at 32.85% as the Jamnagar refinery was shut for a while. “Protectionist walls are being built by a number of countries besides the US,” said a commerce ministry official. India, too, has been raising imports tariff to help domestic industry — something that will be hard to defend during trade negotiations. “These walls may have to be lowered as part of negotiations,” said the official cited above. EXPRESS READ 6 states get new Governors New Delhi: In a major rejig, Madhya Pradesh Governor and former Gujarat chief minister Anandiben Patel has been appointed the new Governor of Uttar Pradesh. Senior Supreme Court lawyer Jagdeep Dhankhar is the new West Bengal Governor. Former interlocutor on Naga talks R N Ravi has been appointed Nagaland Governor. Bihar Governor Lalji Tandon has been transferred to Madhya Pradesh. Ramesh Bais and Phagu Chauhan are new governors for Tripura and Bihar, respectively | P9 People engage in fishing at Vellayani lake in Thiruvananthapuram on Saturday. With rain intensifying across the state, many people venture into inland waterbodies for fishing, unmindful of the lurking dangers | VINCENT PULICKAL Monsoon toll rises to four; five go missing E X P R E S S N E W S S E R V I C E @ Kochi AS monsoon continued to batter the state, the death toll in rain-related incidents rose to four on Saturday while another five persons , were reported missing in various places. The body of a man, who was swept away by flood waters in Neyyar river in Thiruvananthapuram district, was recovered on Saturday . A youth went missing in the sea off Fort Kochi in the early hours of Saturday while another , person was swept away by strong currents in Meenachil river in Kottayam.The four fishermen from Vizhinjam, who were reported missing on Friday returned safely , . Two ships, two Dornier aircraft and an Advanced Light Helicopter of the Navy and Coast Guard joined the search for three fishers who went missing off Kollam on Friday . Meanwhile, heavy rain in catchment areas has increased inflow into dams. The water level in Idukki dam rose by 3 ft to 2,308.42 ft, while shutters of Peringalkuthu and Peruvannamuzhi dams were opened after water level touched full capacity P5 . More rain The Met Department has issued red alert for Kasaragod and Idukki (Sunday) and Malappuram, Kozhikode, Wayanad and Kannur (Monday) as heavy rain (more than 200 mm in 24 hours) has been predicted in these districts.
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