MADURAI TUESDAY FEBRUARY 11, 2020 `6.00 PAGES 16 LATE CITY EDITION PARASITE 1ST FOREIGN FILM TO WIN OSCAR BEST PICTURE The South Korean ‘black comedy’ is the first non-English film to win the prize in the Academy Awards’ 92-year history SOUTH KOREAN FLICK DEFIES PREDICTIONS PITT BAGS HIS FIRST ACTING OSCAR Parasite, a genre-defying thriller about a poor family infiltrating a wealthy household, bested the pre-Oscar favourite 1917—a World War 1 film about two soldiers crossing no-man’s-land by Sam Mendes. Parasite also scooped awards for best director, original screenplay and international feature film, defying the predictions of film pundits worldwide ■ Joaquin Phoenix won the best actor for his memorable role in Joker and Renee Zellweger bagged best actress for Judy ■ Brad Pitt won his first-ever acting Oscar for his supporting role in Quentin Tarantino’s Once Upon a Time... in Hollywood. Laura Dern won best supporting actress for her performance in Marriage Story 13 WOMEN AND 26 MEN TOOK HOME AWARDS ACROSS CATEGORIES CHENNAI ■ MADURAI ■ VIJAYAWADA ■ BENGALURU ■ KOCHI ■ HYDERABAD ■ VISAKHAPATNAM ■ COIMBATORE ■ KOZHIKODE ■ THIRUVANANTHAPURAM ■ BELAGAVI ■ BHUBANESWAR ■ SHIVAMOGGA ■ MANGALURU ■ TIRUPATI ■ TIRUCHY ■ TIRUNELVELI ■ SAMBALPUR ■ HUBBALLI ■ DHARMAPURI ■ KOTTAYAM ■ KANNUR ■ VILLUPURAM ■ KOLLAM ■ WARANGAL ■ TADEPALLIGUDEM ■ NAGAPATTINAM ■ THRISSUR ■ KALABURAGI WITH 97 DEATHS, Parliament erupts over SC order on reservation SUNDAY WAS DEADLIEST DAY EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE @ New Delhi The toll in China due to novel coronavirus epidemic has gone up to 908 and the number of confirmed cases rose over 40,000, Chinese health officials said on Monday.With 97 deaths, Sunday was the deadliest day yet since the outbreak. THE Opposition led by the Congress on Monday sought to put the government on the mat over the Supreme Court ruling on reservation in government jobs for SCs and STs. Both the Houses of Parliament witnessed pandemonium uproar over the issue with Opposition members asking the Centre to either file a review petition in the Supreme Court immediately or bring a Bill in Parliament to nullify it. On Friday, the SC had ruled that individuals have no fundamental right to claim reservations in promotions and that states are not legally bound to provide quotas to SCs and STs in government jobs. Hitting out at the Centre, Congress leader Rahul Gandhi alleged the government is trying to erase the quota system. NDA ally LJP too, pitched in , for the protections of the rights of the SCs & STs. In the Rajya Sabha, Opposition members were allowed to seek clarification from Union ‘Cong will not allow it’ Asserting that his party will not allow doing away with the quota system, Congress leader Rahul Gandhi said, “We won’t allow reservation to be done away with, no matter how much Modi Ji or Mohan Bhagwat dream of it” Minister of Social Justice Thawar Chand Gehlot while many leaders attacked the Centre for not taking a clear stand on such a sensitive matter. Gehlot said the government was deliberating the verdict “at the highest level”. It is a “serious” issue and the entire country is concerned, LJP leader and Union Minister Ram Vilas Paswan said. Later, during the Budget discussion, Gehlot said the Centre was never made a party to the civil writ petition filed in the Supreme Court. Not satisfied by Gehlot’s response, the Opposition in Rajya Sabha walked out in protest. “The Centre does not understand the sensitivity of the matter... The Centre should rush and seek review or else bring a Bill to make it null and void,” said Rajya Sabha Leader of Opposition Ghulam Nabi Azad. In a tweet, Congress general secretary Priyanka Gandhi Vadra alleged the ruling party was weakening the equal rights given to Dalits and tribals by the Constitution. ‘Chennai vehicles pollute LARGER BENCH TO PERUSE LEGAL nearly as much as Delhi’ QUESTIONS ON SABARIMALA: SC WOMEN’S ENTRY Indian crew members on board Diamond Princess | PTI 160 IN D IA N S O N T H E SH IP A PPE A L T O G OV T 160 INDIAN crew members are on the ship. “There are six Tamils on board and many others are from Kerala,” a Section Supervisor told TNIE from the ship on phone. EVACUATION WAS A LOGISTICAL NIGHTMARE: INDIA India’s efforts to evacuate its citizens from the coronavirusepicentre Hubei province and its capital Wuhan were a logistical nightmare since the entire operation had to be done in a region sealed from all sides, Indian Ambassador to China Vikram Misri said on Monday. INDIA TO STOCK UP KITS FOR DOCS The Union Health Ministry to stock up at least 50,000 personal protection equipment (PPE) kits for doctors and other medical staff treating the patients. With India being one of the top 30 countries at highrisk from the spread of the virus, experts say there could be a spurt in the demand for PPE One of them appealed to the Union government to urgently bring them home. “Please somehow save us as soon as possible. I want to request the government of India and Prime Minister (Narendra) Modi-ji, please segregate us and bring us back home safely,” Binay Kumar Sarkar, one of the Indians on board said. CHINA THANKS INDIA FOR SUPPORT China on Monday appreciated Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s letter to President Xi Jinping offering solidarity and assistance to deal with the deadly outbreak. “We thank and appreciate India’s support to China. India’s acts of goodwill fully demonstrate its friendship with China,” Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang said. 40,171 people have been infected in China as on Monday Of India’s THREE positive cases, 1 patient tested negative on Monday NORTH KOREA HAS DECIDED TO NOT COMPETE IN THE ASIAN WRESTLING CHAMPIONSHIPS IN NEW DELHI FROM FEB 18-23 BECAUSE ITS FLIGHT HAS A STOPOVER IN BEIJING | P14 350 infections reported outside China so far 135 TEST POSITIVE ON QUARANTINED SHIP 66 people aboard luxury cruise liner Diamond Princess, which has been quarantined off a port in Japan since February 5, tested positive for the virus on Monday taking the total cases to 135 S V K R I S H N A C H A I TA N YA @Alwar EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE @ New Delhi THE Supreme Court on Monday upheld the reference of legal questions over the entry of women into the Sabarimala temple to a larger bench. A 9-judge Constitution bench, headed by Chief Justice S A Bobde, rejected the objections of senior advocates F S Nariman and Shyam Divan to a 5-judge bench’s decision last November to refer the legal questions to a larger bench. They argued the bench was wrong in referring the mater without deciding the review petitions challenging the 2018 Sabarimala verdict, which allowed women of all age groups to enter the hill-top shrine. Day-to-day hearing to settle the issues will commence from February 17. The opening submissions will be made Q U E ST I O N S F O R T H E L A R G E R B E N C H What is the scope and ambit of right to freedom of religion under Article 25 of the Constitution of India? What is the inter-play between the rights of persons under Article 25 of the Constitution and rights of religious denomination under Art 26 of the Constitution? Whether the rights of a religious denomination under Article 26 of the Constitution of India are subject to other provisions of Part III of the Constitution of India apart from public order, morality and health? What is the scope and extent of the word ‘morality’ under Art 25 and 26 of the Constitution and whether it is meant to include Constitutional morality? What is the scope and extent of judicial review with regard to a religious practice as referred to in Art 25 of the Constitution? What is the meaning of expression ‘Sections of Hindus’ occurring in Article 25 (2) (b) of the Constitution? SC notice to Centre on infant death at CAA protest EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE @ New Delhi A Supreme Court bench headed by Chief Justice S A Bobde on Monday issued notices to the Centre and the Delhi gover nments seeking their responses to the death of an infant who was taken to the antiCAA protest venue in Shaheen Bagh. “Can a four-month-old go to protest? All mothers should, in fact, support this cause. Don’t create more problems. We have the highest respect for motherhood, highest concern for children and they should not be treated badly,” the bench told lawyers representing mothers of children sitting in protest at Shaheen Bagh. Meanwhile, a march to parliament by hundreds of Jamia students ended in scuffles with the police and many injured. The police reportedly resorted to lathi charge to control the crowd and some female students alleged they were hit in their private parts. Lessons on Japanese etiquette for Olympics-bound Indian athletes HASHI (chopsticks). O-jigi. Yumi. Daiky. Hanky. (different kinds of bows). These are some of the words that are common in Japan. For a Japanese, nothing is more revered than the country’s etiquette that is based on traditional values and age-old customs. It is an integral part of their dayto-day life. These manners are ingrained and for someone visiting Japan, it might be a daunting challenge. In a novel gesture, the sports ministry and the Indian Olympic Association (IOA), in collaboration with the Indian diaspora, have decided to host a two-day programme to impart les- sons on Japanese etiquette to the Olympic-bound Indian athletes. Come February 27 (Delhi) and 29 (Patiala), a delegation from the University of Tsukuba will teach Indian athletes the nuances of basic manners and practice in Japan. Izumi Egami (in pic), a visiting professor at the University of Tsukuba, open course ware, specialising on hospitality and global manners, and Randeep Rakwal, another professor at the same university will form , Whether a person not belonging to a religious denomination or religious group can question a practice of that religious denomination or religious group by filing a PIL? If Delhi’s pollution data scares you, you should also be equally informed and alarmed about the air quality in Chennai. Chennai has the second worst record of vehicular polluition in India after Delhi, generating 3,200 tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2) per day, a primary greenhouse gas, according to Centre for Science and Environment (CSE). This was revealed from the data compiled and analysed by CSE, a research organization, which published a study report titled ‘The Urban Commute’, which ranked 14 Indian cities. Besides CO2, Chennai generates over 1,000 kg of particulate emission load per day and 12,000 kg of nitrogen dioxide per day from urban commuting, which again are second and four th worst in the country . EPS conveys decision on Delta to Centre EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE @ Chennai A day after announcing the Cauvery Delta as a protected agricultural zone, Chief Minister Edappadi K Palaniswami on Monday conveyed the State government’s decision to the Centre. He communicated the reservations of the people, particularly farmers, about hydrocarbon project. A delegation of AIADMK ministers, led by Fisheries Minister D Jayakumar handed over the CM’s letter to the Union Forest Minister P5 Prakash Javadekar. Party cadre welcoming Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Edappadi K Palaniswami for the office bearers’ meeting at party headquarters in Chennai on monday | R SATISH BABU EXPRESS READ NOVEL IDEA I N D R A N E E L D A S @ Chennai by Solicitor General Tushar Mehta, followed by senior advocate K Parasaran. One lawyer from each side will make leading arguments. They will also get one full day to argue. The court will also give two hours each to lawyers to make supplementary arguments. The larger bench will also consider the issues of Muslim women’s entry into mosques and dargahs. CSE researchers said the study involved reviewing and assessing the data available on how people commute in the cities. This does not involve freight movement in the cities. The critical parameters that have been considered to understand the difference across cities include level of motorisation, volume of travel demand based on population, share of different modes of transport in meeting travel demand (public transport, walking and cycling, and personal vehicles), average distances in cities, average length of daily travel trips, and the quality of vehicle technologies and transport fuels. Based on the results of this analysis, the 14 cities have been ranked to see which ones pollute the most. Another study also points out a significant drop in the public transport ridership across various cities including Chennai. part of the delegation. The athletes will be given lessons on how to behave in public places. The athletes will be taught to be polite as it is considered an art there. Lessons will also be given on how seniors need to be respected. In Japan, listening is important and it’s considered bad manners to shout or talk loud in public places as well as eating while walking. They will also receive a crash course on the techniques of bowing and how to reply to greetings. ‘HOW TO BEHAVE’ MANUAL The Japanese contingent is expected to give lessons on how to behave in public places, especially for those who will be checking in early. This applies to the archery team who will be hosted by Kurube city. Besides this, they will also be taught how to use and place chopsticks properly. Opposition slams government over economy New Delhi: The Opposition on Monday slammed the Centre over the state of economy and failure to announce any positive measures in Budget. Congress leader P Chidambaram said: “I say the economy is not in ICU but it is waiting to be pushed into the ICU. It is being kept outside and looked after by incompetent doctors.” India-B’desh U-19 players under ICC scanner Chennai: A day after India and Bangladesh players had a showdown after the U-19 final in South Africa’s Potchefstroom, India’s team manager Anil Patel said that the ICC has taken a serious view of the aggressive celebrations by the Bangladeshi cricketers. The ICC said the matter has been reported and a decision will be made soon. P12 Start-up uses diamond to help missile re-entry EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE @ Chennai A Chennai based tech start-up has developed a technology that can be used in Indian hyper-sonic missiles during their re-entry into Earth’s atmosphere. Hypersonic missiles, which travel at speeds greater than the speed of sound waves, face destructively high temperatures (>2,400oC) during their re-entry into earth’s atmosphere. Kapindra Precision Engineering, a tech start-up incubated by Indian Institute of Technology, Madras (IIT-M), developed diamond coatings that can aid effective heat dissipation in such scenarios, said a statement issued by IIT-M on Monday . The technology proposed in Heat dissipation made effective The usage of diamond is substantiated by its thermal conduction property, which is 5 times that of copper. Diamond coatings can act as heat spreaders in electronic devices and in space technology applications. this involves growing a protective layer (few microns thick) consisting of thin films of diamond. It is interesting to note that even though diamond is electrically insulating, its ther mal conductivity (2,000 Wm-1K-1) is 5 times that of copper. So, diamond coatings act as heat-spreaders in electronic devices and find applications in space technology . Defence establishments of many countries have been working on heat dissipation issues, which pose a major hurdle to aero-dynamic stability of missiles upon re-entry Usually . , improper and inadequate dissipation of heat, during re-entry of missiles, leads to its intense wear and tear. Based on their technology, Kapindra was adjudged as the ‘#1 Start-up’ in the ‘DRDO Dare to Dream Innovation Contest’ for its specialised product offering. The start-up came from technology developed at IIT Madras’ Nano Functional Materials Technology Centre (NFMTC) and Materials Science Research Center (MSRC), led by Prof MS Ramachandra Rao, Department of Physics, IIT Madras.
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