THE NEW SUNDAY EXPRESS VOICES BUFFET MAGAZINE ANIRBAN GANGULY AMAR BHUSHAN RAVI SHANKAR PRIYADARSHINI CHATTERJEE GAUTAM CHINTAMANI MATA AMRITANANDAMAYI PEOPLE WELLNESS BOOKS FOOD ART & CULTURE ENTERTAINMENT FEBRUARY 23 2020 SUNDAY PAGES 12 The Brave New Indian Army The Militar y Balance TROOPERS INDIA HOW INDIA IS PREPARING TODAY FOR FUTURE BATTLES WITH PAKISTAN AND CHINA 14,00,000 A R M Y 6 Commands 14 Corps 7,500 Tanks, infantry vehicles 3 Commands, 9 Corps 3,500 O 3 Corps >> supported by the Mi-25 and Mi-35 attack helicopters, and the K-9 Vajra Self Propelled Artillery Gun System, Grad and Tunguska missiles and rockets slamming the enemy positions and blowing them to smithreens. Indigenous armed ‘Rudra’ helicopters boasting innovative military technologies and prowess of the army’s Network Centric Force, ensuring effective communication between the sensor, shooter and decision-maker. The September 2016 surgical strikes by the Indian Special Forces on Pakistani terror camps were a hit-back strategy never been attempted by India. It changed the paradigm of Indian reaction to Pakistani provocations with an unpredictability which is now a predicament for the Pakistan Army . The cross-border action is just a sample of the Indian Army’s capability should a full-scale war break out. The Brave New Indian Army is envisaged as a lean, mean fighting machine with the capability to act swiftly and decisively against any attack. The success of all military power lies in its A I R 600 Combat aircraft 100 500 Transport aircraft 350 Combat aircraft 50 8 Helicopters Transport aircraft 6 Early Warning Planes Transport aircraft Early Warning Planes Helicopters 33 Early Warning Planes 550 Helicopters ROCKET FORCE Inter-Continental Range Intermediate Range Medium Range Short Range Cruise Missiles INDIA’S NEW FORMATIONS In three years, Indian military will have joint theatre commands China Theatre Command Peninsular Theatre Command Air Defence Command Cyber Defence Command NEW Space Command Special Operations Command Two Integrated Battle Group = One Division >> General Bipin Rawat Battalion 3 Companies SHEKHAR YADAV ROCKET FORCE Medium Range Short Range >> >> Brigade 3 Battalions 1 Aircraft Carrier 2 Nuclear armed Submarines 7 Nuclear Powered Submarines 47 Diesel powered submarines 28 Destroyers 51 Frigates 28 Corvettes 55 Amphibious craft 106 Patrol craft F O R C E One Integrated Battle Group = Infantry, Armoured, Artillery, Signals & Engineers (Full fighting unit) 3 Brigades Artillery weapon systems 2,000 Combat aircraft 200 66 Inter-Continental Range Intermediate Range Medium Range Short Range Cruise Missiles 3 Divisions Division Tanks, infantry vehicles 0 Aircraft Carrier 0 Nuclear armed submarine 0 Nuclear powered submarine 8 Diesel powered submarine 0 Destroyers 9 Frigates 2 Corvettes 0 Amphibious craft 6 Patrol craft ROCKET FORCE >> Corps 20,000 50,000 Artillery weapon systems Tanks, infantry vehicles 1 Aircraft Carrier 1 Nuclear armed submarine 1 Nuclear powered submarine 15 Diesel powered submarines 10 Destroyers 13 Frigates 22 Corvettes 15 Amphibious craft 10 Patrol craft ARMY’S FORCE STRUCTURE Command 1600 7,000 Artillery weapon systems 5 Joint Commands N A V Y ne day in mid-September 2019, an Indian Army Brigadier commanding around 3,000 soldiers along the 1,126-km Line of Actual Control with China walked across to stiffly shake hands with a Colonel from the People’s Liberation Army during a flag meeting at Bumla. The gesture signalled that India is prepared for war any time and if need be, can give a bloody nose to any of its enemies, irrespective of their size. It was the Brigadier who had asked for the meeting as protocol demanded, to convey a single message: the Indian Army will, for the first time ever, be carrying out a massive war-gaming exercise in its eastern region bordering China, somewhere around 100 km inside Indian territory It was a sign to . prepare for the unexpected—a possible war with the northern adversary . OLD 20,00,000 6,50,000 By NC BIPINDRA India has made significant changes in its military structure, with the appointment of the first-ever Chief of Defence Staff General Bipin Rawat, as the single-point military contact with the government and to bring about the much-needed synergy among the Army , Navy and the Air Force. The government has approved the Army’s restructuring, to ensure that it has enough manpower and adequate specialist equipment to meet any challenges against Pakistan and China. A month after that flag meeting, India’s newly acquired Chinook heavy lift helicopters flew over Arunachal Pradesh, the border state claimed fully by China. The twin rotors of Boeingmade helos whirred warnings against the backdrop of the clear blue skies, with BAE Systems-made M777 ultralight howitzers attached to its belly . They were taking part in the massive military exercise code-named ‘Him Vijay’ that saw a Division-sized troop of around 12,000 soldiers validate India’s new warfare doctrines and concepts to perfect the art of winning any war against China. The US-made helicopter can carry loads up to 10 tonnes while the loaded M777s, weighing just 3,745kg (half the weight of a Bofors gun used in the 1999 Kargil war), can bring 155mm artillery firepower on enemy positions. As the Indian troopers were practicing moves to counter China in the east, the Army on the western border with Pakistan launched a massive week-long military exercise in Barmer district, Rajasthan. Conducted by the Bhopalbased ‘Sudarshan Chakra’ Strike Corps, around 40,000 warriors honed their combat skills and validated their deep-strike capabilities in desert terrain and to deal a swift punitive blow to the adversary The integrated air and land . battlefield scenario saw the Indian troopers deploying the newly inducted T-90, T-72 and Arjun battle tanks, CHINA PAKISTAN brain before the brawn is deployed; it requires experience combined with ideation and coordination. The appointment of India’s first Chief of Defence Staff was to ensure seamless coordination with the country’s political command, which has placed national security and military empowerment on top of its agenda. Coaction is behind the creation of another new post—Deputy Chief of the Army Staff Strategy DCOAS (Strategy)—who will handle military operations, military intelligence, strategic planning and operational logistics. Factoring in the importance of cyber warfare, a new information warfare wing and hybrid warfare is in the offing. The beginning of the change in strategy and modernisation was perhaps the unconventional public announcement by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in Paris on April 15, 2015, to buy 36 fully built Rafale fighter jets; his justification named “critical operational necessity”. Since January 2012, the Defence Ministry had been caught in the dithering and disagreements between the military and bureaucracy on the purchase of Dassault Aviation-built aircraft and the mainstay Sukhoi Turn to page 2
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