newin AY NORW 32 62 I 5,645 I AY MOND 06 04 l l 2020 E VELLOR 12 3 I 161 77 I 1 ,28 ARK 4,0 DENM I 4,932 806 I 135 UK 47, 0 I 1,479 I 26,40 Y 97,351 1,766 GERMAN I 250 I 17,851 137 LANDS 04 I 25 I NETHER ND 4,6 IRELA 1,447 3,751 I 19,691 I 0 I 31 BELGIUM 29 I 50 2,7 OURG 62 LUXEMB 75 I 78 I IA 4,4 CZECH 60 438 I 7,5 ,953 I 15, 6 ANCE 89 15 I 66 FR I 6,4 20,510 2 ERLAND I 15,36 ,996 SWITZ 32 I 20 12,418 LY 1,24,6 ITA ,080 I 59 I 38 I 295 IN 1,30,7 SPA 524 I 75 AL 10, PORTUG CANADA Tes t per mil lion 14,018 I 2,603 I 233 peo ple USA I 14,82 3,12,154 8 I 8,4 KOTTAYAM l MONDAY l APRIL 06, 2020 l `7.00 l PAGES 28 l CITY EDITION INDIA 3RD LOWEST AMONG 38 COUNTRIES IN VIRUS TEST ■ ■ COUN 5 I1 60 rop 71 I 241 90 I 130 1,251 I ALGERIA I 66 I 59 CCO 919 MORO I1 I3 MALI 41 7 196 I 7 I ITANIA MAUR 72 I 2 AL 219 I SENEG 1 IA 4 I 2 I GAMB AU 18 A-BISS GUINE 4 BELIZE I 15 I 2 ALA 57 GUATEM I2 I3 DOR 56 ELA VENEZU I 7 EL SALVA I 3 I 15 52 AS 264 1,555 I I 13 I 2 HONDUR RICA 435 I 41 COSTA 1673 I 13 PANAMA I 85 I 32 IA 1,406 COLOMB I 172 65 I 100 73 OR 3,4 6 I 914 I ECUAD PERU 1,74 2 I 10 IA157 I BOLIV 5 I 127 I 44 10,360 BRAZIL I 12 I 3 AY 104 PARAGU 528 I 27 4,161 I CHILE I5 400 I 93 Y URUGUA I 43 51 I 279 INA 1,4 ARGENT ip of the gr under are scram ts mbles to rld tre us, scientisvulnerable le the wo vir op S: As ly corona who is most older pe nPARI that being co dead e of dy w the ne make sensknow alrea trend is Covfrom er We ng to . die oth bli ely to thogen but an the pa re at risk, y more lik first to wa s the -19 paare mo Men are ina wa d: fir me an women. ta from Ch male Covid n pame of id-19 thmedical da per cent with 36 wo initiaThe out 64 h 50/50 ntrast ain l it. Abin stark co obal Healt rmany, Sp revea died, Gl ly, Ge r the otients dead, as pe es from Itand. that pr ur the tre country men are tients spital fig y rmed tive. Ho ce confi with ever ta that g from an in ted da g and Fr are seein saggrega us, anyth Sarah “We with sex-di m the vir as likely,” nder Ge fro us ice to die than tw Centre for 24. vides CE re likely L more ent to mo of the UC told FRAN per cent rc , ector in the UK, In Italy 71 le and 10 pe es, dir g: ma h Hawk obal Healt staggerin aths were ery is for ev and Gl difference Covid-19 de n died The ■ ■ ■ ■ two me of the ■ Spain in n. ay woma Saturd logy disred on re casin bio n are ca ly chee Roots why me is due to of hit Ita intensive d its ected ng , a part emiche of While nately aff as dr in ki bi: Pand number that stretc t drop tio e ch ROME ing its g poin virus propor habi ts su perts say th see after the corona to breakin le le. , ex lif es ty l hygiene ys a key ro men’s gelo es for are system ra ief An it wo of d gene also pla , boos healthc first time. service ch 68 on Fr ing an two sexes oestrogen od number is 4,0 e smok for th protection drop from , a go ment. of the ecially sponse ve ology ones, esp In addition mune re Civil called the a big mo s “is n ha nt lli turday Horm response. body’s im which me Borre 3,994 on Sa l care patie solute, of the iral y to antiv that affect romosome s to critica should ab da se op in t it respon Sabra genes d in the X ch ve two. The dr g signal bu mune Dr encode d women hagreater im nologist c Heath a stron t immu of Publi one an n moun ol men, Wome uses than pkins Scho vir Ho many Johns from Klein ANCE24. told FR 1,070 I 5 I 18 IA 553 I 18 I 1 LIBYA 2 10 I 2 I SUDAN TUNIS a ally ill p ve overcome ha tific in critic MALIA ON CAMERO 9 I 555 I 17 ANGOLA 2 10 I 2 I 7I1 SO 4 IA 38 I ETHIOP 4 I 4 126 I KENYA 48 UGANDA DA 102 RWAN 3 I1 IA 20 I TANZAN 3 I 10 I 1 BURUND ZAMBIQUE MO R 70 GASCA MADA 9 NIGER AD 144 I 8 CH A 111 I 5 GUINE 4 A LEONE 1 SIERR 10 I 3 I LIBERIA FASO I1 BURKINA66 I 16 AME 10 SURIN 318 I I5 205 I 31 GHANA 3 41 I 17 I TOGO 16 BENIN 25 I 4 IA 214 I NIGER 16 I 1 INEA RIAL GU EQUATO 21 I 1 I 1 GABON 2 22 I 2 I CONGO 24 I 4 GUYANA Testing strategy plays a crucial role in the number of positive cases. Luxembourg has the best test rate at 36,412 per million people, followed by Norway at 19,528. India’s is a dismal 84 India is now looking to use rapid test kits to speed up Covid-19 screening in hotspots. Check out our back page | P12 TRY tients NG TESTI Amid demand for wider testing, a fact-check shows that India is close to the bottom of the pile on Covid-19 testing As on Sunday, the US had the largest number of cases at 3,12,152 with over 8,466 deaths. Spain, which has the second largest number of infections at over 1.3 lakh and over 12,400 deaths, on Sunday witnessed its third consecutive daily decline in deaths at 674. Italy, which reported no fresh case on Sunday, still has the largest virus death tally at over 15,000 I 633 I ENEGRO MONT 1 203 I 1 I EGYPT ny e so ma Why ar en dying more m ronavir s? LUXEMBOURGuTOPS IN TESTING from co L G I R SPAIN FATALITIES DOWN FOR THIRD DAY E R P O W 8 XICO 168 IA ALBANIA I 20 333 I 104 BEAN CARIB IES COUNTR I 42 136 2,138 I 68 AGUA NICAR ME ON MACED NORTH I 17 483 I 20 IA AUSTR 4 20 2,998 I NIA SLOVE 28 I 997 I 79 CROATIA 119 I 12 1,126 I OVINA HERZEG I 30 I 21 2 IA AND 63 BOSN 11,850 I 0 I 25 27 I 30 ND 1,9 FINLA I 62 I 15 IA 1,097 ESTON 1 533 I 1 I LATVIA 11 811 I 7 I ANIA LITHU 53 I 8 S 440 I BELARU 134 I 84 3,834 I POLAND 25 I 32 1,251 I UKRAINE 1 5 I 10 I KIA 48 SLOVA 30 I 14 A 752 I MOLDOV I 148 13 I 374 NIA 3,6 ROMA 66 I 34 Y 733 I HUNGAR 54 I 44 1,624 I SERBIA 3 I4 A I 37 I 18 RUSSI I 45 688 I 42 RIA 522 355 BAHRAIN BULGA 109 I 3 5,389 I 1,325 I 93 I 1 QATAR IT 479 I I 10 KUWA 56 E 05 I 125 03 GREEC I 259 I UAE 1,5 736 I 3,6 78 I 70 IRAQ 878 ABIA ,226 I 19, 1,673 I 2 UDI AR 0 I 29 6 I 25 I IRAN 58 SA 42 TAN 26 I7 2,179 I UZBEKIS 299 I 10 ISTAN 45 AFGHAN 2,899 I 208 I L ISRAE 477 I 47 TAN PAKIS 74 I 5 8,018 I I 36 I 5 JAPAN 514 N 323 I STAN 531 OLIA I 54 I 17 JORDA 3,139 I MONG 2 KAZAKH ON 520 14 I LEBAN S 2 I2 16 I 1 SYRIA TURKEY CHINA9 I 76,964 I 23,934 NEPAL 81,66 786 890 9 I1 BHUTAN KONG 501 HONG 5 I2 AND THAIL 4 I 23 LAOS 11 I 65 46 I 216 INES 3,2 PHILIPP INDIA 3,374 AM 24 VIETN 267 OMAN I 2 I7 50 79 IA 144 I UNEI 135 2 I 61 BR 277 CAMBOD ESIA INDON I 50 I 8 EA 29 ERITR DJIBOUT DESH BANGLA I 33 I 9 88 SWEDEN I 205 373 6,443 I MAR MYAN 21 I 1 NKA SRI LA I 5 174 I 29 4 MALAWI 1 BWE 9 I ZIMBA 1 39 I 2 I ZAMBIA 1 ANA 4 I BOTSW CAS ES SIA MALAY 1,005 I 61 3,662 I PORE SINGA 297 I 6 1,309 I REC OV ERE UNT ST CO ’S TE INDIA PM CALLS UP SONIA, OTHER PARTY HEADS s lism aid Federa NUMBER OF CONFIRMED CASES IN OVER 190 COUNTRIES; 66,000-PLUS DEATHS en we nt’s sci n that as a sig e governme said. ioner be read telli ,” th ly not tical stage anco Loca y commiss er of the cri cil head Frs emergenc total numb had e coun viru country said th Corona Arcuri across the past month. e vinico ds Dome e care be to 9,284 in th ainst the ag siv ht sitive led inten its fig t doub ing po almos s efforts in be show . Italy’ peared to rday rus ap since Satu results INDIA @ 9 PM: LIGHTS OUT, LAMPS IN Invites them to join the all-party meeting slated for Wednesday; seeks bipartisan action against the coronavirus; also reaches out to Pranab, Manmohan, Deve Gowda rus that has devastated not only our country but also the AIMING to plug all communi- whole world,” he tweeted. cation gaps as the country is While officials termed the facing its gravest challenge in outreach to Sonia as a first of decades, Prime Minister Nar- its kind under such circumendra Modi on Sunday reached stances, sources said Modi is out to former Presidents of In- keen that all political parties dia and leaders of various po- make a bipartisan effort to deal litical parties, including a rare with the situation. “The PM outreach to Congress chief So- has been clear from the beginnia Gandhi. Since the coronavi- ning that communication is the rus pandemic has created a na- key to containing the virus. tional crisis, Modi appears to That was why he reached out to be keen that the SAARC countries decountry puts up a spite knowing that united fight against Pakistan will misuse it. the forum. The next Sources said he few days are going to spoke to former Presbe crucial for which idents Pratibha Patil he has sought wider and Pranab Mukherconsultations,” said jee and then reached another senior out to his predecesofficial. Pharma sors Manmohan SinThe Congress has manufacture gh and H D Deve been unsparing in its takes priority attack on Modi for alGowda. “The PM also spoke to Sonia Gan- The government on legedly not taking dhi (Congress), Mu- Sunday directed all timely action duing layam Singh Yadav the initial days of its district heads to and Akhilesh Yadav outbreak in Wuhan ensure seamless (SP), Mamata Banerin China. While Rafunctioning of j e e ( T r i n a m o o l ) , pharma units that hul Gandhi and P Navin Patnaik (BJD), Chidambaram kept manufacture K Chandrashekar up a barrage of critimedical devices Rao (TRS), Edappadi cism, Sonia Gandhi and medicines K Palaniswami (AIaccused the governADMK), M K Stalin ment of going in for (DMK), Parkash Singh Badal an unplanned lockdown. Offi(Shiromani Akali Dal),” said a cials recalled that previously senior government official. former Union minister Arun “Hon PM @narendramodi in- Jaitely used to speak to Sonia vited me over phone to partici- at times of Parliamentary pate in the all-party meeting on gridlock. April 8 on behalf of the AIAD“This is no time for politics. MK,” the TN chief minister Barring a few, most of the polater tweeted. litical parties are focused on Deve Gowda claimed the PM meeting the challenges. The sought his support during the PM is listening to all. There phone call. “As a former prime must be a national response to minister, I agreed to cooperate Covid-19,” said a senior BJP in the fight against #Coronavi- functionary . M A N I S H A N A N D @ New Delhi GALLOPING RATE 4.1 days 275 Current rate of doubling of coronavirus cases in India Of the 720+ districts in India have infections 7.4 days 267 Doubling rate of cases had the Tablighi Jamaat congregation been avoided Patients cured and discharged, which translates to 8% of all cases Kerala rail tickets fully booked While the staggering of the lockdown exit is unclear, ticket reservation in almost all outbound trains from Kerala starting April 15 is already over. Not many takers for flights though Responding to Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s call, two women light lamps in Kochi on Sunday | ARUN ANGELA E X P R E S S N E W S S E R V I C E @ Chennai ONCE India wins the battle against Covid-19, there will be a bigger war waiting - fixing the large-scale disruption caused by the unprecedented 21-day blanket shutdown, says former RBI governor Raghuram Rajan. As the common man is patiently waiting for the 21-day lockdown to end on April 14 to resume his regular activities, Rajan warns that life may not be the same again. Urging the government to plan the postlockdown strategy urgently the former bank, er notes what the country faces today is an economic emergency . “The global financial crisis in 2008-’09 was a massive demand shock, but our workers could still go to work, our firms were coming off years of strong growth, our financial system was largely sound, and our government finances were healthy. None of this is true today as we fight the coronavirus pandemic,” he said in a blog posted on his LinkedIn page. He said the government should have a plan for what happens next after the lockdown, even if the vi- THOUGH it’s early days, an analysis of coronavirus cases in various states so far has thrown up an interesting trend: the infection hasn’t killed people uniformly across the country and there is a big difference in the rate at which states are losing people to it. At 16.6, the percentage of people who lost their lives due to the infection is the highest in Himachal Pradesh followed by Gujarat at 9.5 per cent. At the other end of the spectrum is Rajasthan, which has 200 confirmed cases but no fatality as per the Union health ministry’s data. In Tamil Nadu and Kerala, two states with one of the highest identified cases, the death rate due to infection is well under 1. In Maharashtra, the state with the highest confirmed cases in India, the mortality rate is nearly 5 per cent. But with 104 confirmed cases and six fatalities, the death rate in Madhya Pradesh is well above 5. Globally, the mortality rate due to the virus is between 3 and 4, and those above 60 and with co-morbidities like hypertension, diabetes, cancer and respiratory issues are more susceptible to the infection. The current national mortality rate is 2.2 per cent. And males are a tad more likely to die of rus is not defeated by then. There is no way a billion-plus population can be locked down for a longer period of time, he said. “We have already seen one consequence of not doing so – the movement of migrant labour. Another will be people defying the lockdown to get back to work if they cannot survive otherwise,” he warned. Post-lockdown, companies must take steps to protect staff returning to work, such as temperature checks, uncrowded transport, personal protection equipment, distancing at work, plus measures to identify and contain new infections, he wrote. He suggested healthy youth be lodged in hostels near their work place. While he suggested direct benefit transfers to help the poor tide over the next few months, he also noted that the transfers don’t reach all and the money is not enough Noting that India reforms only in crisis, he said, this “otherwise unmitigated tragedy will help us see how weakened we have become as a society, and will focus our politics on the critical economic and healthcare reforms we sorely need”. 3,374 79 267 472 CONFIRMED CASES NATIONDWIDE TOTAL DEATHS US President Trump on Saturday urged Prime Minister Narendra Modi to quickly export anti-malaria drug Hydroxychloroquine for treatment of the virus. India is a major manufacturer of the drug. “India is giving it a serious consideration,” Trump said. However, the govt has tightened export ban norms on it to ensure there is no shortfall at home Covid-19 than females. While pointing out that more data is required to make sense of the fatality rate, experts suggested that some states could be testing more and treating better, showing a marked difference in the disease pattern. “While heterogeneity in disease pattern across states is expected given the public health infrastructure in some states vis a vis others, it can be fully analysed only if the government releases line listed data, which shows the age and health profile of patients,” said Dr Anupam Singh, an infectious disease expert at Santosh Institute of Medical Sciences in Ghaziabad. RECOVERED NEW CASES 10 Indians recover in Singapore Trump seeks anti-malaria drug from India EARLY TRENDS ON FATALITY SHOW THE SPREAD IS UNEVEN S U M I S U K A N YA D U T TA @ New Delhi A girl and her mother with the traditional lamp they lit on the occasion, at Kizhakkeppuram in Varkala, Thiruvananthapuram | B P DEEPU Learn from past mistakes, plan for life after lockdown: Rajan Ten of the 72 Indian nationals infected with the coronavirus in Singapore have recovered and the rest are stable. Many of the infected Indians had travelled to America and Europe NOT AIRBORNE If that were the case (airborne), every person in the family of an infected person or all healthcare workers in a hospital with Covid-19 patients would have been infected, but that’s not the case. We need to take a balanced, evidence-based approach Dr R R Gangakhedkar, chief epidemiologist, ICMR MORTALITY PERCENTAGE HIGHEST Himachal Pradesh | 16.6 LOWEST Gujarat | 9.5 Madhya Pradesh | 5.7 Punjab | 8.7 Maharashtra | 4.89 Andhra Pradesh | 0.62 Tamil Nadu Kerala | 0.61 | 0.65 Delhi | 1.34 Rajasthan |0 (Based on official data available at 3 pm, April 5) WITH THIS ISSUE THE ESSENTIAL CAMPUS DIGEST 28 PAGES, INCLUDING 16 OF EDEX (TABLOID) YOUR LIFE COACH Kerala moves past overseas threat, but fight is not over yet R A J E S H A B R A H A M @ Kochi KERALA CASE DIARY IS the worst over for Kerala? While that maybe too early to say, though the number of fresh Covid-19 cases daily has come down in the last few days, the state can be reasonably assured that its major source of infection so far — people who have come from abroad — will cease to be a threat from now on. It has been 14 days — the reasonable time frame for an infected person to show symptoms — since airports were closed, and only one of eight cases reported on Sunday was imported. However, the threat of community transmission and the possibility of there being more infected cases among Tablighi Jamaat members who attended the Nizamuddin convention still remain. “Covid-19 cases are stabilising in Kerala, and the number of confirmed case is coming down. We have increased the number of tests and this is helping us,” said Rijo John, health economist and senior fellow at CPPR, a Kochi-based think-tank. The fresh positive cases in the last three days were: 9, 11 and 8. Out of the 314 Covid-19 cases, 56 have been cured till now. Another sign that things are improving is the decline in the number of persons under observation. From 1,71,355 people under observation on Saturday the number , came down to 1,58,617 on Sunday – a decline of 12,738 in just one day . The airports were closed on March 22, which means the 14-day quarantine period has ended on Sunday. Among the eight positive cases reported on Sunday only one – a Dubai, returnee – was imported while four were those who attended the Tablighi ● More on P4 Jamaat convention. 8 new cases were reported on Sunday 314 cases have been confirmed so far 256 56 under treatment 2 4 recovered had succumbed to the disease Keralites based abroad died on Sunday IN A DIST WITH ZERO DEATH, 9 LIVES LOST BECAUSE OF BLOCKADE Kasaragod: Two more heart patients lost their lives without access to tertiary care in Kasaragod on Sunday. Nine persons have died since the beginning of the lockdown and subsequent closure of the border by Karnataka at Thalapady. Karnataka has decided not to allow ambulances from Kerala to enter Mangaluru fearing Covid spread. P4 Centre promises to address issues of Indian sailors stranded across world P R A M D A S @ Kochi UNION Minister of State for External Affairs V Muraleedharan on Sunday said the Centre would take appropriate measures to address the issues of thousands of Indian seafarers stranded in vessels across the world after the COvid-19 outbreak. After TNIE reported the seafarers’ plight on Sunday, Muraleedharan held a meeting with the Director-General of Shipping, who informed the minister that more than 20,000 Indian seafarers, including many Keralites, are trapped in the deep sea. The government will take care of the life and health of all citizens, including seafarers. Steps will be taken to sort out the sailors’ problems with regard to food and other amenities V Muraleedharan, Union Minister of State for External Affairs The sailors on board merchant vessels, which continue to traverse the seas with the task of keeping supply chains open, had said that they were finding it hard to get provisions and technical support as countries deny them permission to step on their soil. “The government will take DEATH us p navir e coro er the pro ov ON: Th sing LOND the debate long asso t impo d y’s ET for no the counignite . German er so lid ifi WN Y ticism at eralismwa s fu rth rule und CKDO me under cri e saying th st the coro sm O LO ralised t Europ s co Shinzo Ab again ses recent ali N n ha PM fight in ca hi en cent in the O: Japa many weak n Covid-19 could on ite TOKY own, desp the line” rted a spike thered in calls Whe la Merkel tes we ga ng fying nse sta ge a lockd ely holdi try has repo Crowds 00. ar po rch, de lor An that its 16 neighbou try “b . The coun to over 3,0 es in Ma initial res the rti ys dations e. But, as st ’s al us or rman navir ing its tot ossom pa vernment reat to ho pics or ign g up, Ge -bl , ly bring cherry cs say the go yed the th th the Olyms are mbin cli s for place home. Criti it downpla oned. Withe number postp on that that . stay er to w and de them was lat spici was slo s, which voicing su ason to hi re pic Olym , many ar ■ e pan has no ■ now offbecause Ja rising N PA IN JA CHENNAI ■ MADURAI ■ VIJAYAWADA ■ BENGALURU ■ KOCHI ■ HYDERABAD ■ VISAKHAPATNAM ■ COIMBATORE ■ KOZHIKODE ■ THIRUVANANTHAPURAM ■ BELAGAVI ■ BHUBANESWAR ■ SHIVAMOGGA ■ MANGALURU ■ TIRUPATI ■ TIRUCHY ■ TIRUNELVELI ■ SAMBALPUR ■ HUBBALLI DHARMAPURI KOTTAYAM KANNUR VILLUPURAM sees d ■ WARANGAL ■ TADEPALLIGUDEM ■ NAGAPATTINAM THRISSUR KALABURAGI Italy KOLLAM ope as h Ray of D HE , AS T IONS Y NAT MAN NEAR RE WHE IS NO , testing 12 ting Teslakh A AFRIC SOUTH 95 I 9 1,585 I 3 IA 14 I NAMIB care of the life and health of all citizens, including seafarers. Steps will be taken to sort out the sailors’ problems with regard to food and other amenities. If they have any issue, they can approach the ministry any time. We’ll make sure that supply chain doesn’t cause any b r e a k o r d e l a y, ” s a i d Muraleedharan. The DG Shipping issued an order that in view of the nonavailability of seafarers or sign-off opportunity, his office has allowed the extension of the validity of the certificates of competency proficiency and , endorsement issued to them for ● More on P4 one month.
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