G SATYANARAYANA MANGALURU TUESDAY MAY 19, 2020 `7.00 PAGES 12 CITY EDITION ODISHA, WEST BENGAL BRACE FOR SUPER CYCLONE ‘AMPHAN’ EXTENSIVE DAMAGE LIKELY IN WEST BENGAL Amphan will bring heavy winds of up to 195 kmph velocity when it makes the landfall on the West Bengal coast. The cyclone is expected to cause extensive damage to life and property in the state’s coastal districts. The state government has set up over 300 multi-purpose cyclone centres and efforts are on to evacuate more than one lakh people in Sunderbans alone Efforts were continuing on Monday to evacuate people from risky areas before the cyclone makes landfall on Wednesday COVID-19 ADDS TO THE HEADACHE ■ Coastal districts of Odisha are also likely to face the super cyclone’s fury. The state has made arrangements to evacuate 11 lakh people from low-lying areas of its coastal districts. In both states, the authorities are making efforts to ensure social distancing at shelter facilities in light of the Covid-19 pandemic P5 1999 WAS THE LAST TIME WHEN A SUPER CYLONE HIT ODISHA CHENNAI ■ MADURAI ■ VIJAYAWADA ■ BENGALURU ■ KOCHI ■ HYDERABAD ■ VISAKHAPATNAM ■ COIMBATORE ■ KOZHIKODE ■ THIRUVANANTHAPURAM ■ BELAGAVI ■ BHUBANESWAR ■ SHIVAMOGGA ■ MANGALURU ■ TIRUPATI ■ TIRUCHY ■ TIRUNELVELI ■ SAMBALPUR ■ HUBBALLI ■ DHARMAPURI ■ KOTTAYAM ■ KANNUR ■ VILLUPURAM ■ KOLLAM ■ WARANGAL ■ TADEPALLIGUDEM ■ NAGAPATTINAM ■ THRISSUR ■ KALABURAGI 4.0: LOCKDOWN AS GOOD AS GONE Karnataka eases restrictions from Monday to Saturday, but complete shutdown on Sundays; No permission for people coming from Maharashtra, Gujarat, Kerala, Tamil Nadu A N U S H A R A V I @Bengaluru CITIZENS of Karnataka can hail taxis and autos, visit a salon or spa, take a walk in parks within specified time and board a bus or train to travel to different districts from Monday to Saturday till May 31. , But all these relaxations come with riders of mandatory masks, sanitisation and social distancing. On Sunday however, the entire state will be shut down with the only exception of essential services. These are the key highlights of the Karnataka government’s order on Lockdown 4.0. Chief Minister BS Yediyurappa, who convened a meeting of senior officials and ministers on Monday morning -- a day after the Ministry of Home Affairs guidelines on lockdown extension, said that Karnataka will also restrict the influx of people from Maharashtra, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. “Security and vigil will be heightened in containment zones, and criminal cases will be filed against those violating lockdown orders. To help people, it has been decided to allow public transport with restrictions. BMTC, KSRTC, NEWKRTC and NWKRTC will ply in all areas, except in containment zones. Private buses can also ply with the condition that only 30 people will be allowed to travel at a time. Social distancing should be maintained, and wearing of masks is compulsory failing which cases , Yashwant Sinha detained after stir New Delhi: Former Union minister Yashwant Sinha, who sat on dharna at Rajghat on Monday, demanding that the Armed Forces be deployed to help migrants reach their homes, was arrested. BMTC, KSRTC, NEWKRTC, NWKRTC & private buses (only 30 passengers) Intra-state trains and passenger vehicles, autos (driver+2), taxis (driver+2), app-based cabs Three youngsters from the North East wait for special buses at Palace Grounds in Bengaluru on Monday, to take them to the railway station from where they will board trains to their hometowns | PANDARINATH B will be filed,” Yediyurappa said. As there has been a spike in Covid-19 cases among those returning from other countries and states, the government will restrict the movement of such people. “Those who have received permission via Seva Sindhu portal to arrive in Karnataka will be permitted. But henceforth, no fresh permissions will be given to people from Maharashtra, Gujarat, Kerala and Tamil Nadu to travel to Karnataka till May 31,” said Dr CN Ashwathnarayana, Deputy Chief Minister. While public utilities like gyms, swimming pools, malls, cinemas, amusement parks etc will remain closed, public parks will be open from 7 am to 9 am and from 5 pm to 7 pm from Monday to Saturday P5 . NORMS CAN’T BE DILUTED, CENTRE TELLS STATES THE Union home ministry on Monday emphasised that no state or Union Territory can dilute the guidelines for the nationwide lockdown till May 31. States/UTs can only make these restrictions stricter, if need be. In a communication to all chief secretaries, Union Home Secretary Ajay Bhalla said, “States and Union Territories cannot dilute restrictions... I would urge you to ensure compliance of the new guidelines and direct all concerned authorities for their strict implementation.” On Sunday the Union home ministry allowed states and UTs to , take the call on categorising Red, Orange and Green zones. Within the Red and Orange zones, containment and buffer zones are to be identified by the district administration and local urban bodies with technical inputs at the local level and by taking into consideration the Union health ministry’s guidelines. Within the containment zones, strict perimeter control shall be maintained. FOREIGN research houses have yet again rung a death knell on India’s economic growth. While Goldman Sachs and Nomura separately estimated real GDP growth to shrink 5% in FY21, US investment management firm Bernstein projected an even sharper negative growth of 7%. In absolute numbers, India’s national output will shrink by as much as `7.3 lakh crore. It means, if in FY20 real GDP (calculated using base year 2011-12) stood at `147 lakh crore, this fiscal it could settle at `139 lakh crore. Similarly, nominal GDP (calculated at current prices) and the often used metric stood at `204 lakh crore in FY20. Assuming a 5% negative growth in nominal terms will result in domestic output shaving off nearly `10 lakh crore taking GDP to `194 lakh crore in FY21. Worryingly, this time, if the negative growth forecasts turn out to be true, India will see the harshest recession. “There have been a series of structural reform announcements across several sectors over the past few days. These reforms are more mediumterm in nature, and we, therefore, do not expect these to have an immediate impact on reviving growth,” noted Andrew Tilton and Prachi Mishra of Goldman Sachs. During the current quarter FY21 growth forecasts pre and post Covid GOLDMAN SACHS December 2019 5.8% April 2020 1.6% May 2020 (-5)% NOMURA December 2019 6.5% April 2020 (-0.5)% May 2020 (-5.2)% (Q1), Goldman pegged an unusual fall in GDP at 45% over the previous quarter. Earlier, it projected the decline to be 20%. The good news is it expects an equally sharper rebound in Q2 at 20% or over, and Q3 and Q4 at 14% and 6.5%, respectively . On the `20 lakh crore economic package, Goldman believes it won’t have any immediate impact. “These structural reforms are more mediumterm in nature, and we don’t expect these to have an immediate impact on reviving growth,” it said. “The desire to announce a large economic package, something that shows the world that they care about the economy and are willing to match global stimulus numbers, was perhaps the driver for the claim of a large package,” noted Venugopal Garre, Ankit Agrawal, and Ranjeet Jaiswal of Bernstein, adding, “While the package started on important aspects, the need to announce measures that add up to this top-down number, made the entire package aimless.” Shhh! Migrants trek through Veerappan territory IT would have been unthinkable some decades ago -- walking through dreaded sandalwood smuggler Veerappan’s territory even if only to go to their vil, lages. But in the last 20 days, thousands of migrant workers in groups, left with no option, have been walking miles, day and night, from the neighbouring states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh, through dense forests, highways and rail tracks, and crossing rivers to reach their homes. Their homes are spread over several hamlets around MM Hills in Hanur taluk. When they entered the forest, they had to pass through what used to be Veerappan’s hideouts, before reaching their villages. Veerappan, with his trademark handlebar moustache, from Gopinatham village on the banks of Cauvery , had a free run for over two decades over forest land straddled across the Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala borders. He was killed by the police in 2004. The migrants -aged between 30 Dental practice and barber shops Municipal parks (between 7 am and 9 am and 5 pm and 7 pm) Sports complexes (no spectators) Takeaway, home delivery of food All shops, except in malls E-commerce services Inter-state movement of essential goods and services E X P R E S S N E W S S E R V I C E @ New Delhi WALK ON THE WILD SIDE K S H I V A K U M A R @Mysuru THE Karnataka Health and Family Welfare department is all set to reclassify Red, Orange and Green zones across the state on Tuesday With the Un. ion Home Ministry giving state governments the autonomy to demarcate zones based on parameters set by the Union Health Ministry, Karnataka is looking to do away with districtwise zoning and opt for smaller geographical regions that have concentrated cases of Covid-19. The state government is looking to classify only taluks in non-municipal regions and wards in municipal corporation limits as Red, Orange or Green zones, based on the number of active cases, cases per lakh population, doubling rates, positivity rates, tests ratio and mortality rate. Fresh classification of taluks and wards is expected to be released by the Health Department on Tuesday . “Given the spike in Covid-19 W H AT ’ S O N @ Hyderabad Bengaluru: The Secondarylevel School Leaving Certificate (SSLC) or the 10th Standard examination will take place from June 25 to July 4, the Karnataka government has st. P4 A N U S H A R A V I @Bengaluru (MONDAY TO SATURDAY) (EXCEPT IN CONTAINMENT ZONES) EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE SSLC examination from June 25 99 Test positive on Monday. It is Karnataka’s biggest spike in Covid-19 cases in a single day. Research houses: Worst-ever recession set to stare at India EXPRESS READ K’taka rolls out new zoning norms today and 60 – were working in quarries, estates, textile mills and construction sites in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Over 600 of them have returned to Karnataka. They walked for nearly a week and ate jackfruits, custard apples, mangoes and other forest produce to sustain themselves. They embarked on this nightmarish journey, as they had no jobs nor any food due to P5 the lockdown. W H AT ’ S N O T All activities except essentials in containment zones Movement of people between 7 pm and 7 am, except for essentials Domestic & international flights Metro rail services Health dept monitors people with travel history Educational institutions Gyms, shopping malls, swimming pools, assembly halls and cinemas Bengaluru: The Health Department is closely monitoring people with travel histories to 30 cities in other states, who account for almost 80 per cent of India’s cases. While people from three states (Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Gujarat) are banned to enter Karnataka till May 31, those coming in from the remaining states are being watched. P4 All social, political, religious events F ATA L I T Y R AT E 2,677 8.9 5.8 5 3.8 3.6 cases across the country, the Central Government has also liberalised its parameters and allowed states to decide the zones. If one were to go by the old parameters, almost all districts in the country would have come under Red zone. Going by the new parameters, no district, as a whole, will come under the Red zone in Karnataka,” said a senior official from the state Health and Family Welfare Ministry Kar. nataka had requested the Centre to allow zoning of only taluks or wards to ensure better and targetted monitoring, without affecting economic activities. “The Department of Health and Family Welfare, Government of Karnataka, shall categorise taluks, wards into Red, Orange and Green only for the purpose of better monitoring. These zones shall not be for purpose of imposing any further restrictions on activities permitted,” said the state government’s order on Lockdown 4.0 restrictions, signed by Chief Secretary T M Vijay Bhaskar. 11,379 T O TA L CASES 4,977 80 33,053 West Bengal Gujarat Madhya Pradesh Himachal Pradesh Maharashtra Struggling to decode the fatality rate skew S U M I S U K A N YA D U T TA @ New Delhi AMID surging Covid-19 cases in India, the significant positive is the low fatality rate — nearly 3.2% — when comp a re d w i t h m o s t o t h e r countries hit badly by it. But the dramatic difference in the fatality rate among states with high case loads has even the government and public health experts baffled. The case fatality rate (CFR) varies from 0.6% to nearly 9% in the country — a phenomenon that has not been fully explained so far, even as the total coronavirus cases have crossed 96,000 and the toll now stands at 3,029. Globally, the Covid-19 mortality rate is at 6.9% with several European countries reporting particularly high death rates, as compared to Asian nations. The theories explaining the stark difference include testing capacity , case definitions, age distribution and preparedness of health systems. West Bengal, with 2,677 confirmed Covid cases — at number eight in terms of case load — has nearly 9% death rate or three times the national average while Tamil Nadu, the third worst-hit state, has this figure at 0.7 — among the lowest in India. Gujarat, considered better off than many norther n states, has the second highest case load and also the second highest CFR (5.7) among states that have reported significant fatalities due to the infection so far. In Madhya Pradesh, also among the states ravaged by the virus, the CFR stands at 5. But in Delhi, which has the fourth highest case load in the country, its CFR is 1.6. And Maharashtra, with the highest tally both in case count and Covid deaths, has CFR of 3.7, a little above the national mark. Overall, seven states have CFR higher than the national average, prompting the Centre to ask them to identify individuals with influenza-like symptoms and also pay attention on medical management of hospitalised patients. “We have been analysing why more patients are succumbing to the infection in some states as compared to others but have not been able to pinpoint exact reasons,” said an official in the Union health ministry . CONTINUED ON: P7 SoftBank fund posts massive $18 bn loss, Ma quits board B I S M A H M A L I K @ Bengaluru JAPANESE conglomerate SoftBank on Monday said its Vision Fund – one of the world’s largest tech investors – lost a staggering $17.7 billion last fiscal due to dismal performance by its unicorn portfolio companies including WeWork, Uber and OYO. The Tokyo-headquartered firm said it incurred a loss of nearly $9 billion for the fiscal ended in March 2020. The bleak number came on a day when the firm’s high-profile board member Jack Ma stepped down. The exit of Ma, co-founder of Ali Baba, could lead to further distancing of SoftBank from one of its largest portfolio companies. The group has now nominated three new directors, as investors seek more transparency . During the earnings presentation on Monday, SoftBank Chairman Masayoshi Son compared Covid-19 to the Great Depression. He said tech start-ups were falling “in a valley of coronavirus”. Painting a grim future, he said that out of the 88 companies the group has invested in, 15 are likely to go bankrupt and 15 unicorns can survive the tide and bring more investments. Some of SoftBank’s biggest portfolio companies, including Uber, WeWork, OYO have already fired thousands of employees the world over. On Monday WeWork India , CEO Karan Virwani wrote to his employees saying “an immediate need to cut costs has led the company to cut 20% of its workforce (100 employees) in India”.
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