KOTTAYAM l SUNDAY l JUNE 14, 2020 l `8.00 l PAGES 24 l CITY EDITION CENTRE ADDS LOSS OF SMELL, TASTE TO COVID SYMPTOMS MUSCLE PAIN, DIARRHOEA ALSO RED FLAGS Apart from loss of smell and taste, the health ministry added five others symptoms—muscle pain, mucous formation in throat, sore throat, clogged nasal cavity, and diarrhoea—to the list of Covid-19 symptoms, in a revised clinical management protocol. This means, those with the above symptoms could soon be considered eligible for coronavirus testing In a revised protocol, the health ministry also advised against using hydroxychloroquine tablets on critically ill patients CENTRE CHANGES STANCE ON HCQ ■ The revised protocol says anti-malarial drug hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) should be used in the early stage for meaningful results and should be avoided in patients who are critically ill ■ The new documents says the evidence base behind the use of hydroxychloroquine remains limited as with other drugs ECG SHOULD BE DONE BEFORE A PATIENT STARTS TAKING HCQ TABLETS CHENNAI ■ MADURAI ■ VIJAYAWADA ■ BENGALURU ■ KOCHI ■ HYDERABAD ■ VISAKHAPATNAM ■ COIMBATORE ■ KOZHIKODE ■ THIRUVANANTHAPURAM ■ BELAGAVI ■ BHUBANESWAR ■ SHIVAMOGGA ■ MANGALURU ■ TIRUPATI ■ TIRUCHY ■ TIRUNELVELI ■ SAMBALPUR ■ HUBBALLI ■ DHARMAPURI ■ KOTTAYAM ■ KANNUR ■ VILLUPURAM ■ KOLLAM ■ WARANGAL ■ TADEPALLIGUDEM ■ NAGAPATTINAM ■ THRISSUR ■ KALABURAGI India may have to spend 6.2% of GDP to manage Covid: ICMR Report submitted to government recommends intensification of public health surveillance measures; infections expected to peak in October-November S U M I S U K A N YA D U T TA @ New Delhi A whopping 6.2% of the country’s GDP, or about `12.5 lakh crore, is required to fight the Covid-19 pandemic in India with intensified public measures, a report by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has said. Considering that the Union health budget is 1.3% of the GDP and the Centre has pledged `15,000 crore towards the public health crisis so far, this means that the cost of Cov- id-19 care could be nearly five times the annual allocation on health and 75 times the fund dedicated towards the disease management yet. The report, A Model-Based Analysis for Covid-19 Pandemic in India: Implications for Health Systems and Policy for Low- and Middle-Income Countries, has also noted that “in the event of a lockdown for eight weeks, the peak of the epidemic shifts by 34-76 days, and the number of cases at the end of the 8-week lockdown reduces by 69% to 97% with varying effectiveness of locdown. “However, the cumulative long-term cases remain the same,” it said. The study has been prepared by public health specialists and health economists attached with the ICMR, PGIMER-Chandigarh, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and a member of the National Task Force on Covid-19. The 25-page report submitted to the government also underlines that intensification of public health surveillance 2023 25.0% Other 8.3% The report pegs the health system cost of managing Covid-19 in the absence of interventions such as the nationwide lockdown at `11,31,300 crore. “This is nearly 4.5% of the GDP. These estimated costs increased by 2.25 times with an intervention of eightweek lockdown and public health measures with 60% effectiveness,” it says It could take up to three years to heal the economic injury caused by Covid-19, says a recent survey of global CEOs MY O ONO TURN T How the EC RE employee EN TO LS strength may WH LY VE look like KE EMIC LE IS LI AND next year -P PRE Whether workers were laid off to reduce expense 13.1% 19.0% 2 3 Less than 5% 1 5 4 53.6% 10.7% 3.6% 5–10% Asia 11.5% (other than China) 2021 14.3% EXPRESS READ New Covid -ve certificate guideline kicks up a row T’Puram: The state government’s revised guideline, that only passengers who have tested negative for Covid-19 should be brought from the Middle East to Kerala on chartered flights has kicked up a row, with Union Minister V Muraleedharan terming it ‘impractical’. P4 PM Modi takes stock of Covid-19 situation New Delhi: Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Saturday reviewed the country’s response to the Covid-19 pandemic and the mid-term likely scenario with senior ministers and bureaucrats. Home Minister Amit Shah and Health Minister Harsh Vardhan were among the attendees. WITH THIS ISSUE SMALL IS THE NEW BIG 8.3% 22.6% 48.9% No layoffs Been hiring 7.1% Which country will attract most investment next year India 2.6% Europe 2.6% China 9.0% U.S. 74.3% Source: Fortune BOUNDARY DISPUTE INDIA RED-FACED AS NEPAL HOUSE CLEARS BILL TO REDRAW MAP talks on outstanding boundary issues.” The Bill will now be sent to the Upper House. Once cleared by the Upper House, it would be sent to the Nepali President for ratification. The formal clearance of the new map is likely to close any chances of Indo-Nepal talks on the border issue. P U S H K A R B A N A K A R @ New Delh THE Nepal Parliament, in a special session on Saturday voted in , favour of a constitutional amendment Bill to include disputed territories of Lipulekh, Limpiyadhura and Kalapani in Uttarakhand in its new political map and emblem. The Bill, introduced by Nepal Prime KP Sharma Oli on Wednesday in the House of Representatives, or the Lower House of Nepal’s Parliament, was cleared with a two-thirds majority after all 258 votes went in favour of the amendment. The overwhelming majority was achieved after the main opposition party the Nepali Congress, , decided to back the amendment. The strength of the House of Representatives is 275. India described the development as untenable and “violative of our current understanding to hold talks on outstanding boundary issues.” The Ministry of External Affairs said: “We have already made our position clear on this matter. This artificial enlargement of claims is not based on historical facts or evidence and is not tenable. It is also violative of our current understanding to hold Ladakh situation under control, troops disengaging: Army chief V I N E E T U PA D H YAY & M AYA N K S I N G H @ Dehradun/New Delhi IN the first public statement after Indian and Chinese troops clashed in eastern Ladakh last month following which the Chinese army has occupied areas near the Pangong lake, Army Chief General M M Naravane said on Saturday that the situation was under control and both the sides were “disengaging” in a phased manner. “We have started from the north, the area of the Galwan River. A lot of disengagement has happened. We have had a fruitful dialogue with the Chinese, it will continue and by and by the situation will improve,” Gen Naravane said. “It started with corps commander level talks on the sixth of this month which has been followed up by a number of meetings at the local level between commanders of equivalent ranks and as a result of this lot disengagement has taken place,” the Army chief said. While there have been reports of minor disengagement of troops from the Galwan Valley and Hot Spring areas, there has been no change in the standoff at Finger4 of the Pangong lake. UNINTERRUPTED LEARNING Solar power, laptops take e-classes to tribal hamlets M A N O J V I S W A N AT H A N @ Kochi A volunteer handling a digital session for students at Uriyampetti tribal colony in Kuttampuzha forest area Second phase of ‘First Bell’ from tomorrow T’Puram: The second phase of the virtual school learning programme ‘First Bell’ will begin on Monday. In the first phase, classes were broadcast through KITE Victers channel and social media as a trial run. The second phase will have the same time allotment — 8.30am to 5.30pm — with the addition of language subjects like Urdu, Sanskrit and Arabic. P4 IT has been two weeks since the state launched virtual learning for school students to ensure that their studies are not interrupted during Covid lockdown. However, with no access to online platforms and television, 398 students in the 14 tribal settlements in Kuttampuzha forest were completely left out of the virtual learning system. The absence of electricity and mobile network in the forests had posed a challenge to the departments of tribal welfare and education to provide tribal children access to virtual learning. Finding a solution to the problem, the Samagra Shiksha Kendra under the Kothamangalam Block Resource Centre, in association with the tribal welfare department, has installed solar inverters, DTH and TV sets in the colonies located in Kuttampuzha forest to help students access classes. However, there are challenges in accessing classes as solar inverters do not get charged due to low sunlight during rainy days. The department has provided laptops to volunteers who will copy each virtual class in a pen drive, take it to the colonies and play it for students. Every day, they return to the village to charge the laptop. “Solar inverters and TV sets will be installed at Thalavachapara, Kunchipara and Variyam colonies on Sunday,” Kuttampuzha tribal development officer G Anil ● More on P4 Kumar told TNIE. able, the experts said. A main highlight of the report is that without the lockdown and public health measures such as testing and contact tracing, the peak would have come in mid-July but has now been shifted to November and the total number of infections at the peak would be lower. “The first two weeks of the lockdown were most effective in containing the spread of the disease and as per our analysis, the peak could be expected in October-November,” Dr Naren- dra Arora, chair of the operations research group of the national Covid 19 task force, told this newspaper. “While some modellers and scientists sitting in the US and UK were predicting doom for India in May-June, we have done much better and the main cornerstone of our Covid-19 strategy would be effective cluster management,” he said, pointing out that the country was better prepared to deal with infections now than it was in March. 35 airport officials quarantined after an employee tests positive KERALA CASE DIARY 13.1% More than 10% Slightly less Significantly less Roughly the same Slightly more Much more PLUS 12 PAGES The lockdown factor How CEOs look at the pandemic 2022 52.4% measures with 60% effectiveness is estimated to reduce the cases at peak and cumulative number of infections by 70% and 26.6%, respectively . Strengthening the health system response in terms of enhanced testing, isolation of cases, treatment and contact tracing, as is being done currently, would have to be the mainstay to reduce the impact of the pandemic in terms of reduction in infected population and Covid-19 deaths in India until a vaccine becomes avail- 85 cases reported on Saturday 2,407 cases have been confirmed so far 1,342 people under treatment 1,045 recovered 19 DEATHS EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE @ Malappuram A TERMINAL assistant manager at the Kozhikode airport tested positive for Covid-19 on Saturday, forcing 35 AAI officials at the airport to go into quarantine. The infection — one among the 85 new cases reported in the state on the day — has triggered concerns as the person, who showed no symptoms, was on duty at the airport until Saturday He was shifted to the . Government Medical College Hospital, Manjeri, directly from the airport. The Airport Authority of India (AAI) officials who went in quarantine include Kozhikode Airport Director K Srinivasa Rao, whom the manager met on Friday to talk about his transfer to Guwahati airport. The person’s samples were col- lected last week as part of the random test conducted among the staff at the airport. “We thought the airport staff might be exposed to the virus as many people who arrived in the repatriation flights had later tested positive. So, we took samples from 20 airport staff last week and the result of the terminal assistant manager returned positive on Saturday So, as . a precaution, we have asked all the airport staff who came in contact with him to go into quarantine. Soon, we will trace the primary and secondary contacts of the manager and decide who all should continue to be in the quarantine for a specified period,” said District Medical Officer K Sakeena. With the manager testing positive, health officials have initiated steps to trace his contacts. ● More on P4
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14062020 of The New Indian Express-Kottayam
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