CHENNAI WEDNESDAY JULY 01, 2020 `7.00 PAGES 12 VELLORE EDITION CORE SECTOR CONTRACTION SLOWS, ECONOMY LIMPS ON India’s core infrastructure sectors contracted by a combined 23.4% in May, lower than the record 37% decline in April FERTILISER SECTOR EXPANDS EXTERNAL DEBT GROWS BY $15.4 BN Sectoral output for coal (-14%), natural gas (-16.8%), refinery products (-21.3%), steel (-48.4%), cement (-22.2%) and electricity (-15.6%) declined year-over-year in May. The fertiliser sector alone registered growth during the month, by 7.5%. These eight core infrastructure industries account for 40.27% of the Index of Industrial Production | P10 ■ ■ India’s external debt was $558.5 billion at the end of March, up by $15.4 billion from a year ago, the RBI said on Tuesday The lion’s share of the debt was still commercial borrowings (39.4%), trailed by non-resident deposits (23.4%) and shortterm trade credit (18.2%) 58.6% INDIA’S FISCAL DEFICIT IN APRIL-MAY, UP FROM 52% A YEAR AGO CHENNAI ■ MADURAI ■ VIJAYAWADA ■ BENGALURU ■ KOCHI ■ HYDERABAD ■ VISAKHAPATNAM ■ COIMBATORE ■ KOZHIKODE ■ THIRUVANANTHAPURAM ■ BELAGAVI ■ BHUBANESWAR ■ SHIVAMOGGA ■ MANGALURU ■ TIRUPATI ■ TIRUCHY ■ TIRUNELVELI ■ SAMBALPUR ■ HUBBALLI ■ DHARMAPURI ■ KOTTAYAM ■ KANNUR ■ VILLUPURAM ■ KOLLAM ■ WARANGAL ■ TADEPALLIGUDEM ■ NAGAPATTINAM ■ THRISSUR ■ KALABURAGI CCTV clip missing but constable turns whistle blower ferred to the CB-CID till the CBI takes over to ensure there is no tampering of evidences. In his report, the Kovilpatti judicial magistrate said that though the hard disks of the cameras installed at the police station had 1TB storage capacity , the data was being erased automatically . “Specifically, the footage after the day of the incident was miss- J A G A D E E S W A R I PA N D I A N @ Madurai IN a fresh twist to the Sathankulam case, the judicial magistrate has submitted in his report to the Madurai Bench of Madras High Court that CCTV visuals of the ‘interrogation’ of the father-son duo, who later died in custody, were erased despite there being ample space in the hard disk. The case has now been trans- ing,” said the report. The judicial magistrate’s report said a woman constable, who was an eye witness to the incident, was initially terrified to reveal the truth but then confirmed that the victims were “repeatedly thrashed by the policemen for the entire night”. The report added that blood stains were visible on the lathis and table inside the station. New Superintendent of Police takes charge Chennai: Thoothukudi Superintendent of Police Arun Balagopalan was transferred without a new posting, Villupuram SP S Jeyakumar has replaced him Hearing the suo motu petition, the bench comprising justices PN Prakash and B Pugalendhi said the injuries found on the bodies of the deceased and the averments in the judicial magistrate’s report — especially the statement of the woman constable — were enough to alter the case to include Section 302 (for murder) against the Sathankulam policemen. The district collector has been ordered by the court to provide protection to the constable. Beijing conveys strong concern over ban on 59 apps, pushes for upholding rights of its businesses Un-appy China calls Indian ban unfair, discriminatory P U S H K A R B A N A K A R @ New Delhi TIME’S UP Some of TikTok’s India content creators record a video in Allahabad even as the app becomes inaccesible. Influencers are seeking a switch to Instagram or YouTube | AFP CYBERPSACE BLOCKING SET IN MOTION, CHINA COS TO GET HEARING J O N AT H A N A N A N D A @ New Delhi A “multi-level blocking of access” to the 59 Chinese apps that were banned on Monday has already been initiated by the Union Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (Meity), government sources confirmed. Top representatives of these mobile applications will also be allowed a hearing within 48 hours where they will be given an opportunity to offer any clarifications. The list of apps to be blocked includes highly popular ones such as TikTok, Helo and Clash of Kings. In the normal course, Information Technology (Procedure and Safeguards for Blocking of Access of Information by Public) Rules 2009 require that such an enquiry be conducted by a high-level committee before access is blocked. However, the order “banning” these apps has been issued under the emergency provisions of the IT Act and the above mentioned rules. Under these, government departments need not wait for the enquiry to begin blocking procedures. “Apps will be given an opportunity to represent their side, it is the normal process for any matters such as this. But, directions to begin the multi-level blocking process has already begun. First, they will be removed from the App Stores. Then, internet access will be blocked through orders issued to internet service providers (ISP),” said a senior government official. TOP RANKED APPS ON GOOGLE PLAY STORE IN INDIA, AS OF JUNE 29: 18 VELLORE SATURDAY l Despite large impact on company valuations due to high number of downloads in India, the country’s app market has generated substantially low revenue than its global counterparts. A look at the mobile app ecosystem. GENEVA: The coronavirus pandemic is “not even close to being over”, the WHO warned Monday as the global death toll , passed half a million and cases surged in Latin America and the United States. The number of infections recorded worldwide topped 10 million, while some authorities reimposed lockdown measures that have crippled the economies worldwide. “We all want this to be over. We all want to get on with our lives,” World Health Organization chief Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said. “But the hard reality is this is not even close to being over,” he said, adding that “although many countries have made some progress, globally the pandemic is actually speeding up.” The virus emerged six months ago in China, where the WHO will send a team next week in connection with the search for its origin, Tedros said. Covid-19 is still rampaging across the US, which has recorded more than 125,000 deaths and 2.5 million cases — 1) Whatsapp Messenger 2) TikTok 3) Google Meet 4) Zoom Cloud Meetings 5) Photo Lab Picture Editor 6) UVideo 7) Instagram 8) Google Pay 9) Roposo (IND) 10) Facebook LOW REVENUE, LARGE IMPACT CONSUMER SPENDING IN-APP (in $ million) GROWTH IN APP DOWNLOADS China 47,000 UK 4,000 USA 24,000 WORLDWIDE Brazil 40% Japan 17,000 S Korea 5,000 Worldwide 45% United States 5% 95 China 80% 1) Google One 2) Udemy 3) Truecaller 4) Livu 5) Chamet (IND) 6) Tinder 7) Tango 8) TikTok 9) Azar 10) WHO (in billion) Worldwide China India United States Brazil Indonesia Indonesia 70% India 120 1,20,000 19 India 190% 12 9 5 Source: AppAnnie: The State of Mobile report 2020 TOP SOCIAL APPS IN INDIA 1) TikTok (bold) 2) Instagram 3) Facebook 4) Roposo (IND) 5) Chingari 6) Helo 7) Snapchat 8) Helo Lite 9) Facebook Lite 10) Mitron TIKTOK LIKELY TO BE HIT THE MOST T O TA L I N V E S T M E N T & S TA K E S O W N E D India accounts for over 30% (611 mn) of One97 Communications (Paytm holding firm) Total investment: Alibaba Group firms: $1,280 million Total stake: Over 40% Total investment: Alibaba Group firms: $180 million Total stake: 22% Total investment: Total investment: Total investment: Tencent: Tencent: Alibaba Group firms: $700 million $400 million $200 million Current stake: Total stake: Total stake: over 5.37% 9.57% Total investment: Alibaba Group firms: $510 million Total investment: Alibaba Group firms: $200 million Total stake: over 23% Total stake: 4% Total investment: Tencent, Hillhouse& Meituan Dianping: $150 million 25% Total stake: Total investment: Ctrip: $1,270 million Total stake: 42.5% Tencent: 5.89%; Meitan: 6.35% total downloads TikTok did not begin monetising in India until last year. In quarter ended December 2019, TikTok earned around `25 crore (around $3.3-3.5 mn) TOP E-COMMERCE APPS IN INDIA While the country only accounts for around 10% of TikTok’s revenue at the end of 2019, according to sources, it had planned to increase this by four times to `100 crore by September this year. TIKTOK LIFETIME REVENUES WORLDWIDE US CHINA UK $456.7 $86.5 $331 $9 As more and more Indians go online, app downloads have skyrocketed. But what does it mean for Chinese apps? We take a look at what the numbers say TOP GROSSING APPS IN INDIA 205 TOTAL APP STORE DOWNLOADS DIGITAL SECTOR-FOCUSED INDIAN FIRMS WITH INVESTMENTS HOW INDIANS USE MOBILE APPS TOP HIGHEST RANKED APPS IN INDIA While India is fast becoming the source of one of the largest mobile app user-bases in the world, the actual consumer spending on India’s sprawling in-app markets are pretty low compared to the world and its northern neighbour, China. However, with the number of app downloads soaring in India, and many companies’ valuations tied into the number of users, blocking access to the Indian market is likely to have a marked impact on fund raising and market valuations of the banned Chinese apps. Pandemic not even close to over, warns WHO GRIM REALITY l APP SNAP BUSHFIRE IMPACT MELBOURNE: Koalas in the Australian state of New South Wales (NSW) could become extinct by 2050, according to a parliamentary committee report which called for an urgent government action to protect the species and its habitat. The report from an Upper House inquiry into koala populations and their habitats was released on Tuesday The once-thriving . herbivorous marsupial animal, native to Australia, has been ravaged by habitat loss, disease and climatic events in recent years. The report said at least 5,000 koalas died in the recent bushfire season. The committee chairwoman, Cate Faehrmann, said the findings of the year-long inquiry should be a game changer for the state government. What became crystal clear during this inquiry was that, without urgent government intervention, the koala will become extinct in New South Wales before 2050,” Faehrmann was quoted as saying by the state-run Australian B r o a d c a s t i n g Corporation. “At every turn we were handed evidence that showed our current laws are inadequate and facilitating the clearing of core koala habitat. The strategies and policies currently in place to protect the koala aren’t working. There must be an increase in koala habitat protected from lo gging, mining, land clearing and urban development,” she said. 27 06 2020 CONTEXTUALISING ILLUSTRATION: AMIT BANDRE Koalas face extinction in NSW While many of the apps banned by the government on Monday citing national security reasons are not very popular in the Indian market, some others consistently figure in the top ten rank lists in many segments. FIGURES IN MILLION T E X T : J O N AT H A N A N A N D A 1) Flipkart (IND) 2) Amazon 3) Paytm (IND) 4) Club Factory 5) LimeRoad (IND) 6) Olx 7) AJIO (IND) 8) Myntra (IND) 9) Snapdeal (IND) 10) SHEIN Troop build-up continues on both sides M AYA N K S I N G H @ New Delhi ALTHOUGH Corps Commanders of India and China met on Tuesday to discuss ways to minimise tensions along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in Eastern Ladakh, additional troop mobilisation in the area continued. An officer aware of the matter said, “They have deployed troops all along Ladakh and it is part of the agenda points between the two Corps Commanders.” The Indian delegation led by 14 Corps Commander Lt Gen Harinder Singh and China represented by South Xinjiang Military Division Corps Commander Major General Lin Liu met for the third time to thrash out details for de-escalation on the ground. Marathon meeting The third Corps Commanderlevel meeting that began at 10.30 am on Tuesday went on way past 9.45 pm. Their previous meeting on June 22 lasted about 11 hours. It had started at 11.30 am However, both sides continued to raise their troop strength. “Concentration and mobilisation of troops hasn’t shown any sign of abating,” said another source and predicted the stand-of f stretching ‘well into the winter’. Terming it precautionary deployment, Lt Gen (Retd) D S Hooda, former chief of the Northern Command, said it is not a prepara- tion for war. “There would be attempts to strengthen the defensive posture in other sectors, which would lead to corresponding deployment on both the sides,” said Lt Gen Hooda. The defence of Ladakh is under the 14 Corps of the Army which is part of the Northern Command. The deployments are seen as preparations so as to not get surprised by Chinese manoeuvers. During the several rounds of talks, India and China had identified 23 sensitive points across the 3,488 km-long LAC. Ladakh has several sensitive areas — from Trig heights, DBO and Depsang. The Galwan Valley Spangur Gap, , Pangong Tso and Demchok (Chushul and Chumar) are among the other sensitive areas. FACT OF THE MATTER CASHLESS NEW THERAPY O R la on Tuesday launched new cashless ‘tipping functionality that enables customers to voluntarily reward drivers for going the extra mile to deliver a safe ride experience amid the Covid-19 pandemic. The feature has been rolled out to all Ola users across India, Australia, New Zealand and the UK in a bid to help the company’s over 2.5 million global driver community, Ola said, adding that the drivers will retain 100 per cent of the tip. Starting Tuesday, the cashless tipping feature will appear in the final step of the payment phase and will allow the customers to select a fixed or customised amount that will translate to higher earning potential for these drivers. esearchers have developed eye drops that could prevent vision loss after retinal vein occlusion, a major cause of blindness for millions of adults worldwide. Published in the Nature Communications, the study suggests that the experimental therapy — which targets a common cause of neurodegeneration and vascular leakage in the eye — could have broader therapeutic effects than the existing drugs. Retinal vein occlusion occurs when a major vein that drains blood from the retina is blocked, usually due to a blood clot. As a result, blood and other fluids leak into the retina, damaging specialised light-sensing neurons called photoreceptors. 3,943 DEER ME UN REPORT UNITED NATIONS: India accounts for 45.8 million of the world’s 142.6 million “missing females” over the past 50 years, a report by the United Nations said on Tuesday noting that the , country along with China form the majority of such women globally . The State of World Population 2020 report released on Tuesday by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) said that the number of ‘missing women’ has more than doubled over the past 50 years — from 61 million in 1970 to a cumulative 142.6 million in 2020. Of this global figure, India accounted for 45.8 million missing females PARTIAL RECONSTRUCTION FRESH CASES IN TN 246 Three wild deer cross a road as people look on at Panbari Reserve Forest in Golaghat, Assam, on Monday | PTI 45.8 million women Number of missing in India patients discharged 2,325 as of 2020 and China accounted for 72.3 million. ‘Missing females’ are women missing from the population at given dates due to the cumulative effect of postnatal and prenatal sex selection in the past. “Between 2013 and 2017, about 460,000 girls in India were ‘missing’ at birth each year,” the report said. Rabbit study a model to repair damaged uteruses in humans BREAKTHROUGH PARIS: Advances in bioengineering have helped repair severely damaged uteruses in rabbits through cellular tissue engineering, researchers said in a study published Monday . The breakthrough, scientists believe, offers hope for partial reconstruction in women afflicted with so-called uterine factor infertility, which accounts for about six percent of all infertility cases. Currently the only way for a , woman with this condition to give birth is with a transplanted uterus. A team at Wake For- est University in North Carolina implanted biodegradable polymer scaffolds — engineered tissue partially generated from one’s own cells — into damaged rabbit uteruses. Six months after implantation, the new tissue appeared no different than in non-damaged uterus, they reported in Nature Biotechnology Further. more, four in 10 rabbits that had received the cell-engineered tissue had nor mal births, while none of those who hadn’t received the reparative treatment did. “Our results introduce new avenues for potentially creat- ing tissue substitutes derived from a patient’s own cells to treat uterine defects,” the authors concluded. Tissue bioengineering offers an alternative to organ transplant, which is hampered by a lack of donors and requires the recipient to take immunosuppressive drugs. Similar bioengineering techniques have already been used for human bladders, blood vessels, urethras and vaginas. But human uteruses have yet to be restored using this technique, partially because of their complexity compared to other organs. Scientists not in- volved in the study noted that more animal experiments are needed before moving to human clinical trials. While bioengineered tissue for uterine replacement is an “attractive and novel technology, it may not be as close to translation as the authors and many of us would like to see,” Our results introduce new avenues for potentially creating tissue substitutes derived from a patient’s own cells to treat uterine defects. Deaths: 60 Toll: 1,201 Four in 10 rabbits receiving the cell-engineered tissue had normal births “The ban would affect not only the employment of local Indian workers who supported the apps, but also the interests of Indian users and the employment and livelihoods of many creators and entrepreneurs,” the statement read. He hoped India would acknowledge the mutually beneficial nature of bilateral economic ties. “India must treat all investments and service providers equally and , create an open, fair and just business environment, while bearing in mind the fundamental interests of both sides and the overall interests of bilateral relations,” the statement read. Hu Xijin, editor of Global Times, was sarcastic. “Well, even if Chinese people want to boycott Indian products, they can’t really find many Indian goods. Indian friends, you need to have some things that are more important than nationalism,” he tweeted. India on Monday had banned 59 Chinese apps saying they were ‘prejudicial to the integrity and sovereignty of India’. Researchers said Dusko Ilic, a professor at King’s College London. “The next experiment is not a partial replacement of the uterus but a total replacement of the uterus,” said John Hunt, a professor at Nottingham Trent University in the UK. But the findings, reported in Nature Biotechnology, are an important first step, the authors said. “Larger animal models, where one can replace criticalsize defects with engineered constructs, are important in highlighting potentially human clinically relevant regeneration,” they said. Madurai recorded the second highest number of cases Age group of patients who died on Tuesday 35-95 YEARS DOORSTEP SCREENING A volunteer taking temperatures of family members in Karunanidhi Nagar, Washermenpet in Chennai on Tuesday | WE would all have furnished fake details about ourselves to someone at some point in life. The possible reasons for this completely momentary perception-based forgery could be to avoid a potential spammer or a ‘fill-this-to-get-a-gift-voucher’ scheme. But, when we are collec- tively grappling with the universal invisible enemy called Coronavirus, the falsification of data about oneself could potentially hamper the battle we are fighting. In a case that explains the prelude, a number of people in Tiruchy reporting for swab samples have given fake addresses, fearing isola- D E E PA K S AT I S H @ Coimbatore P JAWAHAR tion, and worse, stigma. This has made contact tracing an arduous task for the medical staff. People who are in contact with Covid-19 patients and those who have symptoms have to undergo swab tests at the Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Government Hospital in Tiruchy. Prior to testing, they WITH full economic normalcy nowhere in sight, Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Tuesday announced the extension of the free food grains programme till November. By November, the scheme would have run for eight months at a cost of `1.50 lakh crore and covered 80 crore people. The PM Garib Kalyan Ann Yojana provides 5 kg wheat/rice and 1 kg chana (chickpea) per month to each family free of cost. In his address to the nation, Modi also said the country is moving in the direction of “one nation, one ration card”. Curiously, the announcement came on a day when data released by the Controller General of Accounts showed an 8% drop in the government’s major subsidy bill as of May when compared , to the same time last year. The big plunge was in food (11%) and petroleWorry over um (18%) subsidy. flouting Acknowledging the agrarian season norms and the onset of festivals, Modi reasoned that the expenditure of the peo“Ever since ple would also go up in the coming Unlock-1, months. “Keeping in mind that rethere is quirement as well as expenditure inincreasing crease during this time, the governnegligence in ment has decided to extend PM Garib personal and Kalyan Ann Yojana till Deepawali and social Chhath Puja. The scheme will continue behaviour... to remain applicable from July till the Those not end of November,” he said. following Chhath Puja is widely celebrated in rules need to be stopped & Bihar and the adjoining districts in Utcautioned, be tar Pradesh. If the Bihar Assembly elections is held on time, it would see it a village multiple phases of polling during Ocpradhan or tober-November. The Nitish Kumar the PM,” government in the state has already Modi said claimed that more than 20 lakh migrants took special trains to return to their respective villages. Many of them could stay back due to the agrarian and festival season, and influence the state poll campaign as well. Nitish had sought extension of the free food grains scheme for a few more months. Modi also gave an account of the pro-poor measure taken by the government, which included transfer of `31,000 crore to almost 20 crore poor families, `18,000 crore to over nine crore farmers, besides `50,000 crore on providing rural jobs for returnee migrants. He also advised people to exercise caution to prevent the spread of the coronavirus, while asking local authorities to take measures to ensure people do wear masks. Pvt hospital denies treatment to man fearing virus, lets him die People in Tiruchy ‘fake it’ to escape medical radar J AYA K U M A R M A D A L A @ Tiruchy E X P R E S S N E W S S E R V I C E @ New Delhi HEARTLESS Ola rolls out Drops to treat tipping facility vision loss Covid-19 battle in Tamil Nadu both around a quarter of the global totals. As numerous US states are forced to reimpose restrictions on restaurants and bars, President Donald Trump has come under growing pressure to set an example by wearing a mask. Trump’s health secretary has warned the “window is closing” for the country to gain control of the situation, but the president has largely turned away from the crisis, spending much of Sunday at his golf club in Virginia. But he may not be able to avoid masks forever — the Florida city of Jacksonville, where Trump’s Republicans are due to hold their national convention in August, declared masks mandatory on Monday . The second hardest-hit country Brazil registered 259,105 infections in the seven days through Sunday — the country’s highest of any week during the pandemic. The latest figures came as protesters in cities across Brazil — and as far away as Stockholm, London and Barcelona — held demonstrations against President Jair Bolsonaro, who has said the virus is akin to a “little flu” and railed against stay-at-home measures. CHINA on Tuesday reacted sharply to India’s decision to ban 59 Chinese apps and said it was “seriously concerned” about the Indian government’s decision. “China is strongly concerned, and we are verifying the situation. India has a responsibility to uphold the rights of Chinese businesses,” foreign ministry spokesperson Zhao Lijian said. Zhao’s comments were followed by a statement the Chinese embassy in New Delhi issued in the evening, which called the ban selective and discriminatory Spokesperson Ji Rong . said India’s move “selectively and discriminatorily aims at Chinese apps on far-fetched and ambiguous grounds.” “It runs against fair and transparent procedure requirements, abuses national security exceptions, and suspects of violating the WTO rules. It also goes against the general trend of international trade and e-commerce, and is not conducive to consumer interests and the market competition in India,” Ji said in the statement. Meanwhile, Chinese Communist Party mouthpiece, Global Times, warned India of a 30% dip in bilateral trade due to the ban and dismissed the move as nonsensical. “While offering a lacklustre explanation for the nonsensical move, the Indian government has actually made its political crackdown on Chinese companies open and blatant,” an article in the publication said. The article went on to argue that it was difficult for India to turn nationalistic rhetoric into action. “There are no available and affordable alternatives to Chinesemade products such as smartphones, chemicals, automotive components and many other items,” it claimed. Criticising the ban, Ji said the apps had been operating strictly in accordance with Indian norms. Free food grains scheme extended till Nov, says Modi have to provide their contact details, travel history and symptoms to hospital staff. However, it has been found out that over 40 per cent of those who came for the test have given fake addresses. It is to be noted that they do not need to provide any ID proof at this point. This is leading to a delay in isolating the patients P2 and tracing their contacts. WHOSOEVER thought that humans alone were falling prey to Covid-19 was wrong, for the virus is killing humanity too. Were humanity in the pink of health, a 67-year-old man would not have died uncared for at a private hospital near Kattu Vinayagar Kovil at Vadavalli. Sources said that the sexag enarian succumbed to breathing issues outside the hospital on Tuesday morning. He died gasping for breath even as his family ran from pillar to post to get help. The deceased was identified as L Chinnasamy, a retired Revenue Department staff from Bommanampalayam. He was a heart patient. Chinnasamy’s son Prem claims that the hospital staff refused to treat his father citing Covid-19 fear. “The hospital staff denied DIRECTOR TO ISSUE NOTICE TO HOSPITAL The Deputy Director of Health Services G Ramesh Kumar, coming to know of the incident, said that he would issue a notice to the hospital concerned us entry even when we pleaded with them for help. The nurses said there was no doctor at the hospital,” Prem said. He said his father had a long bout of coughing on Tuesday morning. “Nobody came to our help,”he said. An official in the hospital said he was unaware of the death of the man in front of the hospital. He added that they have been providing only outpatient services since March, by not accepting new admissions or treating emergency cases due to Covid-19 crisis.
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