MADURAI WEDNESDAY JULY 08, 2020 `7.00 PAGES 12 LATE CITY EDITION CENTRE GETS ONE MONTH ON PERMANENT COMMISSION A bench headed by Justices D Y Chandrachud said the Centre must comply with all its directions given in its Feb 17 verdict GOVT HAD SOUGHT SIX MONTHS’ TIME The Central govt had sought six months to implement the Supreme Court verdict in view of the coronavirus pandemic. In its landmark verdict, the apex court had ordered that women officers in the Army be granted permanent commission and command postings. The court had also asked the Defence Ministry to fully implement its order within three months ■ 1,653 FORMAL GOVT ORDER LIKELY SOON ■ The Centre told the bench that decision making on the issue is at the final stage and only formal orders remain to be issued At present, woman officers can serve for 10 to 14 years in the Short Service Commission. A permanent commission will allow these officers to serve in the army till the age of retirement NO. OF WOMEN OFFICERS IN THE ARMY, COMPRISING 4% OF TOTAL STRENGTH CHENNAI ■ MADURAI ■ VIJAYAWADA ■ BENGALURU ■ KOCHI ■ HYDERABAD ■ VISAKHAPATNAM ■ COIMBATORE ■ KOZHIKODE ■ THIRUVANANTHAPURAM ■ BELAGAVI ■ BHUBANESWAR ■ SHIVAMOGGA ■ MANGALURU ■ TIRUPATI ■ TIRUCHY ■ TIRUNELVELI ■ SAMBALPUR ■ HUBBALLI ■ DHARMAPURI ■ KOTTAYAM ■ KANNUR ■ VILLUPURAM ■ KOLLAM ■ WARANGAL ■ TADEPALLIGUDEM ■ NAGAPATTINAM ■ THRISSUR ■ KALABURAGI JUNE 28 70% OF ACTIVE CASES BY JUNE-END WERE FROM JUST FIVE STATES JULY 6 SANA SHAKIL & KUMAR V I K R A M @ New Delhi Combo satellite images of the Galwan Valley along the Line of Actual Control in Ladakh shows Monday’s Chinese pullback | AP Joint vetting part of plan after each pullback phase US military will continue to stand strong with allies like India: WH M AYA N K S I N G H A N D P U S H K A R B A N A K A R @ New Delhi INDIA and China will jointly confirm the compliance of disengagement along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in Ladakh, which began on Monday after the first phase is com, plete. The militaries of India and China began thinning their troops and moving their vehicles back from some points in eastern Ladakh after Special Representatives of both sides National Security Advisor Ajit Doval and Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi - talked to each other on Sunday . “Joint verification of re-located camps will be done to see that the land form is restored,” an Army officer said. It means that the two sides will be physically present to confirm compliance as per the agreements so as to build trust, the officer added. Disengagement with the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) in China started on Monday with rearward movement of PLA vehicles seen in the general area of Galwan (Patrolling Point-14 and 15) and Gogra Post (Patrolling Point 17A) Hot Springs. “PLA was seen removing tents and structures at Patrolling Point-14,” but there was no clear word on the depth of the pullback. However, stand-off continues at points like Finger-4 and Depsang. Meanwhile, Defence Minister Rajnath Singh reviewed the status of border infrastructure with DG Border Roads Lt Gen Harpal Singh. Forward connectivity to border areas was reviewed, the defence ministry said in a press release. With the situation in ferment, the US did some muscle flexing by deploying two aircraft carriers in the disputed South China Sea in response to recent Chinese aggression on multiple fronts, including India and Bhutan. White House Chief of Staff Mark Meadows said: “The message is clear. We are not going LOOKING AT BANNING CHINA APPS: POMPEO Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said the US is ‘certainly looking’ at banning Chinese social media apps like TikTok. “I do not want to get out in front of the President Trump, but it is something we are looking at,” he said THE Covid-19 pandemic, while spreading across the country in June when Unlock 1.0 was rolled out, showed a pattern of concentrating in just a few states, an analysis of the June data by The New Indian Express has found. On June 1, five states — Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Delhi, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh — together reported nearly 63% of the total active Covid-19 cases in the country. By the end of Unlock-1, the percentage had gone up to 70. One pattern that emerges from the June data is that in all the five states, the number of active cases either doubled or went up by more than that. While in Telangana and Andhra Pradesh it went up by seven times, in Tamil Nadu it was close to four times. (See graphic 1) Another patter n that emerges from the June data is that the number of daily confirmed cases rose sharp- JIPMER,” CM Edappadi K @ Chennai Palaniswami said after inaugurating the facility The gov. THE State government inau- ernment has recruited 100 docgurated yet another exclusive tors, 90 nurses and 100 Covid hospital in the city on non-medical staff for the facilTuesday, even as the number ity. The hospital has 300 beds of cases continued to dip, with with oxygen lines, 60 beds for 3,616 cases being reintensive care treatCM denies ment and 40 exclusive por ted across the State. Chennai alone community beds, the CM said. The spread accounted for 1,203 other exclusive Covid new cases. The State Edappadi, while hospitals in the city tally now stands at a stating that the are the ESI hospital in little over 1.18 lakh Ayanavaram and the State cannot and the toll at 1,636, one at Omandurar extend the with 65 deaths reportEstate. lockdown ed on the day . He said the cases in further, denied The new hospital, Chennai have come community located at the King In- transmission in down because of the stitute, is the third exintensified lockdown. Tamil Nadu clusive Covid facility “The government also in the city It was initially built ensured that lives of people . to house the National Institute are not affected. The State was of Ageing at a cost of `136.86 under lockdown for around 105 crore, and was converted into days. It cannot be extended fura Covid hospital over a span of ther because it will have an imtwo weeks. “The hospital has pact on the economy he said, ,” been designed to be on par while denying community with the likes of AIIMS and transmission in the State. 10,138 Skyscrapers 11,565 26,270 The bar chart shows the humungous jump in active Covid cases within a month after Unlock 1.0 began TELANGANA 1,213 Maharashtra It started with close to 70,013 confirmed cases at the beginning of June and the tally of total cases by the month-end was 1,74,761. Till midJune, the state had about 3,000 new cases daily, except on June 15 and 16. But in the latter half of the month, the number of daily cases started increasing, hitting a peak of 6,368 on June 27. From 37,543 active cases in the beginning of the month, the state doubled its tally with as many as 75,979 active cases by the end of the month. In terms of total cases, the state recorded nearly 150% increase. Only two districts, Mumbai and Pune, reported over 62% of all cases in the state. CONTINUED ON: P7 8,785 ANDHRA PRADESH 1,238 Active cases as on June 1 Active cases as on June 30 7,897 GUJARAT 5,374 7,126 KARNATAKA 2,036 7,072 UTTAR PRADESH 3,109 6,711 Swab sample of a woman being taken at a special Covid camp in Vijayawada | PRASANT MADUGULA WEST BENGAL 3,141 6,083 HARYANA 1,280 4,340 ASSAM 1,194 2,745 RAJASTHAN 2,688 3,375 US 18 VELLORE WEDNESDAY l l AS MANY DEATHS AS WORLD WARS I & II The World Wars I & II claimed an estimated an 100 million lives. The estimates for global 1918 influenza (Spanish Flu) deaths range between FROM 100 YEARS AGO 50 mn - 100 mn Coronavirus cases and deaths continue to rise in India and the infection peak is nowhere in sight. As we figure out the way forward, it will be useful to turn an eye to our past experience with a pandemic Soldiers infected with the Spanish Flu in an emergency hospital, circa 1919 | NATIONAL MUSEUM OF HEALTH AND MEDICINE INFLUENZA’S IMPACT IN 1918-19 HE 1918-1920 influenza ripped through a completely unprepared Indian population, killing an estimated 15 million people and leaving river mouths choked with dead bodies. Without modern medical science, people didn’t even know what was causing the disease and it was impossible to have a vaccine or antibiotic. Oddly, some important things remain the same in 1918 and 2020: Quarantine is the primary way to contain the spread; and health systems have once again been pushed to the point of breaking. What lessons can we learn from that dark period of history? Professor Siddharth Chandra, director of the Asian Studies Center at Michigan State University said the gov, ernment in British India recognised that it was hopeless to expect social distancing, given the high population density in many areas. The government turned its attention instead to boosting health infrastructure and increasing acPopulation Loss of over 10% cess to health officers in rural areas. “These lessons are to 10% Population Loss of 5 as relevant today as they were in 1918. The population of India has grown dramatically over the Population Loss past century, and of 0 to 5% population density has increased as a result. Emergency hospital accommodations are, therefore, Gain in Population limited. However, efforts are being made to expand this capacity NoProfessor Chandra told TNIE. ,” Data A government Sanitary Commissioner’s report lamented that in Delhi in 1918, “the resources of the medical department were taxed to the utmost”, echoing a similar situation today where people with other serious illnesses are being turned away from hospitals. “It is likely that, today the healthcare system will again , become overburdened in locations in which the spread of the disease is uncontrolled,” Chandra warned. But our healthcare system is much better now than it was in 1918 and a race is on to produce and make available a coronavirus vaccine by 2021. Educating people repeatedly on the dangers of the disease will help prevent a repeat of 1918. More investment in healthcare will help too. And with our modern advantages such as testing and drugs, it is possible to get the economy back on track while keeping the virus in check. Huge losses along coasts Southern Indian districts on the west and east coasts recorded heavy losses in population. Districts in present-day Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Tamil Nadu also saw a fall in population during the pandemic Population Loss of over 10% Population Loss of 5 to 10% State of the nation Poet Suryakant Tripathi, aka Nirala, wrote in 1918, when he was just 22, about the ravages of the pandemic in his memoir, according to Laura Spinney When the influenza struck in 1918, India was in a bad way. Monsoon had failed and drought prevailed in many parts of the country. Shortages sent food prices soaring. Earlier years had even seen famine-like conditions SOURCE: l Data from the Census of India, Annual Reports of the Sanitary Commissioner l Original map design: Camille North % DECLINE IN POPULATION BOSTON: A Brazilian man infected with the AIDS virus has shown no sign of it for more than a year since he stopped HIV medicines after an intense experimental drug therapy aimed at purging hidden, dormant virus from his body doc, tors reported Tuesday . The case needs independent verification and it’s way too soon to speculate about a possible cure, scientists cautioned. “These are exciting findings but they’re very preliminary,” Madurai reported 334 new cases and eight deaths on Tuesday, second highest in the State. Following Madurai, Virudhunagar also saw a sharp increase with 253 cases and one death. Of the 65 deaths reported on Tuesday, 13 did not have any comorbidities. As many as 4,545 patients were discharged following recovery. FRESH CASES DEATHS 3,616 65 said Dr. Monica Gandhi, an AIDS specialist at the University of California, San Francisco. “This has happened to one person, and one person only,” and it didn’t succeed in four others given the same treatment, she said. Another UCSF specialist, Dr. Steven Deeks, said: “This is not a cure,” just an interesting case that merits more study . The case was described at an AIDS conference where researchers also disclosed an important prevention advance: A shot of an experimental medicine every two months worked 2.05 lakh Cuttack, Orissa (Odisha) 11.89 Jessore (Bangladesh), Bengal Jessore (Bangladesh), Bengal Kanara (Karnataka), Bombay Sultanpur (Uttar Pradesh), United Provinces Akola (Maharashtra), Central Provinces Buldana (Maharashtra), Central Provinces 11.40 2.03 lakh 1.89 lakh Rajshahi (Bangladesh), Bengal Darbhanga, Bihar 1.89 lakh Gorakhpur (Uttar Pradesh), United Provinces 1.86 lakh 11.23 10.53 10.08 Basti (Uttar Pradesh), United Provinces 1.85 lakh Muzaffarpur, Bihar 1.83 lakh 9.88 Note: Districts and their locations given as per British-era records. Contemporary locations given in brackets. The numbers can be found in research papers: l Chandra, S., Kuljanin, G. & Wray, J. Mortality From the Influenza Pandemic of 1918–1919: The Case of India. Demography 49, 857–865 (2012) l Chandra, S., Kassens-Noor, E. The evolution of pandemic influenza: evidence from India, 1918–19. BMC Infect Dis 14, 510 (2014) l Chandra, S., Kassens-Noor, E., Kuljanin, G. et al. A geographic analysis of population density thresholds in the influenza pandemic of 1918–19. Int J Health Geogr 12, 9 (2013) nounced as Saudi authorities prepare to carry out a very limited Hajj, which for the first time will not include pilgrims from outside the country . Instead, the kingdom said that 70% of pilgrims allowed to participate this year will be from among foreign residents o f S a u d i A r a b i a wh i l e 30%would be Saudi citizens. LONDON: Spanish researchers have found that only 5% of the population in Spain has developed antibodies for the novel coronavirus, nowhere near the levels needed to achieve herd immunity . Herd immunity is achieved when enough people become infected with a virus to stop its spread. According to a nationwide study published in , the journal The Lancet, to achieve herd immunity that would protect the uninfected, around 70% to 90% of a population needs to be immune to protect the uninfected. “This nationwide population-based study aims to estimate the seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 (coronavirus) infection in Spain at the national and regional level,” the study authors wrote. For the findings, the research team picked more than 60,000 participants, who answered a questionnaire on a history of symptoms compatible with Covid-19 and risk factors. The study provides nationwide and regional estimates of SARS-CoV-2 (coro- navirus) dissemination in Spain, showing remarkable differences between higher and lower prevalence areas. The findings showed that one in three infections seems to be asymptomatic, while a substantial number of symptomatic cases remained untested. Data from participants - who ranged in age from infants to people in their 90s - showed some variation by region but nowhere near levels needed for herd immunity. The prevalence of Covid-19 antibodies was less than 3% in coastal regions, but more than five times higher in areas with major outbreaks. According to the study, despite the high impact of Covid-19 in Spain, the majority of the Spanish population is seronegative to SARS-CoV-2 infection, even in hotspot areas. “This cannot be achieved without accepting the collateral damage of many deaths in the susceptible population and overburdening of health systems,” the researchers said. “In this situation, social distance measures and efforts to identify and isolate new cases and their contacts are imperative for future epidemic control.” Dr Ricardo Diaz, University of Sao Paulo better than daily Truvada pills to help keep uninfected gay FACT OF THE MATTER Brazil a vaccine testing ground 2 cr downloads for G MeeT ACTIVE CASES APP USAGE B P razil may be struggling in its battle against the coronavirus, but it is on the cutting edge of vaccine development with large-scale trials and the production of millions of doses on the horizon. Unlike Europe and China, Covid-19 continues to spread rapidly across the Latin American nation -- the second-worst hit country in the world after the United States -- creating the necessary conditions for testing a vaccine’s efficiency. Vaccine projects from Oxford University and China’s Sinovac will have on thousands of Brazilian volunteers. Brazil won’t be short-changed: both projects have technology transfer agreements that will enable the country to produce the vaccines themselves. opular video meet app Google Meet for Android has surpassed over 10 crore downloads globally on the Google Play Store. The platform doubled the install base in less than two-months time as more and more people turned to video conferencing owing to the global pandemic, reports the Android Police website. According to app traffic and performance observer AppBrain, Goo gle Meet passed 5 crore (50 million) installs or downloads mark on Google Play on May 17. AppBrain figures indicated that the app crossed 10 crore installs on July 7. According to Javier Soltero, Vice President & GM, G Suite, the tech giant has seen daily usage of Meet app grow by 30 times. BREATHE EASY CBSE cuts course load by 30% for classes 9-12 Dino smaller than a cellphone men from catching HIV from an infected sex partner. Hundreds of thousands of people take these “pre-exposure prevention” pills now and the shot could give a new option, almost like a temporary vaccine. If the Brazil man’s case is confirmed, it would be the first time HIV has been eliminated in an adult without a bone marrow or stem cell transplant. Independent experts want to see whether his remission lasts and for the intense drug combination that he received to undergo more testing. “I’m very moved because it’s CUTE? M something that millions of people want,” said the 35-year-old man, whose spoke to The Associated Press on condition that his name not be published. “It’s a gift of life, a second chance to live.” Transplants are how two other men, nicknamed the Berlin and London patients for where they were treated, were cured previously . Dr. Ricardo Diaz of the University of Sao Paulo in Brazil led a study testing strong and new drug combinations to try to purge this reservoir. “We are trying to wake up the virus” and boost the immune system. eet Kongonaphon kely, a pocket sized dinosaur forerunner that was smaller t h a n yo u r c e l l phone. The creature, which predated dinosaurs and flying pterosaurs, was just shy of 4 inches (10 centimeters) tall, according to a study published Monday in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. “Some of these things would have been quite cute animals,” said study lead author Christian Kammerer, a paleontology researcher at the North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences. Looking like a small dinosaur that could fit in your hand, Kammerer mused that it “would probably make a great pet.” EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE @ New Delhi GOING, GOING... HC stay off: Telangana’s old secretariat, which includes Nizam era buildings, being razed on Tuesday after the high court vacated its stay a few days ago Vaastu angle: K Chandrashekar Rao hardly ever entered the old secretariat after he became CM in 2014, purportedly because it was Vaastu deficient `400 crore bill: The new integrated secretariat with state-of-the-art connectivity is expected come up in about 4 lakh sq ft and cost around `400 crore Sathankulam case: CBI gets go-ahead EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE @ Thoothukudi THE Centre on Tuesday issued a notification for the CBI to take over the investigation into the alleged custodial murders of P Jeyaraj and J Beniks at the Sathankulam police station. The move comes after Chief Minister Edappadi K Palaniswami wrote to Home Minster Amit Shah, seeking a probe into the incident by the Central investigating agency . Accepting the letter, the Centre issued the notification, said a press release issued by the State government. The CB-CID, which is currently investigating the case, will hand over all material evidences, CCTV visuals, and reports of progress to the Madurai Bench of Madras High Court. The case created a nationwide uproar last month, after which the Madurai bench took suo motu cognisance of the matter. Five policemen have been arrested so far in connection with the case. Meanwhile, the State Human Rights Commission has issued a notice to the Principal Secretary and the DGP, seeking a detailed report on whether the State police had any legal sanction in using Friends of Police (FoP) for its functions. The notice has been issued considering the allegations that FoP volunteers are also involved in the incident. P2 U.S. DIKTAT Online edu may snatch Indian students’ Visa power P U S H K A R B A N A K A R @ New Delhi THE US said on Monday that foreign students will not be allowed to remain in the country if their classes are going to be held only in the online mode in the upcoming fall semester. The students, however, can stay back if they shift to colleges that teach in-person. The move will hit many Indian students in the US, apart from those who have secured admission for the fall session beginning in August/September, and also those who had re- 2.17 lakh Rangpur (Bangladesh), Bengal 11.95 Balasore, Orissa (Odisha) Bottled holy water, sterilised pebbles for Hajj able to drink holy water from the Zamzam well in Mecca that is packaged in plastic bottles, and pebbles for casting away evil that are usually picked up by pilgrims along Hajj routes will be sterilised and bagged ahead of time. Pilgrims will also have to bring their own prayer rugs. The guidelines were an- 2.36 lakh 2.18 lakh South arcot (Tamil Nadu), Madras 11.97 Wardha (Maharashtra), Central Provinces SMALL JOYS PILGRIMAGE 15 MILLION Estimates vary for how many Indians died due to the influenza. Prof Siddharth Chandra puts the number at 15 million Tanjore (Tamil Nadu), Madras 12.30 Rajshahi (Bangladesh), Bengal Gain in Population No Data Indian soliders who fought for the British during World War I. Soldiers returning to Mumbai in 1918 may have spread the Spanish Flu | CHARLES HILTON DEWITT GIRDWOOD DECLINE IN POPULATION 12.65 Nainital (Uttarakhand) United Provinces Hoshangabad (Madhya Pradesh), Central Provinces Did you know that the Spanish flu killed an estimated 15 million people in India alone? Check out | P12 Population Loss of 0 to 5% I travelled to the riverbank in Dalmau and waited. The Ganga was swollen with dead bodies. At my in-laws’ house, I learned that my wife had passed away... My family disappeared in the blink of an eye. All our sharecroppers and labourers died. In whichever direction I turned, I saw darkness Head count The map shows estimated declines in population in 1918-19, adjusted for normal growth every year. The districts highlighted here recorded deaths of 10.82 million people during the time when the pandemic struck Spain study casts doubt on virus herd immunity DUBAI: Saudi Arabia has issued guidelines for the 1,000 or so pilgrims that will be allowed to perform the Hajj pilgrimage in Mecca later this month, an experience that will be unlike any before because of the coronavirus pandemic. The pilgrims will be only be FRANCE Population loss of over 10% Population loss of 5 to 10% Population loss of 0 to 10% Gain in population No data A R A V I N D A K S H A N S @ Chennai T A rainbow forms in the sky after rainfall in Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh | MADHAV K to stand by and let China or anyone else take the reins in terms of being the most powerful, dominant force, whether it is in that region or over here. Our military might stands strong and will continue to stand strong, whether it is in relationship to a conflict between India and China or anywhere else.” NOTHING SPANISH ABOUT THE FLU The Spanish Flu, which didn’t start in Spain, was so named because the country’s free press had reported it prominently while other nations at war in 1918 played down the disease with censorship and denial 08 07 2020 HARSH LESSONS TESTS NEGATIVE WORRYING TREND IN MADURAI Graphic 1 38,992 DELHI Experimental treatment may have rid man of HIV, say doctors M Sivasankar IAS was on Tuesday removed from the post over his alleged links to a gold smuggling racket EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE 75,979 TAMIL NADU LOW PREVALENCE KERALA Chennai gets its third exclusive Covid hospital 37,543 IN REMISSION CM’s SECRETARY SACKED CM Edappadi K Palaniswami inaugurates a facility with advanced equipment for treating Covid-19 patients at the King Institute in Chennai on Monday MAHARASHTRA ly in the second half of the month. It is not clear if this was the result of increased testing, as in the case of Delhi and Andhra Pradesh. But after June 8, Unlock 1.0 was further relaxed when places of worship, shopping malls, restaurants and hotels were reopened. turned to their home countries due to the pandemic. The number of students who will be impacted could not be ascertained immediately as many colleges haven’t decided on the mode of instruction. “Non-immigrant F-1 and M-1 (visa holders) students attending schools operating entirely online may not take a full online course load and remain in the US. Active students currently in the US enrolled in such programs must depart the country or take other measures, such as transferring to a school with in-person instruction to remain in lawful status,” US Immigration and Custom Enforcement (ICE) said. While the F-1 visa is granted after enrolment in higher education, high school and other levels of education, M-1 visas are issued to those pursuing vocational training. The announcement came on a day when Foreign Secretary Harsh Vardhan Shringla and US Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs David Hale held virtual talks on enhancing trade and people-to-people ties for students and professionals. According to sources, the US has assured that they will keep the best interests of the students in mind and will try to mitigate the impact. CONTINUED ON: P7 THE Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) will revise the curriculum and reduce course load for students in classes 9-12 in the ongoing session by up to 30%, Human Resources Development Minister Ramesh Pokhariyal Nishank said on Tuesday . In a statement, CBSE — the country’s largest educational board — said the prevailing health emergency as well as the efforts to contain the Covid-19 spread has resulted in loss of classroom teaching due to closure of schools. “Therefore, the board has decided to revise the syllabi for classes 9-12 for the academic session 2020-21,” it said. The board also said that the changes made in the syllabi have been finalised by the respective course committees with the approval of the curriculum committee and governing body of the board. “Considering the importance of achieving the level of learning, the syllabus has been rationalised to the extent possible by retaining the core concepts,” the board noted. It said school heads and teachers must ensure the topics that have been reduced are also explained to the students to the extent required to connect different topics. “However, the reduced syllabus will not be part of the topics for internal assessment and year-end board examination,” the board clarified. NCERT’s alternative academic calender for classes up to 8 For elementary classes till 8th, schools have been instructed to follow the alternative academic calendar specified by the National Council of Educational Research and Training
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