Social/ academic/ sports/ entertainment/ cultural/ religious/ political functions and other congregations will be permitted with a ceiling of 100 people from Sept 21. Open air theatres can function from that day ❷ Students of classes 9 to 12 may be permitted to visit schools if they are outside Containment Zones on a voluntary basis for taking guidance from teachers, subject to written consent of parents/ guardians The share of Covid-19 cases in the districts (rural areas and small municipalities) out of the total cases reported in the state sharply increased from June to August, while the number of cases stabilised inside GHMC limits. In June, Telangana recorded 13,508 Covid-19 cases but a majority of them, 11,080 cases (82%), were from inside GHMC limits. However, come August the scenario is completely different as of the 49,885 cases recorded in the state till August 26, only 10,508 cases (21%) are from inside GHMC limits Monthly totals for Telangana JULY Balasore 208% 1,000 3,077 Khurda 254% 4,485 12,791 AUGUST Karimnagar 1508 2,424 Nizamabad 6352,084 190% 2,125 6,168 Ganjam ODISHA 57% 10,672 16,740 Khammam 484 1,928 Nalgonda 3431,673 Gajapati 79% 1,510 2,714 Koraput TELANGANA The Covid-19 shift to rural areas is less noticeable in Kerala, but some of the smaller villages and towns have reported a surge in recent weeks TESTING SCALE East Godavari TOTAL COVID-19 TESTS CONDUCTED 145% 21,271 52,039 Guntur 103% 15,669 31,776 West Godavari 143% 12,804 31,179 Anantapur 129% 15,827 36,220 Chittoor 176% 11,327 31,292 27% 62% 6,069 9,850 Salem 132% 3,670 8,511 TAMIL NADU Reading the map The map shows the comparison of cases in the main urban centre(s) in each state with those of selected districts that have reported a sharp increase. The figure next to is the tally of total cases on Aug 1, and the one next to shows the Aug 25 total. The shaded circles show the level of increase in cases between the two dates Chennai 1,00,877 1,27,949 Vellore Kasaragod 1,795 4,191 132% Wayanad 671 1,364 103% Visakhapatnam 165% 11,920 31,561 ANDHRA PRAESH 4,582 13,929 Villages report sharp increases August 1 August 25 LOCKDOWN BAR ON STATES KERALA Coimbatore 146% 5,059 12,467 Ernakulam 1795 4191 162% SPREAD IN TOWNS TESTING IN PUBLIC Dindugal 107% 2,893 5,990 Idukki Kottayam : Kottayam taluk 9 284 818 95% 1,597 Ernakulam : Nellikuzhi 0 90 Alappuzha : Cherthala Taluk 29 70 T’puram Palakkad : Mudhuthala 7 60 4752 179% 13,264 Pathanamthitta : Pandalam-Kadackad 0 75 Covid-19 fatalities Ganjam has recorded, the highest in the state, followed by 67 in Khurda 254% 817 2,894 Hyderabad 26,660 10,508 SPREAD IN TOWNS Shivamogga Shikaripura Kalaburgi 308 1,191 5,529 10,545 90% Bhadravathi 200 826 Belagavi Sagar 3,449 10,546 206% 68 205 Vijayapura Ballari KARNATAKA Muddebihal Town 6,672 18,536 178% 148 554 Bengaluru Basavana Bagewadi 57,396 95% 187 555 1,12,087 Sindagi Town 165 481 Tumakuru 160% Udupi 1,707 4,439 Brahmavar village Mysuru 28 72 204% Theni 121% 5,355 11,864 Till Sept 20, marriage functions with guests up to 50 and funeral/ last rites gathering up to 20 people to stay; cap to be raised to 100 after that 191 DETAILED REPORT ON PAGE 12 25.1 lakh Reverse migration leads to spike Covid-19 is spreading rapidly in Karnataka’s towns and villages. Reverse migration of people from big cities and increased testing may explain the spike in number of cases Guest cap raised In August, Bhubaneswar and Cuttack recorded 65.3% and 75.2% of the cases in Khurda and Cuttack districts, respectively. Of 8,261 cases in Bhubaneswar, 5,400 were registered till August 25 and of 3,653 cases in Cuttack city, 2747 cases reported Cuttack 281% Rayagada 897 3,420 What hasn't changed 13.8 lakh The frontlines of India’s coronavirus battle have moved from cities to rural areas, which are reporting a growing proportion of the nation’s caseload. This long-feared shift raises new challenges, as the medical and testing infrastructure in villages and towns is weaker. We begin this series on the explosion of infections primarily in rural areas by tracking the rising Covid-19 burden in six states between August 1 and 25 43.4 lakh GOING RURAL Unlike in many other states, the trend on Odisha shows that most of the cases are confined to the urban localities. Even as the number of new patients falls in hard-hit Ganjam, cases continue to spike in other districts 33.5 lakh Skill or entrepreneurship training permitted in National Skill Training Institutes, ITIs, etc With Covid-19 at its peak in Odisha, seven districts — Khurda, Cuttack, Ganjam, Sundargarh, Sambalpur, Puri and Balasore — accounted for 56% cases of the total tally of 90,986 After the Covid-19 crisis hit Telangana in March, the capital city Hyderabad witnessed an exponential rise in number of cases in the following months. However, after movement restrictions were eased in June, the number of Covid-19 cases started drastically increasing in areas outside the Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation (GHMC) limits 10.2 lakh schools at a time for online teaching/ telecounselling and related work Odisha bucks the trend 79% of infections outside Hyderabad 14.8 lakh up of teaching ❶ States may permitstafftoto50%called to and non-teaching be In higher education institutions, only for PhD scholars and PG students of technical and professional programmes requiring laboratory/ experimental works can be permitted depending on case load in states and other factors newindianexpress com PART 1 27.1 lakh While schools, colleges, educational and coaching institutions will continue to remain closed till September-end, the following will be allowed INDIA CASELOAD IS samples India has tested cumulatively up to Friday for the Covid-19 disease, according to the tally maintained by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) 20.1 lakh HIGHER EDUCATION SCENE Cinema halls, swimming pools, entertainment parks, theatres (excluding open air theatre) can't be opened. Also, no international air travel of passengers 4.5 lakh THUMBS UP TO MASS EVENTS RESTRICTED ACTIVITY IN SCHOOLS 4.04 crore VIRUS SPIKE 30 08 2020 7.9 lakh Metro rail will be allowed to operate from Sept 7 in a graded manner, the Union home ministry said as part of its Unlock 4.0 prescriptions. A look at the other takeaways SUNDAY VELLORE 14.8 lakh METRO RAIL FINALLY UNLOCKED 12 5.4 Lakh MANGALURU SUNDAY AUGUST 30, 2020 `8.00 PAGES 24 CITY EDITION State/ UT governments shall not impose any local lockdown (state/ district/ sub-division/city/1st possible Musk shows off working brain implant village Relieving stress Zuckerberg level), outside containment zones, withoutreinfection prior in elephants slams Apple case in US consultation with Centre A woman in Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, gets tested at an iMASQ (Intelligent Monitoring Analysis Service Quarantine) bus on Saturday | PRASANT MADUGULA Odish Kanyakumari 81% 4,891 8,840 < 100% 100-150% > 150% a du desh il Na a Pra Tam Andhr Kerala Karna taka Telang ana FACT OF THE MATTER COMPUTER DISK SAN FRANCISCO: Futurist entrepreneur Elon Musk late Friday demonstrated progress made by his Neuralink startup in meshing brains with computers, saying the work is essential to the future of humanity . Musk has long contended that a neural lace merging minds with machines is vital if people are going to avoid being so outpaced by artificial intelligence that, under the best of circumstances, humans would be akin to “house cats.” “It’s gonna be important from an existential threat standpoint,” Musk said of the project. “That is what I think might be the most important thing that a device like this achieves.” Members of the team shared a “wish list” that ranged from the technology returning mobility to the paralyzed and sight to the blind, to enabling telepathy and the uploading of memories for later reference -- or perhaps to be downloaded into replacement bodies. “Yes, I think in the future you will be able to save and replay memories,” Musk said. “This is obviously sounding increasingly like a ‘Black Mirror’ episode, but I guess they are pretty good at predicting,” via common Bluetooth wireless signal to a device such as a smartphone, according to Musk. “It actually fits quite nicely in your skull. It could be under your hair and you wouldn’t know.” Breakthrough device The purpose of the event was to attract engineering talent to the project, which has much work still to do on chips, software, robotics and more, according to Musk. Experts and academics remain cautious about his vision of symbiotically merging minds with super-powered computing. Brain-computer interfaces have been done many times, and it is difficult to tell how successful the Neuralink project will be, according to University of Warwick biomedical engineering professor Christopher James. While technology has improved for reading information coming out of brains, it isn’t up to snuff when it comes to sending it back to all the necessary parts simultaneously, according to researchers. Moving arms or legs involves the brain sending them the proper signals, while hearing and seeing involve the brain receiving sensory information. PART OF A TREND? RENO: Nevada officials are reporting what may be the first documented case of coronavirus reinfection in the US, following similar reports earlier this week from Hong Kong and Europe. A 25-year-old Reno man with mild COVID-19 symptoms initially was found to have the virus in April, recovered and tested negative twice, and then tested positive again in June. He was much sicker the second time, with pneumonia that required hospitalization and oxygen treatment. Genetic tests from each episode showed that viruses were similar in major ways but differed in at least 12 spots that would be highly unlikely from natural evolution of the bug if the man had it continuously rather than being infected a second time, said Mark Pandori, director of the Nevada State Public Health Laboratory . A parent the man lives with also tested positive in June, so it’s possible he acquired a new infection in that way . CHENNAI ■ MADURAI ■ VIJAYAWADA ■ BENGALURU ■ KOCHI ■ HYDERABAD ■ VISAKHAPATNAM ■ COIMBATORE ■ KOZHIKODE ■ THIRUVANANTHAPURAM ■ BELAGAVI ■ BHUBANESWAR ■ SHIVAMOGGA ■ MANGALURU ■ TIRUPATI ■ TIRUCHY ■ TIRUNELVELI ■ SAMBALPUR ■ HUBBALLI ■ DHARMAPURI ■ KOTTAYAM ■ KANNUR ■ VILLUPURAM ■ KOLLAM ■ WARANGAL ■ TADEPALLIGUDEM ■ NAGAPATTINAM ■ THRISSUR ■ KALABURAGI S F ANXIOUS ANIMALS APP STORE cientists at Warsaw’s zoo have been taking blood, saliva and other samples from the zoo’s three elephants in recent days to prepare to test whether giving them hemp oil can reduce their stress. Dr. Agnieszka Czujkowska, a zoo veterinarian, said hemp oil, also known as CBD, or cannabidiol oil, has been shown to reduce anxiety and stress in other animals, including horses and dogs. The zoo’s experts thought it made sense to see if could also help their animals, including giraffes and rhinos. They decided, however, to start their tests on their three African elephants, who have undergone a period of stress following the death in March of a fellow older female. acebook Chief Executive Officer Mark Zuckerberg has slammed Apple for its App Store policy, saying it blocks innovation and allows the tech giant to “charge monopoly rents”. Buzzfeed first reported that Zuckerberg told 50,000 employees in a webcast that Apple has a “unique stranglehold as a gatekeeper on what gets on phones.” The Facebook chief executive officer added that App Store “blocks innovation, blocks competition” and “allows Apple to charge monopoly rents.” “Now more than ever, we should have the option to help people understand where money they intend for small businesses actually goes,” a Facebook spokesperson told FOX Business on Friday . This video grab made from the online Neuralink livestream shows Elon Musk standing next to the surgical robot during his presentation | AfP China in mind, India opts out of multinational wargames in Russia he quipped, referring to a Netflix series that puts disturbing twists on near-future technology . For now, Neuralink is being tested in pigs with the team working on the potential for clinical trials. A trio of pigs in pens took part in the demonstration: one of them named Gertrude was said to have been implanted with a Neuralink device wired to detect spikes in nerve activity in her snout. Gertrude happily focused on food, mostly ignoring Musk and others gathered for the event. Musk said that since the first version of Neuralink was revealed slightly more than a year ago, the device has been simplified and reduced to about the size of a large coin and the thickness of the skull. With the help of a surgical robot, a piece of the skull is replaced with a Neuralink disk, and its wispy wires are strategically inserted into the brain, the demonstration showed. The disk registers nerve activity relaying the information , SILENT CARRIERS M AYA N K S I N G H @ New Delhi IN a last-minute decision, India on Saturday withdrew its contingent from participating in a multinational military exercise slated to be held in Russia in mid-September because of Chinese and Pakistani participation. A senior officer confirmed, “We have withdrawn from the Kavkaz 2020 strategic command post exercise scheduled to be held in Astrakhan region, Russia from September 15 to September 26.” Given the ongoing Sino- Indian stand-off along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in eastern Ladakh, New Delhi was reluctant to participate in a joint exercise with the Chinese and Pakistani troops, the source said. For the record, the government attributed its de- Asymptomatic children with Covid-19 may shed coronavirus for weeks, says study cision to the pandemic and logistics. “In view of pandemic and consequent difficulties in exercise, including arrangements of logistics, India has decided not to send contingent this year to Kavkaz-2020,” the defence ministry said. The decision came a NO KIDDING WASHINGTON: Children can shed the novel coronavirus that causes COVID-19, even if they are asymptomatic, or for long after their symptoms have cleared, according to a new study which sheds more light on the significance of the pediatric population in the pandemic’s spread. The study, published in the journal JAMA Pediatrics, followed 91 children at 22 hospitals throughout South Korea, infected with the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, and found that they carried the viral genetic material RNA for a longer period than expected. “Symptom screening fails to identify most COVID-19 cases in children, and SARS-CoV-2 RNA in children is detected for an unexpectedly long time,” the researchers, including those from Seoul National University College of Medicine in South Korea, noted in the study . In a commentary, published on the study scientists, includ, ing Roberta L. DeBiasi from the The George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences in the US, said children may play an important role in the COVID-19 transmission. “To our knowledge, no prior studies have systematically focused on the frequency of asymptomatic infection in children or the duration of symptoms and viral shedding in both asymptomatic and symptomatic children,” the researchers noted in the commentary . According to the study about , 22 per cent never developed symptoms, 20 per cent were initially asymptomatic but developed symptoms later, and 58 per BUNKER BUSTED 76,472 Centre looks to sweeten deal as oppn peaks 34,63,972 GAME ON! PLUS 12 PAGES 86,446 ACTIVE CASES TOTAL CASES TOTAL CASES @Bengaluru AS Karnataka crossed the three-lakh mark in Covid-19 tally — a huge jump from 1.29 lakh positive cases in the beginning of the month — the virus seems to be spreading fast in small towns and villages. On Saturday, the state reported 8,324 new cases, taking the total to 32,7076. Free movement of people after the easing of lockdown restrictions, reverse migration and increase in the number of tests have been attributed to the significant increase in cases in places like Shikaripura and Bhadravathi taluks in Shivamogga district, which saw a big jump and reported over 1,000 cases in August. “People in villages, specially farmers, depend on Shivamogga city for purchase of seeds, fertilisers and equipment. When they visit crowded areas, they get infected and take back States can borrow the entire revenue shortfall of `2,35,000 crore (due to GST implementation plus Covid-impact) through the issue of market debt States are supposed to pay interest from their own resources, but the principal can be paid from proceeds of the Cess 3,27,076 the virus to their villages. Tracing such people is a challenging task,” Shivamogga District Health Officer Dr Rajesh Suragihalli told The New Sunday Express. Dr C S Patil, Chief Medical Officer, Athani Government Hospital, Belagavi district, concurs. “Large sections of the population in most taluks and villages depend on nearby cities for business and marketing. As a result, frequent shuttling of the rural population between cities and villages has led to a rapid spread of Covid-19 into rural pockets,” he said. In Shivamogga district, total number of cases on August 1 was 1,842 which jumped to 7,848 in the last 29 days. During the same period, the number in Belagavi district increased to 11,719 from 3,449. The rise in positive cases was equally drastic in Yadgir — from 2,386 to 5,205; in Kolar from 1,364 t0 3,320 and in Gadag P4 from 1,480 to 4,976. Phase 2 vaccine trials start in Mysuru hospital The borrowing will not be treated as debt to the extent of the shortfall (`97,000 crore) P2 TOTAL DISCHARGES EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE OPTION 2 HISTORY 2,35,128 Covid-19 spreading to Karnataka’s towns, villages. And fast! States can repay the entire borrowing from Compensation Cess proceeds; They won’t have to depend on any other source A HOME OF 5,483 TOTAL DEATHS ACTIVE CASES E X P R E S S N E W S S E R V I C E @Mysuru APPEAL TO PM WITH THIS ISSUE TEST +VE ON SATURDAY 7,52,424 Centre will ensure borrowing cost is not above the G-sec yield; if cost is higher, Centre will pay for the difference through a subsidy P3 8,324 TOTAL DISCHARGES FinMin will allow a special window for states to borrow shortfall in revenues due to GST implementation (`97,000 cr) Delay in conducting NEET and JEE will mean double the number of students competing for the same number of seats next year, says Dy CM Dr C N Ashwath Narayan KARNATAKA 26,48,998 OPTION 1 WE HAVE K-CET MODEL INDIA TEST +VE ON SATURDAY TOTAL DEATHS How the two options will work INTERVIEW Mechanised, Artillery Sig, nals, Engineers and Army Air Defence. In all, 12,500 troops from 18 countries, including Iran, Turkey, Syria, Central Asian Nations and all other SCO members are expected to participate in the wargames. making them potential key in the transmission However, despite these findings, the commentary noted that a qualitative “positive” or “negative” on testing platforms may not necessarily reflect infectivity . They explained that some positives may indicate the presence of bits of genetic material that may not be able to make someone sick, or negatives reflecting low levels of virus that may still be infectious. According to the scientists, testing reliability may be further limited by the testers. 62,550 Govt issues clarification on GST dues, promises to keep borrowing cost low EVEN as a clutch of states including Kerala, Maharashtra and Punjab rejected the Centre’s twin borrowing options to meet states’ revenue shortfall, the finance ministry on Saturday sought to hardsell its idea saying the Centre will ensure the cost remains affordable. Promising to keep the cost not higher than the G-sec yield, the finance ministry offered to pay the difference if the cost inches up. It will bear the margin between G-secs and average of State Development Loan yields up to 0.5% through a subsidy, the finance ministry said. However, the devil is in the detail. States planning to fix the entire revenue shortfall (due to GST implementation and pandemic) will have to borrow from the open market and bear the interest cost. On Saturday, the finance ministry wrote to all states and Union Territories clarifying that the special borrowing window will be available only for filling the GST shortfall. States that go for full borrowing will have to interest from their own resources,it added. In the GST Council meeting on August 27, the finance ministry had estimated this year’s GST shortfall at `3 lakh crore — `97,000 crore due to GST implementation and the rest because of Covid-19 pandemic. With cess collection pegged at `65,000 crore, states may stare at a `2.35 lakh crore gap. The Centre listed out two options — borrow the entire shortfall or fill only the GST-induced shortfall. The finance ministry also clarified that the Centre will pay the principal and interest on the borrowed amount from the compensation cess only if states opt for the first option. In the second option, the Centre will only take care of the principal amount; states will have to bear the interest cost. infectious. While the virus was detectable for an average of about twoand-a-half weeks in the entire group, a significant portion of the children -- about a fifth of the asymptomatic patients, and about half of the symptomatic ones -- were still shedding virus at the three week mark, they said. The scientists cautioned that children -- a group widely thought to develop mostly mild disease that quickly passes -can retain symptoms for weeks, and even asymptomatic kids continued to shed virus for a long time after initial testing, COVID-19 BATTLE Border Security Force personnel at the site in J&K’s Samba district where a major underground tunnel, originating in Pakistan, was detected | PTI A N U R A D H A S H U K L A @ New Delhi week after India had confirmed the participation of its tri-services contingent of 178 troops — 140 from the Army, 36 of the Air Force and two from the Navy. T he Ar my had planned to send troops of the Dogra Regiment, the Special Forces, Armoured, cent were symptomatic at their initial test. Over the course of the research, the scientists said the hospitals where these children stayed continued to test them every three days on average, providing a picture of how long viral shedding continues over time. The findings revealed that the duration of symptoms varied widely, from three days to nearly three weeks. The authors of the commentary noted that there was also a significant spread in how long children continued to shed virus and could be potentially Save us from virus ‘hangover’: Wine merchants B A L A C H A U H A N @Bengaluru WITH the fizz gone out of their business, the wine merchants, who have been urging the State government to allow them to reopen bars and restaurants, have now reached out to the Prime Minister. Taking cognizance of the letter sent to the Prime Minister by the Federation of the Wine Merchants Association (FWMA), Karnataka, requesting him to allow the reopening of bars and restaurants “in entirety” in the State as was prior to the Lockdown-1, the Prime Minister’s Office has directed Karnataka to respond to the wine merchants association’s demand. The PMO has written to the Chief Secretary to re- spond to the petitioner (Govindraj Hegde, principal secretary FWMA) and up, load the copy on the portal. The association has brought to the notice of the PMO that the Karnataka government has allowed sale of Indian Made Liquor (IML) but has not yet given permission for serving food along with IML in restaurants attached to the bar. “In Karnataka, customers come to restobars and order for IML or beer along with food. This should be allowed in entirety as was before the lockdown, which was imposed on March 24,” the FWMA letter stated. The association has also drawn its notice regarding the change in business timings of liquor outlets in the State after they were re-opened in May . CONTINUED ON: P5 THE second phase trials for the Oxford-AstraZeneca-Serum Institute Covishield, claimed to be the most promising vaccine so far against the Novel Coronavirus, started at the JSS Hospital in Mysuru on Saturday with five vol, unteers receiving the candidate vaccine shots. The second phase is being carried out on healthy persons with priority being the safety of those who are administered the Covishield vaccine to record the reactions, allergies and also to take note of the beneficial effects. As part of the nationwide programme, the JSS Hospital in Mysuru is one among the 17 sites in India chosen by ICMR and Serum Institute of India for the trials. The ICMR will collect 100 samples from across the country for further study and look into modifications. The five who were administered the candidate vaccine will be under observation till September 29, after which it will be tried on more people. P4 About 150 countries are experimenting on vaccines for Covid-19. We will have some vaccine by December — Dr B Suresh Pro-Chancellor, JSS Academy of Higher Education & Research
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