CHENNAI ■ MADURAI ■ VIJAYAWADA BENGALURU ■ KOCHI ■ HYDERABAD ■ VISAKHAPATNAM ■ COIMBATORE ■ KOZHIKODE ■ THIRUVANANTHAPURAM ■ BELAGAVI ■ BHUBANESWAR ■ SHIVAMOGGA ■ MANGALURU ■ TIRUPATI ■ TIRUCHY ■ TIRUNELVELI ■ SAMBALPUR ■ HUBBALLI ■ DHARMAPURI ■ KOTTAYAM ■ KANNUR ■ VILLUPURAM ■ KOLLAM ■ WARANGAL ■ TADEPALLIGUDEM ■ NAGAPATTINAM ■ THRISSUR ■ KALABURAGI ■ TAPAS RANJAN ■ BHUBANESWAR l TUESDAY l SEPTEMBER 01, 2020 l `7.00 l PAGES 12 l LATE CITY EDITION Former President Pranab Mukherjee loses battle for life at Delhi’s Army hospital; was seen as the encyclopaedia of contemporary Indian history; was accorded Bharat Ratna in 2019 THE PM INDIA NEVER HAD S A N T W A N A B H AT TA C H A R YA P RANAB Mukherjee was the prime minister that India never had. Instead, he became President—the 13th in India’s line, bringing a rare political gravitas to that role. But it was the other office, that of the highest executive, that destiny seemed to have held out for him more than once—and ultimately denied. Not because he lacked stature, statesmanship or political heft. If there was one thing he lacked, it was the direct connect of the mass leader, but then he was almost the perfect embodiment of the other kind of politician—the savant, policy maven and parliamentarian in whom the spirit of institutions seemed to find their fullest expression. Often fondly called the encyclopaedia of contemporary Indian history, current affairs and constitutional nor ms, Mukherjee, who died after a chest infection and related illnesses at Delhi’s Army Referral Hospital on Monday, indeed leaves a void in Indian polity, never to be filled. A man who could be the accessible Pranabda to all and sundry, and still inspire awe and respect—the eminence grise who could admonish anyone and everyone, whenever he thought it fit. When he took oath as President in July 2012—a long way from his humble village in Birbhum, West Bengal, where he walked miles through rice fields to reach his school—he was expected to be a ‘political’ president. But he surprised even veteran analysts by being a textbook President. Never overstepping the boundaries of constitutional proprieties and his own inclusive, democratic moorings. Unlike a Giani Zail Singh or K R Narayanan, Mukherjee did not see Rashtrapati Bhawan as an oppositional space to government. That’s why he could straddle the transition from UPA to NDA, from Manmohan Singh to Narendra Modi, without a glitch. No surprise he was accorded the highest civilian award of the land, the much coveted Bharat Ratna in 2019. However, nor was it the case that he had retreated into a grand mansion of silence. If he chose to intervene, it was not by returning legislation passed by Parliament, like some of his predecessors. Having been on the other side, he knew the sanctity of that space. Instead, he used his constitutionally mandated speeches as President to point to aberrations he noticed—thus becoming a vital PRANAB MUKHERJEE ● 11 DECEMBER 1935 ● 31 AUGUST 2020 stabilising figure at a very transitional time. In that sense, much like A B Vajpayee, Mukherjee was a child, a byproduct of parliamentary democracy. He truly believed in the power of debate. He was, indeed, very pained and disturbed in his last years about the decline in parliamentary functioning, and its image, centrality and prestige. A quintessential Congress politician, Mukherjee was neither above contradiction nor a stranger to the little intrigues of Delhi politics. He, after all, was witness to several transitions, the Emergency, two assassinations, liberalisation, the emergence of the BJP. Though it was the Congress and a reluctant Sonia Gandhi who let him make an honourable transition to presidentship, he nurtured the hurt of having been passed up for the PM’s job. Once, after Indira Gandhi, when her son Rajiv succeeded her, and not Mukherjee, then the seniormost Cabinet minister. Later, twice, as Sonia chose Manmohan Singh over him in 2004, and did not deem it fit to even make him Home Minister (as he had told me in an interview), and when she continued with Singh despite UPA’s dwindling reputation. He had to nearly engineer an escape to Rashtrapati Bhavan lest he be stuck in a Congress with a generation closer to his daughter Sharmistha’s age group, some of whom had neither the savvy nor the humbleness to learn the ropes. No one, however, understood Mukherjee’s political mind as much as Sonia, who once famously said she couldn’t think of a CWC meeting without “Pranabda”. She is also said to have admitted that sidelining Pranab was Rajiv Gandhi’s biggest mistake. Minus his astute political instincts guiding him, Rajiv lurched from one crisis to another. Despite the hurt of having to report to Singh, once an official in his ministry when he was FM in the 80s, Mukherjee worked hard for the UPA regime in various top ministries, heading about 50 GoMs at one point! FULL COVERAGE: P7 Worst shrink in Q1 GDP data shows economy is in ICU S U N I T H A N AT T I Some of the indicators used for GDP estimates Indicators Coal Crude oil Cement Steel FY21 Q1 -15 -6.5 -38.3 -56.8 Commercial vehicles -84.8 Bank deposits 9.6 Bank credits 5.6 Mining Manufacturing Electricity Metallic minerals -22.4 -40.7 -15.8 -43.3 I NDIA’S first quarter GDP shrunk to a level unknown in our economic history At . 23.9%, it’s the sharpest contraction since 1996 when we began bean-counting quarterly data and probably the worst since 1980s. Assuming a 5-6% trendline growth, the effective output loss in Q1 is upwards `10 lakh crore. That’s the national output lost, perhaps, forever, as Covid-19 cut the economy fiercer than a Samurai blade. In absolute numbers, total output punched in at `26.9 lakh crore, down from `35 lakh crore last year. Worrying, nominal GDP — widely used in government estimates — contracted 20.6% or from `44.8 lakh crore to `35.6 lakh crore. Just as misfortune conspires with bad luck during crises, several key metrics pounded each other into the ground leaving Asia’s third-largest economy in a quicksand with both demand and supply side contraction standing witness. On the supply side, all but agriculture saw a de-growth with some like construction, manufacturing and services contracting indecently at 40-50%. Demand side too mirrored this with investments shrinking 47%, while consumer spending saw a negative growth of 27%. Like in the past, government expenditure saved the day with 16.4% growth, but that’s an im- E X P R E S S N E W S S E R V I C E @ New Delhi THE Supreme Court on Monday ruled that the Medical Council of India (MCI) is not empowered to make regulations on reservation for in-service candidates for admission to post-graduate medical courses. A five-judge bench, headed by Justice Arun Mishra, held that the MCI is a statutory body whose purpose is to regulate medical education and profession, but the right to provide reservation in admissions rests with the respective state governments. “States can frame regulations for separate entry for such in-service candidates. Such doctors, who are already working, should, however, be mandated to serve in rural and tribal areas for five years,” the bench ruled. It held that the MCI regulation that barred such reservation was “unconstitutional and arbitrary”. The apex court then directed the states to formulate a scheme for rural and remote service by in-service doctors after completing their postgraduate degree. The court was responding to a plea by doctors from Kerala, Maharashtra and Haryana saying, granting reservation benefits would encourage those working in government hospitals and in rural areas. dia’s fiscal deficit in July stood lower than June, reflecting overt caution against a debt binge. Meanwhile, economists believe the latest data betrays the inferno inside as they expect revisions to toss shocking de-growth grenades later. Policy watcher Anil Sood of fered some proof. Take inventory, which should have seen depletion because production was shut for two months. Instead, it recorded a quarterly increase similar to last year at `53,000 crore. Ditto consumption spending, which Sood thinks could be sharper than what’s captured in Monday’s provisional estimates. UNLOCK 4 PG COURSES SC upholds right of states on quota to in-service docs polite increase given the pandemic and the sovereign’s role of riding to everyone’s rescue. That said, excluding government spending, GDP would have contracted even worse by 30%. So that’s some solace. In essence, just two life-sustaining arteries — agriculture and government spending — pumped our economy. As if that’s not disappointing, fiscal deficit data released separately showed that the government continued to pinch both revenue and capital spending. Whether this was anticipating lower tax receipts or fearing deficit scolds is unclear. Almost every country is emptying its public purse to fight the pandemic-led downturn, but In- Night curfew, weekend shutdowns lifted across the State No lockdown outside containment zones. May be imposed in consultation with Centre by State No relaxations in lockdown restrictions in containment zones across the State Inter-State and Intra-State movement of passengers is allowed from Sept 1 No clarity on functioning of hotels and restaurants Schools, colleges and other educational institutions to remain closed till Puja vacations Religious places and places of worship for public will remain closed till Sept 30 Social, political functions and congregations, cinema halls, entertainment complexes closed till Sept 30 Interestingly valuables — in, cluding high value purchases — saw an unmistakable decline indicating spending curbs not just by lower income households, but also by India’s burgeoisie and the super rich. Moreover, given the unglamorous state of core sector data, chances are we are in a recession right now, though the official word will be out in November. In nearly seven decades, we’ve seen only four years of negative growth, but economic pundits are entering heavy discussions not about recession, but when the worst will be behind us, so recovery can begin. Chief economic adviser K V Subramanian signalled that India was experiencing a Vshaped recovery with high frequency indicators like rail freight and power consumption showing promise. But even with some improvements in next three quarters, several believe the rate of FY21 contraction could be beyond -5%. The choice for the government will be whether consumption or investment side needs to be pushed. Given the limited fiscal space economists believe a demand or consumption-led recovery is crucial for the economy, but that requires government measure to arrest job losses and increase disposable incomes. FULL COVERAGE: P10 PLA bid to change LAC status quo foiled again NIGHT CURFEW, WEEKEND SHUTDOWN GONE AS ODISHA OPENS FURTHER EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE @ Bhubaneswar Central team to assist Odisha in tackling Covid THE Odisha Government on Monday lifted the night curfew and weekend shutdowns across the State as it ushered in major relaxations to get the economy and normal activities back on track. Complying with the national Unlock 4 guidelines released by the Centre two days back, the State Government has prohibited authorities at the city , district, sub-division level and below from announcing local lockdowns based on their assessment of the situation. Any lockdown or shutdown forthwith will be decided at the State-level in consultation with the Centre. Night curfew was in force across the State from 9 pm to 5 am while weekend shutdown was imposed in high virus load districts of Khurda, Gajapati, Ganjam, Cuttack and Rourkela city . In a major relaxation, the Government appears to have allowed hotels and restaurants to open for dine-in by follow- A Central team will be visit the State on Tuesday to support efforts towards strengthening containment, surveillance, testing and efficient clinical management of Covid. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare on Monday decided to deploy high-level teams to four States, including Odisha, which are seeing a rapid rise in the number of new cases and some of them also reporting high mortality. Other states are Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh. The states have been advised to undertake aggressive measures to ensure higher testing, effective clinical management to lower fatality along with efficient monitoring at various levels | P2 ing guidelines and standard operating procedure (SOP) issued by the Union Health and Family Welfare ministry and State Health department. However, it has not stated it clearly in the new announcements. The guidelines have per mitted all interstate and intra-state travel including movement of passenger buses from September 1 without necessity of permission, approval or epermits. However, movement by passenger trains, domestic passenger air travel, on Vande Bharat and air transport bubble flights, sign-on and signoff of Indian seafarers will continue to be regulated as per the SOPs issued. Religious places and places of worship will remain closed for public till September 30. Cinema halls, swimming pools, entertainment complexes, theatres, auditoriums, assembly halls and similar places will also continue to be closed. However, open air theatres and similar places will be permitted to open from September 21 as per national Unlock 4 guidelines. The Government,though, has prohibited all kinds of social, political, sports, entertainment, academic, cultural, religious functions and other large congregations throughout September. Special Relief Commissioner (SRC) PK Jena said schools, colleges, universities, other educational/training/coaching institutions, anganwadis will remain closed for purpose of teaching till the end of Puja vacations in October, 2020. But, conduct of examinations, evaluation and other administrative activities will be permitted. The guidelines have allowed the school and mass education and higher education departments to permit up to 50 per cent of teaching and nonteaching staff to be called to the schools at a time for online teaching/tele-counselling and related work in areas outside the containment zones from September 21 as per the SOP to be issued by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW). P5 Army trucks move towards Ladakh via the Leh–Manali Highway, on Monday | PTI M AYA N K S I N G H A N D P U S H K A R B A N A K A R @ New Delhi A fresh confrontation is brewing in Eastern Ladakh with the Indian Army thwarting China’s attempted ingress at a new point to change status quo on the intervening night of August 29 and 30. Army spokesperson Colonel Aman Anand revealed the Chinese Army “carried out provocative military movements to change the status quo”. “PLA troops violated previous consensus arrived at during military and diplomatic engagements during the ongoing stand-off in Eastern Ladakh,” he added. A senior Army officer added, “We were alert to such a step by the Chinese Army as even after a huge mobilsation of troops and equipment they have not been able to make much shift in the Line of Actual Control. With winter approaching things will become even more difficult for them.” Sources said nearly 200 PLA troops accompanied with the armoured vehicles were part of the attempted ingress on the Southern Bank of Pangong Tso Lake. Indian troops pre-empted and thwarted Chinese attempts to unilaterally change the situation on the ground. However, there was no clear word on whether or not there was any contact or clash between the two sides. “We expect retaliatory action. We are ready,” said another officer. The Indian side called for a Brigade Commander level flag meeting at Chushul to resolve the issue. For its part, China blamed India for the tension. Colonel Zhang Shuili, spokesperson of the Western Theater Command at Chengdu, said, “The Hunan coast and the nearby Reqin mountain pass once again illegally crossed the line and took control, blatantly provoking and causing tension on the border... China strongly opposes this. (sic)” BALANCING ACT NAVEEN ANNOUNCES `500, 50 KG RICE FOR FLOOD VICTIMS CM Naveen Patnaik on Monday announced assistance of 50 kg of rice and `500 to families severely affected in the floods in Mahanadi river system and other major rivers of the State | P3 Tough SC language but token penalty for contempt, Bhushan says fine K A N U S A R D A @ New Delhi THE Supreme Court on Monday imposed a token fine of `1 on senior advocate Prashant Bhushan after his conviction for contempt of court for his two tweets criticising the present Chief Justice of India (CJI) and his predecessors and said it was not afraid of either sentencing or debarring him from practice. Hours later, Bhushan said he will respectfully pay the penalty while reserving the right to seek review of the conviction and sentencing. A three-judge bench headed by Justice Arun Mishra while reading out the verdict said, “We are not afraid of sentencing the contemnor either with imprisonment or from debarring him from the practice. His conduct reflects adamance and ego, which has no place to exist in the system of administration of justice and in noble profession, and no remorse is shown for the harm done to the institution to which he belongs.” Bhushan was directed to pay the token penalty by September 15, failing which he will have to undergo simple imprisonment of three months and will be dis- barred from practicing before the apex court for three years. “He has attempted to denigrate the reputation of the institution of administration of justice of which he himself is a part. At the cost of repetition, we have to state that the faith of the citizens of the country in the institution of justice is the foundation for rule of law which is an essential factor in the democratic set up,” it said. Commenting on the unprecedented press conference by four senior most Supreme Court judges in January 2018 against the then CJI, the bench said, “We hope it was the first and the last occasion that the Judges have gone to press, and God gives wisdom to protect its dignity by internal mechanism.” P8
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