BHUBANESWAR l FRIDAY l SEPTEMBER 11, 2020 l `7.00 l PAGES 12 l JEYPORE EDITION RAT -VE IN ALL SYMPTOMATIC CASES NEED RT-PCR TEST: GOVT Covid symptomatic persons must be administered RT-PCR tests if their Rapid Antigen Test (RAT) results are negative WHAT ABOUT ASYMPTOMATIC CASES? Apart from symptomatic persons, those who were asymptomatic at the time of the Rapid Antigen Test (RAT), but developed symptoms within the next two to three days, must also be administered the RT-PCR test. In a letter to the states, the Centre said, “this is to ensure that symptomatic negative cases don’t remain untested and don’t spread the disease” 95,735 MECHANISM TO MONITOR RAT RESULTS ■ ■ The Centre has also urged the states to set up a monitoring mechanism at the district and state levels to analyse RAT results The directive comes amid concerns that the current spike in Covid-19 cases across India could be the result of over-reliance on RATs which misses positive cases about 50% of the time FRESH COVID CASES IN INDIA BETWEEN WEDNESDAY AND THURSDAY MORNING CHENNAI ■ MADURAI ■ VIJAYAWADA ■ BENGALURU ■ KOCHI ■ HYDERABAD ■ VISAKHAPATNAM ■ COIMBATORE ■ KOZHIKODE ■ THIRUVANANTHAPURAM ■ BELAGAVI ■ BHUBANESWAR ■ SHIVAMOGGA ■ MANGALURU ■ TIRUPATI ■ TIRUCHY ■ TIRUNELVELI ■ SAMBALPUR ■ HUBBALLI ■ DHARMAPURI ■ KOTTAYAM ■ KANNUR ■ VILLUPURAM ■ KOLLAM ■ WARANGAL ■ TADEPALLIGUDEM ■ NAGAPATTINAM ■ THRISSUR ■ KALABURAGI COVID UPDATE 3,991 NEW CASES, POSITIVITY RATE UP TO 8.5 PC IN ODISHA EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE @ Bhubaneswar EVEN as Odisha continues to maintain low-levels of testing in the face of worsening Covid-19 situation, the State on Thursday reported its highest singleday numbers of 3,991 new cases, taking the total count close to 1.4 lakh. The previous single day highest was 3,861 on September 6. For the first time, 14 districts have recorded more than 100 cases, indicating the spread of the virus not only in the urban centres but also, more disturbingly, rural hinterlands of the State. The worst hit Khurda, Cuttack and Puri accounted for over 35 per cent (pc) of the daily count with 687, 392 and 332 cases respectively. Among other districts, Balangir registered 180 cases, foll owe d by B a r g a r h (169), Mayurbhanj (160), Jajpur (148), Kendrapada (147), Koraput (127), Nabarangpur (125), Angul (114), Jagatsinghpur (109), Sambalpur (104) and Dhenkanal (101). Eleven more patients including two each from Puri, Bhubaneswar and Cuttack and one each from Bhadrak, Ganjam, Nayagarh, Koraput and Rayagada succumbed to the disease. With this the death toll climbed to 644. At an average of 3,617 cases a day, Odisha has reported 32,560 new cases and 88 deaths in the nine days of this month. The case positivity rate that was below five pc last month now stands at 8.46 pc, nearly two pc above the cumulative positivity rate. T he State conducted 47,161 tests, including 9,814 through RT-PCR and 37,043 antigen on Wednesday. It now has 30,476 active cases after 1,08 lakh recoveries. The rapid rise in new infections in Puri, Bargarh, Koraput, Mayurbhanj and Nabarangpur besides the three worst hit districts has become a cause of serious concern. Meanwhile,the Bhubaneswar Municipal Corporation (BMC) has decided to replicate the measures taken at Berhmpur to contain the spread of the disease. Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik had asked the Corporation authorities to follow the model after a review on Wednesday. Accordingly, the BMC has decided to for m 565 rapid response teams for health screening in the city. The civic body staff will also collect waste from the houses where infected persons are in home isolation. A BMC official said doorto-door mega health screening campaign will commence from Friday. The doctors will be in regular touch with the Covid-19 patients in home isolation through Zoom video app. “Bio-medical waste will be collected daily through double layered non-chlorinated disposable plastic bags in compliance to the guidelines laid by CPCB from all the houses where Covid-19 positive patients are in isolation,” he added. Jaishankar, Wang discuss LAC flare-up Rafale induction a stern message to those eyeing India’s sovereignty, warns Rajnath PUSHKAR BANAKAR & HARPREET B A J W A @ New Delhi/Ambala EXTERNAL Affairs Minister S Jaishankar met Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi in Moscow on Thursday even as Defence Minister Rajnath Singh, in an apparent reference to China, said the induction of the Rafale figher jet is a stern message to the entire world, especially those eyeing India’s sovereignty . This was the first face-to-face meeting between Jaishankar and Wang after the June 15 violent face-off between Indian and Chinese troops at Galwan Valley in Ladakh along the Line of Actual Control (LAC). The two leaders had a telephonic conversation a day later. Tensions escalated further on Monday with both sides accusing each other of opening gunfire on the southern bank of the Pangong Tso. India and China have an agreement in place since 1996, which prohibits the use of firearms within 2 km radius of the LAC. The Jaishankar-Wang meet comes close on the heels of Defence Minister Rajnath Singh meeting his Chinese counterpart Wei Fenghe on the sidelines of the SCO defence ministers’ meeting. Earlier in the day Jaishankar , met his Russian counterpart Sergey Lavrov and the Chinese foreign minister in a RussiaIndia-China (RIC) trilateral on the sidelines of the SCO foreign ministers’ meeting, where India assumed the chair of the grouping. However, sources said the LAC situation did not come up for discussion there, as only regional and global issues were discussed. Meanwhile, speaking at the induction ceremony of the Ra- EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE @ New Delhi HOURS after the Supreme Court gave the Centre two more weeks to frame its position on the loan moratorium, the Union finance ministry constituted an expert committee to make an overall assessment on waiver of interest on interest. T he committee will be chaired by former Comptroller and Auditor General of India Rajiv Mehrishi and will have Ravindra H Dholakia, former member of the RBI’s Monetary Policy Committee, and B Sriram, former managing director of SBI and IDBI Bank, as members. The panel will sub- mit its report in a week. Earlier on Thursday, the apex court extended its previous order on loan moratorium, saying accounts that have not been declared non-performing assets (NPAs) as on August 31 cannot be declared as such until further notice. The interim order will continue until the next hearing on September 28. A bench headed by Justice Ashok Bhushan, while giving time to the Centre, observed that if the Centre is not ready to take any steps on interest on interest, it was keen to do so as the court saw it as a penal interest. fale at Ambala Air Force Station, Singh said, “The induction of Rafale jets is a big and stern message for the entire world, especially to those eye- During the hearing, Solicitor General Tushar Mehta sought time to file a comprehensive affidavit on the decisions taken so far. The bench accepted his plea and asked him to place all decisions taken by the RBI and the banks before it for further consideration. “A decision must be taken after considering the interest of all classes of creditors and all the sectors of the economy the court told Mehta. Ini,” tially, the bench was keen to pass an interim order, but it refrained from doing so after the Centre and the banks’ association requested the judges not to do so. EXPRESS READ Govt considers raising borrowing targets ALLOWS DURGA PUJA, SAYS NO TO PUBLIC DARSHAN The Odisha Government on Thursday allowed all pujas including Durga Puja to be held during the festive season beginning this month| P3 EVERY DISTRICT TO GET VENTILATOR AMBULANCE PRAYING BEFORE PREYING Priests from Hindu, Muslim, Sikh and Christian communities perform ‘Sarva Dharma Puja’ during the induction ceremony of the Rafale jets, at the Indian Air Force base in Ambala, Haryana on Thursday | PTI Nitish dials Naveen for Harivansh support EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE @ Bhubaneswar BIHAR Chief Minister Nitish Kumar on Thursday dialled Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik and sought his support for JDU candidate Harivansh Narayan Singh for the post of Deputy Chairman of Rajya Sabha, election for which is scheduled on September 14. Harivansh filed nomination for the post as the NDA nominee on Wednesday. Sources said that the JDU chief requested BJD President AGGRESSIVE LINE IN CHINESE GOVT MOUTHPIECE “Facts have proven that Indian nationalist forces yield to coercion, but not to persuasion. They very much need another lesson in failure before believing that China’s commitment to long-term border peace is not weakness,” Chinese govt mouthpiece Global Times said in an editorial After SC’s whip, Centre sets up panel to assess waiving interest on interest GOVT Odisha Government has decided to deploy ventilator ambulances in all districts to provide critical Covid-19 patients emergency care during shifting to hospitals | P2 External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar (L) and his Russian and Chinese counterparts Sergey Lavrov and Wang Yi, ahead of a meeting, in Moscow on Wednesday | PTI Naveen to extend his party’s sup por t to the N DA candidate. The BJD had supported Harivansh in the last Rajya Sabha Deputy Chairman elec- tion in 2018. Election for the post was necessitated as the incumbent Harivansh completed his term as a member of the Rajya Sabha since April 9 this year. He was sent to the Rajya Sabha from Bihar again. Harivansh had defeated Cong ress candidate BK Hariprasad in the 2018 election. BJD Rajya Sabha MP Amar Patnaik said that the Chief Minister will take a decision in this regard by considering all aspects. “Election is going to be held on Septem- ber 14 and you will be informed about the Chief Minister’s decision before that,” he said. BJD has nine members in Rajya Sabha out of the 10 seats from Odisha. The other one is held by the BJP’s Ashiwini Baishnab, who was elected to Upper House with the support of BJD in June last year. Sources said that Harivansh is likely to be elected to the post again as the NDA floor managers are confident of securing the support of YSR Congress, TRS and BJD. New Delhi: As revenue collection sees no sign of recovery, the Centre is considering options to borrow more during the current fiscal, beyond the revised target of `12 lakh crore, sources in the finance ministry said. “The ministry is taking all the measures, but if required, we can consider borrowing more,” a senior official from the finance ministry told TNIE. Meanwhile, the International Monetary Fund on Thursday said there is a need for another stimulus in India. “We believe further fiscal stimulus is warranted, especially expenditures on health, food and income support for vulnerable households, and support for businesses,” Gerry Rice, Director of Communications Department at the IMF said | P10 Police fight virus, manpower shortage Jagatsinghpur: Hit by coronavirus, police stations in the district are grappling with manpower shortage. As many as 27 police personnel, including sub-inspectors (SIs) and assistant SIs are undergoing treatment after testing positive for Covid-19 while 11 are in home quarantine after coming in contact with infected persons. Sources said taking advantage of the situation, criminals have become active in many areas | P4 ing our sovereignty This kind . of induction is very important for the kind of atmosphere that has been created on our borders.” The first fleet of five Rafale jets was formally inducted into the `Golden Arrows’ squadron of the IAF at this 78-year old air base in presence of French Defence Minister Florence Parly, Chief of Defence Staff Gen Bipin Rawat and Air Chief Marshal R K S Bhadauria. The five aircraft had arrived in Ambala on July 27. Singh said that the Indian Air Force’s deliberate and swift action near the LAC displays their commitment towards national security “The rapid de. ployment of IAF assets at forward bases created a trust that our Air Force was fully prepared to meet its operational obligations,’’ he said. Air Chief Marshal Bhadauria said the induction of Rafales could not have happened at a more opportune time. “The Rafale aircraft along with the skills of the 17 Squadron of the `Golden Arrows’ will form a lethal combination and will challenge our adversaries,” he asserted. Proposal to reopen schools draws mixed reaction from states EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE S EPTEMBER 21. That is from when schools can partially reopen, as per the Unlock 4.0 guidelines issued by the Centre. However, not all states are comfortable with the idea. Parents across the board are wary because of the pandemic though some senior students are upbeat. While Delhi and Congressruled Punjab turned it down, southern states like Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Telangana appear to be sitting on the fence for now. According to TN school education minister K A Sengottaiyan, any decision on reopening shall be taken only after there is some relief from the pandemic. Bihar and Madhya Pradesh, too, are yet to make up their minds. However, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, Assam, Uttarakhand, Andhra Pradesh and Jharkhand are gearing up to open schools for students of classes 9-12. As for Kerala, it will take up the matter at a state cabinet meeting on September 16. According to experts, it is inevitable that schools will have to open soon. “Online mode cannot replace the traditional classroom teaching method completely Hence students, es. pecially in higher classes, can be allowed to get guidance from teachers on an individual basis at schools,” said noted educationist R V G Menon. Kar nataka plans to announce its own guidelines shortly According to S Suresh . Kumar, minister for primary and secondary education, the state government has already taken steps for facilitating regular student-teacher interaction. “Not just of 9-10, children of all classes are engaged through Vidyagama,” he said. Vidyagama is a programme under which teachers meet students in their neighbourhood to conduct activities and clear their doubts. In Andhra Pradesh, the government is “mulling whether to ask teachers of all subjects to come every day in the regu- lar school hours or whether to have specific days for specific subjects,” said Principal Secretary (Education) B Rajasekhar. Neighbouring Telangana and Maharashtra are yet to take their call.”A decision will be made based on the situation,” said R Rohini, District Education Officer of Hyderabad. Odisha doesn’t have plans to open schools anytime soon. All educational institutions in the state have been directed to remain closed till Durga Puja. Delhi, too, is wary. “Many parents requested us not open schools. I want to assure all of you that schools will remain closed till we are fully in control of the coronavirus,” Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal had HOW MUCH KIDS ARE AT RISK 18 FRIDAY VELLORE 0.2 - 8.8% of child Covid-19 cases in the US, based on data from 44 states gathered by the American Academy of Pediatrics, required hospitalisation, suggesting moderate to severe symptoms l newindianexpress com l OPEN QUESTION TO REOPEN FOR CLASSES 9-12 TO STAY SHUT NOT YET DECIDED Israel Israel managed to control its Covid-19 outbreak early, in May, and pushed ahead with school reopenings. But the government was forced to shut many schools a few weeks later when cases increased rapidly among students and teachers. Later, older people got infected too FULLY OPEN | PARTIALLY OPEN | CLOSED | ACADEMIC BREAK 3500 OPENED TOO SOON? Kenya Mexico 3000 New daily Covid-19 infections in Israel, 7-day rolling average The country took the extreme step of cancelling the academic year and telling students they have to repeat it — the only nation to do so. Kenya said this was to give a level playing field for those cannot access remote learning The federal government signed a $20 million deal with TV networks to broadcast study programmes, as 94% of families in the country of 126 million have TVs 2500 2000 1500 Lockdown begins Schools reopen 1000 500 United Kingdom Since classes resumed in Aug and Sep, 62 schools in Northern Ireland, Wales, Scotland and England have reported coronavirus cases, with many institutions now closed again 0 Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Delhi 19 Haryana 1 France France has closed 22 of its 62,000 schools since in-person classes resumed last week. Overall, schools have reported 250 suspected cases per day since Sep 1, when they reopened for the first time ANIMAL POPULATIONS don, is the 13th edition of the biennial publication trackPARIS: Global animal, bird ing wildlife populations and fish populations have around the world. plummeted more than twoWWF International directhirds in less than 50 years tor general Marco Lamberdue to rampant over-con- tini told AFP of the staggersumption, exper ts said i n g l o s s o f E a r t h ’ s Thursday in a stark warning biodiversity since 1970. to save nature in order to “It’s an accelerating desave ourselves. crease that we’ve been moniHuman activity has se- toring for 30 years and it converely degraded three quar- tinues to go in the wrong ters of all land and direction,” he said. 4 0 % o f E a r t h ’s “In 2016 we docuoceans, and our mented a 60% dequickening destruccline, now we have a tion of nature is 70% decline,” LamAll this is in a likely to have untold blink of an eye bertini added. The last half-decconsequences on compared to the millions of years ade has seen unprecour health and that many edented economic livelihoods. The Living Planet species have been g r o w t h u n d e r living on the pinned by an exploIndex, which tracks planet sion in global conmore than 4,000 speMarco Lambertini, sumption of natural cies of vertebrates, WWF International resources. war ned that indirector general Whereas until creasing deforesta1970, humanity’s tion and agricultural expansion were the key ecological footprint was drivers behind a 68 percent smaller than the Earth’s caaverage decline in popula- pacity to regenerate resourctions between 1970 and 2016. es, the WWF now calculates It warned that continued we are over using the planet’s natural habitat loss in- capacity by more than half. While aided by factors such creased the risk of future pandemics as humans ex- as invasive species and pollupand their presence into ever tion, the biggest single driver closer contact with wild of species lost is land-use changes: normally, industry animals. 2020’s Living Planet Re- converting forests or grassport, a collaboration between lands into farms. This takes an immense toll WWF International and the Zoological Society of Lon- on wild species. 5 19 14 2 1 Rajasthan The state government has refrained from giving any official response to the SOPs from the central government C K Punnose, a senior teacher 6 13 11 10 6 16 Anupam, a Class XII teacher It is too early to call students to school. We have to wait till the Covid-19 curve flattens When they resume, classes should be in batches of 10-12 students 17 2 As every class has over 80 kids, downsizing classes will force the teacher to repeat a lecture several times The map shows how states are responding to the Central government’s new Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) 7 15 9 4 8 12 PK Ilamaran, president of the Tamil Nadu Teachers’ Association 10. Jharkhand 11. Bihar 12. West Bengal 13. Assam 3 3 5 Odisha School and Mass Education Minister Sameer Ranjan Dash said they will be shut till Oct 25 Uttarakhand Uttarakhand is following the SOPs of the central government We are not in favour of reopening of schools when Covid-19 spread is at its peak The situation is more risky than ever. I would prefer my child to take online classes than going to school Anurodh Jain, head of a parents’ association in the state 7 Vinay Sheel Sharma, father of a Class 11 student 8 9 Madhya Pradesh The state government is yet to take a call on allowing limited reopening under the SOPs Telangana R Rohini, District Education Officer of Hyderabad, said no decision has been taken yet Kerala The state’s Director of General Education is preparing a roadmap on reopening schools The SOPs are shocking at a time when the Covid-19 curve is actually peaking Parents don’t want kids to go to school. We know what happened with US schools Anurodh Jain, head of Parents Association in Indore MA Hussain Sohail, head of a parents’ association in the state Online mode cannot replace traditional teaching. The return to normal should be in a careful, phased manner Karnakata The state will issue its own SOPs in a few days. It has told all schools to complete admission by Sep 30. Minister of primary and secondary education S Suresh Kumar said the state is already arranging regular student-teacher interaction for all classes RVG Menon, noted educationist 14 United States Schools have reopened without taking adequate precautions, especially in states such as Florida, where infections rates are too high. In one summer camp in the Georgia in June, half of the 364 children attending tested positive. Photographs of maskless school students in hallways have been shared widely on social media. Students and staff have tested positive in Louisiana, Oklahoma and Tennessee, forcing such states to close schools that had reopened Human activity wiped out 2/3rds wildlife in 50 yrs Punjab Schools won’t be reopened now as cases are still increasing, said School Education Minister Vijay Inder Singla 4 Tamil Nadu The state’s school education minister KA Sengottaiyan has said that any decision on reopening of schools shall be taken only after there is some relief from the pandemic 18 1 Nations that have reopened safely Some Scandinavian countries reopened with strict rules, and have had no outbreaks tied to schools THE GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE This map shows the status of school systems around the world based on UNESCO data. Postreopening experiences of selected countries are explained below Research in the West suggests that children are at relatively low risk of developing severe Covid-19. But the main concern is the kids’ role as vectors. How likely they are to spread the virus is not yet clear 11 09 2020 While parts of India are gearing up to partially open schools from September 21, many other countries have already done so and have had mixed results. Here are the takeaways from the reopening experiments done by various countries and the lessons they offer to our policymakers 15 16 Maharashtra School Education Minister Varsha Gaikwad said they there were no clear guidelines for reopening the schools physically after studying the central government’s SOPs. She said the state government is being cautious as the pandemic is not yet over Andhra Pradesh Principal Secretary (Education) B Rajasekhar said reopening plans are being chalked out 17 Chhattisgarh A government statement said the SOPs are being considered Uttar Pradesh The state is following the SOPs from the Union government All students of class 9 to 12 should not be allowed to attend classes in one go The schools are seeking an affidavit from parents, that means they will not take responsibility Prof Narava Prakasa Rao, state convener of Right To Education Jawahar Surisetti, a noted academician Given the rising cases, we can’t even think of sending our wards to schools. My son has to take 12th board exams but I would not send him PAGE 12 Geetika Dixit, a parent Mask shortages still a problem, say US medicos S’pore noise tech drowns out urban din N95 ACOUSTIC SHIELD FRESNO: White House officials say US hospitals have all the medical supplies needed to battle the deadly virus, but frontline health care workers, hospital officials and even the Food and Drug Administration say shortages persist. Critical shortfalls of medical N95 respirators — commonly referred to as N95 masks — and other protective gear started in March, when the pandemic hit New York. Pressure on the medical supply chain continues today and , in “many ways things have only gotten worse,” the American Medical Association’s president, Dr. Susan Bailey, said in a recent statement. “N95s are still in a shortage,” said Mike Schiller, the American Hospital Association’s senior director for supply chains. “It’s certainly not anywhere near pre-COVID levels.” Early in the pandemic the White House failed to heed stark warnings — specifically about N95s — from high-level administration officials. SINGAPORE: Sick of noise from construction work, speeding trains and car alarms flooding in through the open window of your tiny apartment in a crowded metropolis? Scientists believe they have found a way for city dwellers to let in fresh air while reducing the urban cacophony -- and it is a bit like popping massive, noisecancelling headphones onto your flat. Under the system devised in Singapore, 24 small speakers are placed on the metal grille of an open window to create what researchers ter med an “acoustic shield”. When noise such as traffic or a subway train is detected, the speakers generate sound waves that cancel out some of the din -- much in the same way some high tech headphones work. It is like “using noise to fight noise,” said Gan WoonSeng, from Nanyang Technological University . said last month. There is no change in his position. According to Ashok Agarwal, presidentspacecraftthe All India of named after Kalpana Chawla American Parents Association, 80% of parents in Delhi are against school reopening. Though Rajasthan has not yet offered any official reaction, most teachers, students and parents don’t want schools to re-start from September 21. Assam is planning informal voluntary classes for students above Class V from the last week of this month. Haryana will start classes for students of classes 10-12 in two government schools on a trial basis, as most parents have given their consent, said a state government official. (With inputs from our bureaux in Bengaluru, T’Puram, Bhubaneswar, Chennai, Hyderabad, Vijayawada, Delhi, Lucknow, Raipur Patna, Chan, digarh, Jaipur Ranchi, Bhopal , and Mumbai) A lion looks towards the Nairobi skyline | AFP BANANA BRUNCH A mahout feeds elephants at Bhagwan Birsa Biological Park in Ranchi district, Jharkhand, on Thursday | PTI ASTRONAUT’S LEGACY SPACEFLIGHT WASHINGTON: American commercial cargo spacecraft bound for the International Space Station has been named after fallen NASA astronaut Kalpana Chawla, the first India-born woman to enter space, for her key contributions to human spaceflight. Northrop Grumman, an American global aerospace and defence technology company, announced that its next Cygnus capsule will be named the “S.S. Kalpana Chawla”, in memory of the mission specialist who died with her six crewmates aboard the space shuttle Columbia in 2003. “Today we honour Kalpana Chawla, who made history at @ NASA as the first female astronaut of Indian descent. Her contributions to human spaceflight have had a lasting impact,” the company tweeted on Wednesday . “Northrop Grumman is proud to name the NG-14 Cygnus spacecraft after former astronaut Kalpana Chawla. It is the company’s tradition to name each Cygnus after an individual who has played a pivotal role in human spaceflight,” the company said on its website. “Chawla was selected in honour of her prominent place in history as the first woman of Indian descent to go to space,” it said. “While Chawla made the ultimate sacrifice in service to the space programme, her legacy lives on through her fellow astronauts and those she has inspired to follow in her footsteps.” “Her final research conducted onboard Columbia helped us understand astronaut health and safety during spaceflight. Northrop Grumman is proud to celebrate the life of Kalpana Chawla and her dream of flying through the air and in space,” it said. The S S Kalpana Chawla capsule is scheduled to launch on the NG-14 mission atop a Northrop Grumman Antares rocket from the Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport (MARS) at NASA’s Wallops Flight Facility in Vir- ginia on September 29. The spacecraft will arrive at and be attached to the space station two days later. For the NG-14 mission, the Cygnus spacecraft will deliver approximately 3,629 kg of cargo to the space station. Chawla was born in Karnal, Haryana on March 17, 1962. She received a Bachelor of Science degree in aeronautical engineering from Punjab Engineering College in India in 1982. Chawla then moved to the US to pursue her graduate education; in 1984 she received a Master’s in aerospace engineering from the University of Texas. Revised Central advisory on holding exams Ahead of the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test next week, the Centre on Thursday issued a revised SOP for exams, which said that the discretion of whether to allow a Covid19 symptomatic candidate to write the test will lie with the examination authorities. P7
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