VILLUPURAM TUESDAY OCTOBER 06, 2020 `7.00 PAGES 12 CITY EDITION NOBEL MEDICINE PRIZE FOR HEPATITIS C VIRUS DISCOVERY Harvey Alter, Charles Rice from the US and Michael Houghton from the UK won the Prize, the Nobel jury said on Monday MICHAEL HOUGHTON HARVEY J ALTER CHARLES M RICE HELPED SAVE MILLIONS OF LIVES WORLDWIDE HOW THE TRIO DISCOVERED THE VIRUS The three virologists made a decisive contribution to the fight against blood-borne hepatitis. Their discovery of the Hepatitis C virus—a major cause of liver cancer and cirrhosis—made possible blood tests and new drugs that have saved millions of lives, the Nobel jury said. Their discovery also revealed the cause of the remaining cases of chronic hepatitis ■ ■ Alter studied hepatitis in patients who had received blood transfusions, determining their illness was neither Hepatitis A or B Houghton built on Alter's work to isolate the genetic sequence of the new virus. Rice then used genetic engineering to prove it was the new strain—Hepatitis C—that was causing the disease | P12 71 mn FACE CHRONIC HEPATITIS C INFECTION WORLDWIDE, ACCORDING TO W.H.O. CHENNAI ■ MADURAI ■ VIJAYAWADA ■ BENGALURU ■ KOCHI ■ HYDERABAD ■ VISAKHAPATNAM ■ COIMBATORE ■ KOZHIKODE ■ THIRUVANANTHAPURAM ■ BELAGAVI ■ BHUBANESWAR ■ SHIVAMOGGA ■ MANGALURU ■ TIRUPATI ■ TIRUCHY ■ TIRUNELVELI ■ SAMBALPUR ■ HUBBALLI ■ DHARMAPURI ■ KOTTAYAM ■ KANNUR ■ VILLUPURAM ■ KOLLAM ■ WARANGAL ■ TADEPALLIGUDEM ■ NAGAPATTINAM ■ THRISSUR ■ KALABURAGI Big compensation fight at UP police see global plot, file 19 FIRs GST Council, deal put off N A M I TA B A J PA I @ Lucknow 10 Opposition-ruled states reject the borrowing options mooted by the Centre; apex panel to meet again on October 12 to resolve issue EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE EVEN after eight hours of marathon talks, the GST Council meeting on Monday could not break the stalemate over compensation as 10 Oppositionruled states rejected the Centre’s borrowing options to meet revenue shortfall. The Council will meet again on October 12 to resolve the issue. However, states will get some immediate relief the total compensation cess collected so far this year, `20,000 crore, will be disbursed by Monday night itself. The pending IGST dues of `24,000 crore will also be transferred to states by the middle of next week. Sitharaman said the compensation cess will be extended beyond the original deadline of June 2022 in view of the pandemic. In the last GST meeting, states were given two options to meet GST revenue shortfall. The first option is a special window arranged by the finance ministry to provide `97,000 crore at a nominal interest rate. Under the second option, states can borrow the entire gap in revenue shortfall of `2.35 lakh crore. Sitharaman said 21 states have opted for the first option, while 10 states including Kerala, Telangana, and West Bengal, said the Centre should borrow and give money to states. In the meeting, Kerala Finance Minister Thomas Isaac said the entire revenue shortfall of states needs to be com- CURIOUS TIMING CBI recovers `57 lakh in raids on K’taka Congress chief Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman chairs the 42nd GST Council meeting via video conferencing in New Delhi on Monday | PTI pensated by the Centre. Later, he hit out at the Centre for making an announcement on the GST compensation issue, which he claimed did not reflect the deliberations at the GST Council meeting. “The Central government is just a member of the Council. Hence, the Council’s decision on the issue should be made through a voting. Or else a dispute resolution commission should be KEY DECISIONS This year’s compensation cess of `20,000 crore to be disbursed to states on Monday night Pending IGST of `24,000 crore to be transferred to states by the next week Compensation cess to be extended beyond the original deadline of June 2022 formed as provided in the Constitutional amendment,” he said in an FB post. Telangana Finance Minister T Harish Rao rejected the two options mooted by the Centre. The Tamil Nadu government reiterated its demand for immediate release of dues in one instalment while agreeing to Option 1. “Our stance has consistently been that the Centre has a moral and legal obligation to pay compensation for the shortfall in GST collections,” said Fisheries, Personnel and Administrative reforms minister D Jayakumar. Andhra Pradesh Finance Minister Bugg ana Rajendranath demanded the borrowing limit be increased by 2% . He also urged the Centre to clear the dues with interest. Odisha had no issue to raise at the GST Council meeting held on Monday as it had already accepted the first option given by the Centre. TODAY’S IPL MATCH MUMBAI VS RAJASTHAN Rohit Sharma & Co are the inform side with their middle-order firing on all cylinders. Facing them in Abu Dhabi this evening is RR, who are are showing some cracks after a confident start. ODDS : MUMBAI 4/6 | RAJASTHAN 25/19 L I V E : S TA R S P O R T S 1 / H O T S TA R @ 7. 3 0 P M CBI conducts a raid at the residence of D K Shivakumar | SHRIRAM BN ACTION AGAINST FAKE SOCIAL MEDIA POSTS In Lucknow, six FIRs were lodged against people who posted fake messages or morphed images of the chief minister on social media platforms to allegedly incite violence He drove by well-wishers, waving to them from behind the glass pane of his sealed car. Inside the car were at least two Secret Service agents wearing protective gear in the front seats, while Trump sat in the back “This is insanity,” tweeted Dr James P Phillips, a physician at Walter Reed. “Every single person in the vehicle during that completely unnecessary presidential drive-by has to be quarantined for 14 days,” he tweeted He confirmed that the police had lodged 19 FIRs and said it would be too early to reveal names or details without proper investigation. Of them, six were lodged in Bijnor, Bulandshahr, Lucknow, Prayagraj, Mathura, Shamli and Saharanpur for unlawful protest over Hathras case, breaching Section 144 of CrPC and inciting hatred on social media. A website that offered information on how to protest safely and avoid the police has been linked to the conspiracy. The site has now been taken down. It also listed dos and don’ts on how to stay safe during riots and in situations when the police use teargas shells. Preacher suspended for sending lewd texts TRUMP’S RECKLESS DRIVE-BY SETS A BAD PRECEDENT Covid-positive US President Donald Trump did the unthinkable on Sunday, disregarding all disease management and quarantine protocols by briefly stepping out of the Walter Reed Medical Center where he is admitted push the state into caste turmoil”. “Some specific groups used social media platforms to spread hatred and incite people for creating a conflict on caste lines by organising unlawful gatherings in times of Covid pandemic.” Kumar claimed the police had audio and video clips suggesting some of these groups even offered `50 lakh to the victim’s family to speak against the government. The posts were shared by singer Chinmayi Sripaada, who A PREACHER serving with has been voicing against sexuthe Scripture Union – a Chris- al assault and harassment on tian organisation aimed at women, as part of the #MeToo propagating the Bible – has movement. landed in trouble after allegaTaking cognizance of the tions cropped up that he had matter, the board of Scripture been sending messages to a few Union held an urgent meeting girl school children on social on Sunday night and decided networking sites, aiming at to take stringent action against sexual exploitation. him. Subsequently, Sam Jaisundar, sec- 2 more named he was suspended. retary of the English “The suspension orJaisundar has section of publicader was issued on been associated tions with Scripture Monday said Joshua ,” with Scripture Union, allegedly sent Kirubaraj, national “inappropriate” mes- Union for 17 years. director of Scripture sages to students Two others, Ruben Union, adding that a with whom he came Clement and one c o m m i t t e e w a s in contact during a Albert, were also formed to look into Vo c a t i o n a l B i b l e named as alleged the allegations. “Furabusers. They are ther action will be School (VBS) event. The issue came to being questioned, taken in accordance said sources the fore after a Twitwith its findings.” ter user shared Meanwhile, a repscreenshots of conversations resentative of the Vellore purportedly between Jaisun- school management whose studar and students of a Christian dents were the alleged recipischool in Vellore, on Sunday In ents of Jaisundar’s messages . many of the chats, the person said, “We haven’t received any alleged to be Jaisundar, had complaints so far. However, as asked children to send him soon as we came to know of the their photos, asked them what posts, we took up the matter they wore at bedtime and, if with Scripture Union and they had ever been kissed, sought strong action against P4 while pestering them for hugs. concerned persons.” R S I V A K U M A R @ Vellore President Donald Trump drives past supporters gathered outside Walter Reed National Military Medical Center in Bethesda on Sunday | AP | P9 FOR A PATIENT WHOSE OXYGENATION LEVELS DIPPED BELOW SAFE LEVELS TWICE IN THE LAST FEW DAYS, WAS ADMINISTERED SUPPLEMENTAL OXYGEN AND ADMINISTERED A STEROID, ATTEMPTING THEATRICS, TRUMP STYLE, WAS NOTHING SHORT OF MADNESS But such is his insecurity ahead of the November 3 presidential elections that he is resorting to knee-jerk reactions and hurting his cause in the process. He is now itching to get back to the White House A WSJ report said his rapid antigen test was positive on Thursday itself but he did not disclose it and went ahead with a Fox interview. Later when his RT-PCR test, too, was positive, he could no longer put a lid on it CM meets senior ministers ahead of Oct 7 decision B A L A C H A U H A N @ Bengaluru THE CBI on Monday said it recovered `57 lakh during simultaneous raids at 14 locations linked to Karnataka Pradesh Congress Committee (KPCC) president D K Shivakumar, over alleged dispropor tionate assets worth around `75 crore. Coming as the raids did ahead of crucial by-elections, the Congress saw political motive in the whole excercise. The agency also raided properties of Shivakumar’s brother and Congress MP D K Suresh, and Sachin Narayan an excise baron and a close associate of Shivakumar. “The raids were conducted at nine locations in Karnataka, four in Delhi and one in Mumbai after a case was registered against Shivakumar and others under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988,” a CBI source said. The agency also seized incriminating documents including property documents and bank-related information, the source said AMID continuing outrage over the alleged gang-rape and murder of a Dalit girl in Hathras, the state police on Monday sought to turn the narrative by claiming to have unraveled an international conspiracy to foment caste conflict to defame the Yogi Adityanath government in Uttar Pradesh. The police registered as many as 19 first information reports (FIRs) — some including sedition charges — and at least six persons, including two in Lucknow, have been arrested in the alleged plot. Police sources said intelligence agencies indicated the involvement of organisations like Amnesty International, Popular Front of India, Social Democratic Party of India and workers and leaders of many mainstream political parties in the conspiracy . The police also claimed it had evidence of international funding to fuel the anger. Prashant Kumar, ADG (law and order), claimed that a “conspiracy was hatched to EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE @ Chennai Chief Minister Edappadi K Palaniswami on Monday apprised Governor Banwarilal Purohit of the Covid prevention measures undertaken by various departments CHIEF Minister Edappadi K Palaniswami met senior ministers, KA Sengottaiyan, Dindigul Sreenivasan, CVe Shanmugam, P Thangamani, SP Velumani, RB Udhayakumar, KT Rajenthra Bhalaji, and Vellamandi N Natarajan, on Monday to discuss about the proposed AIADMK’s Wednesday meeting that may announce the CM candidate for the Assembly elections. Later in the afternoon, AIADMK deputy coordinators, KP Munusamy and R Vaithilingam, also held a lengthy discussion with the CM. According to party sources, key functionaries are working overtime to ensure a smooth announcement of a CM candidate. Munusamy, Vaithilingam, and other senior leaders also met Deputy CM O Panneerselvam after his return from Theni and held talks. Meanwhile, breaking his silence almost a week after a debate on the CM candidate, Panneerselvam tweeted: “So far, my decisions were in the interest of the people of TN and the AIADMK cadre. It will be so in the coming days too.” Quoting the Bhagavad Gita, he said: “Whatever happened, happened for the good. Whatever is happening, is happening for the good. Whatever will happen, will also happen for the good.” He refrained from saying any- thing directly about the issue. Political analyst Tharasu Shyam said: “If an announcement is made about CM candidate now, it will create confusion in the administration, and may paralyse government machinery So, if Panneerselvam . has to take a decision in the interest of people when the State faces Corona threat, it would be accepting Palaniswami as the CM candidate and strengthening himself in the party through other means.” Paswan junior’s revolt part of BJP’s Bihar gambit Beaches to remain closed R A J E S H K U M A R T H A K U R @ Patna THE Lok Janshakti Party’s decision on Sunday to contest in 143 Assembly seats in order to hurt NDA partner Janata Dal (United)’s prospects, has actually been scripted by the Bharatiya Janata Party sourc, es in the saffron party said. “At the national level, we have a strong alliance with the BJP. At the state level we have decided to contest alone due to our differences with the JD(U),” an LJP statement said while announcing the decision. A recent slogan, “Modi tujhse bair nahin, Nitish teri khair nahin (No enmity with Modi but no sparing Nitish),” put up through anonymous posters in Patna, captures the LJP’s political line. Sources said the BJP nudged the LJP as the saffron party wants to return the humiliation of 2013, when Nitish pulled out his party from the NDA after the BJP decided to project Narendra Modi as its prime ministerial candidate for the 2014 general elections. “History repeats itself in politics. What the LJP has done to the JD(U) now is what Nitish did to the BJP in 2013, when he refused to accept Modi’s leadership for the 2014 elections,” a senior NDA leader said. The BJP and the LJP hope to win enough seats, enabling them to dump the JD(U) after Nitish Kumar Chirag Paswan Chirag keeps up attack on Nitish Kumar On Monday, LJP leader Chirag Paswan criticised Nitish Kumar, saying his party had “many expectations from the current Bihar chief minister, but he hasn’t fared well. The benefits of schemes haven’t reached the grassroots.” the elections. The saffron party , the junior partner in Bihar, has long been itching to emerge out of Nitish’s shadow and the tacit support to the LJP is aimed at becoming the bigger partner after a positive poll outcome. The fact that the BJP has not asked the LJP to desist from attacking Nitish has not been lost on anyone. “The BJP never asked the LJP to stop giving statements to the media against the CM,” the sources said. Those privy to developments said Chirag met Home Minister Amit Shah and BJP president J P Nadda in Delhi on Saturday a , day before announcing his divorce from the NDA in Bihar. CONTINUED ON: P7 till Oct 31, corpn tells HC EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE @ Chennai THE Chennai Corporation on Monday informed the Madras High Court that it was not possible to throw open city beaches to the public as the State gover nment has extended the Covid-19 lockdown till October 31. Though the Central governemnt’s Unlock 5.0 guidelines include opening of parks and beaches, Additional Advocate General SR Rajagopal told the bench that the decision to open parks, beaches and thea- tres was left to the wisdom of the State gover nments concerned. Although a few parks have been opened up, beaches and theatres are not yet open to the public in Tamil Nadu. Meanwhile, the State added 5,395 fresh cases to the Covid19 tally, in addition to reporting 62 deaths. The total count now stands at 6,25,391, with the State’s toll rising to 9,846. Three among the deceased did not have co-morbid conditions, according to the media bulletin released by the Directorate of Public Health.
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