kottayam l tuesday l October 06, 2020 l `7.00 l PAGES 14 l city EDITION Nobel medicine prize for Hepatitis C virus discovery Harvey Alter, Charles Rice from the US and Michael Houghton from the UK won the Prize, the Nobel jury said on Monday Michael Houghton Harvey J Alter Charles Rice Helped save millions of lives worldwide The three virologists made a decisive contribution to the fight against blood-borne hepatitis. Their discovery of the Hepatitis C virus—a major cause of liver cancer and cirrhosis—made possible blood tests and new drugs that have saved millions of lives, the Nobel jury said. Their discovery also revealed the cause of the remaining cases of chronic hepatitis ■ 71 mn how the trio discovered the virus ■ Alter studied hepatitis in patients who had received blood transfusions, determining their illness was neither Hepatitis A or B Houghton built on Alter's work to isolate the genetic sequence of the new virus. Rice then used genetic engineering to prove it was the new strain—Hepatitis C—that was causing the disease | P11 face chronic hepatitis C infection worldwide, according to W.H.O. CHENNAI ■ MADURAI ■ VIJAYAWADA ■ BENGALURU ■ KOCHI ■ HYDERABAD ■ VISAKHAPATNAM ■ COIMBATORE ■ KOZHIKODE ■ THIRUVANANTHAPURAM ■ BELAGAVI ■ BHUBANESWAR ■ SHIVAMOgGA ■ MANGALURU ■ TIRUPATI ■ TIRUCHY ■ TIRUNELVELI ■ SAMBALPUR ■ HUBBALLI ■ DHARMAPURI ■ KOTTAYAM ■ KANNUR ■ VILLUPURAM ■ KOLLAM ■ WARANGAL ■ TADEPALLIGUDEM ■ NAGAPATTINAM ■ THRISSUR ■ KALABURAGI Big compensation fight at UP police see global plot, file 19 FIRs GST Council, deal put off N a mi ta B a jpa i @ Lucknow 10 Opposition-ruled states reject the borrowing options mooted by the Centre; apex panel to meet again on October 12 to resolve issue E xpress news S ervice even after eight hours of marathon talks, the GST Council meeting on Monday could not break the stalemate over compensation as 10 Oppositionruled states rejected the Centre’s borrowing options to meet revenue shortfall. The Council will meet again on October 12 to resolve the issue. However, states will get some immediate relief the total compensation cess collected so far this year, `20,000 crore, will be disbursed by Monday night itself. The pending IGST dues of `24,000 crore will also be transferred to states by the middle of next week. Sitharaman said the compensation cess will be extended beyond the original deadline of June 2022 in view of the pandemic. In the last GST meeting, states were given two options to meet GST revenue shortfall. The first option is a special window arranged by the finance ministry to provide `97,000 crore at a nominal interest rate. Under the second option, states can borrow the entire gap in revenue shortfall of `2.35 lakh crore. Sitharaman said 21 states have opted for the first option, while 10 states including Kerala, Telangana, and West Bengal, said the Centre should borrow and give money to states. In the meeting, Kerala Finance Minister Thomas Isaac said the entire revenue shortfall of states needs to be com- Amid continuing outrage over the alleged gang-rape and murder of a Dalit girl in Hathras, the state police on Monday sought to turn the narrative by claiming to have unraveled an international conspiracy to foment caste conflict to defame the Yogi Adityanath government in Uttar Pradesh. The police registered as many as 19 first information reports (FIRs) — some including sedition charges — and at least six persons, including two in Lucknow, have been arrested in the alleged plot. Police sources said intelligence agencies indicated the Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman chairs the 42nd GST Council meeting via video conferencing in New Delhi on Monday | PTI pensated by the Centre. Later, he hit out at the Centre for making an announcement on the GST compensation issue, which he claimed did not reflect the deliberations at the GST Council meeting. “The Central government is just a member of the Council. Hence, the Council’s decision on the issue should be made through a voting. Or else a dispute resolution commission should be Key decisions l This year’s compensation cess of `20,000 crore to be disbursed to states on Monday night l Pending IGST of `24,000 crore to be transferred to states by the next week l Compensation cess to be extended beyond the original deadline of June 2022 formed as provided in the Constitutional amendment,” he said in an FB post. Telangana Finance Minister T Harish Rao rejected the two options mooted by the Centre. The Tamil Nadu government reiterated its demand for immediate release of dues in one instalment while agreeing to Option 1. “Our stance has consistently been that the Centre has a moral and legal obligation to pay compensation for the shortfall in GST collections,” said Fisheries, Personnel and Administrative reforms minister D Jayakumar. Andhra Pradesh Finance Minister Bugg ana Rajendranath demanded the borrowing limit be increased by 2% . He also urged the Centre to clear the dues with interest. Odisha had no issue to raise at the GST Council meeting held on Monday as it had already accepted the first option given by the Centre. Covid-positive US President Donald Trump did the unthinkable on Sunday, disregarding all disease management and quarantine protocols by briefly stepping out of the Walter Reed Medical Center where he is admitted He drove by wellwishers, waving to them from behind the glass pane of his sealed car. Inside the car were at least two Secret Service agents wearing protective gear in the front seats, while Trump sat in the back “This is insanity,” tweeted Dr James P Phillips, a physician at Walter Reed. “Every single person in the vehicle during that completely unnecessary presidential drive-by has to be quarantined for 14 days,” he tweeted CM-led joint session holds out promise of more talks CBI sleuths raiding the residence of D K Shivakumar | Shriram BN CBI unearths `57 lakh in raids on K’taka Congress chief B a l a C h a u h a n @ Bengaluru The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) on Monday said it recovered `57 lakh during simultaneous raids at 14 locations linked to Karnataka Pradesh Congress Committee (KPCC) president D K Shivakumar, over alleged possession of disproportionate assets (DA) worth around `75 crore. The agency also raided properties of Shivakumar’s brother and Congress MP D K Suresh, and Sachin Narayan an excise baron and a close associate of Shivakumar. “The raids were conducted at nine locations in Karnataka, four in Delhi and one in Mumbai after a case was registered against Shivakumar and others under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988,” a CBI source said. The agency seized `57 lakh in cash and several incriminating documents including property documents, bankrelated information and a computer hard-disk, the ● More on P7 source said. Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan’s attempt to bring the two Malankara Church factions -the Jacobite Syrian and the Orthodox Syrian -- before a table after 45 years has opened a new window of opportunity to resolve the over 100-yearold dispute peacefully. If, until now, only bilateral talks and cabinet sub-committee meetings were initiated by the predecessors of Pinarayi to end the stalemate over the right to administer the Malankara Church, the nearly two-hour joint discussion on Monday held out the promise of more talks. The CM would announce a date later. The two factions approached the intermediary talks with open minds and presented their views before Pinarayi even as the CM expressed anguish over the law and order situation arising from the dispute. The Jacobite faction exuded confidence with the way in which Pinarayi attempted to bring them together. They maintained that a p e a c e f u l i n i t i at ive has to be evolved within the framework of the Supreme Court verdict and the Jacobite Church laws. The Jacobite faction was represented by Synod secretary Thomas Mar Timotheos, media cell chairman Metropolitan Kuriakose Mar Theophilos and Niranam Diocese Metropolitan Geevarghese Mar Coo● More on P7 rilos. In Lucknow, six FIRs were lodged against people who posted fake messages or morphed images of the chief minister on social media platforms to allegedly incite violence E xpress N ews S ervice @ Kochi President Donald Trump drives past supporters gathered outside Walter Reed National Military Medical Center in Bethesda on Sunday | AP | P9 For a patient whose oxygenation levels dipped below safe levels twice in the last few days, was administered supplemental oxygen and administered a steroid, attempting theatrics, Trump style, was nothing short of madness But such is his insecurity ahead of the November 3 presidential elections that he is resorting to knee-jerk reactions and hurting his cause in the process. He is now itching to get back to the White House A WSJ report said his rapid antigen test was positive on Thursday itself but he did not disclose it and went ahead with a Fox interview. Later when his RT-PCR test, too, was positive, he could no longer put a lid on it E x p r e s s Re a d Justice K K Usha passes away Kochi: Justice K K Usha, the first Malayali chief justice of the Kerala High Court, passed away here on Monday. She was 81. She breathed her last following cardiac arrest. Justice K Sukumaran is her husband. P4 Doctors call off OP boycott T’Puram: Doctors of government medical college hospitals in the state on Monday called off their indefinite OP boycott after Health Minister K K Shailaja promised appropriate response to their demands. P2 In a statewide crackdown held as part of Operation P-Hunt --- an initiative launched by Kerala Police to arrest people involved in sharing and posting child sexual abuse material (CSAM) --- 41 persons, including IT professionals, were arrested on Monday for circulating obscene videos of minors on social media. As many as 268 cases were registered in connection with sharing pictures and videos containing CSAM through WhatsApp and Telegram messenger services. In the raids conducted on Saturday and Sunday in 326 locations across the state, 285 electronic devices, including mobile phones, modems, hard disks, memory cards, Operation P-Hunt Statewide crackdown was held as part of Operation P-Hunt 326 places across the state were raided 285 electronic devices were seized 268 cases were registered in connection with sharing pictures and videos laptops and computers, were seized. The accused were booked under IT Act and Pocso. They were identified with the help of Cyberdome and Interpol. ADGP (Headquarters) and He confirmed that the police had lodged 19 FIRs and said it would be too early to reveal names or details without proper investigation. Of them, six were lodged in Bijnor, Bulandshahr, Lucknow, Prayagraj, Mathura, Shamli and Saharanpur for unlawful protest over Hathras case, breaching Section 144 of CrPC and inciting hatred on social media. A website that offered information on how to protest safely and avoid the police has been linked to the conspiracy. The site has now been taken down. It also listed dos and don’ts on how to stay safe during riots and in situations when the police use teargas shells. Court lambasts NIA, demands evidence for terrorism angle 41 held in state for promoting child porn E xpress N ews S ervice @ T’Puram the state into caste turmoil”. “Some specific groups used social media platfor ms to spread hatred and incite people for creating a conflict on caste lines by organising unlawful gatherings in times of Covid pandemic.” Kumar claimed the police had audio and video clips suggesting some of these groups even offered `50 lakh to the victim’s family to speak against the government. Action against fake social media posts Trump’s reckless drive-by sets a bad precedent Malankara church dispute E X P R E S S N E W S S E R V I C E @ T’Puram involvement of organisations like Amnesty International, Popular Front of India, Social Democratic Party of India and workers and leaders of many mainstream political parties in the conspiracy . The police also claimed it had evidence of international funding to fuel the anger. Prashant Kumar, ADG (law and order), claimed that a “conspiracy was hatched to push Cyberdome Nodal Officer Manoj Abraham said the seized devices contained obscene videos and pictures that appeared to be of children below the age of 15. “The accused were found to be using encrypted handles to upload and download such material. Some are even suspected to be involved in child trafficking as many chats to this effect were found in the confiscated gadgets,” he said. While Malappuram recorded the highest number of cases of 47, Palakkad registered the most number of arrests (9) and raids. The raids, led by IG (Crimes) S Sreejith, were carried out by the Countering Child Sexual Exploitation (CCSE) team with the support of the local police ● More on P7 concerned. THE National Investigation Agency (NIA) court in Kochi on Monday was highly critical of the ongoing probe into the smuggling of gold via the diplomatic channel while considering the bail petitions of eight accused persons who mainly invested money in the illegal activity . The court, while yet again directing the NIA to submit the Case Dairy (CD), orally observed that it cannot continue to believe that there is evidence against accused persons under various Sections of the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act (UAPA) as charged by the anti-terror agency . V T Raghunath, counsel of accused Amjad Ali — who is among those seeking bail — said the court asked the NIA to list out the 30 accused into three categories — those directly involved in the smuggling activity, the conspirators and who invested money for smuggling in gold. “The court has approved our demand and asked to present a list of persons who invested money,” ● More on P4 said Raghunath. Magistrate records Sandeep’s confession The Aluva Judicial First Class Magistrate on Monday recorded the confession of Sandeep Nair, a key accused in the case relating to the smuggling of gold via the diplomatic baggage. P4 Swapna gets bail in Customs case Kochi: The Additional Chief Judicial Magistrate (Economic Offences) Court on Monday granted bail to Swapna Suresh, the prime accused in the gold smuggling case. But she may not be released as she is an accused in a case registered by NIA. P4 LIFE Mission: HC seeks clarification from CBI Kochi: The High Court has directed the CBI to inform whether funds received by Unitac as part of Life Mission project come under the definition of foreign contribution under the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act. P4
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