bhubaneswar l tuesday l October 06, 2020 l `7.00 l PAGES 12 l LATE CITY EDITION Nobel medicine prize for Hepatitis C virus discovery Harvey Alter, Charles Rice from the US and Michael Houghton from the UK won the Prize, the Nobel jury said on Monday Michael Houghton Harvey J Alter Charles M Rice Helped save millions of lives worldwide how the trio discovered the virus The three virologists made a decisive contribution to the fight against blood-borne hepatitis. Their discovery of the Hepatitis C virus—a major cause of liver cancer and cirrhosis—made possible blood tests and new drugs that have saved millions of lives, the Nobel jury said. Their discovery also revealed the cause of the remaining cases of chronic hepatitis ■ ■ Alter studied hepatitis in patients who had received blood transfusions, determining their illness was neither Hepatitis A or B Houghton built on Alter's work to isolate the genetic sequence of the new virus. Rice then used genetic engineering to prove it was the new strain—Hepatitis C—that was causing the disease | P12 71 mn face chronic hepatitis C infection worldwide, according to W.H.O. CHENNAI ■ MADURAI ■ VIJAYAWADA ■ BENGALURU ■ KOCHI ■ HYDERABAD ■ VISAKHAPATNAM ■ COIMBATORE ■ KOZHIKODE ■ THIRUVANANTHAPURAM ■ BELAGAVI ■ BHUBANESWAR ■ SHIVAMOgGA ■ MANGALURU ■ TIRUPATI ■ TIRUCHY ■ TIRUNELVELI ■ SAMBALPUR ■ HUBBALLI ■ DHARMAPURI ■ KOTTAYAM ■ KANNUR ■ VILLUPURAM ■ KOLLAM ■ WARANGAL ■ TADEPALLIGUDEM ■ NAGAPATTINAM ■ THRISSUR ■ KALABURAGI Big compensation fight at UP police see global plot, file 19 FIRs GST Council, deal put off N a m i ta B a j pa i @ Lucknow 10 non-BJP ruled states reject the borrowing options mooted by the Centre; apex panel to meet again on October 12 to resolve the issue Express news Service Even after eight hours of marathon talks, the GST Council meeting on Monday could not break the stalemate over compensation as 10 Oppositionruled states rejected the Centre’s borrowing options to meet revenue shortfall. The Council will meet again on October 12 to resolve the issue. However, states will get some immediate relief the total compensation cess collected so far this year, `20,000 crore, will be disbursed by Monday night itself. The pending IGST dues of `24,000 crore will also be transferred to states by the middle of next week. Sitharaman said the compensation cess will be extended beyond the original deadline of June 2022 in view of the economic distress due to the Covid-19 pandemic. In the last GST meeting, states were given two options to meet GST revenue shortfall — a special window arranged by the finance ministry to provide `97,000 crore at a nominal interest rate or borrow the entire gap in revenue shortfall of `2.35 lakh crore. Sitharaman said 21 states have opted for the first option, while 10 states including Kerala, Telangana, and West Bengal, said the Centre should borrow and give the money to states. In the meeting, Kerala Finance Minister Thomas Isaac said the entire revenue shortfall of states needs to be compensated by the Centre. Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman chairs the 42nd GST Council meeting via video conferencing in New Delhi on Monday | PTI Later, he said in a Facebook post, “The Central government is just a member of the Council. Hence, the Council’s decision on the issue should be made through a voting.” Punjab Finance Minister Manpreet Singh Badal said his state will not borrow money to meet revenue shortfall. If the Centre doesn’t release full compensation, Punjab will adopt “all legal options”, he warned. Key decisions l This year’s compensation cess of `20,000 crore to be disbursed to states on Monday night l Pending IGST of `24,000 crore to be transferred to states by the next week l Compensation cess to be extended beyond the original deadline of June 2022 Curious timing CBI recovers `57 lakh in raids on K’taka Congress chief B a l a C h a u h a n @ Bengaluru the CBI on Monday said it recovered `57 lakh during simultaneous raids at 14 locations linked to Karnataka Pradesh Congress Committee (KPCC) president D K Shivakumar, over alleged dispropor tionate assets worth around `75 crore. Coming as the raids did ahead of crucial by-elections, the Congress saw political motive in the whole exercise. The agency also raided properties of Shivakumar’s brother and Congress MP D K Suresh, and Sachin Narayan an excise baron and a close associate of Shivakumar. “The raids were conducted at nine locations in Karnataka, four in Delhi and one in Mumbai after a case was registered against Shivakumar and others under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988,” a CBI source said. The agency also seized incriminating documents including property documents and bank-related information, the source said. CBI conducts a raid at the residence of D K Shivakumar | Shriram BN Telangana Finance Minister Harish Rao, too, rejected the Centre’s borrowing options. The Tamil Nadu government reiterated its demand for immediate release of dues in one instalment while agreeing to Option 1. “Our stance has consistently been that the Centre has a moral and legal obligation to pay compensation for the shortfall in GST collections,” said Fisheries, Personnel and Administrative reforms minister D Jayakumar. Andhra Pradesh Finance Minister Bugg ana Rajendranath demanded the borrowing limit be increased by 2% . He also urged the Centre to clear the dues with interest. Karnataka Home Minister Basavaraj Bommai welcomed the decision to to extend the cess collection beyond 2022. With inputs from our bureaux in New Delhi, Thiruvananthpuram, Chennai, Hyderabad, Vijayawada and Bengaluru today’s IPL match Mumbai vs Rajasthan Rohit Sharma & Co are the inform side with their middle-order firing on all cylinders. Facing them in Abu Dhabi this evening is RR, who are are showing some cracks after a confident start. Odds : Mumbai 4/6 | Rajasthan 25/19 L i v e : S t a r Sp o r t s 1 / H o t s t a r @ 7 . 3 0 P M Amid continuing outrage over the alleged gang-rape and murder of a Dalit girl in Hathras, the state police on Monday sought to turn the narrative by claiming to have unraveled an international conspiracy to foment caste conflict to defame the Yogi Adityanath government in Uttar Pradesh. The police registered as many as 19 first information reports (FIRs) — some including sedition charges — and at least six persons, including two in Lucknow, have been arrested in the alleged plot. Police sources said intelligence agencies indicated the involvement of organisations like Amnesty International, Popular Front of India, Social Democratic Party of India and workers and leaders of many mainstream political parties in the conspiracy . The police also claimed it had evidence of international funding to fuel the anger. Prashant Kumar, ADG (law and order), claimed that a “conspiracy was hatched to Action against fake social media posts In Lucknow, six FIRs were lodged against people who posted fake messages or morphed images of the chief minister on social media platforms to allegedly incite violence Chirag’s revolt part of BJP’s Bihar gambit elections. “History repeats itself in poliThe Lok Janshakti Party’s deci- tics. What the LJP has done to sion on Sunday to contest in 143 the JD(U) now is what Nitish did Assembly seats in order to hurt to the BJP in 2013, when he reNDA par tner Janata Dal fused to accept Modi’s leadership (United)’s prospects, has actually for the 2014 elections,” a senior been scripted by the Bharatiya NDA leader said. Janata Party sources in the saf, The BJP and the LJP hope to fron party said. win enough seats, enabling them “At the national to dump the JD(U) aflevel, we have a strong ter the elections. The Chirag keeps alliance with the BJP . saffron party the jun, up attack on At the state level we ior partner in Bihar, Nitish Kumar have decided to conhas long been itching On Monday, LJP test alone due to our to emerge out of Nitleader Chirag differences with the ish’s shadow and the Paswan criticised JD(U),” an LJP statetacit support to the ment said while an- Nitish Kumar, saying LJP is aimed at benouncing t h e his party had “many coming the bigger expectations from decision. partner after a posithe current Bihar A recent slogan, tive poll outcome. “Modi tujhse bair na- chief minister, but he The fact that the hasn’t fared well. hin, Nitish teri khair BJP has not asked the The benefits of nahin (No enmity LJP to desist from atschemes haven’t with Modi but no tacking Nitish has not reached the sparing Nitish),” put been lost on anyone. grassroots.” up through anony“The BJP never asked mous posters in the LJP to stop giving Patna, captures the LJP’s politi- statements to the media against cal line. Sources said the BJP the CM,” the sources said. nudged the LJP as the saffron Those privy to developments party wants to return the humili- said Chirag met Home Minister ation of 2013, when Nitish pulled Amit Shah and BJP president J out his party from the NDA after P Nadda in Delhi on Saturday a , the BJP decided to project Naren- day before announcing his didra Modi as its prime ministerial vorce from the NDA in Bihar. Continued on: P7 candidate for the 2014 general R a j e s h K u m a r T h a k u r @ Patna Youth robbed branches he banked with Express News Service @ Bhubaneswar Big bank loan and a business hit by Covid pandemic allegedly prompted a youth to rob two banks in the Capital city within a month. The 25-yearold Soumya Ranjan Jena was arrested on Sunday . Jena had robbed ` 9 lakh from Bank of India’s (BOI) branch in Barimunda area under Mancheswar police limits on September 28. Earlier on September 7, he allegedly robbed ` 2 lakh from Indian Overseas Bank’s (IOB) Nandan Vihar branch in Infocity police limits. In the first case, he used an air gun and in the second, he had a country made pistol in hand. A native of Tangibanta villa g e under Mancheswar police limits, Jena owned a garments shop. His father is a contractor. He was reportedly finding it difficult to repay loans after incurring huge loss as his shop was shut during the lockdown. Police said, he has accounts in both the banks which he robbed. He had taken a combined loan of ` 19 lakh and, so far, repaid ` 6 lakh. Interestingly he repaid another ` 60,000 , after committing robberies in the banks. For Commissionerate Police, it was a big challenge to crack the case. Most bank robberies involve multiple miscreants and gangs are from other states. In this, the robber was just one. “A single person wearing a helmet, mask and gloves was push the state into caste turmoil”. “Some specific groups used social media platforms to spread hatred and incite people for creating a conflict on caste lines by organising unlawful gatherings in times of Covid pandemic.” Kumar claimed the police had audio and video clips suggesting some of these groups even offered `50 lakh to the victim’s family to speak against the government. involved in both the incidents. Investigation revealed that the same two-wheeler without a registration number was used in the crime,” said Commissioner of Police Sudhanshu Sarangi. The banks officials told police that the accused spoke to them in Odia which ascertained that he may be a local. Jena, a Plus II Commerce student, reportedly learnt robbery tricks by watching various videos online and was aware about the security arrangements at both P5 the banks. He confirmed that the police had lodged 19 FIRs and said it would be too early to reveal names or details without proper investigation. Of them, six were lodged in Bijnor, Bulandshahr, Lucknow, Prayagraj, Mathura, Shamli and Saharanpur for unlawful protest over Hathras case, breaching Section 144 of CrPC and inciting hatred on social media. A website that offered information on how to protest safely and avoid the police has been linked to the conspiracy. The site has now been taken down. It also listed dos and don’ts on how to stay safe during riots and in situations when the poP8 lice use teargas shells. Trump’s reckless drive-by sets a bad precedent Covid-positive US President Donald Trump did the unthinkable on Sunday, disregarding all disease management and quarantine protocols by briefly stepping out of the Walter Reed Medical Center where he is admitted He drove by well-wishers, waving to them from behind the glass pane of his sealed car. Inside the car were at least two Secret Service agents wearing protective gear in the front seats, while Trump sat in the back “This is insanity,” tweeted Dr James P Phillips, a physician at Walter Reed. “Every single person in the vehicle during that completely unnecessary presidential drive-by has to be quarantined for 14 days,” he tweeted President Donald Trump drives past supporters gathered outside Walter Reed National Military Medical Center in Bethesda on Sunday | AP | P11 For a patient whose oxygenation levels dipped below safe levels twice in the last few days, was administered supplemental oxygen and administered a steroid, attempting theatrics, Trump style, was nothing short of madness But such is his insecurity ahead of the November 3 presidential elections that he is resorting to knee-jerk reactions and hurting his cause in the process. He is now itching to get back to the White House A WSJ report said his rapid antigen test was positive on Thursday itself but he did not disclose it and went ahead with a Fox interview. Later when his RT-PCR test, too, was positive, he could no longer put a lid on it express read State’s Covid tally drops below 3K mark The fresh cases, which include 1,521 cases of local transmission, pushed Covid-19 tally of the State to 2,35,530. Khurda, the worst-hit district, reported the highest 506 cases, while Bargarh and Cuttack registered 148 and 136 new infections respectively. Besides, seven other districts including Kendrapara, Angul, Jajpur, Keonjhar, Sambalpur, Mayurbhanj reported more than 100 cases | P2 Home isolation fuels bio-medical waste crisis More Covid-19 patients in home isolation in the Capital city may have given Bhubaneswar Municipal Corporation (BMC) temporary relief from the growing demand for beds and ICUs but it has posed a huge bio-medical waste collection challenge at the same time | P2 ‘Game Changer’ SMART missile-torpedo system tested successfully H e m a nt K u m a r R o u t @ Bhubaneswar In a major technological breakthrough, India successfully tested Supersonic Missile Assisted Release of Torpedo (SMART) for the first time from a defence facility off Odisha coast on Monday . Developed by Defence research and Development Organisation (DRDO), SMART is a missile assisted release of lightweight anti submarine torpedo system for Anti Submarine Warfare (ASW) operations far beyond torpedo range. The launch demonstrated India’s anti submarine warfare capabilities. Defence sources said the test was conducted from a groundbased launching platform at the Abdul Kalam Island at about 11.45 am. All the mission objectives including missile flight up to the range and altitude, separation of the nose cone, release of Torpedo and deployment of Velocity Reduction Mechanism (VRM) have been met perfectly . “It was an excellent mission accomplished. SMART is a game changer technology demonstration in the anti submarine warfare. It is one of the important technologies India has The missile being test fired from ITR off Odisha coast on Monday | Express developed in recent times,” DRDO Chairman Dr G Satheesh Reddy told The Express. SMART is a hybrid missile that incorporates technologies of two different weapon systems making it faster and stealthier. With this, India has got a supersonic anti-submarine weapon having much higher range that can be used against hostile submarines from a long distance. The long range torpedoes available in the world have a strike range of 50 km and the rocket-fired Torpedoes can strike at a range of about 150 km, but the SMART will have a range of over 350 nautical miles (around 650 km). “Once fired from any ship or mobile launcher, the weapon system will take off like a supersonic missile and travel in the air at a low altitude before ejecting the Torpedo into water after it comes closer to the target. The torpedo, which acts like a warhead, will then move towards the target following an undetectable pattern and destroy it,” said a scientist associated with the project. Defence Minister Rajnath Singh has congratulated the DRDO scientists for the significant achievement. “This will be a major technology break- through for stand-off capability in anti-submarine warfare,” he said. The anti-submarine missile test came amidst the reports of China’s deployment of submarines and underwater drones in the Indian Ocean. This was fourth important missile tested within a month. While the Hypersonic Technology Demonstrator Vehicle (HSTDV) was tested on September 7 and extended range supersonic cruise missile BrahMos tested with indigenous booster on September 30, a new version of hypersonic Shaurya missile was flight tested on October 3.
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