tirupati l wednesday l October 07, 2020 l `7.00 l PAGES 12 l anantapur EDITION Three share Nobel physics prize for black hole study Three scientists on Tuesday won this year’s Nobel Prize in physics for advancing the understanding of black holes Roger Penrose Reinhard Genzel Andrea Ghez UK, GERMAN, AMERICAN SCIENTISTS WIN AWARD Still many questions unanswered Briton Roger Penrose received half of this year’s prize “for the discovery that black hole formation is a robust prediction of the general theory of relativity”. German Reinhard Genzel and American Andrea Ghez received the second half of the prize “for the discovery of a supermassive compact object at the centre of our galaxy”, the Nobel Committee said ■ ■ Black holes are regions of space where gravity is so strong that not even light can escape from them. “These exotic objects pose many questions that beg for answers and motivate future research,” said David Haviland, Chair of the Nobel Committee for Physics Ghez is the fourth woman to get the Physics Nobel | P12 SEK 10 mn or $1.1 mn is the prize money, which will be shared among the winners CHENNAI ■ MADURAI ■ VIJAYAWADA ■ BENGALURU ■ KOCHI ■ HYDERABAD ■ VISAKHAPATNAM ■ COIMBATORE ■ KOZHIKODE ■ THIRUVANANTHAPURAM ■ BELAGAVI ■ BHUBANESWAR ■ SHIVAMOgGA ■ MANGALURU ■ TIRUPATI ■ TIRUCHY ■ TIRUNELVELI ■ SAMBALPUR ■ HUBBALLI ■ DHARMAPURI ■ KOTTAYAM ■ KANNUR ■ VILLUPURAM ■ KOLLAM ■ WARANGAL ■ TADEPALLIGUDEM ■ NAGAPATTINAM ■ THRISSUR ■ KALABURAGI Jurisdiction of river boards AP voice heard at apex council Rayalaseema Lift Irrigation Scheme AP: Notify KRMB, GRMB jurisdiction TS: Notify only after KWDT-II award Centre: Jurisdiction to be notified. Functioning can be revised after KWDT-II award AP: No option but to go ahead with Rayalalseema Lift and upgradation of Pothireddypadu canals as Telangana is improving capability to draw 7 TMC a day from 800 ft even as AP doesn’t have any mechanism to draw water until 854 feet TS: If AP goes ahead with Rayalaseema lift and Pothireddypadu canal upgradation, we will also build a barrage to use 3 TMC in AlampurPeddamarur Centre: Both states must submit DPRs of all projects. New projects can be taken up only after clearance from statutory bodies Water allocation TS: Injustice was done to TS in KWDT-I as some upper Krishna projects were not considered AP: Contrary to TS’ claims, AP projected demands of all projects in three regions KWDT-I considered Centre: Matter can be referred to tribunal after Telangana withdraws case in Supreme Court Wise ‘council’ prevails over KCR’s tantrums KRMB, GRMB jurisdiction to be notified; both States to submit DPRs of all projects J aya n t h P @ Vijayawada Telangana CM dissented on this, but as per the AP ReorganIn line with Andhra Pradesh’s isation Act, 2014, no consensus long-standing demand, the Un- is needed, and hence the Cenion Jal Shakti Ministry has de- tre, which has the right to do so, cided to notify the jurisdiction will notify the same,” Shekhaof both Krishna River Manage- wat, who is also the Apex Counment Board (KRMB) and Goda- cil chairman, said, noting that vari River Management Board the issue of jurisdiction was (GRMB), even though Telanga- pending for six years. na Chief Minister K ChanDuring the meeting, Jagan drasekhar Rao (KCR) objected explained that KRMB was unto it. Similarly it agreed to shift able to exercise its power as its , the KRMB headquarters from jurisdiction was not notified. Hyderabad to Andhra Pradesh. “Therefore, for better water The Union ministry also ac- regulation and control of comcepted Telangana’s request to mon projects, Srisailam and refer the issue of river water Nagarjuna Sagar, the Central reallocation to the river dis- government shall notify the juputes tribunal, “after risdiction of the taking due legal opinboards. Otherwise, the ion”, as KCR agreed to operation and maintewithdraw the case his nance of the major government filed in The Centre will go reservoirs may be ahead with the Supreme Court. vested with AP as it is notifying the The second Apex a major stakeholder jurisdiction of Council meeting, with eight-and-a-half both KRMB and which was held after districts fully dependGRMB. The four years on Tuesday , ent on Krishna water, Telangana CM was “very productive” dissented on this, against Mahboobnaaccording to Union Jal gar, Nalgonda and part but as per the AP Shakti Minister Gajenof Khammam district Reorganisation dra Singh Shekhawat, and part of Ranga Act, 2014, no consensus is who chaired the meetReddy and Warangal needed ing in which Chief districts of TelangaMinisters of AP and na,” Jagan said. Gajendra Singh Telangana — YS JagWhile AP has alShekhawat, an Mohan Reddy and ways sought notificaJal Shakti Minister KCR respectively — tion of the jurisdicparticipated via video tion, TS has opposed it conference. The leaders delib- citing pending project-wise alerated on four major issues - location by the Krishna Water notification of jurisdiction of Disputes Tribunal-II (KWDTKRMB and GRMB, submission II). But the Centre said funcof detailed project reports tions of the board could be ac(DPRs) of new projects, estab- cordingly revised after KWDT-II lishment of a mechanism to de- finalises the allocation. Until termine share of water be- then, the boards will regulate t w e e n b o t h s t a t e s , a n d the water sharing based on the relocation of the KRMB head- allocation as per KWDT-I. quarters to AP. The outcome, Jagan started his presentaaccording to AP government tion explaining why his governsources, was satisfactory . ment’s proposed the Rayalasee“The Centre will go ahead ma Lift Irrigation Scheme and with notifying the jurisdiction upgradation of Pothireddyof both KRMB and GRMB. The pady Head regulator canal. P5 Prime Minister Narendra Modi with Chief Minister YS Jagan Mohan Reddy and YSRC MP Vijayasai Reddy in New Delhi on Tuesday | Express Modi, Jagan discuss AP politics, impact of judiciary E x pr e s s N e w s S e r v i c e @ Vijayawada Chief Minister YS Jagan Mohan Reddy on Tuesday apprised Prime Minister Narendra Modi of the recent political developments in the State, and sought for the Centre to release its pending funds. It is learnt that Jagan sought Modi’s help in expediting the process of initiating a CBI probe into the alleged scams of the previous TDP government, particularly regarding Amaravati land Jagan asks and the AP State Fibernet Limited (APSfor CBI probe FL) project. During the nearly-50-minute discusSources said Jagan sought sion, the CM presented a wish-list of the Modi’s help in State but the focus was on the State govinitiating a CBI ernment’s friction with the judiciary probe into the and the way Opposition parties are hinAmaravati land dering the government’s development scam and scam programmes, sources said. They added that Jagan detailed how related to the AP State Fibernet the judiciary came in the way of executLimited (APSFL) ing some of his government’s flagship project schemes, including distribution of house sites to the poor and introduction of English-medium education in government schools, and how the High Court stalled the Special Investigation Team (SIT) probe into the Amaravati land scam and put on hold the government’s plans to decentralise administration. Jagan last met Modi in February and Tuesday’s meeting , came close on the heels of the Chief Minister holding discussions with Union Home Minister Amit Shah over two Continued on P5 days in September. kc r s n u b b e d Shekhawat to visit Polavaram Shekhawat said he would visit Polavaram in the end of October or early November. To a query on the release of pending funds, he said, “Payments are being made in reimbursement mode. The bills the AP government submitted have already been cleared. As it is a national project, we also wish for it to be completed at the earliest. The AP government has to increase the speed of execution,” he said Why meet was not postponed It is also learnt that KCR requested that the meeting be postponed as the agenda points he proposed allocation of water issues - weren’t included in the agenda. Shekhawat apparently said no as there were several long-pending issues. He is learnt to have said that as KCR’s letter was sent at the eleventh hour, the ministry stuck to the agenda decided earlier ‘Can’t do as you like’ When KCR said TS would construct a barrage at AlampurPeddamarur to use 3 TMC of water if AP goes ahead with the “illegal” Rayalaseema Lift Irrigation Scheme and upgradation of Pothireddypadu head regulator, it is learnt that Gajendra Singh Shekhawat “politely chided” him saying States can’t act on their own regarding interstate rivers. It is learnt that the Union minister said if one State goes as per its wishes, it can’t expect others to follow procedures. He reminded KCR Telangana did not furnish details of projects like Palamuru-Ranga Reddy and said projects, especially related to interstate rivers, can’t be taken up without the Centre’s consent. India pokes China at Quad meeting P USH K A R B ANA K A R @ New Delhi In a subtle message to China, External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar on Tuesday said India believes in respecting territorial integrity and peaceful resolution of disputes. Addressing a meeting of the foreign ministers of Australia, Japan and the US in Tokyo, he said India is “committed to upholding the rules-based international order”. The US-India-Australia-Ja- pan quadrilateral consultations come amid growing concerns over Chinese aggression in the Indo-Pacific region and India-China border tension in eastern Ladakh. Beijing is opposed to the ‘quad’ grouping, which it says was set up to contain China’s ‘development’ in the region. In an apparent reference to China, Jaishankar said, “The fact that we are meeting here today, in person, despite the global pandemic, is a testimony to the importance that these consultations have gained, particularly in recent times.” The meet was also attended by US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, Australian Foreign Minister Marise Payne, and Japan’s Toshimitsu Motegi. Jaishankar said as vibrant and pluralistic democracies with shared values, nations have collectively affirmed the importance of maintaining a free, open and inclusive IndoPacific. New school syllabus in AP, semester system to be introduced from Class 1 E x pr e s s N e w s S e r v i c e @ Vijayawada The Andhra Pradesh government has introduced several changes in the school education syllabus, which will be implemented from the coming academic year. “The State Educational Research Institute has conducted a huge exercise to design a new syllabus for each standard. Primary education systems of almost 10 countries, including Australia and the US, and the SCERT syllabi of 15 Indian states were thoroughly examined before designing the syllabi,” School Education Commissioner V Chinna Veerabhadrudu said. As many as 84 types of text- books and 63 types of workbooks have been designed for Classes 1 to 6. “The textbooks are also printed in Tamil, Odia, Kannada and Urdu for schools in the State where these languages are the medium of education,” he added. The syllabi for Telugu, English and Mathematics have been changed for Classes 1 and 2; Telugu, English, Mathematics and Science textbooks have been changed for Classes 3 to 5; and the syllabi for Telugu, English, Mathematics, Science and Social Science have been changed for Class 6. Officials claimed that for the first time in India, the “semester” system will be introduced Night cremation to prevent Hathras violence: UP govt E x pr e s s N e w s S e r v i c e @ New Delhi For the first time since the September 30 cremation of the Hathras gang-rape and murder victim in the dead of night allegedly without the consent and presence of her family the , Uttar Pradesh government on Tuesday sought to justify its action, saying it was done to prevent large-scale violence the next morning. Citing intelligence inputs of the possibility of major law and order problems, the UP government in an affidavit to the Supreme Court, said the cremation happened at 2.30 am and security forces were already on high alert in the district because of the Babri masjid verdict a day later. Curiously, the affidavit was submitted even before the SC issued a notice to the state asking it to do so. “The district administration at Hathras had been receiving several intelligence inputs since the morning of September 29 on the manner in which the dharna had taken place at Safdarjung hospital and the whole issue was being exploited and a caste/communal colour was being given,” the affidavit stated while requesting the top court to order a probe by the CBI under its own super- vision into the horrific assault on September 14. It said the state has already requested the Centre that the CBI take over the investigations to obviate hindrance by vested interests. The affidavit further stated that it had received specific inputs that lakhs of protesters of both communities/castes along with supporters of political parties and the media would assemble the next morning at the village, which could turn violent and lead to major law and order problems. Apart from the Babri verdict, concerns regarding the coronavirus safety protocol came into play as well, the affidavit said. “In such extraordinary and severe circumstances, the district adm i n i s t r at i o n t o o k t h e decision to convince the parents of the deceased to cremate her with all religious rites at night to avoid large-scale violence in the morning to cremate the body of the victim that was lying for almost more than 20 hours after her death and post-mortem,” the affidavit stated. It said once the postmortem had been done, “there cannot be any bad intention” to speed up the cremation “except to obviate the potential violent situation resulting from the planned caste divide by certain vested interests”. today’s IPL match Kolkata vs Chennai Rohit Sharma & Co are the inform side with their middle-order firing on all cylinders. Facing them in Abu Dhabi this evening is RR, who are are showing some cracks after a confident start. Odds : Kolkata 22/23 | Chennai 10/11 from Class 1 in the State from this academic year. The textbooks have sections for three trimesters. While lessons are printed in Telugu on one page, the same information is printed in English on the adjacent page to facilitate learning. Besides this, priority has been given to Telugu culture and traditions, and the writings of 116 Telugu poets are part of the curriculum. “Also, for the first time, we have made workbooks available to students. We will also give handbooks to teachers and parents. These workbooks and textbooks are designed with colourful cartoons and characters to attract students,” said Veerabhadrudu. SC observations Posers on witness protection and lawyer E x pr e s s N e w s S e r v i c e @ New Delhi The Supreme Court on Tuesday directed the UP government to submit a fresh affidavit on whether it has put in place a witness protection plan for the family of a 20-year-old woman, who was allegedly gang-raped and murdered in Hathras, and other witnesses in the case. It was in response to a PIL seeking a CBI or a Special Investigation Team probe monitored by a sitting or retired Supreme Court or high court judge, into the case. “I am not opposing the petition. There are narratives and narratives in the public domain. Let us not sensationalise the death of a young girl. Investigation should just be fair and impartial,” Solicitor General Tushar Mehta told the bench. “Your lordships must supervise the investigation and the purpose of it must not be lost,” he added. During the hearing, a bench led by Chief Justice of India S A Bobde asked Mehta to clarify if the victim’s family has chosen a lawyer or not. The bench also sought to know the scope of the suo motu proceedings by the Allahabad High Court in connection with the case. “We also want suggestion from all of you as to the scope of the proceedings in Allahabad and how we can make them more relevant,” the bench said. 5 Piyush Chawla (156) is five wickets shy of becoming second-most successful bowler in tournament. Lasith Malinga (170) and Amit Mishra (160) are ahead of him. Live: Star Sports1/ Hotstar @ 7.30PM Bihar polls No ifs over Nitish, claims BJP as allies unwrap deal Rajesh Kumar Thakur and M a n i s h A n a n d @ Patna / New Delhi two days ahead of the close of nominations for the first phase of Bihar assembly polls, the NDA on Tuesday unveiled the seat adjustment plans: the JD-U will contest 122 seats and the BJP 121. On the alliance’s , chief ministerial candidate, the two lead partners declared there are no ifs and buts about the leadership of the incumbent, Nitish Kumar. As per the seat arrangement, the JD-U will adjust the Jitan Ram Manjhi-led Hindustan Aw a m i M o r c h a (HAM) from its quota while the BJP will leave seats for the Vikassheel Insan Party (VIP) of Mukesh Sahini, who exited the opposition Grand Alliance a few days ago. The BJP may end up contesting more seats since it is reportedly negotiating for three-four seats with the VIP. On the other hand, HAM will get seven seats from the JD-U’s share. Deputy CM Sushil Kumar Modi sought to set at rest all doubts over the post-poll leadership issue, saying the NDA would form the government with Nitish in the saddle. State BJP chief Sanjay Jaiswal went so far as to say the party could write to the Election Commission against the use of names and pictures of the party leaders in poll campaigns by anyone outside the NDA — a clear hint at the LJP, which has announced to field its candidates against JD-U nominees.
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