nagapattinam l wednesday l October 07, 2020 l `7.00 l PAGES 12 l city edition Three share Nobel physics prize for black hole study Three scientists on Tuesday won this year’s Nobel Prize in physics for advancing the understanding of black holes Roger Penrose Reinhard Genzel Andrea Ghez UK, GERMAN, AMERICAN SCIENTISTS WIN AWARD Still many questions unanswered Briton Roger Penrose received half of this year’s prize “for the discovery that black hole formation is a robust prediction of the general theory of relativity”. German Reinhard Genzel and American Andrea Ghez received the second half of the prize “for the discovery of a supermassive compact object at the centre of our galaxy”, the Nobel Committee said ■ ■ Black holes are regions of space where gravity is so strong that not even light can escape from them. “These exotic objects pose many questions that beg for answers and motivate future research,” said David Haviland, Chair of the Nobel Committee for Physics Ghez is the fourth woman to get the Physics Nobel | P12 SEK 10 mn or $1.1 mn is the prize money, which will be shared among the winners CHENNAI ■ MADURAI ■ VIJAYAWADA ■ BENGALURU ■ KOCHI ■ HYDERABAD ■ VISAKHAPATNAM ■ COIMBATORE ■ KOZHIKODE ■ THIRUVANANTHAPURAM ■ BELAGAVI ■ BHUBANESWAR ■ SHIVAMOgGA ■ MANGALURU ■ TIRUPATI ■ TIRUCHY ■ TIRUNELVELI ■ SAMBALPUR ■ HUBBALLI ■ DHARMAPURI ■ KOTTAYAM ■ KANNUR ■ VILLUPURAM ■ KOLLAM ■ WARANGAL ■ TADEPALLIGUDEM ■ NAGAPATTINAM ■ THRISSUR ■ KALABURAGI Cremation in the dead of night to prevent Hathras violence: govt UP had intel on protesters possibly creating a law and order situation; pushes for CBI probe under Supreme Court’s supervision E x pr e ss N e w s S e r v i c e @ New Delhi For the first time since the September 30 cremation of the Hathras gang-rape and murder victim in the dead of night allegedly without the consent and presence of her family the , Uttar Pradesh government on Tuesday sought to justify its action, saying it was done to prevent large-scale violence the next morning. Citing intelligence inputs of the possibility of major law and order problems, the UP government in an affidavit to the Supreme Court, said the cremation happened at 2.30 am and security forces were already on high alert in the district because of the Babri masjid verdict a day later. Curiously, the affidavit was submitted even before the SC issued a notice to the state asking it to do so. “The district administration at Hathras had been receiving several intelligence inputs since the morning of September 29 on the manner in which the dharna had taken place at Safdarjung hospital and the whole issue was being exploited and a caste/communal colour was being given,” the affidavit stated while requesting the top court to order a probe by the CBI under its own super- vision into the horrific assault on September 14. It said the state has already requested the Centre that the CBI take over the investigations to obviate hindrance by vested interests. The affidavit further stated that it had received specific inputs that lakhs of protesters of both communities/castes along with supporters of political parties and the media would assemble the next morning at the village, which could turn violent and lead to major law and order problems. Apart from the Babri verdict, concerns regarding the coronavirus safety protocol came into play as well, the affidavit said. “In such extraordinary and severe circumstances, the district administration took the decision to convince the parents of the deceased to cremate her with all religious rites at night to avoid large-scale violence in the morning to cremate the body of the victim that was lying for almost more than 20 hours after her death and postmortem,” the affidavit stated. It said once the post-mortem had been done, “there cannot be any bad intention” to speed up the cremation “except to obviate the potential violent situation resulting from the planned caste divide by certain vested interests”. AIADMK CM candidate, steering committee announcements today? EX P R E S S N EW S S E R VICE @ Chennai File photo of police personnel cremating a Dalit woman in the wee hours of September 30 in Hathras district, allegedly without her family’s consent | PTI Surprise over top court’s intervention “It is unclear why the SC would interfere or what would be the scope of its interference when a more effective arrangement in uncovering the truth had already been made by the Lucknow Bench of the Allahabad High Court,” Supreme Court lawyer K V Dhananjay said P7 SC gets proactive posers on witness protection, lawyer E x pr e ss N e w s S e r v i c e @ New Delhi The Supreme Court on Tuesday directed the UP government to submit a fresh affidavit on whether it has put in place a witness protection plan for the family of a 20-yearold woman, who was allegedly gang-raped and murdered in Hathras, and other witnesses in the case. It was in response to a PIL seeking a CBI or a Special Investigation Team probe monitored by a sitting or retired Supreme Court or high court judge, into the case. “I am not opposing the petition. There are narratives and narratives in the public domain. Let us not sensationalise the death of a young girl. Investigation should just be fair and impartial,” Solicitor General Tushar Mehta told the bench. “Your lordships must supervise the investigation and the purpose of it must not be lost,” he added. During the hearing, a bench led by Chief Justice of India S A Bobde asked Mehta to clarify if the victim’s family has chosen a lawyer or not. The bench also sought to know the scope of the suo motu proceedings by the Allahabad High Court in connection with the case. “We also want suggestion from all of you as to the scope of the proceedings in Allahabad and how we can make them more relevant,” the bench said while putting off the hearing for next week. India’s subtle poke at China from quad meet P U S H K A R B A N A K A R @ New Delhi In a subtle message to China, External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar on Tuesday said India believes in respecting territorial integrity and peaceful resolution of disputes. Addressing a meeting of the foreign ministers of Australia, Japan and the US in Tokyo, he said India is “committed to upholding the rules-based international order”. The US-India-Australia-Japan quadrilateral consultations come amid growing concerns over Chinese aggression in the Indo-Pacific region and IndiaChina border tension in eastern Ladakh. Beijing is opposed to the ‘quad’ grouping, which it says was set up to contain China’s ‘development’ in the region. In an apparent reference to China, Jaishankar said, “The fact that we are meeting here today in person, despite the glo, bal pandemic, is a testimony to the importance that these consultations have gained, particularly in recent times.” The meet was also attended by US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, Australian Foreign Minister Marise Payne, and Japan’s Toshimitsu Motegi. Jaishankar said as vibrant and pluralistic democracies with shared values, nations have collectively affirmed the importance of maintaining a free, open and inclusive IndoPacific. “Our objective remains advancing the security and the economic interests of all countries having legitimate and vital interests in the region.” Jaishankar also had a oneon-one meeting with Pompeo. The two leaders discussed various aspects of bilateral ties and measures to enhance cooperation. “Began my Tokyo visit with a bilateral meeting with @ SecPompeo. Pleased to see the progress of our partnership in express read Don back in White House after 4 days in hospital Dinesh Kumar Khara is new SBI chairman Washington: US President Donald Trump returned to the White House Monday night after spending four days at a military hospital where he was treated for coronavirus. Trump, 74, tried to show his fitness by climbing up the stairs instead of using elevators to go to his residence. “Will be back on the Campaign Trail soon!!! he tweeted New Delhi: The Centre on Tuesday appointed SBI’s senior-most Managing Director Dinesh Kumar Khara as the chairman of the bank. He replaces Rajnish Kumar, who completed his three-year term on Tuesday. Last month, the Banks Board Bureau had recommended Khara as the next chairman of SBI External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar with Yoshihide Suga, Prime Minister of Japan and other Quad Foreign Ministers, in Tokyo on Tuesday | MEA so many fields. Will work together for stability and prosperity in the Indo- Pacific,” he Jaishankar tweeted. A statement from the US Department of States said Pompeo and Jaishankar discussed ongoing bilateral and multilateral cooperation on topics of international concern. “They reaffirmed the strength of the US-India relationship, reviewed efforts to combat the pandemic, and asserted the need to work together to advance peace, prosperity and security in the IndoPacific and around the world,” it said. The leaders agreed to continue close cooperation during the US-India 2+2 ministerial dialogue later this year. Chief Minister Edappadi K Palaniswami and Deputy Chief Minister O Panneerselvam on Tuesday separately held talks with senior functionaries of the party including KP Munusamy , , P Thangamani, SP Velumani, and RB Udhayakumar, on the constitution of a steering committee and how responsibilities would be shared. Senior leaders however, exuded confidence that an announcement on the CM candidate for the upcoming polls as well as the steering committee would be made on Wednesday . The first round of talks with Panneerselvam lasted over two and a half hours. In the after- noon, senior ministers, KA Sengottaiyan, D Jayakumar, KP Anbazhagan, R Kamaraj, C Vijayabaskar, Natham R Viswanathan, and Udumalai Radhakrishnan held talks. N Thalavaisundaram, representative of the TN government in New Delhi, also held talks. Hectic parleys continued in the evening as well. A senior functionary, who was part of the talks, said the steering committee would be formed by the end of the day. Meanwhile, party sources said there would be no problem in announcing Palaniswami as the CM candidate, but it took time to sort out other issues, including constitution of the committee, where both sides had differences. The discussions centred No ifs and buts over Nitish, claims BJP as allies unwrap deal State BJP chief Sanjay Jaiswal went so far as to say the party could write to the Election two days ahead of the close of Commission against the use of nominations for the first phase names and pictures of the parof Bihar assembly polls, the ty leaders in poll campaigns by NDA on Tuesday unveiled the anyone outside the NDA — a seat adjustment plans: the JD-U clear hint at the LJP which has , will contest 122 seats and the announced to field its candiBJP 121. On the alliance’s chief , dates against JD-U nominees. ministerial candidate, the Nitish asserted that there two lead partners deis no misunderstanding clared there are no ifs in the NDA, and that and buts about the the alliance is firm on leadership of the inprojecting its developcumbent, Nitish ment plans and achieveKumar. ments before the elecAs per the seat artorate. To the criticism rangement, the JD-U BJP releases of his leadership by will adjust the Jitan Chirag Paswan, the first list Ram Manjhi-led HinCM remained guardThe BJP named 27 dustan Awami Morcha ed. But he sought to candidates for the (HAM) from its quota remind the LJP that it three-phase Bihar while the BJP will was his party that had polls, starting leave seats for the Viplayed a role in sendOctober 28. The kassheel Insan Party ing Union Minister list includes (VIP) of Mukesh SaRam Vilas Paswan to international hini, who exited the the Rajya Sabha. shooter Shreyasi opposition Grand AlIn a related developSingh and ex-MP liance a few days ago. ment, senior BJP Hari Manjhi, who The BJP may end up leader Rajendra joined the party contesting more seats Singh, who had naron Sunday since it is reportedly rowly lost the last negotiating for threeelections, joined the four seats with the VIP On the LJP Singh, who is with the RSS . . other hand, HAM will get seven background, is all set to contest seats from the JD-U’s share. on the LJP ticket against the Deputy CM Sushil Kumar JD-U nominee. Modi sought to set at rest all There are indications that a doubts over the post-poll lead- few of the defeated BJP candiership issue, saying the NDA dates in the 2015 Assembly elecwould form the government tions may also contest from with Nitish in the saddle. the LJP . R a j e sh K u m ar T hakur an d Man i sh A nan d @ Patna / New Delhi today’s IPL match Kolkata vs Chennai Rohit Sharma & Co are the inform side with their middle-order firing on all cylinders. Facing them in Abu Dhabi this evening is RR, who are are showing some cracks after a confident start. Odds : Kolkata 22/23 | Chennai 10/11 around giving representation to all key communities and on choosing members of the committee. While there were suggestions that those who already hold a party post should not become members, others wanted senior ministers and functionaries to be included. Some also suggested to increase the strength to 12, said sources. Minister D Jayakumar and former MP Anwar Razza said the issues would be sorted out cordially and announcements would be made on Wednesday . Jayakumar said that there ought to be some discussions among “the brothers”, and that they would be resolved. Senior ministers were still holding talks with the CM at his residence at 9.30 pm on Tuesday . Farm Acts, long pending reform: FM EX P R E S S N EW S S E R VICE @ Chennai Amid protests over the recently enacted farm Acts in few parts of the country, Union Minister for Finance, Nirmala Sitharaman on Tuesday termed them as reforms in the agriculture sector. “They were long-awaiting reform measures in the field of agriculture. Producers can now sell their produce in any part of the country at a price suitable for them, and farmers can decide the price and the buyer themselves,” the minister said, while addressing mediapersons in Chennai. Sitharaman added that agriculture comes under the State List, which means farmers can trade only within the State. However, inter-state trade can be facilitated only by the Central government as it falls under the Concurrent List, the minister added. The three laws – Essential Commodities (Amendment) Ordinance 2020; Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement of Price Assurance and Farm Services Ordinance, 2020; and Agricultural Produce Marketing Committee (APMC) Act – were passed recently by Parliament. P4 5 Piyush Chawla (156) is five wickets shy of becoming second-most successful bowler in tournament. Lasith Malinga (170) and Amit Mishra (160) are ahead of him. Live: Star Sports1/ Hotstar @ 7.30PM Two years govt service compulsory for AIQ med students: HC EX P R E S S N EW S S E R VICE @ Chennai The Madras High Court on Tuesday ordered that postgraduate medical students admitted under the All-India Quota (AIQ) now have to compulsorily serve the State government for at least two years. The first bench, led by Chief Justice AP Sahi and Senthil Kumar Ramamoorthy, observed in its order that the investment made by the State in this sector may be tremendous, “but it is for a laudable purpose and not just pure business”. The issue pertains to the Directorate of Medical Education seeking bonds for `20 lakh be executed by MBBS graduates for securing admission in postgraduate degree, under the government quota, and serving the State for two years. The bench passed the order on the batch of pleas, by setting aside a single judge order passed in October 2018, that quashed the condition for compulsory government service. “The faith with which people approach medical profession- ‘State govts obligated’ “States are obligated to render the best health caretakers, and subsidizing medical education for the best in the lot is a major step in organizing best health services”, the bench observed als is responded to by these doctors, and therefore they have to be well equipped and best-trained. The State spends money, not on gambling with unqualified people, but on those who are best suited for the job,” the bench observed. It added, “The idea of compelling postgraduates to serve State hospitals is neither unjust nor against the students. It subserves a benevolent public purpose, namely that the people of the State are able to receive the best of medical attention.” The bench, in its 166-page order said, there was no material difference between status of students occupying State seats and AIQ seats, in as much as they enjoy educational facilities at par with each other, borne by the State. However, the government cannot retain students’ certificates and thereby compel them to keep waiting for a job offer, if they are not being offered despite completion, the bench said.
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