visakhapatnam l wednesday l October 07, 2020 l `7.00 l PAGES 12 l late city EDITION Three share Nobel physics prize for black hole study Roger Penrose Reinhard Genzel Andrea Ghez UK, GERMAN, AMERICAN SCIENTISTS WIN AWARD Briton Roger Penrose received half of this year’s prize “for the discovery that black hole formation is a robust prediction of the general theory of relativity”. German Reinhard Genzel and American Andrea Ghez received the second half of the prize “for the discovery of a supermassive compact object at the centre of our galaxy”, the Nobel Committee said Three scientists on Tuesday won this year’s Nobel Prize in physics for advancing the understanding of black holes Still many questions unanswered ■ ■ Black holes are regions of space where gravity is so strong that not even light can escape from them. “These exotic objects pose many questions that beg for answers and motivate future research,” said David Haviland, Chair of the Nobel Committee for Physics Ghez is the fourth woman to get the Physics Nobel | P12 SEK 10 mn or $1.1 mn is the prize money, which will be shared among the winners CHENNAI ■ MADURAI ■ VIJAYAWADA ■ BENGALURU ■ KOCHI ■ HYDERABAD ■ VISAKHAPATNAM ■ COIMBATORE ■ KOZHIKODE ■ THIRUVANANTHAPURAM ■ BELAGAVI ■ BHUBANESWAR ■ SHIVAMOgGA ■ MANGALURU ■ TIRUPATI ■ TIRUCHY ■ TIRUNELVELI ■ SAMBALPUR ■ HUBBALLI ■ DHARMAPURI ■ KOTTAYAM ■ KANNUR ■ VILLUPURAM ■ KOLLAM ■ WARANGAL ■ TADEPALLIGUDEM ■ NAGAPATTINAM ■ THRISSUR ■ KALABURAGI AP voice heard at apex council Jurisdiction of river boards AP: Notify KRMB, GRMB jurisdiction TS: Notify only after KWDT-II award Centre: Jurisdiction to be notified. Functioning can be revised after KWDT-II award Rayalaseema Lift Irrigation Scheme AP: No option but to go ahead with Rayalaseema Lift and upgradation of Pothireddypadu canals as Telangana is improving capability to draw 7 TMC a day from 800 ft even as AP doesn’t have any mechanism to draw water until 854 feet TS: If AP goes ahead with Rayalaseema lift and Pothireddypadu canal upgradation, we will also build a barrage to use 3 TMC in AlampurPeddamarur Centre: Both states must submit DPRs of all projects. New projects can be taken up only after clearance from statutory bodies Water allocation TS: Injustice was done to TS in KWDT-I as some upper Krishna projects were not considered AP: Contrary to TS claims, AP projected demands of all projects. Same were considered by KWDT-I Centre: Matter can be referred to tribunal after Telangana withdraws case in Supreme Court Wise ‘council’ prevails over KCR’s tantrums KRMB, GRMB jurisdiction to be notified; both States to submit DPRs of all projects J aya n t h P @ Vijayawada angana CM dissented, but as per the AP Reorganisation Act, In line with Andhra Pradesh’s 2014, no consensus is needed, long-standing demand, the Un- and hence, the Centre, which ion Jal Shakti Ministry has de- has the right to do so, will nocided to notify the jurisdiction tify the same,” Shekhawat, who of both Krishna River Manage- is also the Apex Council chairment Board (KRMB) and Goda- man, said, noting that the issue vari River Management Board of jurisdiction had been pend(GRMB), even though Telanga- ing for six years. na Chief Minister K ChanDuring the meeting, Jagan drasekhar Rao (KCR) objected explained that KRMB was unto it. Similarly it agreed to shift able to exercise its power as its , the KRMB headquarters from jurisdiction was not notified. Hyderabad to Andhra Pradesh. “Therefore, for better water The Union ministry also ac- regulation and control of comcepted Telangana’s request to mon projects, Srisailam and refer the issue of river water Nagarjuna Sagar, the Central reallocation to the river dis- government should notify the putes tribunal, “after jurisdiction of the taking due legal opinboards. Otherwise, the ion”, after KCR agreed operation and mainteto withdraw the case nance of the major his government filed The Centre will go reservoirs may be ahead with in the apex court. vested with AP as it is notifying the The second Apex a major stakeholder jurisdiction of Council meeting, with eight-and-a-half both KRMB and which was held after districts fully dependGRMB. The four years on Tuesday , ent on Krishna water, Telangana CM was “very productive” dissented on this, against Mahbubnagar, as Jal Shakti Minister Nalgonda and part of but as per the AP Gajendra Singh ShekKhammam district Reorganisation hawat put it later. and part of Ranga Act, 2014, no consensus is Chief Ministers of AP Reddy and Warangal needed and Telangana — YS districts of TelangaJagan Mohan Reddy na,” he demanded. Gajendra Singh and KCR respectively While AP has alShekhawat, — participated in the ways sought notificaJal Shakti Minister meeting, chaired by tion of the jurisdicShekhawat via video tion, TS has opposed it conference. The leaders delib- citing pending project-wise alerated on four major issues — location by the Krishna Water notification of jurisdiction of Disputes Tribunal-II (KWDTKRMB and GRMB, submission II). But the Centre said funcof detailed project reports tions of the board could be ac(DPRs) of new projects, estab- cordingly revised after KWDT-II lishment of a mechanism to de- finalises the allocation. Until termine share of water be- then, the boards will regulate tween both the states, and water-sharing as per the relocation of the KRMB head- KWDT-I. quarters to AP. The outcome, Jagan began his presentation AP government sources told explaining why his government TNIE, was satisfactory . has proposed the Rayalaseema “The Centre will go ahead Lift Irrigation Scheme and upwith notifying the jurisdiction gradation of Pothireddypadu P5 of KRMB and GRMB. The Tel- head regulator canal. Shekhawat to visit Polavaram Shekhawat said he would visit Polavaram this monthend or early November. To a query on the release of pending Polavaram funds, he said, “Payments are being made in reimbursement mode. The bills AP submitted have already been cleared. As it is a national project, we also wish for it to be completed at the earliest. AP government has to increase the speed of execution,” he said Prime Minister Narendra Modi with Chief Minister YS Jagan Mohan Reddy and YSRC MP Vijayasai Reddy in New Delhi on Tuesday | Express PM, CM discuss politics, pending dues & cbi probe E x pr e s s N e w s S e r v i c e @ Vijayawada Chief Minister YS Jagan Mohan Reddy on Tuesday apprised Prime Minister Narendra Modi of the recent political developments in the State, and urged him to release pending funds. It is learnt that Jagan also sought Modi’s help in expediting the process of initiating a CBI probe into the alleged scams of the previous TDP government, particularly the Amaravati insider trading and Amaravati the AP State Fibernet Limited (APSFL) scam project. During the nearly-50-minute discusSources said Jagan sought sion, the CM presented a wish-list of the Modi’s help in State but the focus was on the State govinitiating a CBI ernment’s friction with the judiciary probe into the and the way Opposition parties are hinAmaravati land dering the government’s development scam and scam programmes, sources said. They added that Jagan detailed how related to the AP State Fibernet the judiciary was coming in the way of Limited (APSFL) executing some of his government’s project flagship schemes, including distribution of house sites to the poor and introduction of English-medium education in government schools, and how the High Court stalled the Special Investigation Team (SIT) probe into the Amaravati land scam and put on h o l d t h e g ove r n m e n t ’s p l a n s t o d e c e n t r a l i s e administration. Jagan last met Modi in Feb, and Tuesday’s meeting came in the backdrop of his discussions with Union Home MinContinued on P5 ister Amit Shah over two days in Sept. k c r s n u bb e d Why meet was not postponed It is also learnt that KCR requested that the meeting be postponed as the agenda points he proposed - allocation of water issues - weren’t included in the agenda. Shekhawat apparently said no as there were several longpending issues. He is learnt to have said that as KCR’s letter was sent at the eleventh hour, the ministry stuck to the agenda decided earlier ‘Can’t do as you like’ When KCR said TS would construct a barrage at Alampur-Peddamarur to use 3 TMC of water if AP goes ahead with the “illegal” Rayalaseema Lift Irrigation Scheme and upgradation of Pothireddypadu head regulator, it is learnt that Gajendra Singh Shekhawat “politely chided” him saying States can’t act on their own regarding interstate rivers. It is learnt that the Union minister said if one State goes as per its wishes, it can’t expect others to follow procedures. He reminded KCR Telangana did not furnish details of projects like Palamuru-Ranga Reddy and said projects, especially related to interstate rivers, can’t be taken up without the Centre’s consent. India pokes China at Quad meeting P USH K A R B ANA K A R @ New Delhi In a subtle message to China, External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar on Tuesday said India believes in respecting territorial integrity and peaceful resolution of disputes. Addressing a meeting of the foreign ministers of Australia, Japan and the US in Tokyo, he said India is “committed to upholding the rules-based international order”. The US-India-Australia-Ja- pan quadrilateral consultations come amid growing concerns over Chinese aggression in the Indo-Pacific region and India-China border tension in eastern Ladakh. Beijing is opposed to the ‘quad’ grouping, which it says was set up to contain China’s ‘development’ in the region. In an apparent reference to China, Jaishankar said, “The fact that we are meeting here today, in person, despite the global pandemic, is a testimony to the importance that these consultations have gained, particularly in recent times.” The meet was also attended by US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, Australian Foreign Minister Marise Payne, and Japan’s Toshimitsu Motegi. Jaishankar said as vibrant and pluralistic democracies with shared values, nations have collectively affirmed the importance of maintaining a free, open and inclusive IndoPacific. New school syllabus in AP, semester system to be introduced from Class 1 R i t i k a Ar u n V a i s h a l i @ Vijayawada The Andhra Pradesh government has introduced several changes in the school education syllabus, which will be implemented from the coming academic year. “The State Educational Research Institute has conducted a huge exercise to design a new syllabus for each standard. Primary education systems of almost 10 countries, including Australia and the US, and the SCERT syllabi of 15 Indian states were thoroughly examined before designing the syllabi,” School Education Commissioner V Chinna Veerabhadrudu said. As many as 84 types of text- books and 63 types of workbooks have been designed for Classes 1 to 6. “The textbooks are also printed in Tamil, Odia, Kannada and Urdu for schools in the State where these languages are the medium of education,” he added. The syllabi for Telugu, English and Mathematics have been changed for Classes 1 and 2; Telugu, English, Mathematics and Science textbooks have been changed for Classes 3 to 5; and the syllabi for Telugu, English, Mathematics, Science and Social Science have been changed for Class 6. Officials claimed that for the first time in India, the “semester” system will be introduced Night cremation to prevent Hathras violence: UP govt E x pr e s s N e w s S e r v i c e @ New Delhi For the first time since the September 30 cremation of the Hathras gang-rape and murder victim in the dead of night allegedly without the consent and presence of her family the , Uttar Pradesh government on Tuesday sought to justify its action, saying it was done to prevent large-scale violence the next morning. Citing intelligence inputs of the possibility of major law and order problems, the UP government in an affidavit to the Supreme Court, said the cremation happened at 2.30 am and security forces were already on high alert in the district because of the Babri masjid verdict a day later. Amid demands for protection to the victim’s family, a bench led by Chief Justice of India S A Bobde directed the UP government to submit a fresh af fidavit specifying whether it has put in place a witness protection plan for them and other witnesses. The court described the assault as horrible and shocking. Appearing for the state government, Solicitor General Tushar Mehta said, “I am not opposing the petition. There are narratives and narratives in the public domain. Let us not sensationalise the death of a young girl. Investigation should just be fair and impartial.” In its affidavit, the UP government requested the Supreme Court to order a probe by the CBI under its own supervision into the horrific assault on September 14. In the court, Mehta said: “Your lordships must supervise the investigation and the purpose of it must not be lost.” Senior advocate Indira Jaising said she was on the same page on having a court monitored probe while seeking the protection for the victim’s family and ensuring fair investigation. During the hearing, the bench asked Mehta to clarify whether the victim’s family has chosen a lawyer or not. It also sought to know the scope of the suo motu proceedings before the Allahabad High Court in connection with the case. “We want suggestions from all of you as to the scope of the proceedings in Allahabad and how we can widen and make them more relevant,” it said while putting off the hearing for next week. However, seasoned jurists wondered why the SC chose to hear the case in the first place despite the Allahabad High Court having already passed several directions in the matContinued on P7 ter. today’s IPL match Kolkata vs Chennai After ending a three-match losing streak, CSK will look to keep the momentum going as they face KKR. Against Dinesh Karthik’s inconsistent side, Dhoni & Co start favourites. Odds : Kolkata 22/23 | Chennai 10/11 from Class 1 in the State from this academic year. The textbooks have sections for three trimesters. While lessons are printed in Telugu on one page, the same information is printed in English on the adjacent page to facilitate learning. Besides this, priority has been given to Telugu culture and traditions, and the writings of 116 Telugu poets are part of the curriculum. “Also, for the first time, we have made workbooks available to students. We will also give handbooks to teachers and parents. These workbooks and textbooks are designed with colourful cartoons and characters to attract students,” said Veerabhadrudu. Appointment Dinesh Kumar Khara is new SBI chairman EX P R ESS NEWS SE R VICE @ New Delhi The Centre on Tuesday appointed Dinesh Kumar Khara as the next chairman of State Bank of India (SBI) for three years with effect from Wednesday as the three-year term of Rajnish Kumar came to an end on Tuesday . Khara, 56, is one of the four managing directors of SBI who were interviewed for the top post by the Banks Board Bureau. As per convention, SBI chairman is appointed from a pool of serving managing directors at the bank. Interestingly , Khara’s name was recommended by the BBB in 2017 as well but he lost to Rajnish Kumar. A Masters in Business Administration from FMS Delhi, he joined SBI as a probationary officer in 1984 where he served in various capacities and played a major role in merging SBI with its five associate banks and the Bhartiya Mahila Bank with SBI. The appointment comes at a time when the banking sector is facing the challenges of loan moratorium, rising non-performing assets and shrinking credit. 5 Piyush Chawla (156) is five wickets shy of becoming second-most successful bowler in tournament. Lasith Malinga (170) and Amit Mishra (160) are ahead of him. Live: Star Sports1/ Hotstar @ 7.30PM Bihar polls No ifs over Nitish, claims BJP as allies unwrap deal Rajesh Kumar Thakur & M a n i s h A n a n d @ Patna / New Delhi two days ahead of the close of nominations for the first phase of Bihar assembly polls, the NDA on Tuesday unveiled the seat adjustment plans: the JD-U will contest 122 seats and the BJP 121. On the alliance’s , chief ministerial candidate, the two lead partners declared there are no ifs and buts about the leadership of the incumbent, Nitish Kumar. As per the seat arrangement, the JD-U will adjust the Jitan Ram Manjhi-led Hindustan Aw a m i M o r c h a (HAM) from its quota while the BJP will leave seats for the Vikassheel Insan Party (VIP) of Mukesh Sahini, who exited the opposition Grand Alliance a few days ago. The BJP may end up contesting more seats since it is reportedly negotiating for three-four seats with the VIP. On the other hand, HAM will get seven seats from the JD-U’s share. Deputy CM Sushil Kumar Modi sought to set at rest all doubts over the post-poll leadership issue, saying the NDA would form the government with Nitish in the saddle. State BJP chief Sanjay Jaiswal went so far as to say the party could write to the Election Commission against the use of names and pictures of the party leaders in poll campaigns by anyone outside the NDA — a clear hint at the LJP, which has announced to field its candidates against JD-U nominees.
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07-10-2020 of The New Indian Express-Vishakapatnam