NEW DELHI 25 OCTOBER 2020 SUNDAY `9 PAGES 24 facebook/TheMorningStandard twitter.com/TheMornStandard https://epaper.morningstandard.in PLUS: 12 PAGES Anchor Anarchy MAGAZINE TUNE IN TO HEALTH Search, Click, Download EXCLUSIVE VOICES Prabhu Chawla TJS George Shankkar Aiyar Sheila Kumar Claiming the Street Ravi Shankar Rajat Chaudhuri Anand Neelakantan Anuja Chandramouli Bedtime Stories Olé to Flamboyance AMMA SPEAKS Booking a Journey to the Self Don’t Lose Inner Strength Poor hygiene can lower Covid fatality rate New study suggests poor quality of water and sanitation could have made Indians more immune to the disease E PRESS MAPS X S U M I S U K A N YA D U T TA @ New Delhi Himachal Pradesh 31.3 1.4 Ladakh 203.3 1.2 Chandigarh 151.3 1.5 277.7 J&K 95.3 Uttarakhand 60.4 1.6 3.1 1.6 Uttar Pradesh 27 1.5 Haryana 52 1.1 Bihar 7.6 0.5 Rajasthan 20.1 1 NATURAL SHIELD Arunachal Pradesh 13.2 0.2 Sikkim 73.1 1.7 Assam 22.5 0.4 Gujarat 51.1 2.2 Nagaland 8.1 0.3 Manipur 24.9 West 0.8 Bengal 54.5 1.9 Mizoram Jharkhand 0 0 20 0.9 Tripura Odisha 74.7 1.1 Chhattisgarh 21.6 37.9 1 Meghalaya 0.5 18.5 0.9 Telangana 31.7 0.6 Andaman & Puducherry Nicobar Islands 356.9 1.7 135 1.4 Andhra Pradesh 115.3 0.8 Tamil Nadu 130.5 1.5 Daman & Diu Dadra & Nagar Haveli 3.4 0.1 MP 29.9 1.7 Maharashtra 314.3 2.6 Goa 303.9 1.4 Karnataka 142.7 1.4 Kerala 25 0.3 Death per million Case fatality rate (In %age) SOCIAL ILL Alwar man kills sister to save ‘family honour’ R A J E S H A S N A N I @ Jaipur IN a suspected case of honour killing, a man in Rajasthan’s Alwar district allegedly smashed his sister’s head on the wall and the ground several times, killing her almost instantly . The police have arrested the man and an investigation is under way The 22-year-old . victim was reportedly in a relationship with a boy of her own community but the family wanted her to marry someone else. On Thursday when the in, cident took place, the entire family except the victim was out for a social function. Taking advantage of the situation, the duo decided to meet at her home. But to the victim’s bad luck, her brother returned in the evening and found the two together. After her lover had left, a huge fight broke out between the siblings. The fight took an ugly turn and the enraged brother hit his sister on the wall and the g round, killing her. Bhiwadi Superintendent of Police Ramamurthy Joshi said the accused was arrested and a case of murder was lodged against him. IN a relief to many taxpayers and small businesses, the government on Saturday again extended the dates for filing of income tax and GST returns till December 31. The CBDT said in view of the “constraints being faced by taxpayers due to Covid-19,” the deadlines have been extended to “provide more time to taxpayers for furnishing of ‘Income Tax Returns.’” Earlier, the deadline for filing returns by individual taxpayers for FY 2019-20 was No- 1.5 2.6 2.9 3.4 3.6 5.5 5.9 8.1 The paper has been published by the CSIR, National Centre for Cell Science in Pune and the Chennai Mathematical Institute. The researchers have analysed various developmental parameters, including measures of water and sanitation, and Covid-19 deaths per million in over 100 countries and has found that the poorer the water-sanitation scores, the lower the deaths per million. “Paradoxically, better sanitation leads to poorer ‘immune training’ and thus could be leading to higher deaths per million,” the paper said. Several immunological studies in the past have suggested that exposure to bacterial or parasitic infections can strengthen the immune system against any future infections. Parveen Kumar, an epidemiologist with the Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College in Kangra and an author of a similar paper, ‘Covid-19 mortality: Probable role of microbiome to explain mortality’ too suggested the same. “We did find that deaths are low in areas with poorer sanitation and it could be due to a process called immune training, which involves multiple arms of the immune system and is still not very well understood,” he told this newspaper. Immunologist Dipyaman Ganguly said there was greater focus on the concept of trained immunity which, to some extent, is related to the broader concept of hygiene hypothesis. “There is data that with increased exposure to germs in the environment, especially usual in the tropical climatic conditions, prepare our immune system better in terms of its repertoire and regulations.” Senior biologist and Jamia Hamdard vice-chancellor Seyed Hasnain said while he cannot vouch for the link between trained immunity, hygiene hypothesis and low death rate due to Covid-19, it was very likely. “There is a possibility of strong correlation between exposure to number of pathogens and also probably BCG vaccine to how our bodies react to a new virus such as SARS CoV 2.” RBI data shows why jobs a poll issue KUMAR VIKRAM & RAJESH KUMAR T H A K U R @ New Delhi/Patna AJAY Sahni of Kurdhani village in Bihar’s Muzaffarpur district has been sitting idle for the last six months. He used to work in Delhi as an electrician and led a fairly comfortable life, until March end when the lockdown was ordered. “There is no scope of employment in the village nor did I get any work under the MGNREGA or any other government scheme,” Sahni said. To make ends meet, he was forced to sell fish sometimes to earn a few rupees. Mahesh Sah of Ratnali village is also in the same boat. He returned from Mumbai where he worked with a textiles firm. “We managed to return in April but have not got a single man day’s work with the MGNREGA so I now work as a farm labourer.” Sahni and Sah are not isolated cases of migrant workers unable to get any meaningful employment. A majority of the 22 lakh migrants who returned to the state have not managed to get jobs, adding to the already growing unemployment in the state. Not surprisingly, the Rashtriya Janata Dal, the Bharatiya Janata Party and the Janata Dal (United), the top three contenders in the ongoing Bihar elections, have all made unemployment a major talking point, and for good reason. As per the recently-released Reserve Bank of India report, GRAPHIC 1 GRAPHIC 2 UNEMPLOYMENT RATE (PER 1,000 POPULATION) URBAN RURAL 105 vember 30, which has now been extended by a month till December 31. The due date for filling of ITRs for the taxpayers who are required to furnish a report in respect of international/specified domestic transactions has been extended to January 31, 2021. For those taxpayers whose accounts require to be audited, the due date of furnishing ITRs has been extended till January 31, 2021. But taxpayers, who have not yet paid their complete tax lia- 103 90 INDUSTRIAL WORKERS 1,25,557 2014-15 73 70 64 1,03,267 56 2015-16 98,971 32 15 2016-17 20 1,04,057 2004-05 2009-10 2011-12 2017-18 the ‘Handbook of statistics on Indian States 2018-19,’ the unemployment rate in Bihar has risen steadily in the past 15 years. (See graphic 1) While the urban unemployment rate was 64 per 1,000 in 2004-05, it went up to 105 in 201819. Similarly, the rural unemployment rate went up from 15 to 102 in the corresponding years. The data has also revealed that, barring the Northeast, Bihar is the only state where the unemployment rate has crossed 100. The number of industrial workers has also decreased in Now, file I-T returns till December 31 E N S E C O N O M I C B U R E A U @ New Delhi India USA Brazil Spain France UK Mexico Italy bility and are required to pay self assessment tax more than `1 lakh, will need to be mindful and pay taxes within the original due dates to avoid charging of interest for filing of ITR beyond original due date. The government also extended deadline for furnishing GST annual returns for FY 2018-19 by two months till December 31. The government had last month extended the last date for filing GST annual return and audit report for the 2018-19 fiscal till October 31. 2018-19 2017-18 Source: Reserve Bank of India Punjab 122.2 Delhi 1.8 COUNTRIES with poor hygiene, sanitation and quality of water appear to have a lower Covid-19 case fatality rate as compared to rich countries with better hygie n i c c o n d i t i o n s, a s t u dy has found. The latest analysis by researchers in India has added to the growing body of evidence in support of the “hygiene hypothesis,” which argues that areas or countries with high levels of background infections are likely to experience fewer Covid deaths. Till Friday morning, India had registered 1,17,306 deaths even though the total Covid-19 caseload in the country was 77,61,312, which means the country has a case fatality ratio of 1.5%, among the lowest globally . Within the country, Bihar, which lags behind most states on socio-economic development parameters, managed to keep the death rate at 0.5%, or one third the national average. Bihar is not alone with a low CFR. Kerala and Assam with a rate of 0.4, Telangana 0.5, and Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh at 0.9 have CFR less than one. But Maharashtra, Gujarat and Punjab, which are more developed, have CFR values of 2 or higher. CASE FATALITY RATE the past four years, indicating that factories have fallen on bad times. While there were 1.25 lakh workers in 2014-15, the number fell to 1.04 lakh in 2017-18. (See graphic 2) As Nitish Kumar took charge as the Bihar chief minister in November 2005, he is vulnerable on this front. Sensing this, the RJD’s Tejashwi Yadav has left no stone unturned to take advantage. In the manifesto released on Saturday the party promised , that if voted to power, giving 10 lakh jobs would figure in the first cabinet meeting. The “process of recruitment of 10 lakh permanent jobs, including 4.5 lakh vacant posts during 15 years of (the) NDA regime and generating 5.5 lakh more posts in the first cabinet meeting” is a promise, the party manifesto said. The Congress, part of the mahagathbandhan, toed the RJD’s line, promising Rs 1,500 monthly to all unemployed youth in its manifesto released earlier this week. Not to be left behind, the BJP has promised to generate 19 lakh jobs in its ‘sankalpa patra.’ The manifesto promised “3 lakh new appointments of teachers in educational institutions in the coming one year,” “5 lakh IT jobs in the next five years by developing the state into a new IT hub,” “job opportunities to 1 lakh people in the health sector” and “10 lakh agriculture-linked jobs.” BJP spokesperson Prem Patel said the party was concerned at the high unemployment rate and vowed to provide employment opportunities to 1 crore women through self-help groups. The JD-U, in its manifesto, talked about empowering the youth through “better technical education so that they can get employment opportunities in the state and even outside.” “We want our youth to be selfreliant. While we fill all the vacancies in the government and create more jobs, the focus will be to encourage young entrepreneurs,” said senior JD-U leader CONTINUED ON P7 Ajay Alok. Not anti-national but anti-BJP, says new alliance chief Farooq F AYA Z W A N I @ Srinagar Masoodi will be the coordinator of the PA. NATIONAL Conference Abdullah said the “BJP president Farooq Abdul- is making false propaganlah, who was on Saturday da that the People’s Allinamed the chairman of ance is anti-national. We the ‘People’s Alliance for are not anti-national but Gupkar Declaration’ to we are anti-BJP They have . fight for Article 370’s res- made attempts to divide toration, said their alli- the country and divide the ance was not anti-national federal structure. They but anti-BJP . trampled the constitution The alliance has also by abrogating Articles 370 adopted the flag of the and 35A.” “It (PA) is not an erstwhile J&K state as its anti-national party. Our symbol. aim is to ensure that the The PA leaders met at rights of the people of the residence of PDP pres- Jammu, Kashmir and Laident and former dakh are rechief minister stored,” he said, Mehbooba Mufti adding that “atto give structure tempts being made to the alliance. to divide us in the “After consulta- It (PA) is not an name of religion anti-national tion, it has been party. Our aim is will fail. It’s not a unanimously dereligious fight but to ensure that cided that Farooq the rights of the fight for the idenAbdullah will be tity of the napeople of Jammu, the chairman of tion.” Kashmir and the alliance,” said Lone said the alLadakh are Sajjad Gani Lone, liance would come restored who will be the out with a white spokesman of the paper in a month Farooq Abdullah, alliance. on governance in PA chairman Seven parties, J&K since the abincluding the Narogation of Artitional Conference, PDP, cle 370. “The white paper Pe o p l e ’s C o n f e re n c e, will not be rhetoric. It will JKPM, CPI(M), ANC and be based on facts and figthe CPI, have floated the ures to present the reality People’s Alliance. The to people of J&K and the Congress was also part of country,” Lone said addthe August 4, 2019, Gupkar ing, “We will tell people of Declaration but its leaders the country about the have been skipping meet- truth and lies of J&K. The ings after the formal an- p e o p l e o f J & K a n d nouncement of the launch India deserve to know the of the People’s Alliance. reality of J&K.” Mehbooba has been The next meeting of the named the vice-chairman PA would be held in Jamand CPM leader Moham- mu within two weeks and mad Yousuf Tarigami the alliance will be holding its convenor of the alliance. first convention in SrinaNC member of parliament gar on November 17. ANTI-NATIONAL: BJP | P8 Justice (retd) Hasnain Whole country should get Covid vaccine free: Kejriwal E X P R E S S N E W S S E R V I C E @ New Delhi THE Covid-19 vaccine should be made free for all Indians, Delhi chief minister Arvind Kejriwal said on Saturday. “The whole country should get free vaccine, the whole country has the right,” he said while inaugurating the Seelampur flyover. This is the second time the AAP chief has spoken out on the subject. Earlier, his party took a swipe at the BJP asking if Indi, ans who did not vote for them would also get free vaccines. While releasing the party’s manifesto for the Bihar elections on Thursday, the BJP promised to provide the vaccine free to the people of the state, sparking a vaccine populism of sorts. Since then, the chief ministers of Tamil Nadu and Madhya Pradesh have announced that they will provide the vaccine free. The disease has already killed over one lakh people in India. Delhi has recorded more than 3.48 lakh Covid-19 cases so far, of which around 6,000 are deaths linked to the virus. Farooq Abdullah, Mehbooba Mufti, Sajjad Lone talk to the media | PTI HELP In West Bengal’s Purulia district, a Kolkata Police constable is busy pursuing his mission to rehabilitate children belonging to the Sabar tribe. He convinces the tribal folks to send their children to a boarding school that he has set up in Barabazar block | P5
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