vijayawada l thursday l april 22, 2021 l `7.00 l PAGES 12 l late city EDITION Covaxin shows 78% efficacy against mild to severe Covid Bharat Biotech on Wednesday said Phase III interim analysis results of its coronavirus vaccine Covaxin has shown high efficacy against Covid-19 Zero Chance of hospitalisation The vaccine maker noted that the second interim data of the Phase III study also showed that chances of hospitalisation due to the infectious disease were reduced by 100% after taking the Covaxin jab. The efficacy against asymptomatic Covid-19 infection was 70%, suggesting decreased transmission in Covaxin recipients, Bharat Biotech said in a statement ■ 25,800 Neutralises double mutant variant ■ Covaxin neutralises multiple variants of SARS-CoV-2, including the UK, Brazil and South African variants, and effectively works against the double mutant strain, too, ICMR said Bharat Biotech said safety and efficacy results from the final analysis will be available in June 2021 | P7 People between 18 and 98 years of age took part in Covaxin’s phase-III trial CHENNAI ■ MADURAI ■ VIJAYAWADA ■ BENGALURU ■ KOCHI ■ HYDERABAD ■ VISAKHAPATNAM ■ COIMBATORE ■ KOZHIKODE ■ THIRUVANANTHAPURAM ■ BELAGAVI ■ BHUBANESWAR ■ SHIVAMOgGA ■ MANGALURU ■ TIRUPATI ■ TIRUCHY ■ TIRUNELVELI ■ SAMBALPUR ■ HUBBALLI ■ DHARMAPURI ■ KOTTAYAM ■ KANNUR ■ VILLUPURAM ■ KOLLAM ■ WARANGAL ■ TADEPALLIGUDEM ■ NAGAPATTINAM ■ THRISSUR ■ KALABURAGI 24 patients dead as O2 supply hit Leakage in oxygen storage tank in Nashik civic hospital leads to disruption in supply of air to Covid patients on ventilator support; Maharashtra orders a high-level probe E x p r e s s N e w s Se r v i c e @ Mumbai At least 24 Covid patients who were on ventilators in Dr Zakir Hussain Hospital in Maharashtra’s Nashik district died after their oxygen supply suddenly stopped on Wednesday . The tragedy was triggered by a leakage in the oxygen storage tank. Maharashtra health minister Rajesh Tope said the leakage happened due to a technical glitch. “The oxygen storage tank’s outer pipe leaked, resulting in dropping of the pressure of oxygen.” India’s daily count more than sum of six top nations India 2,95,041 A comparison of cases reported on Wednesday of 7 countries with highest daily infections Argentina 29,145 six nations’ total Brazil 69,381 2,89,699 Turkey 61,028 Source: OWID US 54,672 France 44,076 Germany 31,397 District Collector Suraj Mandhare said that a pivate company looked after the tank maintenance, adding technicians closed the tank valve preventing more deaths. Some of those who died were on the path to recovery and were due to be discharged from hospital in a few days, their family members claimed. Maharashtra Chief Minister NATIONWIDE Fresh cases Recoveries Deaths April 20 2,57,409 1,54,761 1,761 April 21 2,95,041 1,67,457 2,023 Spl drive to give 2nd dose of vaccine today E x p r e s s N e w s Se r v i c e @ Vijayawada Medical oxygen gas leaks out from a storage unit at Zakir Hussain Municipal Hospital in Nashik on Wednesday | pti Uddhav Thackeray said he does not have words to express his grief. “How to console the relatives of the deceased? This is an accident but this is a very sorrowful incident,” he said in a statement. The CM also ordered a probe to find out if the incident was due to negligence. “A high-level probe will be conducted. No one should do politics over this incident. The entire Maharashtra is mourning over this incident,” he added. Thackeray also announced `5 lakh financial help to the family members of those who died in the accident. PM Narendra Modi and Union Home Minister Amit Shah also expressed anguish over the tragedy . Dr Zakir Hussain Hospital is run by the Nashik Municipal Corporation, which is ruled by the Bharatiya Janata Party . Meanwhile, Tope said Maharashtra is facing acute shortage of medical oxygen. “We produce 1,280 MT of oxygen and all of it goes to hospitals. We are getting 300 MT from other states but we need an additional 500 MT to fulfil the demand as per the present active patient numbers,” Tope said. Delhi back from oxygen brink S o m r i ta G h o s h @ New Delhi The oxygen situation stayed critical for most of the day here on Wednesday with major hospitals sending SOS seeking immediate replenishment and the Delhi High Court criticising the Centre for its poor management and lopsided priority The . situation changed by early evening with the Centre increasing Delhi’s oxygen quota and Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal acknowledging it. Max, the largest private sector healthcare provider in NCR Delhi, put out a statement saying it has between 2 and 18 hours of oxygen alone in its network. The group has around 1,400 Covid-infected patients, most of whom require oxygen support. Another issue flagged by many of the hospitals was that the oxygen units were diverted to either Faridabad or commandeered by the city administration or stopped by the local administration at Greater Noida. “At Manipal Hospital, we have 230-plus Covid patients. Our oxygen supplier Linde is willing to supply from its Faridabad unit but Garima Mittal (Faridabad Deputy Commissioner) has taken control over Faridabad Linde plant... We have only 12 hrs of supplies left,” said Pramod Alagharu, CEO of Manipal Hospitals. However, Garima Mittal denied the allegation. Dr Karan Thakur, vice-president of Apollo Indraprastha, too, had similar supply issues. In the Delhi High Court, the Centre was hauled over the coals for the mess. “Why is the Centre not waking up to the gravity of the situation? We are shocked and dismayed hospitals are running out of oxygen but steel plants are running,” the court said and ordered providing oxygen by whatever means forthwith. It said heavens are not going to fall if industries, including steel and petroleum, run on lower capacity till oxygen is imported. State govts can buy Covishield at `400 per dose E x p r e s s N e w s Se r v i c e @ New Delhi Two days after the Centre liberalised the Covid19 vaccination policy by allowing states and private hospitals to directly procure the shots from the manufacturer, Serum Institute of India on Wednesday said it will sell Covishield at `400 per dose to states and `600 per dose to private hospitals. Currently Covid vaccination , at private hospitals costs `250. The vaccine will continue to be given free to those above 45 years in the vaccination centres run by the Centre, while states can decide on their inoculation programme. SII said Covishield will still be cheaper than foreign jabs, which cost `750-1,500 per shot. Though a statement by the Serum Institute of India did not mention the change in price to the Centre, in an interview to a TV channel, Serum Institute of India CEO Adar Poonawalla said the vaccine will now cost a re-negotiated price of `400 per dose to the Centre. Currently, the Centre buys the vaccine at `150 per shot. Anjanadri is Hanuman’s birthplace: TTD E x p r e s s N e w s Se r v i c e @ Tirumala The Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams (TTD) has announced that Japali Theertham near Akasha Ganga waterfall in Tirumala Hills as the birthplace of Lord Hanuman. National Sanskrit University Vice-Chancellor V Muralidhara Sharma, who is a member of the expert committee constituted by the TTD to establish Anjanadri Hill in the Seven Hills (Tirumala Hills) as the birthplace of Hanuman, at a programme organised at Tirumala on Wednesday stated that , they established the fact that Tirumala is the birthplace of Hanuman after four months of intensive research. “It has been established based on puranic anthologies, literary and epigraphic evidence and geographic details. Venkatachalam is also known as Anjanadri and 19 other names. Hanuman was born on Anjanadri in Treta Yuga,” he said. In Venkatachala Mahatyam and Skanda Puranam, it was explained that Anjana Devi, mother of Hanuman, approached sage Matanga seeking a way for her to be blessed with a son. She was advised to do penance on Venkatachalam. After several years of penance, she was blessed with a son. The place where she did penance and where Hanuman was born, had become famous as Anjanadri,” Prof Sharma said, explaining the findings of the exP4 pert committee. stateWIDE Fresh cases Recoveries Deaths Samples tested April 20 April 21 8,987 3,116 35 9,716 3,359 38 37,922 39,619 A special drive will be conducted in the State on Thursday to administer the second dose of Covid vaccine to the beneficiaries for whom it is due. Elaborate arrangements have been made in all the districts to ensure the success of the special drive. Health Commissioner Katamaneni Bhaskar has urged the people, who have to get the second dose of vaccine, to go to their respective vaccination centres without fail and take Covid jabs. A total of five lakh doses of Covishield and one lakh doses Covaxin have already been dispatched to all the districts. The first dose of Covid vaccine will not be administered to anyone in the State during the special drive, the Health Commissioner said. Visakhapatnam Collector V Vinay Chand on Sunday said the second dose of Covishield will be administered at all Primary Health Centres in the district, while Covaxin will be given at KGH and Swarna Bharathi Stadium. There will be separate centres to give Covishield and Covaxin jabs. The second dose of Covishield should be taken within six to eight weeks after getting the first dose of vaccine. Covaxin second dose should be taken within four weeks after getting the first jab. Krishna Collector Imtiyaz Ahmed said all arrangements are in place for administering the second dose of vaccine to a total of 45,000 people in the district on Thursday They include health . staff, frontline workers and those above 45 years of age. Meanwhile, another two lakh doses of Covishield vaccine arrived in Vijayawada P4 from Pune. Migrant workers from Guwahati reach Vijayawada on Wednesday to work in shrimp farms in the State | P ravindra babu AP witnesses sharp spike of 9.7K cases, 38 fatalities E x p r e s s N e w s Se r v i c e @ Vijayawada There is no let up in Covid-19 surge in Andhra Pradesh, which witnessed 9,716 fresh infections in the 24 hours ending Wednesday 9 am. It is the highest single-day count reported in the State since September 12, 2020. With the new infections, the State’s Covid-19 tally increased to 9,86,703. A total of 39,619 samples were tested, compared to 37,922 samples tested in the previous day The total number of samples . tested in the State so far has gone up to 1,57,93,298. However, the major concern is rise in fatalities. In the last 24 hours, a total of 38 deaths were reported, three more than the previous day. Krishna district alone accounted for 10 of the total 38 fatalities. Nellore reported seven deaths, East Godavari and Srikakulam four each, Chittoor and Prakasam three each, Guntur, Kurnool and Visakhapatnam two each and Anantapur one. The Covid-19 toll increased to 7,510. Three districts reported more than 1,000 cases each. Srikakulam recorded the highest number of 1,444 cases. It is the highest single-day count of the district, P4 where the Covid surge was low till a few weeks ago. covid tracker medical infrastructure Active cases Covid-19 AP App to get all info 60,208 9,86,703 Total cases 7,510 Covid toll 9,18,985 Recoveries Total beds 1902 to lodge complaints in 185 Available beds - 13,035 (at 7 pm) hospitals Available ventilators - 2,529 20,611 Available Remdesivir stock - 40,109 Do it yourself guide If symptoms are minor, get tested and stay home if you are Covid-positive: Dr John E x p r e s s N e w s Se r v i c e W ith SOS messages flooding social media networks seeking assistance for hospital beds and oxygen for Covid patients in the wake of the unprecedented surge of infections during its ongoing second wave, it is important to realise that not all patients require hospitalisation. TNIE spoke to Dr Jacob John, retired professor of virology at CMC, Vellore and Dr Giridhara R Babu, senior epidemiologist and professor at Take your shot Total vaccinated Covaxin 1.1 cr Covishield 11.6 cr Our vaccines rock Check out the breakthrough infection chart below, which quantifies the people who got Covid after vaccination. The max percentage is 0.04%, which confirms that the jabs offer a high level of protection. No point in vaccine hesitancy any longer Breakthrough infection Received Positive after 1st Received 2nd Positive after 1st dose dose dose 2nd dose 93,56,436 4,208 (0.04%) 17,37,178 695 (0.04%) 10,03,02,745 17,145 (0.02%) 1,57,32,754 5,014 (0.03%) the Indian Institute of Public Health, Bengaluru, to guide you on safely managing the symptoms so as to stay safe. Q: Based on what parameters should patients decide whether to stay home in isolation? Dr John: The parameters have not changed much from the previous wave. If you are infected and you have a sore throat, fever, runny nose, headache, loss of smell, it is likely you have Covid-19. Get tested and stay home if you’ re positive. Dr Babu: The person should first be clinically fit and asymptomatic or a mild case with symptoms like mild fever below 100.4 degree F and oxygen saturation above 95%. Senior citizens with comorbidities such as hypertension, diabetes, heart diseases, chronic lung, liver, kidney disease, cerebrovascular disease, etc., after proper clinical evaluation. He/she should have a separate room, preferably a separate toilet, too, at their residence for self-isolating and also for quarantining the family contacts. A care giver should be available 24X7. Q: If at home, what are the medicines and other protocols to be followed? Dr John: Have telephonic contact with the doctor. Touch base with the physician every half day if possible. Have a lot of fluids and rest. A strategy that works for many people is buying a pulse oximeter. As long as the saturation stays above 95, there is not much to worry about. Of course, this is possible only for the rich or educated. AP covid helpline 104 - Covid helpline (24x7) http:/hmfw.ap.gov.in/covid. dashboard.aspx Covid dashboard 8297-104-104 WhatsApp Chatbat number - type Hi, Helo, Covid to know Corona info https://esanjeevani.com/ - website to contact doctors through video call and get medical aid Dr Babu: The suggested medication is Tablet Ivermectin 12mg for 3 days or Tablet Favipiravir 1800 mg (200 mg × 9) on Day 1. Continued on P5
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