chennai l Sunday l July 04, 2021 l `12.00 l PAGES 26 l late city EDITION Phase 3 trial analysis pegs covaxin’s Efficacy at 77.8% Bharat Biotech said its jab has 77.8% effectiveness against symptomatic Covid and 65% efficacy against the Delta strain 93.4% effective against severe disease While the study is yet to be peer-reviewed, the pre-print data publicised on Saturday show Covaxin to be 93.4% effective against severe disease. “Safety analysis shows adverse events reported were similar to placebo, with 12% subjects experiencing commonly known side-effects and less than 0.5% of subjects feeling serious adverse events,” the company said ■ 79% over 25K volunteers participated ■ Though Bharat Biotech got emergency use authorisation in January last, there was criticism that its efficacy data was much delayed while several other manufacturers had reported theirs The trials were conducted between November 16 and January 7, 2021, with 25,798 participants randomised to placebo groups | P9 efficacy of the Phase 3 results of AstraZeneca (Covishield) CHENNAI ■ MADURAI ■ VIJAYAWADA ■ BENGALURU ■ KOCHI ■ HYDERABAD ■ VISAKHAPATNAM ■ COIMBATORE ■ KOZHIKODE ■ THIRUVANANTHAPURAM ■ BELAGAVI ■ BHUBANESWAR ■ SHIVAMOgGA ■ MANGALURU ■ TIRUPATI ■ TIRUCHY ■ TIRUNELVELI ■ SAMBALPUR ■ HUBBALLI ■ DHARMAPURI ■ KOTTAYAM ■ KANNUR ■ VILLUPURAM ■ KOLLAM ■ WARANGAL ■ TADEPALLIGUDEM ■ NAGAPATTINAM ■ THRISSUR ■ KALABURAGI France begins judicial probe into corruption claims in Rafale deal Swearing in today; Khatima MLA Dhami will become the third chief minister of the hill state in four months Pushkar Dhami to take over as U’Khand CM VIN E E T UPADHYAY @ Dehradun nated to probe the deal. “The highly sensitive probe into the inter-governmental France’s Parquet National deal signed off in 2016 was forFinancier (PNF, national fi- mally opened on June 14,” Menancial prosecutor’s office) diapart reported. has ordered a judicial probe Rafale maker Dassault Aviainto allegations of corruption tion has time and again and favouritism in the `59,000 averred that there has been no crore Rafale fighter jet deal wrong-doing. with India, French media Sherpa said its first comreported. plaint was filed with Cong seeks PNF, which initialPNF in October 2018 JPC probe ly refused to order an but the latter took no inquiry into the conaction. The NGO said The Congress on troversial defence its complaint was Saturday deal, finally relented demanded a Joint based on a petition after French investifiled by former UnParliamentary gative website Medi- Committee probe i o n m i n i s t e r s apart’s fresh reports Yashwant Sinha and into the NDA about alleged wrongArun Shourie and government’s doings and a coml aw ye r P r a s h a n t Rafale deal, plaint by French alleging corruption Bhushan with the NGO Sherpa, which in the purchase of Central Bureau of specialises in finan- the French fighter Investigation. In the cial crimes. jets, and said such complaint, Sherpa In April, a Media- an investigation is had denounced the part report claimed fact that Dassault the only way “millions of euros of chose a leading Indiforward to find hidden commisa n c o n g l o m e r at e the truth | P9 sions” were paid to with no experience ensure the deal is sealed, of in aeronautics, as its Indian which “some could have been partner instead of Hindustan given as bribes” to Indian Aeronautics Limited. officials. In 2019, the Supreme Court Following this, NGO Sherpa had dismissed a batch of refiled an official complaint for view petitions seeking a probe “corruption” and “influence into the government’s 2016 peddling” among other accu- purchase of the 36 fighter jets, sations, prompting an investi- saying there was no ground to gating magistrate to be desig- order an FIR in the case. E x p r e s s n e w s Se r v i c e @ New Delhi the italian job ITALY PIP BELGIUM TO ENTER EURO LAST FOUR MUNICH: A stunning strike by Lorenzo Insigne fired Italy into the semifinals of Euro 2020 on Friday as a 2-1 win over Belgium sent them through to a last-four meeting with Spain. Denmark beat Czech Republic 2-1 to also enter the last four | P13 PUTTING an end to the political drama, Pushkar Singh Dhami was named the new Chief Minister of Uttarakhand on Saturday The decision to make . the 45-year-old the No. 1 man in the state cabinet was taken at the BJP’s legislature group meeting. A two-time MLA from Khatima, Dhami is the youngest CM of Uttarakhand. He will take oath on Sunday “I am grateful . that the party has chosen a common worker, son of an ex-serviceman born in Pithoragarh to serve the state. We are committed to working for the people,” he said. His name was proposed by outgoing CM Tirath Singh Rawat, who resigned on Friday. After that, it was a unanimous choice. There were celebrations in the new CM’s village, with locals dancing to the beat of dholaks. Dhami started out as a youth leader and is believed to have a strong youth connect. In his younger days, he was a leader of ABVP, the student wing of RSS. Later, he became part of the Bharatiya Janata Yuva Morcha, the youth wing of BJP . In all, he served the RSS and its INSIDE Writ petition doesn’t stand: Twitter to HC P S Dhami waving to his supporters after being named U’Khand CM | PTI from army family, dhami has rss roots I P10 rawat’s short stint mired in controversies I P10 Severe third wave not likely: IIT researchers E x p r e s s n e w s Se r v i c e @ New Delhi E x p r e s s n e w s Se r v i c e @ New Delhi Twitter told the Delhi High Court on Saturday the writ petition against it for flouting the IT Rules 2021 is not maintainable because it is a US-registered entity which is neither the originator nor the publisher of the content transmitted through its platfor m. The petitioner doesn’t have locus standi and, hence, the petition should be dismissed, it argued. The plea had also sought action against Twitter Inc for its failure to appoint a Resident Grievance Officer as directed under Rule 4 of the IT Rules 2021 and stated that as per a Government of India circular the same were to be complied with by May 25. Replying to the same, Twitter submitted that the circular was merely directory and not mandatory in nature, and further subject to “just exceptions”. P9 The impact of a third Covid wave, if it comes, will be much less severe than the second, according to a mathematical model developed by IIT Kanpur and IIT Hyderabad. In the worst-case scenario, there could be up to 2 lakh new cases daily between October and November if 50% of the infected individuals lose their immunity within three months and the rest stay immune. Other assumptions are that 25% will gain immunity one month after first vaccine dose, and another 25% one month after the second. Also, a new mutant virus may arrive by Augustend and raise the contact rate to 0.5%. In a better scenario, there could be 75,000 daily cases. It has the same assumptions as the worst-case scenario. But the new mutant would raise the contact rate to 0.4% or less. In the best scenario, there would be 50,000 new cases per day if 40% infected individuals lose immunity and 30% become immune one month after the first shot, and another 30% a month after the next. And, no mutant strain. P14 express read Man dies after taking vax in Madurai Madurai: In a suspected serious Adverse Event Following Immunisation (AEFI), a 29-year-old techie died on the way to Government Rajaji Hospital (GRH) on Saturday, within 21 hours of taking the first dose of Covishield vaccine. Following the man’s death, a case of suspicious death was registered and an autopsy was done | P4 sister organisations for 33 years. Not known to be very close to Prime Minister Narendra Modi or Union Home Minister Amit Shah, Dhami is believed to have good rapport with defence minister Rajnath Singh. Former Uttarakhand BJP president and MP from Nainital Ajay Bhatt said it felt good to have a young leader. “We are going to win the 2022 Assembly elections with a bigger margin than 2017,” he said. Dhami’s mother Vishna Devi said: “I cannot describe my feel- Setback for K’taka CM in land case Bengaluru: Chief Minister B S Yediyurappa suffered a major setback after a special court on Saturday dismissed the Lokayukta Police’s report, seeking closure of investigation against him in a 15-year-old land case. The court also directed the Lokayukta Police to expedite the investigation and furnish the final or additional final report soon. ings. I miss his father. He would have been happier than me, the happiest person in the world to see his son become the CM.” Dhami’s wife Geeta thanked the prime minister, Shah, Rajnath, BJP’s national president JP Nadda and the people of Khatima who elected him. Opposition leaders lashed out at BJP “The drama is an insult . to the people of the state. The PM promised that double engine governments — one in Delhi another in Dehradun — will work towards development but all they gave was two ex-chief ministers.” Earlier this year, Rawat had replaced T S Rawat as chief minister of the state. dam across markandeya river TN demands Central intervention to resolve dispute with K’taka inter-State Water Disputes Tribunal expeditiously to resolve the dispute. Another inter-State water “The Tamil Nadu governdispute with neighbouring ment, in its communication Karnataka has assumed cen- dated June 29 to the Union Jal tre-stage on Saturday with po- Shakti Ministry had reiterated , litical parties proits demand for early Yeddy writes constitution of the testing against a new to Stalin dam built across the Tribunal. The new Markandeya river, a Karnataka CM BS dam by Karnataka tributary of the will affect irrigation Yediyurappa on Thenpennai, which Saturday wrote to in 870 hectares of would affect irriga- his TN counterpart lands in Krishnagiri tion and drinking MK Stalin over the district. This issue water requirements Mekedatu project. will be resolved only of six districts in through the TribuIn his two-page Tamil Nadu. Water letter, he suggested nal,” the minister Resources Minister said in a statement. bilateral meeting Durai Murugan has Durai Murugan between them to said the dispute further said the State address any would be resolved apprehension | P7 would take approprithrough a tribunal. ate steps to safeguard Referring to reports that the rights of farmers and the Karnataka has completed the public who depend on the waconstruction of a dam at ter from the Markandeya river, Yarkol village across the Mar- which originates in Karnataka kandeya, Durai Murugan said and flows into the Pennaiyar the State would urge the Union river in Tamil Nadu. government to constitute an continued on: p7 E XPR E SS N E WS S E RVIC E @ Chennai Nod for Andamans’ crocodile reserve to be shrunk by 60% all set for monday With fresh relaxations allowing opening of places of worship starting Monday, a priest readies temple premises in Coimbatore on Saturday | u rakesh kumar area as per the boundary description was only 22.21 sq.km and not 100 sq.km as appeared in the notification.” The administration, based on the recommendation of the State Board for Wildlife of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, had decided to revisit the boundary by inclusion of an area of 19.97 sq.km of territorial waters having luxuriant growth of Stag Horn NATIONWIDE july 2 documenting prehistory New book maps south Indian clans’ 6k-yr-old Gandhara trek A m i t S U pa d h y e @ Hubballi About 6,000 years ago, some clans of forest settlers from south India set out on a great journey which took them along , the coast, traversing through several areas up north, and reaching as far as Gandhara (Kandahar in present-day Afghanistan). It is one of the great adventures involving movement of people, etched in India’s prehistory, at a time when even the wheel was not invented. Research has thrown light on certain facts, such as the families that embarked on the journey and crossed rivers either by boat, walk, or on the backs of animals. Several such unknown intricate bits of knowledge on prehistoric India, dating back some 10,000 years, are now being preserved and compiled by noted linguistic anthropologist and Padma awardee Ganesh N Devy. His book titled India Before History will be a 1,500page documentation-orientated work, which will also involve close to 70 articles from the country’s eminent scholars. Professor Devy’s project may be seen as a counter to the Central government’s ambitious plan of documenting India’s history of the last 12,000 years. But through his research, he is aiming to present the scientific facets of pre- and protohistory of the Indian region. Treatise on history Expected to hit the stands soon, Ganesh N Devy’s India Before History will speak about how India became a major agricultural region, the Harappan civilisation, the early migrations and more According to Prof Devy there , are several myths and facts about this land, its people and their culture. But one has to look at them from the scientific point of view. There are several branches of studying prehistory, such as archaeology, carbon dating, geology and decoding ancient bones — to know what kind of illnesses existed in those periods, what type of diet the people had, and so on. “My documentation about the prehistory of India is to prevent any kind of falsification of our past. The government-set committee to study the history of India has already run into controversy due to the choice of its members and the regions they represent. The ini- and Table Horn Coral and associated marine biodiversity with the sanctuary “On realigning, . the revised area stood at 41.716 sq.km,” the NBWL was told. A request was also made to approve renaming of the ‘Salt Water Crocodile Sanctuary’ as ‘Lohabarrack Wildlife Sanctuary’. The proposal has been recommended by the Chief Wildlife Warden, Andaman and tial opposition to the committee was that it had no women members and a lone scholar from South India. In fact, the study of history began from the northern parts of Karnataka, following an excavation of stone-age tools,” Professor Devy explains. “There are debates whether the Aryans came to India or went from here. There are theories which insist that Sanskritspeaking people from India went from the region and settled in different parts of the globe, or the Sanskrit-speaking population came to India to settle. But there were no people called the Aryans at any given time in history, though there were languages,” he says. july 3 Fresh cases 46,617 Recoveries 59,384 Deaths 853 44,111 57,477 738 Nicobar Board for Wildlife and the island administration. In the 63rd meeting of NBWL, held on June 11 and chaired by Union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar, it was decided to recommend the proposal subject to conditions that the administration shall submit a ground-truthing report to the ministry in respect of the old boundaries within 30 days. P7 Jab-o-meter July 2 Take 38,88,643 doses your July 3 shot 57,36,924 doses Total doses: 35,05,42,004 Positivity rate across TN dists the Top five Thanjavur 5.1% Krishnagiri 5% Sivagangai 4.8% Coimbatore 4.7% Ariyalur 4.6% tamil nadu july 2 Fresh cases Recoveries Deaths WITH THIS ISSUE july 3 4,230 4,013 4,952 4,724 97 115 under the lens An analysis shows that the number of cases has stagnated or is dipping at a slow pace in about 10 TN districts read on: P4 Bottom of the stack 0.6% 0.9% 1.2% 1.3% 1.3% 1.3% 1.5% The Standing Committee of National Board for Wildlife (NBWL) has approved the proposal to reduce the boundary of Salt Water Crocodile Sanctuary in Andaman and Nicobar Islands by nearly 60 per cent. The sanctuary, declared in 1981, is spread over 100 sq.km and lies adjacent to the Mahatma Gan- dhi Marine National Park. But, now its boundary has been revised to 41.716 sq.km. The island administration submitted before the NBWL that the original boundary, stretching off shore Bay of Bengal and west coastline of South Andaman Island, was based on rough estimates. But subsequently, based on verification, “it was found that the actual Madurai Chennai Vellore Tiruvallur Kancheepuram Tenkasi Dindigul SV K RISHNA CHAITANYA @ Chennai The Burnout Epidemic PLUS 12 PAGES
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