kozhikode l wednesday l October 06, 2021 l `7.00 l PAGES 12 l city EDITION Three scientists share 2021 Nobel physics prize Their work enhanced our understanding of complex physical systems including physical modelling of the Earth’s climate Syukuro Manabe Klaus Hasselmann Giorgio Parisi Reliably Predicting global warming Japanese-American meteorologist Syukuro Manabe (90) and German oceanographer Klaus Hasselmann (89) were awarded for “quantifying variability and reliably predicting global warming”. Italian theoretical physicist Giorgio Parisi (73) was awarded the other half “for the discovery of the interplay of disorder and fluctuations in physical systems” ■ Today Finding order in disorder, randomness ■ The work by Manabe and Hasselmann is about large global forces that shape our daily lives, while Parisi’s work centres around subatomic particles and is somewhat esoteric and academic Parisi’s work is also focused on identifying hidden patterns in disordered complex materials called spin glasses | P12 2021 Nobel prize for Chemistry will be announced on Wednesday CHENNAI ■ MADURAI ■ VIJAYAWADA ■ BENGALURU ■ KOCHI ■ HYDERABAD ■ VISAKHAPATNAM ■ COIMBATORE ■ KOZHIKODE ■ THIRUVANANTHAPURAM ■ BELAGAVI ■ BHUBANESWAR ■ SHIVAMOgGA ■ MANGALURU ■ TIRUPATI ■ TIRUCHY ■ TIRUNELVELI ■ SAMBALPUR ■ HUBBALLI ■ DHARMAPURI ■ KOTTAYAM ■ KANNUR ■ VILLUPURAM ■ KOLLAM ■ WARANGAL ■ TADEPALLIGUDEM ■ NAGAPATTINAM ■ THRISSUR ■ KALABURAGI Indian lab may have helped validate research that fetched the medicine Nobel S u m i S u k anya D u t ta @ New Delhi While Ardem Patapoutian, along with David Julius, on Monday bagged the Nobel Prize in medicine for their seminal work in the discovery of receptors that allow humans to feel temperature and touch, a government lab in India, too, may have helped establish the sig- nificance of their discovery . Patapoutian’s discovery of The Indian Institute of the Piezo channels — a basic Chemical Biology (IICB) under fact of biology that was not the CSIR had shown in known before 2010 — 2018 that the cells of in the nervous system the immune system was followed up by a may also be critically number of labs to find dependent on these the role of these chanchannels to sense physnels in other different ical cues they encounbodily functions and Dipyaman Ganguly how exactly they work. ter inside the body . For instance, David Beeche’s lab in University of Leeds discovered in 2014 that the pressure sensing function of the channels also makes them critical in the cardiovascular system, such as to sense changes in blood pressure. Besides, Wolfgang Liedtke’s group in Duke University showed in 2014 that these channels play a major role in sensing pressure in the cartilage of our joints. Back home, a group of IICB scientists led by immunologist D i pya m a n G a n g u ly f i r s t showed in 2018 that the cells of the immune system may be critically dependent on these channels for sensing physical cues inside the body Their pa. per titled “Cutting Edge: Piezo1 Mechanosensors Optimize Human T Cell Activation”, published in The Journal of Immunology, provided the first evidence for the involvement of Piezo mechanosensors in immune regulation. Another group in China uncovered the structural basis of the channel’s working in 2018. All these works confirmed the Only cosmetic changes in BJP, official faction gets upperhand Vid adds heat, Shah summons junior S O VI VI D YA D H A R A N @ T’Puram Amid mounting outrage over the failure to arrest the son of Union Minister of State for Home Affairs Ajay Mishra over the Lakhimpur Kheri violence, a video clip purportedly showing a black SUV mowing down protesting farmers in that village on Sunday, which led to the death of eight persons, including four farmers, added fuel to the fire. The 29-second clip led to Union home minister Amit Shah summoning Mishra to Delhi, highly placed sources said. Mishra is also expected to brief senior leaders of the Sangh Parivar, highly placed sources said. For his part, Mishra claimed he would resign if there was any evidence establishing his son Ashish’s presence at the spot of diverse physiological role and importance of Piezo channels. “This is their moment and they deserve all the accolades,” said Ganguly, adding that his lab may be the only one in this field in India as of now. “We are happy to have contributed in a way that may have helped establish the significance of Patapoutian’s work.” BELYING expectations of a thorough organisational revamp following its debacle in the recent assembly elections, the BJP in Kerala chose to make only a few cosmetic changes to its list of officebearers. Along with state president K Surendran, who carried out the “revamp”, all six state general secretaries will continue in office. Five new district presidents have been appointed — in Pathanamthitta, Kottayam, Palakkad, Wayanad and Kasaragod. A poor show in the assembly polls and organisational weaknesses were cited as the reasons for the reshuffle. However, the present district leadership in Thiruvananthapuram — where the party suffered major electoral reverses — will continue, thanks to its proximity to the official faction. B Gopalakrishnan, C Sivankutty and P Reghunath are the new inclusions in the list of 10 vice-presidents. Senior leaders Sobha Surendran and A N Radhakrishnan, who share an uneasy relationship with the official faction, will continue as vicepresidents. Surendran said the revamp will continue. “Party committees will be cut short. BJP has a strong mechanism to scrutinise its leaders and their performance. Party discipline is paramount and those violating it will be dealt with strongly,” Surendran told mediapersons ● More on P4 at Nadapuram. Pressure grows to arrest son of Union minister Ajay Mishra; Rahul to visit Lahkimpur Kheri today N a m i ta Ba j pa i @ Lucknow Can be freed on personal bond As per sources, the Congress leaders could now be released on personal bonds. Priyanka may not necessarily be presented before a court for release. Under certain CrPC sections, hearing can be done by the magistrate at any place if need be E x p r e ss N e ws Se r v i c e @ New Delhi FROM April 2022, vehicle owners will have to pay `5,000 for renewal of registration of the cars older than 15 years against the current fee of `600. When it comes to two-wheelers, registration renewal of old bikes would cost `1,000 from April next year compared with `300 now. For three-wheelers and quadricycles, it has been increased from `600 to `2,500. As for renewal of registration for imported bikes and cars, the new prices effective from next financial year would be `10,000 (`2,500 now) and `40,000 (`5,000 now). Renewal of certificate of fitness for a bus or truck older than 15 years will attract a fee of `12,500 against `1,500 at present. PULLING IT OFF A group of fishermen pulling ‘kambavala’ (traditional fishing net) with the catch at Thazhampally near Thiruvananthapuram on Tuesday. The weather has been good in the last few days and the fishers are getting a good catch | B P Deepu daughter at the hands of her husband Abdul Hameed, 28, of Othayi. A 20-year-old woman and Moosakutty was found her family in Malappuram hanging in a rubber plantahave alleged that the brutal tion that comes under Wandomestic violence she door police station had to suffer from her limits. Before comhusband demanding mitting suicide, he more dowry for over a shot a video on his During the year drove her father mobile phone. In the marriage, we gave to end his life on Sepvideo, the rubber taphim 18 sovereigns tember 23. She said ping worker, who of gold as a she was even tied to a present. After the earned only a meagre cot in her husband’s income daily express, marriage, he house to restrict her demanded some es concern that his more gold. Then, movement. son-in-law has been we gave him six The family on Tuesconstantly demandday handed over a more sovereigns, ing gold from him to which belonged to keep his daughter copy of a video remy mother corded by 46-year-old with him. Moosakutty of MamFamily members of Ashraful Rilshad pad just before his Moosakutty later redeath to Nilambur police. In trieved the video from the the video, he is heard saying phone and handed a copy to he was forced to take the ex- Nilambur police who are intreme step since he was not vestigating a dowry harassable to bear the thought of the ment complaint filed by Hiba ● More on P4 pain being suffered by his on Sunday . @Malappuram general secretary Priyanka Gandhi asked Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who was in Lucknow on Tuesday why Ashish was out , of the police net while she was in custody illegally without any arrest warrant. Later, Priyanka and 10 other Congress leaders were officially arrested by the police in Sitapur, where she was detained on Monday morning. The arrests were to “prevent the commission of cognizable offences”, sources said. Priyanka spoke to the bereaved farmer families on phone. Congress leader Rahul Gandhi is expected to lead a five-member delegation to Lakhimpur Kheri on Wednesday . Chhattisgarh Chief Minister Bhupesh Baghel reached Lucknow airport to join Priyanka, but was not allowed to leave. Regn renewal of old cars to cost a bomb from April Can’t bear dowry torture faced by daughter: Man in video before ending life E x p r e s s N e w s Se r v i c e violence. He said the driver lost control of the SUV and ran over the farmers as the protesters had stoned the vehicle. Ashish has been named in an FIR following a police complaint by the farmers. The FIR says: “Ashish Mishra alias Monu, accompanied by his 15-20 aides with loaded weapons and riding 3-4 four wheelers, came rushing to Tikunia in Kheri where the farmers had gathered. Ashish was sitting on the left seat in his Thar Mahindra, which ran over the farmers trampling them while he (Ashish) fired with his weapon. Farmer Gurvinder Singh (22) received a bullet shot and died on the spot.” The mowing down mentioned in the FIR matches the sequence of events seen in the video clip. Tweeting the video, Congress E X P RESS READ Test positivity rate in Kerala drops to 10.44% Kochi: Kerala heaved a sigh of relief on Tuesday as its test positivity rate dropped to 10.44%. Three districts reported 1,000-plus cases, with Thrissur, 1,367, reporting the most. Kasaragod had only 150 cases. A total of 1,24,441 are under treatment. The death toll rose to 25,677 with the confirmation of 151 more deaths. P2, 4 NATIONWIDE oct 4 Fresh cases 20,799 18,346 Recoveries Deaths HC calls for an end to feud in Malankara Church 26,718 29,639 180 263 statewide oct 4 oct 5 Kochi: Expressing concern over the unending dispute between the Orthodox and Jacobite factions in the state, the Kerala High Court on Tuesday made it clear that the Supreme Court verdict in the K S Varghese case upholding the 1934 constitution of the Malankara Church should be implemented. P4 oct 5 Fresh cases 8,850 9,735 Recoveries Deaths 17,007 149 13,878 151 Court to DGP: Can CB do fair job when sr cops are linked to Monson? E x p r e s s N e w s Se r v i c e @ Kochi The Kerala High Court on Tuesday asked the state police chief whether he trusts the crime branch to carry out a proper investigation into the financial fraud involving conman Monson Mavunkal when senior police officers themselves allegedly had links with him. The court also asked why the police officers who had visited his house didn’t notice the valuables including the elephants tusks and initiated a probe. “Why did the police set up a beat box in front of Monson’s house? The police force was parading in and out of his residence. Instead of taking action against him, why was he given protection?” it asked. Justice Devan Ramachandran Ruling front, directed the state police chief to Opposition make file an affidavit explaining those veiled attacks details, while considering a petition filed by E V Ajith, former While CM Pinarayi driver of Monson, alleging police Vijayan shielded former DGP Loknath Behera harassment. The court also asked the state over his visit to Monspolice chief when police officers on’s ‘museum’, Opposihad seen valuable articles in his tion leader V D Sathecustody on what basis police pro- esan defended Congre, tection was given to Monson. In ss state president K fact, instead of taking action Sudhakaran whose against Monson, the police gave photographs and videos showing him in him protection. The court also pointed out that company of the dealer reports suggested that he had in had surfaced on social his custody items nobody had media. P5 even heard of. How then the police officers who visited him did not find this out. The court asked the state police chief to inform the court how and why no suspicion was raised against Monson though it was stated that his house was under police protection when articles such as elephants tusks (which are now stated to be not genuine) were in his possession. The court also asked whether the crime branch could conduct a proper investigation into the cases against Monson when allegations were flying thick and fast ● More on P5 against the police officers of all ranks. war of words Unacceptable! CPI nat’l council on Kanam’s Raja criticism E x p r e s s N e w s Se r v i c e @ T’Puram THE CPI national council on Tuesday reprimanded state secretary Kanam Rajendran over criticising general secretary D Raja in public. The council found Kanam’s criticism ‘unacceptable’ and ‘improper’ as it violated Leninist organisational principles. “The party has certain disciplinary norms. Criticising general secretary or any leader is not acceptable. Everybody is bound to follow party discipline,” Raja told reporters in New Delhi after the three-day national council meeting. The war of words between Kanam and Raja followed the criticism levelled by CPI leader Annie Raja, who is also the wife of Raja, that an RSS faction was active in Kerala Police. Kanam and the CPI state council opined that Annie’s criticism was not bona fide and the central leader breached the basic courtesy by not discussing D Raja Kanam Rajendran the issue with the state leadership before making the comment. Subsequently, Raja supported Annie’s right to express opinion on women safety and Kanam criticised Raja. “CPI has the history of criticising chairman Dange,” Kanam had said after the state council meeting last month. The state council also decided to convey its displeasure on Raja’s moves to the national council, but Raja said on Tuesday that the state leadership did not convey any criticism. The national council received a complaint from senior Kerala leader K E Ismail and that was taken for debate. Ismail said Kanam’s action was improper and in violation of party discipline. It is learnt that leaders from other states supported Ismail’s stand and observed that Kanam should have showed restraint. The executive also made it clear that leaders can freely express opinion on social issues. The open reprimand has not gone down well with Kanam. He did not hide his displeasure when reporters approached him for a comment. ● More on P4
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