chennai l wednesday l October 06, 2021 l `7.00 l PAGES 20 l late city EDITION Three scientists share 2021 Nobel physics prize Their work enhanced our understanding of complex physical systems including physical modelling of the Earth’s climate Syukuro Manabe Klaus Hasselmann Giorgio Parisi Reliably Predicting global warming Finding order in disorder, randomness Japanese-American meteorologist Syukuro Manabe (90) and German oceanographer Klaus Hasselmann (89) were awarded for “quantifying variability and reliably predicting global warming”. Italian theoretical physicist Giorgio Parisi (73) was awarded the other half “for the discovery of the interplay of disorder and fluctuations in physical systems” ■ ■ The work by Manabe and Hasselmann is about large global forces that shape our daily lives, while Parisi’s work centres around subatomic particles and is somewhat esoteric and academic Parisi’s work is also focused on identifying hidden patterns in disordered complex materials called spin glasses | P12 Today 2021 Nobel prize for Chemistry will be announced on Wednesday CHENNAI ■ MADURAI ■ VIJAYAWADA ■ BENGALURU ■ KOCHI ■ HYDERABAD ■ VISAKHAPATNAM ■ COIMBATORE ■ KOZHIKODE ■ THIRUVANANTHAPURAM ■ BELAGAVI ■ BHUBANESWAR ■ SHIVAMOgGA ■ MANGALURU ■ TIRUPATI ■ TIRUCHY ■ TIRUNELVELI ■ SAMBALPUR ■ HUBBALLI ■ DHARMAPURI ■ KOTTAYAM ■ KANNUR ■ VILLUPURAM ■ KOLLAM ■ WARANGAL ■ TADEPALLIGUDEM ■ NAGAPATTINAM ■ THRISSUR ■ KALABURAGI Indian lab may have helped validate research that fetched the medicine Nobel S u m i S u kanya D u tta @ New Delhi While Ardem Patapoutian, along with David Julius, on Monday bagged the Nobel Prize in medicine for their seminal work in the discovery of receptors that allow humans to feel temperature and touch, a government lab in India, too, may have helped establish the sig- Regn renewal of old cars to cost a bomb from April nificance of their discovery . Patapoutian’s discovery of The Indian Institute of the Piezo channels — a basic Chemical Biology (IICB) under fact of biology that was not the CSIR had shown in known before 2010 — 2018 that the cells of in the nervous system the immune system was followed up by a may also be critically number of labs to find dependent on these the role of these chanchannels to sense physnels in other different ical cues they encounbodily functions and ter inside the body . Dipyaman Ganguly how exactly they work. FROM April 2022, vehicle owners will have to pay `5,000 for renewal of registration of the cars older than 15 years against the current price of `600. When it comes to two-wheelers, registration renewal of old bikes would cost `1,000 from April next year compared with `300 now. For three-wheelers and quadricycles, it has been increased from `600 to `2,500. As for renewal of registration for imported bikes and cars, the new prices effective from next financial year would be `10,000 (`2,500 now) and `40,000 (`5,000 now). According to a notification issued by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways on Tuesday renewal of certificate , of fitness for a bus or truck older than 15 years will attract a fee of `12,500 against `1,500 at present; while in the case of medium goods or passenger motor vehicle, it would cost `10,000. In case of delay in renewal, an additional fee of `300 per month in the case of private vehicles and `500 for commercial vehicles shall be levied, the notification said. Amid mounting outrage over the failure to arrest the son of Union Minister of State for Home Affairs Ajay Mishra over the Lakhimpur Kheri violence, a video clip purportedly showing a black SUV mowing down protesting farmers in that village on Sunday, which led to the death of eight persons, including four farmers, added fuel to the fire. The 29-second clip led to Union home minister Amit Shah summoning Mishra to Delhi, highly placed sources said. Mishra is also expected to brief senior leaders of the Sangh Parivar, highly placed sources said. For his part, Mishra claimed he would resign if there was any evidence establishing his son Ashish’s presence at the spot of violence. He said the driver lost control of the SUV and ran over the farmers as the protesters had stoned the vehicle. Ashish has been named in an FIR following a police complaint by the farmers. The FIR says: “Ashish Mishra alias Monu, accompanied by his 15-20 aides with loaded weapons and riding 3-4 four wheelers, came rushing to Tikunia in Kheri where the farmers had gathered. Ashish was sitting on the left seat in his Thar Mahindra, which ran over the farmers trampling them while he (Ashish) fired with his weapon. Farmer Gurvinder Singh (22) received a bullet shot and died on the spot.” The mowing down mentioned in the FIR matches the sequence of events seen in the video clip. Tweeting the video, Congress oct 5 Fresh cases 20,799 18,346 oct 4 oct 5 Fresh cases 1,467 1,449 Recoveries Deaths 1,559 16 1,548 16 monsoon in the offing Northern districts received heavy rains with Kancheepuram recording 114mm rainfall on Tuesday. Forecast for the next five days showed heavy rains are likely across western TN Caught unawares in the midst of the road, two students walk towards a shelter at Mogappair in Chennai as incessant rains lashed the city on Tuesday | Debadatta Mallick | P3 Pondy SEC to issue fresh elections to local bodies today poll notification soon E X P R E S S N E W S S E R V I C E @ Chennai The Madras High Court on Tuesday permitted the Puducherry State Election Commission (SEC) to withdraw its municipal election notification. The SEC will issue a fresh notification to hold the polls by removing all anomalies in reservation of wards, within five days of cancelling the earlier one. Following submissions made by Additional Solicitor General R Sankaranarayanan that a fresh notification to rescind the notifications pertaining to reservations will be issued by October 7, the SEC sought leave to withdraw its local body polls notification. “Since the SEC seeks permission to issue a fresh notification in the above circumstances, such permission is granted so that the fresh notification is published within five days of the formal rescinding of the medical profession and medical regulation has also become a business. We hope betTHE Supreme Court on Tues- ter sense prevails,” the bench day was scathing in its criti- remarked. cism of the Centre and the Justice Chandrachud, who National Board of Examisuggested that the changes nations for changing the can be deferred by a year, National Eligibility gave the Centre a day to cum Entrance Test find a solution. “We Super Speciality will still give you time (NEET-SS) 2021 patto put your house in tern, inferring it was order. We will hear it done to fill up seats in tomorrow (Wednesprivate colleges. day). But if you are A bench comprisshowing obduracy, ing justices D Y Chanthe arms of the law Seats that go drachud and B V Naare strong,” he gathana said, “You vacant are never warned. in government announce the changThe bench noted colleges. It’s es in August for the always in private. that as per the revised exam in November. pattern, 100% quesWe have a When the students surmise, that the tions for the super seats in govt come to the court, specialty entrance colleges are not you change the exams test will come from lying vacant. It to January This does . the feeder category appears that the of general medicine. not augur well.” “Just because you entire haste is for Under the earlier patfilling the vacant have authority can it tern, 60% of the quesseats be exercised (like tions were from the this)? Would the heav- Justice Chandrachud s u p e r s p e c i a l t y ens have fallen if it course which the stuwas done from next year? dent opted and only 40% quesWhat would happen if a year’s tions were from the feeder time is given to students to categories. prepare? Changing the pat“The logic seems to be, gentern is in the domain of ex- eral medicine is the largest perts but do it in a way experts pool, and tap them to fill the do, not in this fashion. Other- seats,” Justice Chandrachud wise, it sends a signal that said. @ New Delhi Total doses: 92,11,80,022 tamil nadu As per sources, the Congress leaders could now be released on personal bonds. Priyanka may not necessarily be presented before a court for release. Under certain CrPC sections, hearing can be done by the magistrate at any place if need be E xpress N ews S ervice Take 65,63,089 doses your October 5 shot 54,08,420 doses 26,718 29,639 180 263 Can be freed on personal bond general secretary Priyanka Gandhi asked Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who was in Lucknow on Tuesday why Ashish was out , of the police net while she was in custody illegally without any arrest warrant. Later, Priyanka and 10 other Congress leaders were officially arrested by the police in Sitapur, where she was detained on Monday morning. The arrests were to “prevent the commission of cognizable offences”, police said. Priyanka spoke to the bereaved farmer families on phone. Congress leader Rahul Gandhi is expected to lead a five-member delegation to Lakhimpur Kheri on Wednesday . Chhattisgarh Chief Minister Bhupesh Baghel reached Lucknow airport to join Priyanka, but was not allowed to leave. P7 NEET-SS exam change to help pvt colleges: SC October 4 Recoveries Deaths Mechanosensors Optimize Human T Cell Activation”, published in The Journal of Immunology, provided the first evidence for the involvement of Piezo mechanosensors in immune regulation. Another group in China uncovered the structural basis of the channel’s working in 2018. All these works confirmed the diverse physiological role and importance of Piezo channels. “This is their moment and they deserve all the accolades,” said Ganguly, adding that his lab may be the only one in this field in India as of now. “We are happy to have contributed in a way that may have helped establish the significance of Patapoutian’s work.” Pressure grows to arrest son of Union minister Ajay Mishra; Rahul to visit Lakhimpur Kheri today N a m ita Ba j pai @ Lucknow NATIONWIDE oct 4 major role in sensing pressure in the cartilage of our joints. Back home, a group of IICB scientists led by immunologist D i pya m a n G a n g u ly f i r s t showed in 2018 that the cells of the immune system may be critically dependent on these channels for sensing physical cues inside the body Their pa. per titled “Cutting Edge: Piezo1 Vid adds heat, Shah summons junior E xpress N ews S ervice @ New Delhi Jab-o-meter For instance, David Beeche’s lab in University of Leeds discovered in 2014 that the pressure sensing function of the channels also makes them critical in the cardiovascular system, such as to sense changes in blood pressure. Besides, Wolfgang Liedtke’s group in Duke University showed in 2014 that these channels play a previous notification of September 22,” the first bench of Chief Justice Sanjib Banerjee and Justice PD Audikesavalu said in an order while disposing of a batch of petitions. The bench stated, “It is hoped the anomalies are now removed and the proposed notification carries no mistake so that the election can be held as expeditiously as possible.” The SEC had told the court that it is the first municipal elections that will be conducted on the basis of the 2011 Census and after the delimitation exercise that was completed in June this year. The Union Territory also said the elections need to be conducted expeditiously as per a Supreme Court order. According to the earlier notification, polling was scheduled in three phases, on October 21, 25, and 28, and filing of nominations for phase 1 was scheduled to commence on September 30. Five months after the new DMK government took charge, the stage is set for the Dravidian major’s first litmus test today with nine districts in Tamil Nadu heading for rural local body elections | Read on: P4,5 No two-finger test done: IAF chief on Kovai rape E X P R E S S N E W S S E R V I C E @ New Delhi/Chennai Indian Air Force chief Air Chief Marshal VR Chaudhari on Tuesday denied allegations by a female IAF officer that she was subjected to the banned two-finger test in connection with the rape charges she levelled at a fellow officer. Speaking to the press in New Delhi, Chaudhari said, “Let me assure you, Air Force law is very strict on such incidents. The two-finger test that you have mentioned is misreported. I can confirm to you this test was not done and we are well aware of the rules.” Disciplinary action will be taken based on report of inquiry he added. , National Commission for Women had VR Chaudhari condemned IAF for allegedly administering the test, calling it a violation of court orders and the victim’s right to privacy and dignity The 28-year-old of. ficer, training at Air Force Administrative College, filed a police complaint in Coimbatore on September 20 that Flight Lieutenant Amitesh Harmukh had sexually assaulted her. An FIR was registered and he was arrested. The case was handed over to IAF for court-martial proceedings. personal call Chief Minister MK Stalin interacts with people during a surprise visit to the CM’s special cell at the Secretariat in Chennai on Tuesday. He also instructed the officials to resolve their issues soon | P4 man vs wild Forest department told to capture, not kill problematic tiger S V K R I S H N A C H A I TA N YA @ Chennai The Madras High Court on Tuesday directed the Tamil Nadu Forest department not to kill MDT 23, the tiger which allegedly killed four people and about 20 livestock triggering panic in several villages of the Gudalur forest division. Despite enormous public outrage and pressure from political circles, the forest department had so far, maintained restraint and only tried to cap- ture the animal, even as Principal Chief Conservator of Forest (PCCF) and Chief Wildlife Warden Shekhar Kumar Niraj had issued a hunting order under Section 11(1)(a) of Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. However, a writ petition was filed by G Arun Prasanna from People for Cattle of India (PFCI) before the first bench of Chief Justice Sanjib Banerjee and Justice PD Audikesavalu chal- lenging the hunting order. The court permitted urgent mention and a hearing was held on Tuesday. State government pleader, P Muthukumar, filed an affidavit on behalf of the PCCF, detailing the ground operation and department’s endeavour to mitigate the man- animal conflict using non-lethal measures like tranquilising and capturing the tiger. Recording the submissions, the bench ordered, “The tiger, identified as MDT 23, which is perceived to be dangerous to humans, is to be captured alive and no steps are to be taken to ‘minimise human entry into forests’ The Chief Justice Sanjib Banerjee also directed the PCCF to use his best discretion to minimise the number of people entering the natural habitat to carry out the operation put the animal to sleep.” “The moment a large posse of humans enter any forest, the natural habitat gets destroyed... other animals in the area should not be disturbed to the extent avoidable for the purpose of tracking down this animal, though some discreet measures may be used for such purpose with the object of ultimately treating the animal and respecting its right to remain wild and free to roam in the forest,” the bench said. p2
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