Jab-o-meter Take your shot October 10 46,57,679 doses October 11 59,62,469 doses Total doses: 95,82,64,532 NATIONWIDE oct 10 oct 11 Fresh cases 18,166 18,132 Recoveries Deaths 23,624 21,563 214 193 odisha oct 10 oct 11 Fresh cases BHUBANESWAR l tuesday l October 12, 2021 l `7.00 l PAGES 12 l JEYPORE EDITION Use of natural experiments gets Economics Nobel Prize Award honours research method that lets economists draw precise conclusions about cause and effect in the real world Guido Imbens Joshua Angrist David Card Research upended conventional wisdom Influencing U.S. govt decision-making David Card of the University of California, Berkeley, was awarded one half of the prize for showing that a rise in minimum wage does not lead to less hiring and immigrants do not lower pay for native-born workers. The other half was shared by Joshua Angrist (MIT) & Guido Imbens (Stanford) for creating a framework to study these types of societal issues ■ ■ Economists use natural experiments to study the world, unlike in medicine or other sciences, where controlled trials are conducted The late Alan Krueger, who worked with Card on some of the research that won the Nobel, served as chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers for former US President Barack Obama 526 448 Recoveries Deaths 597 04 469 06 1969 1st Economics Nobel was awarded, well after Nobel’s 1901 inception CHENNAI ■ MADURAI ■ VIJAYAWADA ■ BENGALURU ■ KOCHI ■ HYDERABAD ■ VISAKHAPATNAM ■ COIMBATORE ■ KOZHIKODE ■ THIRUVANANTHAPURAM ■ BELAGAVI ■ BHUBANESWAR ■ SHIVAMOgGA ■ MANGALURU ■ TIRUPATI ■ TIRUCHY ■ TIRUNELVELI ■ SAMBALPUR ■ HUBBALLI ■ DHARMAPURI ■ KOTTAYAM ■ KANNUR ■ VILLUPURAM ■ KOLLAM ■ WARANGAL ■ TADEPALLIGUDEM ■ NAGAPATTINAM ■ THRISSUR ■ KALABURAGI 5 soldiers killed in Kashmir gunfight Coal scenario grim, Shah takes stock Holds review meet with ministers of coal & power to find solutions E x p r e s s N e w s Se r v i c e Costly energy @ New Delhi F aya z W a n i @ Srinagar A Junior Commissioned Officer (JCO) and four soldiers were killed in a fierce gunfight with militants in the Surankote area of Poonch in Jammu and Kashmir on Monday Violence in the . Valley has escalated last week with the killing of as many as seven civilians. Soldiers at the site of an encounter in the Poonch district on Monday | PTI Parliamentary outreach Lok Sabha Speaker Om Birla has invited Pakistan Senate Chairman Sadiq Sanjrani to visit India for the centenary celebrations of the Public Accounts Committee of India’s parliament On Monday morning, the Army launched a cordon and search operation in a village close to Dera Ki Gali in Suranko- te based on intelligence inputs, an army official said. During the operation, a gunfight broke out after militants fired automatic weapons at the army’s search party Five soldiers, including . the JCO, were critically injured and evacuated to a military hospital, where they died of their injuries. The deceased soldiers were identified as Naib Subedar Jaswinder Singh from Punjab, Naik Mandeep Singh and Sepoy Gajjan Singh (both also from Punjab), Sepoy Saraj Singh (Uttar Pradesh) and Vaisakh H (Kerala). Additional troops were rushed to the area to assist the security men in the combing operation. Sources said security forces engaged with the militants in the forest area of Bhangai village in the neighbouring Rajouri district in the evening. More troops have been rushed to the area to tighten the siege. Sources said a group of two-four militants are trapped in the area and it is suspected that they may have infiltrated from across the border. On Monday three other sepa, rate encounters took place between militants and security forces in Kashmir, resulting in the deaths of two militants. Amid widespread concerns over power cuts across the country because of inadequate coal supply at generation units, Union Home Minister Amit Shah on Monday met both coal and power ministers to take stock of the situation. Besides power minister R K Singh and coal minister Pralhad Joshi, top officials of the ministries and senior officials from the state-run energy conglomerate NTPC Ltd, attended the hour-long meeting. While the ministry of coal sought to allay fears of disruption in power supply the latest , daily report of the Central Electric Authority said as many as 115 of the 135 thermal power plants in the country are now on coal stocks of less than a week. As many as 96 of these plants that generate 71% of total thermal power in the country, have coal stocks of four days or less (see table). Depending on the distance of the power plant (from the coal mines) and the kind of coal — pithead or non-pithead — it uses, a comfortable stock would last for 15-30 days. The stock is considered crit- Sourcing energy from the national exchange costs a bomb but many states dipping into it to avoid power cuts. Its per unit cost has shot up from `5-8 per unit earlier to `12-15 per unit now 165 GW capacity India has 135 coallinkage based thermal power plants with total installed capacity of 165 GW ical if it is likely to last for seven days or less; and super critical if it will be exhausted in four days or less. On Friday last, the number of power plants with critical or supercritical coal stocks was 110. Reports from across the coal supply status Stock in days No. of (Critical/ Thermal Super Critical) Plants Capacity (MW) 0 day 1 day 2 days 3 days 4 days 5 days 6 days 17 26 22 18 13 11 8 16,430 4,930 27,325 24,094 15,210 10,775 11,450 TOTAL 115 1,40,214 country confirmed the grim picture. Delhi’s thermal units barely have stock for two-three days, claimed power minister Satyendar Jain. Karnataka has just two days of coal stock left, with barely 12 rakes, each having up to 4,000 metric tonnes of coal. As on 6.30 pm on Monday , the Raichur Thermal Power Station produced just 444 MW against a capacity of 1,720 MW from three grids; Ballari TPS 395 MW against a capacity of 1,700 MW; and Yeramarus TPS 678 MW though its installed capacity is 1,600 MW. Only one unit each of YTPS and BTPS were operating. Also, two coal-based thermal power plants have been shut for two-and-a-half months as coal could not be imported. However, hydro plants managed to address the need for now due to abundant rains. In Rajasthan, Monday was the 11th successive day of blackouts. The state has an overall shortfall of about 2,450 MW, though coal stock has improved a bit with generation commencing in a few plants that were forced to go idle. Punjab has a shortfall of 1,000 MW per day as many thermal units are shut or working Continued on: P7 at 50%. Chill extends as India, China blame each other for failure of LAC talks M aya n k S i n g h @ New Delhi Terse statements from India and China on Monday on the outcome of the Corps Commander-level meeting the previous day to resolve the standoff in the remaining areas along the Line of Actual Control (LAC), indicated the talks had run into rough weather. Issuing statements independently India pointed to Chinese , disagreement with its “constructive suggestions”. For its part, China said India “persisted in its unreasonable and unrealistic demands”. In the past, both sides had issued joint statements after such interactions. The Indian Army said that during Sunday’s meeting, it made “constructive suggestions for resolving the remaining areas but the Chinese side was not agreeable and also could not provide any forwardlooking proposals. The meeting thus did not result in resolution of the remaining areas.” Chinese Senior Colonel Long Shaohua, spokesperson for the Western Theater Command of the People’s Liberation Army, Continued on: P5 said:
Express Network Private Limited publishes thirty three E-paper editions of The New Indian Express newspaper , thirty two E-paper editions of Dinamani, one E-paper edition of The Morning Standard, one E-paper edition of Malayalam Vaarika magazine and one E-paper edition of the Indulge - The Morning Standard, Kolkatta.