JAB-O-METER TAKE YOUR SHOT October 10 46,57,679 doses October 11 59,62,469 doses TOTAL DOSES: 95,82,64,532 NATIONWIDE OCT 10 OCT 11 Fresh cases 18,166 18,132 Recoveries Deaths 23,624 21,563 214 193 TELANGANA OCT 10 OCT 11 Fresh cases HYDERABAD TUESDAY OCTOBER 12, 2021 `7.00 PAGES 16 LATE CITY EDITION USE OF NATURAL EXPERIMENTS GETS ECONOMICS NOBEL PRIZE Award honours research method that lets economists draw precise conclusions about cause and effect in the real world GUIDO IMBENS JOSHUA ANGRIST DAVID CARD RESEARCH UPENDED CONVENTIONAL WISDOM ■ 183 Recoveries Deaths 214 1 220 2 1969 INFLUENCING U.S. GOVT DECISION-MAKING David Card of the University of California, Berkeley, was awarded one half of the prize for showing that a rise in minimum wage does not lead to less hiring and immigrants do not lower pay for native-born workers. The other half was shared by Joshua Angrist (MIT) & Guido Imbens (Stanford) for creating a framework to study these types of societal issues | P9 162 ■ Economists use natural experiments to study the world, unlike in medicine or other sciences, where controlled trials are conducted The late Alan Krueger, who worked with Card on some of the research that won the Nobel, served as chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers for former US President Barack Obama 1ST ECONOMICS NOBEL WAS AWARDED, WELL AFTER NOBEL’S 1901 INCEPTION CHENNAI ■ MADURAI ■ VIJAYAWADA ■ BENGALURU ■ KOCHI ■ HYDERABAD ■ VISAKHAPATNAM ■ COIMBATORE ■ KOZHIKODE ■ THIRUVANANTHAPURAM ■ BELAGAVI ■ BHUBANESWAR ■ SHIVAMOGGA ■ MANGALURU ■ TIRUPATI ■ TIRUCHY ■ TIRUNELVELI ■ SAMBALPUR ■ HUBBALLI ■ DHARMAPURI ■ KOTTAYAM ■ KANNUR ■ VILLUPURAM ■ KOLLAM ■ WARANGAL ■ TADEPALLIGUDEM ■ NAGAPATTINAM ■ THRISSUR ■ KALABURAGI 5 soldiers killed in Coal situation stays grim, Shah takes stock Kashmir gunfight Holds review meet with ministers of coal & power to find solutions EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE @ New Delhi F AYA Z W A N I @ Srinagar A Junior Commissioned Officer (JCO) and four soldiers were killed in a fierce gunfight with militants in the Surankote area of Poonch in Jammu and Kashmir on Monday Violence in the . Valley has escalated last week with the killing of as many as seven civilians. On Monday morning, the Army launched a cordon and search operation in a village Soldiers at the site of an encounter in the Poonch district on Monday | PTI Parliamentary outreach Lok Sabha Speaker Om Birla has invited Pakistan Senate Chairman Sadiq Sanjrani to visit India for the centenary celebrations of the Public Accounts Committee of India’s parliament on Dec 4-5 close to Dera Ki Gali in Surankote based on intelligence inputs, an army official said. During the operation, a gunfight broke out after militants fired automatic weapons at the army’s search party Five . soldiers, including the JCO, were critically injured and evacuated to a military hospital, where they died of their injuries. The deceased soldiers were identified as Naib Subedar Jaswinder Singh from Punjab, Naik Mandeep Singh and Sepoy Gajjan Singh (both also from Punjab), Sepoy Saraj Singh (Uttar Pradesh) and Vaisakh H (Kerala). Additional troops were rushed to the area to assist the security men in the combing operation. Sources said security forces engaged with the militants in the forest area of Bhangai village in the neighbouring Rajouri district in the evening. More troops have been rushed to the area to tighten the siege. Sources said a group of two-four militants are trapped in the area and it is suspected that they may have infiltrated from across the border. On Monday, three other encounters took place between militants and security forces in Kashmir, resulting in the P7 deaths of two militants. TS cuts SSC exam papers to 6 E X P R E S S N E W S S E R V I C E @ Hyderabad IN a huge relief to thousands of students, the Telangana Board of Secondary Education has once again decided to reduce the number of Secondary School Certificate (SSC) exam papers from 11 to six for the 2021-22 academic year. The Department of Education issued official orders to this effect on Monday. This is the second time that the State government has decided to have only six exam papers instead of 11. The move is aimed at providing some relief to students in the wake of Covid-19 pandemic and its effect on their studies. Meanwhile, the authorities also announced that this year the students will be given the option of choosing Urdu as a second language, the others being Hindi and Telugu. The exams are likely to be held in March and April, 2022. 165 GW CAPACITY India has 135 coallinkage based thermal power plants with total installed capacity of 165 GW Capacity (MW) 0 day 1 day 2 days 3 days 4 days 5 days 6 days 17 26 22 18 13 11 8 16,430 4,930 27,325 24,094 15,210 10,775 11,450 TOTAL 115 1,40,214 Sourcing energy from the national exchange costs a bomb but many states dipping into it to avoid power cuts. Its per unit cost has shot up from `5-8 per unit earlier to `12-15 per unit now Depending on the distance of the power plant (from the coal mines) and the kind of coal — pithead or non-pithead — it uses, a comfortable stock would last for 15-30 days. The stock is considered critical if it is likely to last for seven days or less; and super critical if it will be exhausted in four days or less. On Friday last, the number of power plants with critical or super-critical coal stocks was 110. Reports from across the country confirmed the grim picture. Delhi’s thermal units barely have stock for two-three days, claimed power minister Satyendar Jain. Karnataka has just two days of coal stock left, with barely 12 Chill extends as India, China blame each other for failure of LAC talks M AYA N K S I N G H @ New Delhi TERSE statements from India and China on Monday on the outcome of the Corps Commander-level meeting the previous day to resolve the standoff in the remaining areas along the Line of Actual Control (LAC), indicated the talks had run into rough weather. Issuing statements independently India pointed to Chinese , disagreement with its “constructive suggestions”. For its part, China said India “persisted in its unreasonable and unrealistic demands”. In the past, both sides had issued joint statements after such interactions. The Indian Army said that TOP EARNER during Sunday’s meeting, it made “constructive suggestions for resolving the remaining areas but the Chinese side was not agreeable and also could not provide any forwardlooking proposals. The meeting thus did not result in resolution of the remaining areas.” Chinese Senior Colonel Long Shaohua, spokesperson for the Western Theater Command of the People’s Liberation Army, said: “(T)he Chinese side made great efforts to promote the easing and cooling of the border situation and fully demonstrated China’s sincerity of maintaining overall interests of bilateral military relations. However, the Indian side still persisted in its unreasonable and unrealistic demands, which added difficulties to the negotiations.” The meeting was held at the Moldo-Chushul border point on the Chinese side. The discussions revolved around resolution of the remaining issues along the LAC. Sources said some agreement on the resolution of the stand-off at Hot Spring was expected. Also, forward movement on the situation at Depsang and Demchok was expected, but the talks failed. The Corps Commanders talks had been amicable till the 12th round on July 31. Minister’s son in UP police remand for interrogation TRS mobilises `130 cr through electoral bonds N A M I TA B A J PA I @ Lucknow EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE @ Hyderabad THE TRS has topped the list of 42 regional parties in the country with `130.46 crore income earned through electoral bonds in 2019-20. According to an analysis done by the Association of Democratic Rights (ADR), which was released on Monday , the pink party’s income was 14.86 per cent of the total income of the 42 parties, which was at `877.95 crore. The YSRC, which is in power in the neighbouring Andhra Pradesh, mobilised `92.73 crore, which is 10.56 per cent of the total income of all the regional parties. The analysis pointed out that at the end of the 2019-20, the TRS had 83.76 per cent of the money lying unspent. The analysis is based on the IT returns submitted to the Election Commission of India by the parties, the ADR said. Meanwhile, the Telugu Desam Party was among the 18 parties which declared that they had spent more than what they had mobilised in P7 2019-20. COAL SUPPLY STATUS Stock in days No. of (Critical/ Thermal Super Critical) Plants AMID widespread concerns over power cuts across the country because of inadequate coal supply at generation units, Union Home Minister Amit Shah on Monday met both coal and power ministers to take stock of the situation. Besides power minister R K Singh and coal minister Pralhad Joshi, top officials of the ministries and senior officials from the state-run energy conglomerate NTPC Ltd, attended the hour-long meeting. While the ministry of coal sought to allay fears of disruption in power supply the latest , daily report of the Central Electric Authority said as many as 115 of the 135 thermal power plants in the country are now on coal stocks of less than a week. As many as 96 of these plants that generate 71% of total thermal power in the country, have coal stocks of four days or less (see table). COSTLY ENERGY TAKING CHARGE Justice Satish Chandra Sharma signs a document as he takes oath as the new Chief Justice of Telangana High Court, in Hyderabad on Monday | EXPRESS ASHISH Mishra, the son of Union minister Ajay Mishra and the main accused in the Lakhimpur Kheri violence case, was on Monday sent to three-day police custody till Oct 15. The Special Investigation Team had sought a 14-day police remand from a local court for further interrogation, indicating he would not be treated with kid gloves. Ashish was first remanded in 14-day judicial custody after he was arrested late on Saturday night over the violence on Oct 3, which claimed eight lives. A source privy to the investigation said videos furnished by Ashish in his defence to estabAshish Mishra lish his whereabouts elsewhere on Oct 3 were shot around 4 pm, whereas the violence occurred about 3.15 pm. Meanwhile, the state BJP appeared to be distancing itself from Ashish, with a video showing the party’s UP chief Swatantra Dev Singh telling the cadre that “leadership P8 doesn’t mean mowing down people by your vehicle.” rakes, each having up to 4,000 metric tonnes of coal. As on 6.30 pm on Monday the Raichur , Thermal Power Station produced just 444 MW against a capacity of 1,720 MW from three grids; Ballari TPS 395 MW against a capacity of 1,700 MW; and Yeramarus TPS 678 MW though its installed capacity is 1,600 MW. Only one unit each of YTPS and BTPS were operating. Also, two coal-based thermal power plants have been shut for two-and-a-half months as coal could not be imported. However, hydro plants managed to address the need for now due to abundant rains. In Rajasthan, Monday was the 11th successive day of blackouts. The state has an overall shortfall of about 2,450 MW, though coal stock has improved a bit with generation commencing in a few plants that were forced to go idle. Punjab has a shortfall of 1,000 MW per day as many thermal units are shut or working CONTINUED ON P7 at 50%. Disproportionate wealth Hetero Drugs, which produced two important generic drugs for treating Covid-19 patients, came under the I-T dept scanner as it amassed wealth disproportionate to the known sources of income Hetero stashed `142 cr in almirahs of several flats EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE @ Hyderabad THE Income Tax Department, which unearthed unaccounted income estimated to be around `550 crore and seized unexplained cash amounting to `142.87 crore during last week’s raids on the offices of Hetero Drugs and its promoters, found the currency notes stuffed in carton boxes, labelled medicines, and also in huge almirahs at several flats. The department carried out search operations at about 50 locations in six states, including Telangana and Andhra Pradesh, on Wednesday and Thursday . According to sources, the carton boxes and almirahs with huge amount of cash were also seized from the premises of the pharma giant and its associates. It was alleged that Hetero, which produced two important generic drugs for treating Covid-19 patients during the pandemic, came under the scanner of the I-T Department as it amassed wealth disproportionate to the known sources of income. It was also learnt that the funds were diverted and invested in real estate projects. During the the searches, issues relating to discrepancies in purchases made from bogus and non-existent entities, and artificial inflation of certain heads of expenditure were also detected. Further, evidence of on-money payment for purchase of lands was also found. Various other legal issues, including personal expenses being shown in the company’s name and land purchased below government registration value by related parties, were also identified. Several bank lockers were found, of which 16 were being operated. During the searches, hideouts were identified where a second set of books of accounts and cash were found. Incriminating evidence in the form of digital media, pen drives, documents have also been found and seized. EXPRESS READ Water issues: Implementation of notification unlikely Hyderabad: It is official now. The gazette notification of the Ministry of Jal Shakti, bringing irrigation projects under the control of the river management boards, will not be implemented from October 14. Godavari River Management Board (GRMB) chairman J Chandrashekhar Iyer said that as per the gazette, they could not take control of the projects unless the States handed them over | P4 IT’S ALL IN THE NAME Typo in ex gratia cheque leaves flood victim’s kin hanging S U N N Y B A S K I @ Hyderabad A bloomer made by authorities in the cheque given as ex gratia to a family who lost one of their members due to floods in Gaganpahad of Rajendranagar, has forced the kin to run from pillar to post for the last one year. On October 13, 2020, following heavy flooding in many parts of the city, Mohammed Sadiq who used to work as a lorry driver, his wife Kareema Begum, and two sons died, when the bund of Appa Cheruvu breached and water levels reached a height of 12 feet near his home located behind the Celebration Convention in Gaganpahad. To provide financial aid to the kin of flood victims, the State government announced an ex gratia of `5 lakh. As part of this, MA&UD Minister K T Rama Rao visited families who lost their members in the floods to hand over the cheques. While the cheque issued to Kareema Begum’s parents was in order, in the ex gratia cheque handed over to M o h a m m e d S a d i q ’s brother, the name was spelt as Mohammed ‘Siddique’. Therefore it could not be encashed. Family members blame authorities for their negligence which has kept them waiting for a fresh cheque since last October. Speaking to Express, Moham- med Ishaq, Sadiq’s brother, said that when he brought this mistake to the notice of the respective RDO and Tahsildar, officials did not pay any attention. “One ex gratia cheque on behalf of my brother’s wife was received by her relatives, while no ex gratia cheques have been sanctioned for his two sons so far,” he said. “To sort out this issue, I had visited the RDO and Tahsildar offices several times who asked me to go to Jadcherla in Mah- bubnagar as my brother is a native of this place to take part in an inquiry When I visited Mah. bubnagar, officials said there is no such inquiry Ishaq said. ,” As this did not work out, Ishaq again approached the RDO and Tahsildar and at last in this September, municipal officials came to inquiry about out the genuineness of the case. They collected all details about the cause of death of Mohammed Sadiq. The file is still pending in the GHMC office, Rajendranagar, Ishaq said. FAMILY BLAMES AUTHORITIES FOR NEGLIGENCE In the cheque handed over to Mohammed Sadiq’s brother, the name was spelt as Mohammed ‘Siddique’. Therefore it could not be encashed. Family members blame authorities for their negligence which has kept them waiting for a fresh cheque since last October
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