JAB-O-METER TAKE YOUR SHOT October 10 46,57,679 doses October 11 59,62,469 doses TOTAL DOSES: 95,82,64,532 NATIONWIDE OCT 10 OCT 11 Fresh cases 18,166 18,132 Recoveries Deaths 23,624 21,563 214 193 KARNATAKA OCT 10 OCT 11 Fresh cases HUBBALLI TUESDAY OCTOBER 12, 2021 `7.00 PAGES 12 CITY EDITION USE OF NATURAL EXPERIMENTS GETS ECONOMICS NOBEL PRIZE Award honours research method that lets economists draw precise conclusions about cause and effect in the real world GUIDO IMBENS JOSHUA ANGRIST DAVID CARD RESEARCH UPENDED CONVENTIONAL WISDOM INFLUENCING U.S. GOVT DECISION-MAKING David Card of the University of California, Berkeley, was awarded one half of the prize for showing that a rise in minimum wage does not lead to less hiring and immigrants do not lower pay for native-born workers. The other half was shared by Joshua Angrist (MIT) & Guido Imbens (Stanford) for creating a framework to study these types of societal issues ■ ■ Economists use natural experiments to study the world, unlike in medicine or other sciences, where controlled trials are conducted The late Alan Krueger, who worked with Card on some of the research that won the Nobel, served as chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers for former US President Barack Obama P9 406 373 Recoveries Deaths 637 10 611 10 1969 1ST ECONOMICS NOBEL WAS AWARDED, WELL AFTER NOBEL’S 1901 INCEPTION CHENNAI ■ MADURAI ■ VIJAYAWADA ■ BENGALURU ■ KOCHI ■ HYDERABAD ■ VISAKHAPATNAM ■ COIMBATORE ■ KOZHIKODE ■ THIRUVANANTHAPURAM ■ BELAGAVI ■ BHUBANESWAR ■ SHIVAMOGGA ■ MANGALURU ■ TIRUPATI ■ TIRUCHY ■ TIRUNELVELI ■ SAMBALPUR ■ HUBBALLI ■ DHARMAPURI ■ KOTTAYAM ■ KANNUR ■ VILLUPURAM ■ KOLLAM ■ WARANGAL ■ TADEPALLIGUDEM ■ NAGAPATTINAM ■ THRISSUR ■ KALABURAGI Only 2 days of coal stocks left, B’luru faces 300 MW shortage 5 Armymen killed in J&K Shortfall being met by solar, wind energy, hydropower sources COAL SUPPLY STATUS 165 GW Stock in days No. of (Critical/ Thermal Super Critical) Plants CAPACITY India has 135 coallinkage based thermal power plants with total installed capacity of 165 GW Capacity (MW) 0 day 1 day 2 days 3 days 4 days 5 days 6 days TOTAL B O S K Y K H A N N A @ Bengaluru KARNATAKA is staring at dark days ahead with only two days of coal left for generating power. In Bengaluru, the peak load has come down from 10,00012,500 MW to 8,000-9,000 MW, while there has been a shortage of 300 MW over the last two days that is being managed with renewable energy, said a senior official from Bangalore Electricity Supply Company (BESCOM). According to the Energy Department and Karnataka Power Corporation Ltd (KPCL) records, only 12 rakes of coal stock are available at present, which will feed thermal power stations only for two days. To conserve coal, power generation at thermal stations has been limited and power cuts are being resorted to. “We are running hand-tomouth. But compared to other states, we are in a better position as our emphasis is more on hydro, solar and wind energy. We are getting eight to nine rakes of coal now, with each rake containing 3,900-4,000 metric tonnes of coal. We need stocks for 15 days, or at least 17 26 22 18 13 11 8 16,430 4,930 27,325 24,094 15,210 10,775 11,450 115 1,40,214 one week, to be in a comfortable situation. After Chief Minister (Basavaraj Bommai) and Energy Minister (Sunil Kumar) held discussions, the Central government has assured the State of 12 rakes. For the additional two rakes, we are talking to Mahanadi Coalfields Ltd (MCL). But that will come only next month. Until then, the situation is tight,” a senior KPCL official told The New Indian Express. KPCL records at 6.30 pm on Monday showed that Raichur Thermal Power Station (RTPS) is able to generate only 444 MW of power as against its capacity of 1,720 MW from three grids, Ballari Thermal Power Station (BTPS) can generate 395 MW power against its capacity of 1,700 MW, and Yeramarus Thermal Power Station (YTPS), 678 MW against a capacity of 1,600 MW. Only one unit each of YTPS and BTPS are operating to conserve coal stocks. “Farmers are not using irrigation pump sets now because of monsoon. But once the rain stops, the problem will only get aggravated as IP sets consume around 20-30 per cent of power generated,” the official said. CONTINUED ON: P5 Situation grim across country, Shah steps in E X P R E S S N E W S S E R V I C E @ New Delhi AMID widespread concerns over power cuts across the country because of inadequate coal supply at generation units, Union Home Minister Amit Shah on Monday met both coal and power ministers to take stock of the situation. Besides power minister R K Singh and coal minister Pralhad Joshi, top officials of the ministries and senior officials from the state-run energy conglomerate NTPC Ltd, attended the hour-long meeting. While the ministry of coal sought to allay fears of disruption in power supply the latest daily re, port of the Central Electric Authority said as many as 115 of the 135 thermal COSTLY power plants in the country ENERGY are now on coal stocks of less Sourcing energy than a week. As many as 96 of from the national these plants that generate 71% exchange costs a of total thermal power in the bomb but many country, have coal stocks of states dipping into four days or less (see table). Depending on the distance it to avoid power cuts. Its per unit of the power plant (from the cost has shot up coal mines) and the kind of from B5-8 per unit coal — pithead or non-pithead earlier to B12-15 per — it uses, a comfortable stock would last for 15-30 days. unit now The stock is considered critical if it is likely to last for seven days or less; and super critical if it will be exhausted in four days or less. On Friday last, the number of power plants with critical or super-critical coal stocks was 110. Reports from across the country confirmed the grim picture. Delhi’s thermal units barely have stock for two-three days, claimed power minister Satyendar Jain. In Rajasthan, Monday was the 11th successive day of blackouts. The state has an overall shortfall of about 2,450 MW, though coal stock has improved a bit with generation commencing in a few plants that were forced to go idle. Punjab has a shortfall of 1,000 MW per day as many thermal units are shut or working at 50%. CONTINUED ON: P7 Manual scavenging still on, B’luru not so smart! EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE @ Bengaluru AS the state government is claiming Bengaluru to be a ‘Smart City’ on multiple national and international forums, the work being carried out on the ground is not so ‘smart’. Manual scavenging continues to be a part of the Smart City works that have been taken up across the city . On Monday morning, citizens on Infantry Road found a man, identified as Gopal (35), entering into a duct marked sewer to clear it. The citizens got into a tussle with the contractor to ensure that the work stopped immediately . Gopal is not the only manual scavenger working at a Smart City site. There are many others aged 30-40 years who have been engaged as cleaners officially Unofficially . , they are made to m a nu a l ly e n t e r sewers and drains to OUT OF LINE Sudhakar clarifies, but fails to cool tempers EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE @ Bengaluru A day after Health Minister Dr K Sudhakar put his foot in his mouth with a statement on modern Indian women wanting to stay single, unwilling to give birth even after marriage and considering surrogacy he is, sued a clarification on Monday, saying that he had no intention of singling out women. But it failed to cool tempers. “His statement is not based on any facts and is made to show women in poor light. It is a reflection of how women’s reproductive rights are barely respected. Women are constantly policed about their bodies and the choices they make,” said Nisha Gulur, president, Swaraj India Bengaluru Urban District Unit. Sudhakar stated in his clarification that he had intended to send across a message as to how the Indian family value system can address mental health issues. “It is unfortunate that a small part of my statement in the 19-and-a-half minute speech was taken out of context, thereby losing the larger point … I’m a proud father of a daughter and a medical doctor by training. I fully understand the sensitivities around women and also mental health issues that are concerning us,” he added. CONTINUED ON: P4 clear them. There is no account of the work done or their safety , said Nanjunda M, working on the welfare of manual scavengers in Karnataka, along with Safai Karmachari Andonal convener Bezwada Wilson. Yogendra, the contractor at the Infantry Road worksite, said, “The worker had entered the chamber to clear the concrete and garbage that was clogging it.” P5 The idea of Smart City is to make working easy and more professional. If such acts have to continue then there is no need to have such a name Vinay Sreenivasa, activist and lawyer K’taka plans policy for job-creating firms E X P R E S S N E W S S E R V I C E @ Bengaluru THE State Government will soon bring out an employment policy on the lines of industrial policy to provide incentives to industries that generate more jobs, Chief Minister Basavaraj Bommai announced here on Monday . Inaugurating an entrepreneurship workshop, ‘Udyami Aagu, Udyoga Needu’ (Be an entrepreneur, become an employer), at the Palace Grounds, he said, “The need of the hour is to provide employment. Industries that generate more jobs will get incentives under the new policy Karnataka will . be the first in the country to evolve such a policy .” The workshop was organised by the Department of Industries and Commerce to create awareness among young professionals and graduate students on the advantages of becoming entrepreneurs and contributing to the economy instead , of seeking jobs. As many as 6,000 participants, a majority of them students along with their teachers, took part in the workshop. Bommai said Karnataka is ranked fourth in per capita income with only 30 per cent of its population contributing. “If the remaining 70 per cent of the population, especially women, are given the opportunity they too , P4 will contribute to the economy he added. ,” Soldiers at the site of an encounter in the Poonch district on Monday | PTI Jammu/Srinagar: Five Army personnel and two terrorists were killed in three encounters in different districts of Jammu and Kashmir on Monday, officials said. The soldiers lost their lives in firing by terrorists in a village close to Dera Ki Gali of Poonch district after the Forces launched an operation against ultras who had P8 infiltrated across the LoC. As LAC talks fail, India, China blame each other M AYA N K S I N G H @ New Delhi TERSE statements from India and China on Monday on the outcome of the Corps Commander-level meeting the previous day to resolve the standoff in the remaining areas along the Line of Actual Control (LAC), indicated the talks had run into rough weather. Issuing statements independently, India pointed to Chinese disagreement with its “constructive suggestions”. For its part, China said India “persisted in its unreasonable and unrealistic demands”. In the past, both sides had issued joint statements after such interactions. The Indian Army said that during Sunday’s meeting, it made “constructive suggestions for resolving the remaining areas but the Chinese side was not agreeable and also could not provide any forward-looking proposals. The meeting did not result in resolution of the remaining areas”. Chinese Senior Colonel Long Shaohua, spokesperson for the Western Theater Command of the People’s Liberation Army, said: “(T)he Chinese side made great efforts to promote the easing and cooling of the border situation and fully demonstrated China’s sincerity of maintaining overall interests of bilateral military relations. However, the Indian side still persisted in its unreasonable and unrealistic demands, which added difficulties to the negotiations.” The meeting was held at the MoldoChushul border point on the Chinese side. LAKHIMPUR Minister’s son in UP police custody N A M I TA B A J PA I @ Lucknow ASHISH Mishra, the son of Union minister Ajay Mishra and the main accused in the Lakhimpur Kheri violence case, was on Monday sent to threeday police custody till Oct 15. The Special Investigation Team had sought a 14day police remand from a local court for further interrogation, indicating he would not be treated with kid gloves. Ashish was first remanded in 14-day judicial custody after he was arrested late on Saturday night over the violence on Oct 3, which claimed eight lives. A source privy to the investigation said videos furnished by Ashish in his defence to establish his whereabouts elsewhere on Oct 3 were shot around 4 pm, whereas the violence occurred about 3.15 pm. Meanwhile, the state BJP appeared to be distancing itself from Ashish, with a video showing the party’s UP chief Swatantra Dev Singh telling the cadre that “leadership doesn’t mean mowing down people by your P8 vehicle.”
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