chennai l tuesday l october 12, 2021 l `7.00 l PAGES 20 l late city EDITION Use of natural experiments gets Economics Nobel Prize Award honours research method that lets economists draw precise conclusions about cause and effect in the real world Guido Imbens Joshua Angrist David Card Research upended conventional wisdom Influencing U.S. govt decision-making David Card of the University of California, Berkeley, was awarded one half of the prize for showing that a rise in minimum wage does not lead to less hiring and immigrants do not lower pay for native-born workers. The other half was shared by Joshua Angrist (MIT) & Guido Imbens (Stanford) for creating a framework to study these types of societal issues | P12 ■ ■ Economists use natural experiments to study the world, unlike in medicine or other sciences, where controlled trials are conducted The late Alan Krueger, who worked with Card on some of the research that won the Nobel, served as chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers for former US President Barack Obama 1969 1st Economics Nobel was awarded, well after Nobel’s 1901 inception CHENNAI ■ MADURAI ■ VIJAYAWADA ■ BENGALURU ■ KOCHI ■ HYDERABAD ■ VISAKHAPATNAM ■ COIMBATORE ■ KOZHIKODE ■ THIRUVANANTHAPURAM ■ BELAGAVI ■ BHUBANESWAR ■ SHIVAMOgGA ■ MANGALURU ■ TIRUPATI ■ TIRUCHY ■ TIRUNELVELI ■ SAMBALPUR ■ HUBBALLI ■ DHARMAPURI ■ KOTTAYAM ■ KANNUR ■ VILLUPURAM ■ KOLLAM ■ WARANGAL ■ TADEPALLIGUDEM ■ NAGAPATTINAM ■ THRISSUR ■ KALABURAGI 5 soldiers killed in Coal situation stays grim, Shah takes stock Kashmir gunfight Holds review meet with ministers of coal & power to find solutions E x p r ess N ews S e r v i c e @ New Delhi F aya z W a n i @ Srinagar A Junior Commissioned Officer (JCO) and four soldiers were killed in a fierce gunfight with militants in the Surankote area of Poonch in Jammu and Kashmir on Monday Violence in the . Valley has escalated last week with the killing of as many as seven civilians. On Monday morning, the Army launched a cordon and search operation in a village close to Dera Ki Gali in Soldiers at the site of an encounter in the Poonch district on Monday | PTI Parliamentary outreach Lok Sabha Speaker Om Birla has invited Pakistan Senate Chairman Sadiq Sanjrani to visit India for the centenary celebrations of the Public Accounts Committee of India’s parliament on Dec 4-5 express read First-year engg classes in TN to begin on Oct 25 Chennai: First year engineering classes in Tamil Nadu will begin from October 25, said Higher Education Minister K Ponmudi on Monday, adding the ongoing counselling for Tamil Nadu Engineering Admissions will conclude on October 17. He said this year’s admissions are better than previous ones and hoped seats won’t remain vacant this year. In two counselling rounds, over 31,000 students were given admission, the minister said | P2 Surankote based on intelligence inputs, an army official said. During the operation, a gunfight broke out after militants fired automatic weapons at the army’s search party Five . soldiers, including the JCO, were critically injured and evacuated to a military hospital, where they died of their injuries. The deceased soldiers were identified as Naib Subedar Jaswinder Singh from Punjab, Naik Mandeep Singh and Sepoy Gajjan Singh (both also from Punjab), Sepoy Saraj Singh (Uttar Pradesh) and Vaisakh H (Kerala). Additional troops were rushed to the area to assist the security men in the combing operation. Sources said security forces engaged with the militants in the forest area of Bhangai village in the neighbouring Rajouri district in the evening. More troops have been rushed to the area to tighten the siege. Sources said a group of two-four militants are trapped in the area and it is suspected that they may have infiltrated from across the border. On Monday, three other encounters took place between militants and security forces in Kashmir, resulting in the deaths of two militants. P10 Jab-o-meter Take your shot October 10 46,57,679 doses October 11 59,62,469 doses Total doses: 95,82,64,532 NATIONWIDE oct 10 oct 11 Fresh cases 18,166 18,132 Recoveries Deaths 23,624 21,563 214 193 tamil nadu oct 10 oct 11 Fresh cases 1,329 1,303 Recoveries Deaths 1,436 15 1,428 13 coal supply status 165 GW Stock in days No. of (Critical/ Thermal Super Critical) Plants capacity 0 day 1 day 2 days 3 days 4 days 5 days 6 days Scaling up Coal India Ltd said it has scaled up supply of coal to power plants across the country to 1.51 million tonnes a day in the last four days and is trying to bridge the demand-supply gap 17 26 22 18 13 11 8 TOTAL India has 135 coallinkage based thermal power plants with total installed capacity of 165 GW 16,430 4,930 27,325 24,094 15,210 10,775 11,450 115 1,40,214 40 MT stock Coal India already has 40 million tonnes of stock at its pitheads and the volume is steadily increasing, it said in a statement. CIL accounts for over 80% of domestic coal output Costly energy Sourcing energy from the national exchange costs a bomb but many states dipping into it to avoid power cuts. Its per unit cost has shot up from `5-8 per unit earlier to `12-15 per unit now rakes, each having up to 4,000 metric tonnes of coal. As on 6.30 pm on Monday the Raichur , Thermal Power Station produced just 444 MW against a capacity of 1,720 MW from three grids; Ballari TPS 395 MW against a capacity of 1,700 MW; and Yeramarus TPS 678 MW though its installed capacity is 1,600 MW. Only one unit each of YTPS and BTPS were operating. Also, two coal-based thermal power plants have been shut for two-and-a-half months as coal could not be imported. However, hydro plants managed to address the need for now due to abundant rains. In Rajasthan, Monday was the 11th successive day of blackouts. The state has an overall shortfall of about 2,450 MW, though coal stock has improved a bit with generation commencing in a few plants that were forced to go idle. Punjab has a shortfall of 1,000 MW per day as many thermal units are shut or working at 50%. Continued on: P9 Chill extends as India, China blame Kanchi cops shoot dead each other for failure of LAC talks man accused of robbery M aya n k S i n g h @ New Delhi Terse statements from India and China on Monday on the outcome of the Corps Commander-level meeting the previous day to resolve the standoff in the remaining areas along the Line of Actual Control (LAC), indicated the talks had run into rough weather. Issuing statements independently India pointed to Chinese , disagreement with its “constructive suggestions”. For its part, China said India “persisted in its unreasonable and unrealistic demands”. In the past, both sides had issued joint statements after such interactions. The Indian Army said that Madras HC stalls civic poll process in UT during Sunday’s meeting, it made “constructive suggestions for resolving the remaining areas but the Chinese side was not agreeable and also could not provide any forwardlooking proposals. The meeting thus did not result in resolution of the remaining areas.” Chinese Senior Colonel Long Shaohua, spokesperson for the Western Theater Command of the People’s Liberation Army, said: “(T)he Chinese side made great efforts to promote the easing and cooling of the border situation and fully demonstrated China’s sincerity of maintaining overall interests of bilateral military relations. However, the Indian side still persisted in its unreasonable and unrealistic demands, which added difficulties to the negotiations.” The meeting was held at the Moldo-Chushul border point on the Chinese side. The discussions revolved around resolution of the remaining issues along the LAC. Sources said some agreement on the resolution of the stand-off at Hot Spring was expected. Also, forward movement on the situation at Depsang and Demchok was expected, but the talks failed. The Corps Commanders talks had been amicable till the 12th round on July 31. Minister’s son in UP police remand for interrogation N a m i ta B a j pa i @ Lucknow E XPR E S S N E W S S E RVIC E @ Chennai The Madras High Court on Monday put off the local body election process in the Union Territory of Puducherry on the grounds that notification of polls violated the constitutional mandate to provide reservation to Backward Classes (BC) and Scheduled Tribe (ST). Justices R Mahadevan and Abdul Quddhose issued the interim orders on a petition filed by R Siva, DMK MLA and Leader of Opposition in the UT Assembly, praying to stay the polls. “... all further proceedings shall be kept in abeyance and the matter is directed to be listed on October 21 before the first bench (headed by the Chief Justice) for filing counter-affidavit and for further orders,” the bench said. The UT’s State Election Commission (SEC) had rescheduled the civic polls to be held in three phases, on November 2, 7, and 13, after the original notification was cancelled owing to anomalies in reservation. The revised notification had not provided for reservation to BCs and STs. The bench held, “... on October 8, all referred G.O.s have been withdrawn, thereby directly violating constitutional mandates by removing the reservation policies by the impugned notifications.” p4 Capacity (MW) Amid widespread concerns over power cuts across the country because of inadequate coal supply at generation units, Union Home Minister Amit Shah on Monday met both coal and power ministers to take stock of the situation. Besides power minister R K Singh and coal minister Pralhad Joshi, top officials of the ministries and senior officials from the state-run energy conglomerate NTPC Ltd, attended the hour-long meeting. While the ministry of coal sought to allay fears of disruption in power supply the latest , daily report of the Central Electric Authority said as many as 115 of the 135 thermal power plants in the country are now on coal stocks of less than a week. As many as 96 of these plants that generate 71% of total thermal power in the country, have coal stocks of four days or less (see table). Depending on the distance of the power plant (from the coal mines) and the kind of coal — pithead or non-pithead — it uses, a comfortable stock would last for 15-30 days. The stock is considered critical if it is likely to last for seven days or less; and super critical if it will be exhausted in four days or less. On Friday last, the number of power plants with critical or super-critical coal stocks was 110. Reports from across the country confirmed the grim picture. Delhi’s thermal units barely have stock for two-three days, claimed power minister Satyendar Jain. Karnataka has just two days of coal stock left, with barely 12 gen-z in a frenzy With schools open and vehicles back on roads, it seems we are back to square one with regard to safety. In a scene from one of Chennai’s roads on Monday, school students, most of them without masks, are seen hanging from a bus | martin louis Ashish Mishra, the son of Union minister Ajay Mishra and the main accused in the Lakhimpur Kheri violence case, was on Monday sent to three-day police custody till Oct 15. The Special Investigation Team had sought a 14-day police remand from a local court for further interrogation, indicating he would not be treated with kid gloves. Ashish was first remanded in 14-day judicial custody after he was arrested late on Saturday night over the violence on Oct 3, which claimed eight lives. A source privy to the investigation said videos furnished by Ashish in his defence to estabAshish Mishra lish his whereabouts elsewhere on Oct 3 were shot around 4 pm, whereas the violence occurred about 3.15 pm. Meanwhile, the state BJP appeared to be distancing itself from Ashish, with a video showing the party’s UP chief Swatantra Dev Singh telling the cadre that “leadership doesn’t mean mowing down people by your vehicle.” P10 S a h aya N o v i ns t o n L o b o @ Chennai The Kancheepuram police shot dead a 30-year-old migrant labourer near Padur on Monday afternoon and nabbed another man. The duo had allegedly snatched a chain from a woman and opened fire at a crowd that chased them at Sriperumbudur on Sunday The po. lice claimed the man was shot in self-defence as he tried to attack the police with a machete. They have also recovered the pistol and magazine. The deceased was identified as Murthuza from Jharkhand, who worked at a private company in the district, and the arrested was identified as Naim Aktar (29), also from Jharkhand. The duo had been staying at Sriperumbudur for a year. Naim was nabbed on Monday at around 6.15 am and Murthuza was traced to an isolated house near Padur. “Seeing the police, Murthuza escaped through the back door, and on the way threw away the maga, zine. Later as the police neared him, he attacked a constable with a machete. The inspector had no other option but to shoot him,” said M Sathiyapriya, Deputy Inspector General of Murthuza was allegedly shot after he tried to attack the cops | spl arrangement Police, Kancheepuram range. She added the guns were not made in Tamil Nadu but brought from Jharkhand. The police is also checking if the accused had any pending cases against them in their State. Inspector Krishnakumar, attached to the Sriperumbudur police station, fired a single shot at Murthuza to his chest, said the police. The injured constable, Mohanraj, has been admitted to the Kancheepuram GH. Murthuza’s body was sent to the Chengalpattu GH for postmortem and a magistrate inquiry has been initiated. On Sunday morning, the duo had allegedly snatched a sixsovereign gold chain from R Indrani (58), near the toll gate. When passersby tried to chase them, they pulled out a gun and opened fire in the air, said the police. continued on: p5 cuddalore mp booked for murder, surrenders The surrender comes two days after the CB-CID launched a hunt to nab DMK MP TRVS Ramesh, booked for murdering an employee at his cashew packaging unit in the district. He was remanded to judicial custody for 2 days | P6 revised in 2018-19 Lessons on Gandhi and his contributions scanty in TN’s schoolbooks Je ya l a k s h m i R a m a n u j a m @ Madurai India recently commemorated the 152nd birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, yet in Tamil Nadu it appears very little about the Father of the Nation’s life is being imparted to children. TNIE accessed the State board’s text books for Tamil, English, and Social Science subjects of the present day syllabus (revised for classes 1, 6, and 9 in the 2018-19 academic year) and found that lessons on Gandhi had reduced when compared with the old syllabus (revised in 2010). It is to be noted that the revised syllabus for classes 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, and 10 was implemented only in 2019-20 academic year. In the new syllabus, while there is no mention of Gandhi from class 1 to 5, the Tamil textbook for class 6 carries one lesson on ‘Tamilnatil Gandhi’, and the Social Science syllabus for class 10 has a couple more explaining his biography and the non-violence move, ment. On the other hand, the previous syllabus, followed from 2010 to 2016, had several chapters on his life, spread across classes 2 to 10. gandhians appeal to govt KR Nandha Rao, director of Gandhi Museum, appealed to the State government to include Gandhi’s thoughts, and principles of peace and non-violence in the syllabus Responding to the issue, Jacqulin Vasantha, Deputy Director at SCERT, said the a highlevel committee appointed by the State government, along with a few teachers, had jointly framed the revised syllabus as per the government policy . Meanwhile, Gandhians have urged Chief Minister MK Stalin to intervene and introduce more chapters on Gandhi for primary class students. KR Nandha Rao, director of the Gandhi Museum, appealed to the State government to include Gandhi’s thoughts, principles of peace and non-violence, and freedom movement in the syllabus. His biography ‘Satya Ke Prayog’ (My Experiments with Truth) is an open book, and it must reach the youngsters, he said. “Gandhi is unique, and has never declared himself a leader; many world leaders still follow his principle of non-violence in achieving their goals. We should not forget him,” he added.” P7
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