chennai l thursday l november 18, 2021 l `7.00 l PAGES 18 l late city EDITION ‘U.S. could run out of cash by Dec 15 if debt cap not raised’ US Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen said on Tuesday the federal government could default on its debt on December 15, 2021 yellen urges congress to act fast Why a default would be catastrophic In October, the Congress had passed a $480 billion increase in the debt limit as a stop-gap measure to avoid a potential default on October 18. Following this, Yellen set December 3 as the next date for a likely default. That date has now been extended to December 15. Yellen, however, urged Congress to suspend or raise the debt limit further to avoid a default ■ The US has never defaulted on its debt and could derail the global economy if it misses a payment. Many foreign governments, financial institutions and investors hold trillions of dollars in US debt issued through Treasury bonds. These could become irredeemable if the US is unable to pay its bills $28.9 trillion Current Federal debt limit after the $480-BN increase EFFECTED on Oct 14 CHENNAI ■ MADURAI ■ VIJAYAWADA ■ BENGALURU ■ KOCHI ■ HYDERABAD ■ VISAKHAPATNAM ■ COIMBATORE ■ KOZHIKODE ■ THIRUVANANTHAPURAM ■ BELAGAVI ■ BHUBANESWAR ■ SHIVAMOgGA ■ MANGALURU ■ TIRUPATI ■ TIRUCHY ■ TIRUNELVELI ■ SAMBALPUR ■ HUBBALLI ■ DHARMAPURI ■ KOTTAYAM ■ KANNUR ■ VILLUPURAM ■ KOLLAM ■ WARANGAL ■ TADEPALLIGUDEM ■ NAGAPATTINAM ■ THRISSUR ■ KALABURAGI north tn buckles up for next bout of heavy rains wh at t o e x pe c t Here’s a look at what is in store for the districts till Friday morning, when the heavy rains are expected to subside Warning: Extremely heavy rainfall Alert: Very heavy rainfall Watch: Heavy rainfall No warning Ranipet Tirupattur Dharmapuri Salem Erode Tiruchy Nilgiris Coimbatore Karur Tiruppur Dindigul Theni Madurai Virudhunagar Tenkasi Kanniyakumari Kancheepuram Chennai Chengalpattu Tiruvannamalai Villupuram Kallakurichi Cuddalore Mayiladuthurai Tiruvallur Vellore Perambalur Ariyalur Nagapattinam Tiruvarur Thanjavur Pudukkottai Ramanathapuram Sivaganga Tirunelveli Thoothukudi Districts on the alert The Regional Meteorological Centre (RMC) has sounded a red alert starting on 8.30 am on Thursday to 8.30 am on Friday for Chennai, Kancheepuram and Ranipet districts where heavy to very heavy rain is expected Rainfall to result in another flood? As per estimates, weather stations in Chennai and the northern districts may clock a rainfall of 15-20 cm or more in the 24-hour window ending 8.30 am on Friday, which is expected to be enough to cause extensive damage and flooding. Weather models also indicate the formation of another new system to bring rains next week Ahead of deluge, brimming dams release water into sea E x p r e ss N e ws Se r v i c e @ Chennai With check dams and tanks downstream of reservoirs in the city brimming, excessive water released from the reser voirs are now let directly into the sea, and is getting wasted. Ahead of the rains, the Pub lic Works Department has been releasing water from the four major reservoirs here since Tuesday night. As of 4 pm on Wednesday, 7,046 cusecs is being released from Poondi, more than 2,000 cusecs from Red Hills and Chembarambakkam, and 215 cusecs from Cholavaram. However, the check dams and other tanks, which have hardly been desilted, are unable to col lect the water released. “There are more than 500 tanks in Chennai, but none of them are desilted. Even under the major desilting projects for which funds have been allocat ed, only lakes are taken into the purview. If timely desilting was done, tanks would have had more storage capacity,” said K Varadhan, a water conserva tion activist. P2 Low pressure system on course to hit Chennai and neighbouring districts today; 15-20 cm rainfall likely to pound city within 24 hrs E x p r e ss N e ws Se r v i c e @ Chennai Battered and bruised, Chennai is set to face a litmus test in the 24 hours starting 8.30 am Thurs day as the city once again comes under a massive , cloud convergence being formed over south And hra Pradesh and north Tamil Nadu. Holiday for The Indian Meteorological educational Department (IMD) said the low institutions pressure area, which lies in southeast and adjoining south Holiday is west Bay of Bengal, and has an declared for associated cyclonic circulation schools and extending up to 5.8 km above colleges in mean sea level, was on track to Chennai, hit south Andhra Pradesh and Tiruvallur, Vellore and north TN by Thursday . The Regional Meteorological Ranipet districts Centre has sounded a red alert for Thursday. In from 8.30 am on Thursday to Kancheepuram 8.30 am on Friday for Chennai, and Kancheepuram and Ranipet, Chengalpattu, where heavy to very heavy rain only schools will is expected. An orange alert was remain shut also issued for Tiruvannamalai, Villupuram, Cuddalore, Chengalpattu, Tirupat tur and Vellore. District Collectors have declared a holiday for schools and colleges in Chennai, Tiruvallur, Vel lore and Ranipet districts for Thursday. In Kancheepuram and Chengalpattu, only schools will remain shut. As per estimates, weather stations in Chennai and the northern districts may clock a rainfall of 15-20 cm or more in the 24-hour window ending 8.30 am on Friday which would be enough to cause , extensive damage and flooding. Weather models also indicate the formation of another new sys tem to bring rains next week. Chennai surpassed its monthly average rainfall within the first week of November itself, with the Nungambakkam observatory recording a total of 464 mm of rains from November 1 to 9. The 215 mm of rainfall Chennai received on November 7 is the second-highest amount of rainfall recorded in the city in a span of 24 hours in November in the last decade. continued on: P2 Covid-time enrolment high in govt schools S u m i S u k a n ya D u t ta @ New Delhi While more students got en rolled in government schools between 2018 and 2021, there also was a big jump in children taking private tuition, the lat est Annual Status of Education Report revealed. ASER is a citizen-led household survey by NGO Pratham. Its find ings offer insights on the Covid’s impact on education. The survey was conducted in 25 states and three UTs covering 75,234 children in the 5-16 year age group. In rural India, the proportion of students in government schools went up from 64.3% in 2018 to 70.3% in 2021 (see table). The rise was across all grades. “Incidence of private school ing in India has been rising... from 2006 to 2014... After pla teauing around 30% for a few years, there has been a signifi cant decline in the pandemic years,” it noted. Besides, close to 40% are now dependent on private tui tions as against to about 30% in 2018. Significant ly the largest section of , children taking tuition is from the most disad vantaged households. “Taking parental education as a proxy for economic status, between 2018 and 2021, the pro portion of children with par ents in the ‘low’ education cat egory who are taking tuition increased by 12.6 percentage points, as opposed to a 7.2 per Percentage of Children enrolled in government schools by sex & grade ASER 2018 ASER 2020 ASER 2021 Std Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls Std I-II Std III-V Std VI-VIII Std IX & above All 57.9 65.1 62.7 71.2 65.8 73.3 64.6 68.9 62.8 70.0 61.1 65.6 68.3 69.7 66.4 centage point increase among children with parents in the ‘high’ education category the ,” re por t said. The highest number of kids taking private tuitions is in Bengal — 76.5% — followed by Bihar at 73.5%. In 2020 and 2021, there was an increase in the number of chil dren not enrolled in schools, especially among boys. 66.7 73.3 77.0 72.7 73.0 72.0 70.9 73.4 71.2 71.9 74.1 77.1 79.2 74.3 76.5 Dropouts While in 2018, 1.4% boys in the 7-10 age group and 2.9% in the 11-14 group were not in school, it jumped to 4.7% and 4.1% in 2020 and 2021 express read organ donation CM announces hampers ahead of Pongal festival Mom’s kind gesture: 11-yr-old’s eyes, skin to give ‘hope’ to many Chennai: Chief Minister MK Stalin on Wednesday announced gift hampers worth `1,088 crore for family cardholders and the Sri Lankan Tamils living in rehabilitation camps ahead of the Pongal festival in January 2022. In all, 2,15,48,060 family cardholders and Lankan Tamil families will receive the hampers. NATIONWIDE Nov 16 Nov 17 Fresh cases Recoveries Deaths 8,865 11,971 197 10,197 12,134 301 tamil nadu Nov 16 Nov 17 Fresh cases Recoveries Deaths 789 913 15 782 907 13 Jab-o-meter Take your shot November 16 61,21,626 doses November 17 65,73,687 doses Total doses 114,37,61,698 S a h aya N o v i n s t o n L o b o @ Chennai The eyes and skin of a 11-year-old girl, who on Monday succumbed to her inju ries after falling from the third floor of a building here, were donated by her parents. The girl, identified as A Harini, a resident of T Nagar, fell on Oc tober 31, and was undergoing treatment for 15 days at the Insti tute of Child Health and Hospital for Children in Egmore, said a police source. Harini’s mother Kamaladevi, a staff of the same hospital, and her father Arun, had already signed up for her organs to be donated before the death. According to the doctors, Harini was unconscious when she was brought to the hospital. Her ribs were broken and there was severe blood loss. She was put on ventilator support. “Blood and plasma were constantly provided, but she succumbed to her injuries on Monday at 9.30 pm,” said a senior police officer. Her eyes and skin were taken to the organ bank, from where they would be sent to receivers. The Pondy Bazaar police have registered a case of unnatural death, and sent her body for a post-mortem examination to the Royapettah Government Hospital. The family has left for their hometown near Tirunelveli for the funeral. Justice Jain to oversee revamped SIT’s probe why it was reconstituted. The court said its interven tion was aimed at guaranteeing T h e S u p r e m e C o u r t o n an impartial, fair, just and thor Wednesday appointed former ough investigation, adding jus Punjab and Haryana High tice must not only be done, but Court judge Rakesh Kumar also be seen and perceived to be Jain to monitor the investiga done. It will hear the case next tion into the October 3 Lakhim after a chargesheet is filed. pur Kheri violence in Uttar The decision to appoint Jus Pradesh that left eight persons tice Jain to head the judicial dead, including four commission comes af farmers and a local ter it had objected to journalist. the UP government A bench led by Chief naming Justice Pra Justice of India N V deep Kumar Srivas Ramana also recast a tava, retired Alla Special Investigation habad High Court Team (SIT) that is judge, to enquire into probing the case, add the violence. ing IPS officers S B Rakesh Kumar Jain Four farmers were Shiradkar, Preetender mowed down by an Singh and Padmaja Chauhan SUV in Lakhimpur Kheri dis who hail from other states trict when a group of farmers though they are part of the UP agitating against the Centre’s cadre, so as to make the investi three farm sector reform laws gation impartial. was holding a demonstration Shiradkar will head the SIT. against the visit of Uttar He is ADG Intelligence HQ in Pradesh Deputy Chief Minis UP and hails from Nanded in ter Keshav Prasad Maurya. Maharashtra. The SIT will re Two BJP workers and the port to Justice Jain. SUV’s driver were then beaten Since the earlier SIT predom to death allegedly by the angry inantly comprised middle/sub protesters. The police have so ordinate level police officers far arrested 13 accused, includ posted in Lakhimpur Kheri dis ing Union Minister of State for trict, there were concerns about Home Ajay Mishra’s son Ash the fairness and independence ish Mishra, in connection with of its investigation, which was the case. E x p r e s s N e w s Se r v i c e @ New Delhi 80% employees run out of salary before month ends: Survey Sa m i ks h a G o e l @ New Delhi Highlighting a financial situation many of us can easily relate to, a recent EY-Refyne survey found that 80% of employees exhaust their salary before the month ends, while 34% run out of money by the middle of the month. And, only 13% are able to save a de cent amount from their pay cheques. “The ever-increasing cost of living, fear of missing out lifestyle spending, poor finan cial planning and vicious debt cycles are in creasingly making it difficult for employees to sustain cash flow dur ing the month with their 75% say salaries,” said the report salary not titled Earned Wage Access enough in India: The final frontier of employee wellbeing, re Nearly 75% said they are unable leased on Wednesday . The survey was based to meet all their on responses from 3,010 expenses with their salary, salaried Indians. The study says only 38% forcing many of feel in control of their fi them to look at nancial wellbeing. Inter alternative estingly financial stress is finance options , not restricted to the low- during income groups. Around emergencies and 60% of the respondents to cover earning more than `1 lakh unplanned a month reported that expenses their monthly pay cheques are inadequate to cover all their expenses. The report also noted that employees earning less than `15,000 per month are six times more likely to fall into the debt-trap than the high-income group employees.
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