bhubaneswar l thursday l november 25, 2021 l `7.00 l PAGES 12 l late CITY EDITION NFHS-5 shows anaemia, obesity rising, fertility rate dipping Over half of Indian women and children anaemic; women likely to bear 2 kids on average, down from the 2.2 fertility rate in 2015-16 SOme Nutritional indicators falling U.P. Fertility rate highest in 2nd phase The 2019-21 National Family Health Survey estimates 67.1% of India’s kids and 57% of women have anaemia, up from 58.6% and 53.1% respectively in the prior 2015-2016 NFHS. Obesity has risen to 22.9% from 18.9% in men and to 24% from 20.6% in women. The data combines figures from two phases of the NFHS-5, with the latest phase covering 14 states & UTs ■ ■ Most countries have a replacement-level fertility rate (at which a population replaces itself across generations) of around 2.1 India’s fertility rate has dipped below the 2.1-mark for the first time, with states’ figures ranging from 1.4 in Chandigarh to 2.4 in Uttar Pradesh. The metric has declined in the majority of states Phase 2 of NFHS-5 covered states such as TN, UP, MP, Punjab and Rajasthan CHENNAI ■ MADURAI ■ VIJAYAWADA ■ BENGALURU ■ KOCHI ■ HYDERABAD ■ VISAKHAPATNAM ■ COIMBATORE ■ KOZHIKODE ■ THIRUVANANTHAPURAM ■ BELAGAVI ■ BHUBANESWAR ■ SHIVAMOgGA ■ MANGALURU ■ TIRUPATI ■ TIRUCHY ■ TIRUNELVELI ■ SAMBALPUR ■ HUBBALLI ■ DHARMAPURI ■ KOTTAYAM ■ KANNUR ■ VILLUPURAM ■ KOLLAM ■ WARANGAL ■ TADEPALLIGUDEM ■ NAGAPATTINAM ■ THRISSUR ■ KALABURAGI Two-Third children, women found anaemic in Odisha Hemant Kumar Rout @ Bhubaneswar INFUSION of crores of money on child and maternity healthcare notwithstanding, nutritional deficiency in children and women worsened in last five years in Odisha as two in every three children of six to 59 months and women of 15 to 49 years respectively are anaemic. The anaemic population, in fact, has grown alarmingly in the last half a decade. As per the National Family Health Survey 5 (NFHS-5) statistics released on Wednesday, the highest spike has been recorded among the children where 64.2 per cent (pc) are anaemic as compared to 44.6 pc in NFHS-4 conducted in 20152016. While 65.6 pc children are anaemic in rural areas, more than half of the urban children (56.2 pc) are also suffering from anaemia. Around 64.3 pc pregnant women, aged 1549 years, are anaemic as against 51 pc during the last survey. Among non-pregnant women between the ages of 15 and 19, it is up from 51 pc in 2015-2016 to 65.5 in 2020-2021. More young women in rural areas (66.3 pc) are anaemic as compared to urban areas (61.4 pc). The latest NFHS statistics also indicated that son-preference has emerged as the new epidemic in Odisha as the sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) in last five years has come down from 932 during 2015-16 to 894 in 2020-21. The sex ratio is more alarming in rural areas as it was 885 at birth compared to 950 in the urban localities. Though, sex ratio of the overall population of the State has improved to 1,063 from 1,036. On a positive side, there has been slight improvement in infant, neonatal and under-five mortality rates as the infant mortality rate (IMR), neo-natal mortality rate (NNMR) and and under-five mortality rate (U5MR) stood at 36.3, 27 and 41.1 as compared to 39.6, 28.2 and 48.1 respectively, five years ago. Similarly, the nutritional status of children has improved as stunting, wasting and population of underweight children have come down to 31 pc from 34.1 pc, 18.1 pc from 20.4 pc and 29.7 pc from 34.3 pc. While the severely wasted stood at 6.1 pc as compared to 6.4 pc last time, the percentage of overweight rose from 2.6 to 3.5. Nutrition expert Basanta Kar said the NFHS-5 result calls for emergent actions to address rising double burden on malnutrition, an impending famine impairing the humanity . Free foodgrain CM hails historic day as Srimandir project gets rolling scheme gets poll season booster E x p r e ss N e w s S e r v i c e @ Puri Cabinet decision to benefit 80 cr ration card holders, cost `53,344 crore to the exchequer MAN I S H ANAN D @ New Delhi Staying the course to give the BJP a poll booster ahead of the Assembly elections in five states, the Union Cabinet on Wednesday gave its nod to extend the PM Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana — wherein 5 kg of foodgrains per person is given each month — till March 2022. The Cabinet also approved the legislative proposal to repeal the three contentious farm laws enacted by Parliament last year, to give effect to the Prime Minister’s recent announcement, which was also aimed at mitigating the potential electoral damage to the BJP in poll-bound states. PM Garib Kalyan Yojana, announced in the wake of the imposition of nationwide lockdown last year, will cost the exchequer a whopping `2.60 lakh crore, with its fifth phase from December 2021 to March 2022 alone costing `53,344 crore. The BJP-led government at the Centre had started giving poll cushion to the party after the outcome of the largest byelections in which the saffron o u t f i t s aw reve r s a l s i n Himachal Pradesh, West Bengal, and Rajasthan with Madhya Pradesh being the sole exception. The decision to reduce the excise duty on petrol and diesel was the first major step, which was followed up with Prime Minister Narendra Modi announcing the repeal of the three contentious farm laws. The legislative proposals to amend the list of the scheduled tribes for Uttar Pradesh and Tripura are also on the cards. PM Garib Kalyan Yojana claims to cover 80 crore people in its ambit and is running uninterrupted since April 2020, with the first four phases witnessing allocation of 600 lakh tonnes of foodgrains to states and Union territories. The Centre is currently on an infrastructure inaugurat i o n a n d foundation-laying spree in UP, with the PM slated to lay the foundation of the Jewar international airport in the state on Thursday He had un. veiled the Pooravanchal expressway recently . Four out of five states heading for the Assembly elections during February-March 2022 are currently ruled by the BJP, with the Congress being the main rival of the saffron outfit in Uttarakhand, Goa, Manipur and Punjab. The crucial state of Uttar Pradesh is bracing for a multi-cornered contest. THE foundation stone of the Srimandir Parikrama Yojana - Sri Jagannath Temple Corridor project - was laid by Gajapati Dibyasingha Deb on Wednesday here in the presence of Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik. The Chief Minister after attending the ‘shilanyas’ ritual, called the day “historic for all Jagannath Bhakts across the world and sacred for the people of Odisha.” Srimandir Parikrama is the most important part of the Heritage Corridor project spanning 75-mtr periphery of the temple, which will enable an unobstructed view of the temple while providing tourists and devotees go around it without any difficulty. The Gajapati Dibyasingha Deb conducts ‘Shila Sthapana’ as Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik looks on in Puri on Wednesday | Express project will be undertaken at an estimated cost of `331.28 crore. Creation of various amenities and infrastructure along the temple boundary will be taken up under it. A seven-lane pathway for devotees and a separate lane Jab-o-meter Take your shot Nov 23 68,35,617 doses Nov 24 79,65,803 doses Total doses 119,27,78,005 NATIONWIDE Nov 23 Nov 24 Fresh cases Recoveries Deaths 7,579 9,283 12,202 10,949 236 437 ODISHA Nov 23 Nov 24 Fresh cases Recoveries Deaths 212 255 02 288 151 03 express read Didi meets Modi but gives Sonia a miss New Delhi: West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee on Wednesday met Prime Minister Narendra Modi but skipped meeting Congress president Sonia Gandhi, triggering speculation about her future political moves. “Why should we meet Sonia every time? It is not constitutionally mandated,” the Trinamool supremo quipped when asked about not calling on the Congress chief | P5 CABINET CLEARS BILL TO REPEAL FARM BILLS Crash course for govt SM teams Briefing reporters about the Cabinet decisions in New Delhi on Wednesday, Union Minister for Information and Broadcasting Anurag Thakur said the formalities to give effect to repealing the three contentious farm laws have been completed and the repeal bill will be brought before both the Houses of Parliament at the earliest. The winter session of Parliament will commence on Monday New Delhi: An estimated 150 staff members of the social media teams of Union ministers will be trained in a December 4 workshop on more effective outreach on digital platforms, according to a letter written by MyGov CEO Abhishek Singh, IAS, to all ministers’ offices | P7 p a n i c s e l l - o ff Crypto recovers as clarity on bill emerges di pa k m o n d a l @ New Delhi More clarity emerged on the proposed cryptocurrency bill to be tabled in Parliament as various government and industry sources claimed that the government may not go for a blanket ban, and instead may allow some digital cur rencies with proper regulations. With experts doubting the possibility of a blanket ban, cryptocurrenciers in India recovered sharply after witnessing a 25% drop on Monday night and early morning trade on Tuesday Most cryptocurrencies were . trading 8-10% lower than their 24hour peak. Bitcoin, which had touched a low of `33.21 lakh during the past 24 hours, recovered the losses and traded above `41 lakh at the time of filing this report. It was still trading 10% lower than the 24-hour high of `46.51 lakh. The idea that cryptocurrencies would be banned by the government stemmed from the agenda of the bill listed for the winter session of Parliament. But many industry players and government officials told this newspaper that the bill has been reintroduced (after the government failed to table it in the monsoon session) with an unchanged agenda, and that the bill has undergone several changes ever since. A senior finance ministry official said the government has been planning to come out with specific rules for taxing gains from cryptocurrencies, and if it had to ban them, there was no need for such an exercise. Ashish Singhal, founder and CEO of CoinSwitch Kuber, a crypto exchange, says: “Our discussions over the last few weeks indicate there is broad agreement on ensuring customers are protected, financial system stability is reinforced and India is able to take advantage of the crypto technology revolution.” Exchanges have asked the investors to not panic and take hasty decisions. CoinDCX told its investors that that it’s “positive” that smart and sensible regulations will follow. Only one or two cryptos will survive, says Rajan Former RBI governor Raghuram Rajan on Wednesday said that most of the cryptocurrencies will perish and only one or two out of the 6,000-odd cryptocurrencies will survive. “If things have value only because they will be pricier down the line, that’s a bubble,” he said in an interview to a channel. “Cryptos may pose the same problem as unregulated chit funds, which take money from people and go bust, a lot of people holding crypto assets are going to be aggrieved,” he added for deities around the Meghnad Pacheri will be constructed. There will be inner and outer corridors around the Pacheri. The Srimandir Parikrama project will entail construction of a mega reception hall for 6,000 devotees, a large cloak room, toilets for women and men at all four gates, first-aid centres and police aid posts besides provision for drinking water. Four security watch towers will be erected at four sides of the Parikrama. It also envisages construction of a security corridor around the temple with green cover. Besides, renovation of all mutts and temples around the shrine will be taken up. The office of the Chief Temple Administrator will be renovated. The Parikrama is a vital aspect of ambitious World Heritage City project which will be implemented by the State government in phases at an estimated cost of `3,200 crore under ABADHA scheme. CONTINUED ON: P5 salient features Total cost - `331.28 crore Land acquired 15.65 acres 7-lane pathway for devotees Security corridor Queue management system Cloak room for devotees Reception hall for 6,000 devotees
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